[Android] Auto Scale TextView Text لتلائم حدود Bounds


Answers

باعتباري مطور برامج جوال ، شعرت بالحزن لعدم العثور على شيء أصلي يدعم تغيير حجم السيارات تلقائيًا. لم تنجح عمليات البحث التي أجريتها في تحويل أي شيء كان ناجحًا بالنسبة لي ، وفي النهاية ، قضيت النصف الأفضل من نهاية الأسبوع وأنشأت عرضًا نصيًا ذاتيًا للنص. سأقوم بنشر الكود هنا ونأمل أن يكون مفيدًا لشخص آخر.

يستخدم هذا الفصل تخطيطًا ثابتًا به رسم نص لعرض النص الأصلي لقياس الارتفاع. من هناك ، أتنحى بمقدار 2 بيكسل ونقوم بإعادة القياس حتى يكون لدي حجم يناسبه. في النهاية ، إذا كان النص لا يزال غير مناسب ، فأنا أرفق علامة حذف. كان لدي متطلبات لتحريك النص وإعادة استخدام المشاهدات ويبدو أن هذا يعمل بشكل جيد على الأجهزة التي لدي ويبدو أنها تعمل بسرعة كافية بالنسبة لي.

/**
 *               DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *                    Version 2, December 2004
 * 
 * Copyright (C) 2004 Sam Hocevar <sam@hocevar.net>
 * 
 * Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim or modified
 * copies of this license document, and changing it is allowed as long
 * as the name is changed.
 * 
 *            DO WHAT YOU WANT TO PUBLIC LICENSE
 *   TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
 * 
 *  0. You just DO WHAT YOU WANT TO.
 */

import android.content.Context;
import android.text.Layout.Alignment;
import android.text.StaticLayout;
import android.text.TextPaint;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.widget.TextView;

/**
 * Text view that auto adjusts text size to fit within the view.
 * If the text size equals the minimum text size and still does not
 * fit, append with an ellipsis.
 * 
 * @author Chase Colburn
 * @since Apr 4, 2011
 */
public class AutoResizeTextView extends TextView {

    // Minimum text size for this text view
    public static final float MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 20;

    // Interface for resize notifications
    public interface OnTextResizeListener {
        public void onTextResize(TextView textView, float oldSize, float newSize);
    }

    // Our ellipse string
    private static final String mEllipsis = "...";

    // Registered resize listener
    private OnTextResizeListener mTextResizeListener;

    // Flag for text and/or size changes to force a resize
    private boolean mNeedsResize = false;

    // Text size that is set from code. This acts as a starting point for resizing
    private float mTextSize;

    // Temporary upper bounds on the starting text size
    private float mMaxTextSize = 0;

    // Lower bounds for text size
    private float mMinTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;

    // Text view line spacing multiplier
    private float mSpacingMult = 1.0f;

    // Text view additional line spacing
    private float mSpacingAdd = 0.0f;

    // Add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
    private boolean mAddEllipsis = true;

    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }

    // Default constructor when inflating from XML file
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, 0);
    }

    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * When text changes, set the force resize flag to true and reset the text size.
     */
    @Override
    protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start, final int before, final int after) {
        mNeedsResize = true;
        // Since this view may be reused, it is good to reset the text size
        resetTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * If the text view size changed, set the force resize flag to true
     */
    @Override
    protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
        if (w != oldw || h != oldh) {
            mNeedsResize = true;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Register listener to receive resize notifications
     * @param listener
     */
    public void setOnResizeListener(OnTextResizeListener listener) {
        mTextResizeListener = listener;
    }

    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(float size) {
        super.setTextSize(size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(int unit, float size) {
        super.setTextSize(unit, size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }

    /**
     * Override the set line spacing to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setLineSpacing(float add, float mult) {
        super.setLineSpacing(add, mult);
        mSpacingMult = mult;
        mSpacingAdd = add;
    }

    /**
     * Set the upper text size limit and invalidate the view
     * @param maxTextSize
     */
    public void setMaxTextSize(float maxTextSize) {
        mMaxTextSize = maxTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    /**
     * Return upper text size limit
     * @return
     */
    public float getMaxTextSize() {
        return mMaxTextSize;
    }

    /**
     * Set the lower text size limit and invalidate the view
     * @param minTextSize
     */
    public void setMinTextSize(float minTextSize) {
        mMinTextSize = minTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }

    /**
     * Return lower text size limit
     * @return
     */
    public float getMinTextSize() {
        return mMinTextSize;
    }

    /**
     * Set flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
     * @param addEllipsis
     */
    public void setAddEllipsis(boolean addEllipsis) {
        mAddEllipsis = addEllipsis;
    }

    /**
     * Return flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
     * @return
     */
    public boolean getAddEllipsis() {
        return mAddEllipsis;
    }

