[c#] JSON in C # analysieren


Answers

Ihre Datenklasse stimmt nicht mit dem JSON-Objekt überein. Benutze das stattdessen:

[DataContract]
public class GoogleSearchResults
{
    [DataMember]
    public ResponseData responseData { get; set; }
}

[DataContract]
public class ResponseData
{
    [DataMember]
    public IEnumerable<Results> results { get; set; }
}

[DataContract]
public class Results
{
    [DataMember]
    public string unescapedUrl { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string url { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string visibleUrl { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string cacheUrl { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string title { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string titleNoFormatting { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string content { get; set; }
}

Außerdem müssen Sie die Klasse nicht instanziieren, um ihren Typ für die Deserialisierung zu erhalten:

public static T Deserialise<T>(string json)
{
    using (var ms = new MemoryStream(Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(json)))
    {
        var serialiser = new DataContractJsonSerializer(typeof(T));
        return (T)serialiser.ReadObject(ms);
    }
}
Question

Ich versuche, einige JSON-Daten aus der Google AJAX-Such-API zu analysieren. Ich habe diese URL und möchte sie aufteilen, damit die Ergebnisse angezeigt werden. Ich habe diesen Code gerade geschrieben, aber ich bin ziemlich verloren, was ich als nächstes tun soll, obwohl es eine Reihe von Beispielen mit vereinfachten JSON-Strings gibt.

Da ich neu bei C # und .NET bin, hatte ich Schwierigkeiten, eine echte Textausgabe für meine ASP.NET-Seite zu erhalten, weshalb ich empfohlen wurde, JSON.NET auszuprobieren. Könnte mir jemand in die richtige Richtung zeigen, einfach einen Code zu schreiben, der JSON von der Google AJAX Search API aufnimmt und auf dem Bildschirm ausgibt?

BEARBEITEN SIE : ALLE FIXED! Alle Ergebnisse funktionieren gut. Danke nochmal Dreas Grech!

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.ServiceModel.Web;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.Runtime.Serialization.Json;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        GoogleSearchResults g1 = new GoogleSearchResults();
        const string json = @"{""responseData"": {""results"":[{""GsearchResultClass"":""GwebSearch"",""unescapedUrl"":""http://www.cheese.com/"",""url"":""http://www.cheese.com/"",""visibleUrl"":""www.cheese.com"",""cacheUrl"":""http://www.google.com/search?q\u003dcache:bkg1gwNt8u4J:www.cheese.com"",""title"":""\u003cb\u003eCHEESE\u003c/b\u003e.COM - All about \u003cb\u003echeese\u003c/b\u003e!."",""titleNoFormatting"":""CHEESE.COM - All about cheese!."",""content"":""\u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e - everything you want to know about it. Search \u003cb\u003echeese\u003c/b\u003e by name, by types   of milk, by textures and by countries.""},{""GsearchResultClass"":""GwebSearch"",""unescapedUrl"":""http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheese"",""url"":""http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheese"",""visibleUrl"":""en.wikipedia.org"",""cacheUrl"":""http://www.google.com/search?q\u003dcache:n9icdgMlCXIJ:en.wikipedia.org"",""title"":""\u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia"",""titleNoFormatting"":""Cheese - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia"",""content"":""\u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e is a food consisting of proteins and fat from milk, usually the milk of   cows, buffalo, goats, or sheep. It is produced by coagulation of the milk \u003cb\u003e...\u003c/b\u003e""},{""GsearchResultClass"":""GwebSearch"",""unescapedUrl"":""http://www.ilovecheese.com/"",""url"":""http://www.ilovecheese.com/"",""visibleUrl"":""www.ilovecheese.com"",""cacheUrl"":""http://www.google.com/search?q\u003dcache:GBhRR8ytMhQJ:www.ilovecheese.com"",""title"":""I Love \u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e!, Homepage"",""titleNoFormatting"":""I Love Cheese!, Homepage"",""content"":""The American Dairy Association\u0026#39;s official site includes recipes and information   on nutrition and storage of \u003cb\u003echeese\u003c/b\u003e.""},{""GsearchResultClass"":""GwebSearch"",""unescapedUrl"":""http://www.gnome.org/projects/cheese/"",""url"":""http://www.gnome.org/projects/cheese/"",""visibleUrl"":""www.gnome.org"",""cacheUrl"":""http://www.google.com/search?q\u003dcache:jvfWnVcSFeQJ:www.gnome.org"",""title"":""\u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e"",""titleNoFormatting"":""Cheese"",""content"":""\u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e uses your webcam to take photos and videos, applies fancy special effects   and lets you share the fun with others. It was written as part of Google\u0026#39;s \u003cb\u003e...\u003c/b\u003e""}],""cursor"":{""pages"":[{""start"":""0"",""label"":1},{""start"":""4"",""label"":2},{""start"":""8"",""label"":3},{""start"":""12"",""label"":4},{""start"":""16"",""label"":5},{""start"":""20"",""label"":6},{""start"":""24"",""label"":7},{""start"":""28"",""label"":8}],""estimatedResultCount"":""14400000"",""currentPageIndex"":0,""moreResultsUrl"":""http://www.google.com/search?oe\u003dutf8\u0026ie\u003dutf8\u0026source\u003duds\u0026start\u003d0\u0026hl\u003den-GB\u0026q\u003dcheese""}}, ""responseDetails"": null, ""responseStatus"": 200}";
        g1 = JSONHelper.Deserialise<GoogleSearchResults>(json);
        Response.Write(g1.content);
    }
}