    /**
     * Reset the text to the original size
     */
    public void resetTextSize() {
        if (mTextSize > 0) {
            super.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, mTextSize);
            mMaxTextSize = mTextSize;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Resize text after measuring
     */
    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int left, int top, int right, int bottom) {
        if (changed || mNeedsResize) {
            int widthLimit = (right - left) - getCompoundPaddingLeft() - getCompoundPaddingRight();
            int heightLimit = (bottom - top) - getCompoundPaddingBottom() - getCompoundPaddingTop();
            resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
        }
        super.onLayout(changed, left, top, right, bottom);
    }

    /**
     * Resize the text size with default width and height
     */
    public void resizeText() {

        int heightLimit = getHeight() - getPaddingBottom() - getPaddingTop();
        int widthLimit = getWidth() - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();
        resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
    }

    /**
     * Resize the text size with specified width and height
     * @param width
     * @param height
     */
    public void resizeText(int width, int height) {
        CharSequence text = getText();
        // Do not resize if the view does not have dimensions or there is no text
        if (text == null || text.length() == 0 || height <= 0 || width <= 0 || mTextSize == 0) {
            return;
        }

        if (getTransformationMethod() != null) {
            text = getTransformationMethod().getTransformation(text, this);
        }

        // Get the text view's paint object
        TextPaint textPaint = getPaint();

        // Store the current text size
        float oldTextSize = textPaint.getTextSize();
        // If there is a max text size set, use the lesser of that and the default text size
        float targetTextSize = mMaxTextSize > 0 ? Math.min(mTextSize, mMaxTextSize) : mTextSize;

        // Get the required text height
        int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

        // Until we either fit within our text view or we had reached our min text size, incrementally try smaller sizes
        while (textHeight > height && targetTextSize > mMinTextSize) {
            targetTextSize = Math.max(targetTextSize - 2, mMinTextSize);
            textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
        }

        // If we had reached our minimum text size and still don't fit, append an ellipsis
        if (mAddEllipsis && targetTextSize == mMinTextSize && textHeight > height) {
            // Draw using a static layout
            // modified: use a copy of TextPaint for measuring
            TextPaint paint = new TextPaint(textPaint);
            // Draw using a static layout
            StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(text, paint, width, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, false);
            // Check that we have a least one line of rendered text
            if (layout.getLineCount() > 0) {
                // Since the line at the specific vertical position would be cut off,
                // we must trim up to the previous line
                int lastLine = layout.getLineForVertical(height) - 1;
                // If the text would not even fit on a single line, clear it
                if (lastLine < 0) {
                    setText("");
                }
                // Otherwise, trim to the previous line and add an ellipsis
                else {
                    int start = layout.getLineStart(lastLine);
                    int end = layout.getLineEnd(lastLine);
                    float lineWidth = layout.getLineWidth(lastLine);
                    float ellipseWidth = textPaint.measureText(mEllipsis);

                    // Trim characters off until we have enough room to draw the ellipsis
                    while (width < lineWidth + ellipseWidth) {
                        lineWidth = textPaint.measureText(text.subSequence(start, --end + 1).toString());
                    }
                    setText(text.subSequence(0, end) + mEllipsis);
                }
            }
        }

        // Some devices try to auto adjust line spacing, so force default line spacing
        // and invalidate the layout as a side effect
        setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, targetTextSize);
        setLineSpacing(mSpacingAdd, mSpacingMult);

        // Notify the listener if registered
        if (mTextResizeListener != null) {
            mTextResizeListener.onTextResize(this, oldTextSize, targetTextSize);
        }

        // Reset force resize flag
        mNeedsResize = false;
    }

    // Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to render text off screen before measuring
    private int getTextHeight(CharSequence source, TextPaint paint, int width, float textSize) {
        // modified: make a copy of the original TextPaint object for measuring
        // (apparently the object gets modified while measuring, see also the
        // docs for TextView.getPaint() (which states to access it read-only)
        TextPaint paintCopy = new TextPaint(paint);
        // Update the text paint object
        paintCopy.setTextSize(textSize);
        // Measure using a static layout
        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paintCopy, width, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
        return layout.getHeight();
    }

}

تحذير. هناك خطأ ثابت مهم يؤثر على Android 3.1 - 4.04 مما يؤدي إلى عدم عمل أدوات AutoResizingTextView. يرجى قراءة: https://stackoverflow.com/a/21851157/2075875

Question

أنا أبحث عن طريقة مثالية لتغيير حجم النص التفاف في TextView بحيث تناسب ضمن حدودها getHeight و getWidth. أنا لا أبحث ببساطة عن طريقة لفك النص - أريد أن أتأكد من أنه يلتف وأن يكون صغيرًا بما يكفي لتلائم تمامًا على الشاشة.

لقد رأيت بعض الحالات على حيث كانت هناك حاجة لتغيير حجم السيارات ، ولكنها إما حالات خاصة جدًا مع حلول الاختراق ، أو ليس لها حل ، أو تتضمن إعادة رسم TextView بشكل متكرر حتى تكون صغيرة بما فيه الكفاية (وهي ذاكرة مكثفة وقوى المستخدم لمشاهدة النص يتقلص خطوة بخطوة مع كل العودية).

ولكنني متأكد من أن هناك شخصًا ما قد وجد حلًا جيدًا لا ينطوي على ما أفعله: كتابة العديد من الروتينات الثقيلة التي تقوم بتحليل وقياس النص ، وتغيير حجم النص ، وتكرار ذلك حتى يتم العثور على حجم صغير مناسب.

ما هي الإجراءات التي TextView لالتفاف النص؟ لا يمكن أن تستخدم هذه بطريقة ما للتنبؤ ما إذا كان النص سيكون صغيرا بما فيه الكفاية؟

tl؛ dr : هل هناك طريقة أفضل من الناحية العملية لتغيير حجم عرض TextView لتلائم ، ملفوفة ، في حدود getHeight و getWidth الخاصة بها؟




Here's a simple solution that uses TextView itself with a TextChangedListened added to it:

expressionView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.expressionView);
expressionView.addTextChangedListener(textAutoResizeWatcher(expressionView, 25, 55));

private TextWatcher textAutoResizeWatcher(final TextView view, final int MIN_SP, final int MAX_SP) {
    return new TextWatcher() {
        @Override
        public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence charSequence, int i, int i1, int i2) {}

        @Override
        public void onTextChanged(CharSequence charSequence, int i, int i1, int i2) {}

        @Override
        public void afterTextChanged(Editable editable) {

            final int widthLimitPixels = view.getWidth() - view.getPaddingRight() - view.getPaddingLeft();
            Paint paint = new Paint();
            float fontSizeSP = pixelsToSp(view.getTextSize());
            paint.setTextSize(spToPixels(fontSizeSP));

            String viewText = view.getText().toString();

            float widthPixels = paint.measureText(viewText);

            // Increase font size if necessary.
            if (widthPixels < widthLimitPixels){
                while (widthPixels < widthLimitPixels && fontSizeSP <= MAX_SP){
                    ++fontSizeSP;
                    paint.setTextSize(spToPixels(fontSizeSP));
                    widthPixels = paint.measureText(viewText);
                }
                --fontSizeSP;
            }
            // Decrease font size if necessary.
            else {
                while (widthPixels > widthLimitPixels || fontSizeSP > MAX_SP) {
                    if (fontSizeSP < MIN_SP) {
                        fontSizeSP = MIN_SP;
                        break;
                    }
                    --fontSizeSP;
                    paint.setTextSize(spToPixels(fontSizeSP));
                    widthPixels = paint.measureText(viewText);
                }
            }

            view.setTextSize(fontSizeSP);
        }
    };
}

private float pixelsToSp(float px) {
    float scaledDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().scaledDensity;
    return px/scaledDensity;
}

private float spToPixels(float sp) {
    float scaledDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().scaledDensity;
    return sp * scaledDensity;
}

This approach will increase or decrease the font size as needed to fit the text, respecting the MIN_SP and MAX_SP bounds received as parameters.




Refer to the ScalableTextView.java here Auto-fit TextView for Android . I have added the code to shrink and expand the TextView based on the text length




Here's yet another solution, just for kicks. It's probably not very efficient, but it does cope with both height and width of the text, and with marked-up text.

@Override
protected void onMeasure(final int widthMeasureSpec, final int heightMeasureSpec)
{
    if ((MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec) != MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED)
            && (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) != MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED)) {

        final float desiredWidth = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec);
        final float desiredHeight = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec);

        float textSize = getTextSize();
        float lastScale = Float.NEGATIVE_INFINITY;
        while (textSize > MINIMUM_AUTO_TEXT_SIZE_PX) {
            // Measure how big the textview would like to be with the current text size.
            super.onMeasure(MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);

            // Calculate how much we'd need to scale it to fit the desired size, and
            // apply that scaling to the text size as an estimate of what we need.
            final float widthScale = desiredWidth / getMeasuredWidth();
            final float heightScale = desiredHeight / getMeasuredHeight();
            final float scale = Math.min(widthScale, heightScale);

            // If we don't need to shrink the text, or we don't seem to be converging, we're done.
            if ((scale >= 1f) || (scale <= lastScale)) {
                break;
            }

            // Shrink the text size and keep trying.
            textSize = Math.max((float) Math.floor(scale * textSize), MINIMUM_AUTO_TEXT_SIZE_PX);
            setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, textSize);
            lastScale = scale;
        }
    }
    super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
}



I found the following to work nicely for me. It doesn't loop and accounts for both height and width. Note that it is important to specify the PX unit when calling setTextSize on the view.

Paint paint = adjustTextSize(getPaint(), numChars, maxWidth, maxHeight);
setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX,paint.getTextSize());

Here is the routine I use, passing in the getPaint() from the view. A 10 character string with a 'wide' character is used to estimate the width independent from the actual string.

private static final String text10="OOOOOOOOOO";
public static Paint adjustTextSize(Paint paint, int numCharacters, int widthPixels, int heightPixels) {
    float width = paint.measureText(text10)*numCharacters/text10.length();
    float newSize = (int)((widthPixels/width)*paint.getTextSize());
    paint.setTextSize(newSize);

    // remeasure with font size near our desired result
    width = paint.measureText(text10)*numCharacters/text10.length();
    newSize = (int)((widthPixels/width)*paint.getTextSize());
    paint.setTextSize(newSize);

    // Check height constraints
    FontMetricsInt metrics = paint.getFontMetricsInt();
    float textHeight = metrics.descent-metrics.ascent;
    if (textHeight > heightPixels) {
        newSize = (int)(newSize * (heightPixels/textHeight));
        paint.setTextSize(newSize);
    }

    return paint;
}



This solutions works for us:

public class CustomFontButtonTextFit extends CustomFontButton
{
    private final float DECREMENT_FACTOR = .1f;

    public CustomFontButtonTextFit(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }

    public CustomFontButtonTextFit(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    public CustomFontButtonTextFit(Context context, AttributeSet attrs,
            int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
    }

    private synchronized void refitText(String text, int textWidth) {
        if (textWidth > 0) 
        {
            float availableWidth = textWidth - this.getPaddingLeft()
                    - this.getPaddingRight();

            TextPaint tp = getPaint();
            Rect rect = new Rect();
            tp.getTextBounds(text, 0, text.length(), rect);
            float size = rect.width();

            while(size > availableWidth)
            {
                setTextSize( getTextSize() - DECREMENT_FACTOR );
                tp = getPaint();

                tp.getTextBounds(text, 0, text.length(), rect);
                size = rect.width();
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) 
    {
        super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);

        int parentWidth = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec);
        int parentHeight = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec);

        refitText(this.getText().toString(), parentWidth);

        if(parentWidth < getSuggestedMinimumWidth())
            parentWidth = getSuggestedMinimumWidth();

        if(parentHeight < getSuggestedMinimumHeight())
            parentHeight = getSuggestedMinimumHeight();

        this.setMeasuredDimension(parentWidth, parentHeight);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start,
            final int before, final int after) 
    {
        super.onTextChanged(text, start, before, after);

        refitText(text.toString(), this.getWidth());
    }

    @Override
    protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh)
    {
        super.onSizeChanged(w, h, oldw, oldh);

        if (w != oldw) 
            refitText(this.getText().toString(), w);
    }
}



You can use the android.text.StaticLayout class for this. That's what TextView uses internally.




I have use code from chase and M-WaJeEh and I found some advantage & disadvantage here

from chase

أفضلية:

  • it's perfect for 1 line TextView

Disadvantage:

  • if it's more than 1 line with custom font some of text will disappear

  • if it's enable ellipse, it didn't prepare space for ellipse

  • if it's custom font (typeface), it didn't support

from M-WaJeEh

أفضلية:

  • it's perfect for multi-line

Disadvantage:

  • if set height as wrap-content, this code will start from minimum size and it will reduce to smallest as it can, not from the setSize and reduce by the limited width

  • if it's custom font (typeface), it didn't support




I hope this helps you

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.text.TextPaint;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.widget.TextView;

/* Based on 
 * from http://.com/questions/2617266/how-to-adjust-text-font-size-to-fit-textview
 */
public class FontFitTextView extends TextView {

private static float MAX_TEXT_SIZE = 20;

public FontFitTextView(Context context) {
    this(context, null);
}

public FontFitTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);

    float size = this.getTextSize();
    if (size > MAX_TEXT_SIZE)
        setTextSize(MAX_TEXT_SIZE);
}

private void refitText(String text, int textWidth) {
    if (textWidth > 0) {
        float availableWidth = textWidth - this.getPaddingLeft()
                - this.getPaddingRight();

        TextPaint tp = getPaint();
        Rect rect = new Rect();
        tp.getTextBounds(text, 0, text.length(), rect);
        float size = rect.width();

        if (size > availableWidth)
            setTextScaleX(availableWidth / size);
    }
}

@Override
protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
    super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
    int parentWidth = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec);
    int parentHeight = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec);
    refitText(this.getText().toString(), parentWidth);
    this.setMeasuredDimension(parentWidth, parentHeight);
}

@Override
protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start,
        final int before, final int after) {
    refitText(text.toString(), this.getWidth());
}

@Override
protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
    if (w != oldw) {
        refitText(this.getText().toString(), w);
    }
}
}

NOTE: I use MAX_TEXT_SIZE in case of text size is bigger than 20 because I don't want to allow big fonts applies to my View, if this is not your case, you can just simply remove it.




لقد بدأت بفئة AutoResizeTextView في Chase ، وقمت بإجراء تغيير طفيف حتى تناسب كل من الرأسي والأفقي.

كما اكتشفت خلل يؤدي إلى استثناء Null Pointer في محرر Layout (في Eclipse) تحت بعض الشروط الغامضة.

تغيير 1: احتواء النص عموديًا وأفقيًا

تقلل النسخة الأصلية من تشايس حجم النص حتى تناسبه عموديًا ، ولكنها تسمح للنص أن يكون أوسع من الهدف. في حالتي ، كنت بحاجة للنص ليتناسب مع عرض محدد.

يؤدي هذا التغيير إلى تغيير حجمه حتى يتناسب النص عموديًا وأفقيًا.

في resizeText( int , int ) من:

// Get the required text height
int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

// Until we either fit within our text view or we had reached our min text size, incrementally try smaller sizes
while(textHeight > height && targetTextSize > mMinTextSize) {
    targetTextSize = Math.max(targetTextSize - 2, mMinTextSize);
    textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
    }

إلى:

// Get the required text height
int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
int textWidth  = getTextWidth(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

// Until we either fit within our text view or we had reached our min text size, incrementally try smaller sizes
while(((textHeight >= height) || (textWidth >= width) ) && targetTextSize > mMinTextSize) {
    targetTextSize = Math.max(targetTextSize - 2, mMinTextSize);
    textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
    textWidth  = getTextWidth(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
    }

ثم ، في نهاية الملف ، إلحاق روتين getTextWidth() ؛ انها مجرد getTextHeight() معدلة قليلا. من المحتمل أن يكون أكثر فعالية لدمجها مع روتين واحد يعيد كل من الطول والعرض.

// Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to render text off screen before measuring
private int getTextWidth(CharSequence source, TextPaint paint, int width, float textSize) {
    // Update the text paint object
    paint.setTextSize(textSize);
    // Draw using a static layout
    StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paint, width, Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
    layout.draw(sTextResizeCanvas);
    return layout.getWidth();
}  




تغيير 2: إصلاح EmptyStackException في محرر تخطيط Eclipse Android

تحت ظروف غامضة ودقيقة جدًا ، يفشل محرر التصميم في عرض العرض الرسومي للتخطيط ؛ فإنه سيتم طرح استثناء "EmptyStackException: null" في com.android.ide.eclipse.adt.

الشروط المطلوبة هي:
- إنشاء عنصر واجهة مستخدم AutoResizeTextView
- إنشاء نمط لتلك القطعة
- تحديد العنصر النصي في النمط ؛ ليس في تعريف القطعة

كما في:

RES / تخطيط / main.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <com.ajw.DemoCrashInADT.AutoResizeTextView
        android:id="@+id/resizingText"
        style="@style/myTextStyle" />

</LinearLayout>

RES / القيم / myStyles.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>

    <style name="myTextStyle" parent="@android:style/Widget.TextView">
        <item name="android:layout_height">wrap_content</item>
        <item name="android:layout_width">fill_parent</item>
        <item name="android:text">some message</item>
    </style>

</resources>

With these files, selecting the Graphical Layout tab when editing main.xml will display:

error!
EmptyStackException: null
Exception details are logged in Window > Show View > Error Log

instead of the graphical view of the layout.

To keep an already too-long story shorter, I tracked this down to the following lines (again in resizeText ):

// If there is a max text size set, use the lesser of that and the default text size
float targetTextSize = mMaxTextSize > 0 ? Math.min(mTextSize, mMaxTextSize) : mTextSize;

The problem is that under the specific conditions, mTextSize is never initialized; it has the value 0.

With the above, targetTextSize is set to zero (as a result of Math.min).

That zero is passed to getTextHeight() (and getTextWidth() ) as the textSize argument. When it gets to
layout.draw(sTextResizeCanvas);
we get the exception.

It's more efficient to test if (mTextSize == 0) at the beginning of resizeText() rather than testing in getTextHeight() and getTextWidth() ; testing earlier saves all the intervening work.

With these updates, the file (as in my crash-demo test app) is now:

//
// from:  http://.com/questions/5033012/auto-scale-textview-text-to-fit-within-bounds
//
//

package com.ajw.DemoCrashInADT;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.text.Layout.Alignment;
import android.text.StaticLayout;
import android.text.TextPaint;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.widget.TextView;

/**
 * Text view that auto adjusts text size to fit within the view. If the text
 * size equals the minimum text size and still does not fit, append with an
 * ellipsis.
 *
 * 2011-10-29 changes by Alan Jay Weiner
 *              * change to fit both vertically and horizontally  
 *              * test mTextSize for 0 in resizeText() to fix exception in Layout Editor
 *
 * @author Chase Colburn
 * @since Apr 4, 2011
 */
public class AutoResizeTextView extends TextView {

    // Minimum text size for this text view
    public static final float MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 20;

    // Interface for resize notifications
    public interface OnTextResizeListener {
        public void onTextResize(TextView textView, float oldSize, float newSize);
    }

    // Off screen canvas for text size rendering
    private static final Canvas sTextResizeCanvas = new Canvas();

    // Our ellipse string
    private static final String mEllipsis = "...";

    // Registered resize listener
    private OnTextResizeListener mTextResizeListener;

    // Flag for text and/or size changes to force a resize
    private boolean mNeedsResize = false;

    // Text size that is set from code. This acts as a starting point for
    // resizing
    private float mTextSize;

    // Temporary upper bounds on the starting text size
    private float mMaxTextSize = 0;

    // Lower bounds for text size
    private float mMinTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;

    // Text view line spacing multiplier
    private float mSpacingMult = 1.0f;

    // Text view additional line spacing
    private float mSpacingAdd = 0.0f;

    // Add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
    private boolean mAddEllipsis = true;


    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }


    // Default constructor when inflating from XML file
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, 0);
    }


    // Default constructor override
    public AutoResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }


    /**
     * When text changes, set the force resize flag to true and reset the text
     * size.
     */
    @Override
    protected void onTextChanged(final CharSequence text, final int start,
            final int before, final int after) {
        mNeedsResize = true;
        // Since this view may be reused, it is good to reset the text size
        resetTextSize();
    }


    /**
     * If the text view size changed, set the force resize flag to true
     */
    @Override
    protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
        if (w != oldw || h != oldh) {
            mNeedsResize = true;
        }
    }


    /**
     * Register listener to receive resize notifications
     *
     * @param listener
     */
    public void setOnResizeListener(OnTextResizeListener listener) {
        mTextResizeListener = listener;
    }


    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(float size) {
        super.setTextSize(size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }


    /**
     * Override the set text size to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setTextSize(int unit, float size) {
        super.setTextSize(unit, size);
        mTextSize = getTextSize();
    }


    /**
     * Override the set line spacing to update our internal reference values
     */
    @Override
    public void setLineSpacing(float add, float mult) {
        super.setLineSpacing(add, mult);
        mSpacingMult = mult;
        mSpacingAdd = add;
    }


    /**
     * Set the upper text size limit and invalidate the view
     *
     * @param maxTextSize
     */
    public void setMaxTextSize(float maxTextSize) {
        mMaxTextSize = maxTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }


    /**
     * Return upper text size limit
     *
     * @return
     */
    public float getMaxTextSize() {
        return mMaxTextSize;
    }


    /**
     * Set the lower text size limit and invalidate the view
     *
     * @param minTextSize
     */
    public void setMinTextSize(float minTextSize) {
        mMinTextSize = minTextSize;
        requestLayout();
        invalidate();
    }


    /**
     * Return lower text size limit
     *
     * @return
     */
    public float getMinTextSize() {
        return mMinTextSize;
    }


    /**
     * Set flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text size
     *
     * @param addEllipsis
     */
    public void setAddEllipsis(boolean addEllipsis) {
        mAddEllipsis = addEllipsis;
    }


    /**
     * Return flag to add ellipsis to text that overflows at the smallest text
     * size
     *
     * @return
     */
    public boolean getAddEllipsis() {
        return mAddEllipsis;
    }


    /**
     * Reset the text to the original size
     */
    public void resetTextSize() {
        super.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, mTextSize);
        mMaxTextSize = mTextSize;
    }


    /**
     * Resize text after measuring
     */
    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int left, int top, int right, int bottom) {
        if (changed || mNeedsResize) {
            int widthLimit = (right - left) - getCompoundPaddingLeft()
                    - getCompoundPaddingRight();
            int heightLimit = (bottom - top) - getCompoundPaddingBottom()
                    - getCompoundPaddingTop();
            resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
        }
        super.onLayout(changed, left, top, right, bottom);
    }


    /**
     * Resize the text size with default width and height
     */
    public void resizeText() {
        int heightLimit = getHeight() - getPaddingBottom() - getPaddingTop();
        int widthLimit = getWidth() - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();
        resizeText(widthLimit, heightLimit);
    }


    /**
     * Resize the text size with specified width and height
     *
     * @param width
     * @param height
     */
    public void resizeText(int width, int height) {
        CharSequence text = getText();
        // Do not resize if the view does not have dimensions or there is no
        // text
        // or if mTextSize has not been initialized
        if (text == null || text.length() == 0 || height <= 0 || width <= 0
                || mTextSize == 0) {
            return;
        }

        // Get the text view's paint object
        TextPaint textPaint = getPaint();

        // Store the current text size
        float oldTextSize = textPaint.getTextSize();

        // If there is a max text size set, use the lesser of that and the
        // default text size
        float targetTextSize = mMaxTextSize > 0 ? Math.min(mTextSize, mMaxTextSize)
                : mTextSize;

        // Get the required text height
        int textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
        int textWidth = getTextWidth(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);

        // Until we either fit within our text view or we had reached our min
        // text size, incrementally try smaller sizes
        while (((textHeight > height) || (textWidth > width))
                && targetTextSize > mMinTextSize) {
            targetTextSize = Math.max(targetTextSize - 2, mMinTextSize);
            textHeight = getTextHeight(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
            textWidth = getTextWidth(text, textPaint, width, targetTextSize);
        }

        // If we had reached our minimum text size and still don't fit, append
        // an ellipsis
        if (mAddEllipsis && targetTextSize == mMinTextSize && textHeight > height) {
            // Draw using a static layout
            StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(text, textPaint, width,
                    Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, false);
            layout.draw(sTextResizeCanvas);
            int lastLine = layout.getLineForVertical(height) - 1;
            int start = layout.getLineStart(lastLine);
            int end = layout.getLineEnd(lastLine);
            float lineWidth = layout.getLineWidth(lastLine);
            float ellipseWidth = textPaint.measureText(mEllipsis);

            // Trim characters off until we have enough room to draw the
            // ellipsis
            while (width < lineWidth + ellipseWidth) {
                lineWidth = textPaint.measureText(text.subSequence(start, --end + 1)
                        .toString());
            }
            setText(text.subSequence(0, end) + mEllipsis);

        }

        // Some devices try to auto adjust line spacing, so force default line
        // spacing
        // and invalidate the layout as a side effect
        textPaint.setTextSize(targetTextSize);
        setLineSpacing(mSpacingAdd, mSpacingMult);

        // Notify the listener if registered
        if (mTextResizeListener != null) {
            mTextResizeListener.onTextResize(this, oldTextSize, targetTextSize);
        }

        // Reset force resize flag
        mNeedsResize = false;
    }


    // Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to
    // render text off screen before measuring
    private int getTextHeight(CharSequence source, TextPaint paint, int width,
            float textSize) {
        // Update the text paint object
        paint.setTextSize(textSize);
        // Draw using a static layout
        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paint, width,
                Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
        layout.draw(sTextResizeCanvas);
        return layout.getHeight();
    }


    // Set the text size of the text paint object and use a static layout to
    // render text off screen before measuring
    private int getTextWidth(CharSequence source, TextPaint paint, int width,
            float textSize) {
        // Update the text paint object
        paint.setTextSize(textSize);
        // Draw using a static layout
        StaticLayout layout = new StaticLayout(source, paint, width,
                Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, mSpacingMult, mSpacingAdd, true);
        layout.draw(sTextResizeCanvas);
        return layout.getWidth();
    }

}



A big thank you to Chase for posting the initial code. I enjoyed reading through it to see how it worked, and I'm pleased to be able to add to it.




Warning, bug in Android Honeycomb and Ice Cream Sandwich

Androids versions: 3.1 - 4.04 have a bug, that setTextSize() inside of TextView works only for the 1st time (1st invocation).

Bug is described here: http://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=22493 http://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=17343#c9

workaround is to add new line character to text assigned to TextView before changing size:

final String DOUBLE_BYTE_SPACE = "\u3000";
textView.append(DOUBLE_BYTE_SPACE);

I use it in my code as follow:

final String DOUBLE_BYTE_SPACE = "\u3000";
AutoResizeTextView textView = (AutoResizeTextView) view.findViewById(R.id.aTextView);
String fixString = "";
if (android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB_MR1
   && android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT <= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH_MR1) {  
    fixString = DOUBLE_BYTE_SPACE;
}
textView.setText(fixString + "The text" + fixString);

I add this "\u3000" character on left and right of my text, to keep it centered. If you have it aligned to left then append to the right only. Of course it can be also embedded with AutoResizeTextView widget, but I wanted to keep fix code outside.




في الواقع ، يوجد حل في فئة DialogTitle من Google ... على الرغم من أنه ليس بنفس فعالية الفئة المقبولة ، إلا أنه أسهل كثيرًا وسهل التكيف معه.

public class SingleLineTextView extends TextView {

  public SingleLineTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
    super(context, attrs, defStyle);
    setSingleLine();
    setEllipsize(TruncateAt.END);
  }

  public SingleLineTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);
    setSingleLine();
    setEllipsize(TruncateAt.END);
  }

  public SingleLineTextView(Context context) {
    super(context);
    setSingleLine();
    setEllipsize(TruncateAt.END);
  }

  @Override
  protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
    super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);

    final Layout layout = getLayout();
    if (layout != null) {
      final int lineCount = layout.getLineCount();
      if (lineCount > 0) {
        final int ellipsisCount = layout.getEllipsisCount(lineCount - 1);
        if (ellipsisCount > 0) {

          final float textSize = getTextSize();

          // textSize is already expressed in pixels
          setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, (textSize - 1));

          super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
        }
      }
    }
  }

}



Since I've been looking for this forever, and I found a solution a while ago which is missing here, I'm gonna write it here, for future reference also.

Note: this code was taken directly from Google Android Lollipop dialer a while back, I don't remember If changes were made at the time. Also, I don't know which license is this under, but I have reason to think it is Apache 2.0 .

Class ResizeTextView , the actual View

public class ResizeTextView extends TextView {

private final int mOriginalTextSize;
private final int mMinTextSize;
private final static int sMinSize = 20;
public ResizeTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);
    mOriginalTextSize = (int) getTextSize();
    mMinTextSize = (int) sMinSize;
}
@Override
protected void onTextChanged(CharSequence text, int start, int lengthBefore, int lengthAfter) {
    super.onTextChanged(text, start, lengthBefore, lengthAfter);
    ViewUtil.resizeText(this, mOriginalTextSize, mMinTextSize);
}
@Override
protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
    super.onSizeChanged(w, h, oldw, oldh);
    ViewUtil.resizeText(this, mOriginalTextSize, mMinTextSize);
}

This ResizeTextView class could extend TextView and all its children as I undestand, so EditText as well.

Class ViewUtil with method resizeText(...)

/*
* Copyright (C) 2012 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
*      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/

import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class ViewUtil {

    private ViewUtil() {}

    public static void resizeText(TextView textView, int originalTextSize, int minTextSize) {
        final Paint paint = textView.getPaint();
        final int width = textView.getWidth();
        if (width == 0) return;
        textView.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, originalTextSize);
        float ratio = width / paint.measureText(textView.getText().toString());
        if (ratio <= 1.0f) {
            textView.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX,
                    Math.max(minTextSize, originalTextSize * ratio));
        }
    }
}

You should set your view as

<yourpackage.yourapp.ResizeTextView
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="64dp"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:maxLines="1"/>

آمل أن يساعد!




At google IO conference in 2017, google introduced autoSize property of TextView

https://youtu.be/fjUdJ2aVqE4

<android.support.v7.widget.AppCompatTextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:text="@string/my_text"
        app:autoSizeTextType="uniform"
        app:autoSizeMaxTextSize="10sp"
        app:autoSizeMinTextSize="6sp"
        app:autoSizeStepGranularity="1sp"/>



Here is the approach I take. انه بسيط جدا. It uses successive approximation to zero in on the fontsize and can generally have it figured out in less than 10 iterations. Just replace "activityWidth" with the width of whatever view you are using to display the text in. In my example, it's set as a private field to the screen's width. The inital fontsize of 198 is only set in the event the method generates an exception (which really should never happen):

  private float GetFontSizeForScreenWidth(String text)
  {
    float fontsize = 198;

    try
    {
      Paint paint = new Paint(Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);
      paint.setColor(Color.RED);
      Typeface typeface = Typeface.create("Helvetica", Typeface.BOLD);
      paint.setTypeface(typeface);
      paint.setTextAlign(Align.CENTER);

      int lowVal = 0;
      int highVal = 2000;
      int currentVal = highVal;

      /*
       * Successively approximate the screen size until it is 
       * within 2 pixels of the maximum screen width. Generally
       * this will get you to the closest font size within about 10
       * iterations.
       */

      do
      {
        paint.setTextSize(currentVal);
        float textWidth = paint.measureText(text);

        float diff = activityWidth - textWidth;

        if ((diff >= 0) && (diff <= 2))
        {
          fontsize = paint.getTextSize();
          return fontsize;
        }

        if (textWidth > activityWidth)
          highVal = currentVal;
        else if (textWidth < activityWidth)
          lowVal = currentVal;
        else
        {
          fontsize = paint.getTextSize();
          return fontsize;
        }

        currentVal = (highVal - lowVal) / 2 + lowVal;

      } while (true);      
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
      return fontsize;
    }
  }