public class JSONHelper
{
    public static T Deserialise<T>(string json)
    {
        T obj = Activator.CreateInstance<T>();
        MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(json));
        DataContractJsonSerializer serialiser = new DataContractJsonSerializer(obj.GetType());
        ms.Close();
        return obj;
    }
}
/// Deserialise from JSON
[Serializable]
public class GoogleSearchResults
{
    public GoogleSearchResults() { }
    public GoogleSearchResults(string _unescapedUrl, string _url, string _visibleUrl, string _cacheUrl, string _title, string _titleNoFormatting, string _content)
    {
        this.unescapedUrl = _unescapedUrl;
        this.url = _url;
        this.visibleUrl = _visibleUrl;
        this.cacheUrl = _cacheUrl;
        this.title = _title;
        this.titleNoFormatting = _titleNoFormatting;
        this.content = _content;
    }

    string _unescapedUrl;
    string _url;
    string _visibleUrl;
    string _cacheUrl;
    string _title;
    string _titleNoFormatting;
    string _content;

    [DataMember]
    public string unescapedUrl
    {
        get { return _unescapedUrl; }
        set { _unescapedUrl = value; }
    }

    [DataMember]
    public string url
    {
        get { return _url; }
        set { _url = value; }
    }

    [DataMember]
    public string visibleUrl
    {
        get { return _visibleUrl; }
        set { _visibleUrl = value; }
    }
    [DataMember]
    public string cacheUrl
    {
        get { return _cacheUrl; }
        set { _cacheUrl = value; }
    }

    [DataMember]
    public string title
    {
        get { return _title; }
        set { _title = value; }
    }

    [DataMember]
    public string titleNoFormatting
    {
        get { return _titleNoFormatting; }
        set { _titleNoFormatting = value; }
    }

    [DataMember]
    public string content
    {
        get { return _content; }
        set { _content = value; }
    }
}

Der Code wird derzeit kompiliert und ausgeführt, gibt jedoch keine Ergebnisse zurück. Könnte mir jemand helfen, das zurückzugeben, was ich benötige, und die Ergebnisse bereit zum Ausdrucken auf den Bildschirm?

Bearbeiten:

Json.NET arbeitet mit demselben JSON und denselben Klassen wie im obigen Beispiel.

GoogleSearchResults g1 = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<GoogleSearchResults>(json);

Link: Serialisieren und Deserialisieren von JSON mit Json.NET

verbunden

C # - JSon-formatierte Daten in verschachtelte Hashtabellen analysieren
Parse JSON-Array




Ich denke nur, dass das ganze Beispiel nützlich wäre. Dies ist das Beispiel für dieses Problem.

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.ServiceModel.Web;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.Runtime.Serialization.Json;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        GoogleSearchResults g1 = new GoogleSearchResults();
        const string json = @"{""responseData"": {""results"":[{""GsearchResultClass"":""GwebSearch"",""unescapedUrl"":""http://www.cheese.com/"",""url"":""http://www.cheese.com/"",""visibleUrl"":""www.cheese.com"",""cacheUrl"":""http://www.google.com/search?q\u003dcache:bkg1gwNt8u4J:www.cheese.com"",""title"":""\u003cb\u003eCHEESE\u003c/b\u003e.COM - All about \u003cb\u003echeese\u003c/b\u003e!."",""titleNoFormatting"":""CHEESE.COM - All about cheese!."",""content"":""\u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e - everything you want to know about it. Search \u003cb\u003echeese\u003c/b\u003e by name, by types   of milk, by textures and by countries.""},{""GsearchResultClass"":""GwebSearch"",""unescapedUrl"":""http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheese"",""url"":""http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheese"",""visibleUrl"":""en.wikipedia.org"",""cacheUrl"":""http://www.google.com/search?q\u003dcache:n9icdgMlCXIJ:en.wikipedia.org"",""title"":""\u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia"",""titleNoFormatting"":""Cheese - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia"",""content"":""\u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e is a food consisting of proteins and fat from milk, usually the milk of   cows, buffalo, goats, or sheep. It is produced by coagulation of the milk \u003cb\u003e...\u003c/b\u003e""},{""GsearchResultClass"":""GwebSearch"",""unescapedUrl"":""http://www.ilovecheese.com/"",""url"":""http://www.ilovecheese.com/"",""visibleUrl"":""www.ilovecheese.com"",""cacheUrl"":""http://www.google.com/search?q\u003dcache:GBhRR8ytMhQJ:www.ilovecheese.com"",""title"":""I Love \u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e!, Homepage"",""titleNoFormatting"":""I Love Cheese!, Homepage"",""content"":""The American Dairy Association\u0026#39;s official site includes recipes and information   on nutrition and storage of \u003cb\u003echeese\u003c/b\u003e.""},{""GsearchResultClass"":""GwebSearch"",""unescapedUrl"":""http://www.gnome.org/projects/cheese/"",""url"":""http://www.gnome.org/projects/cheese/"",""visibleUrl"":""www.gnome.org"",""cacheUrl"":""http://www.google.com/search?q\u003dcache:jvfWnVcSFeQJ:www.gnome.org"",""title"":""\u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e"",""titleNoFormatting"":""Cheese"",""content"":""\u003cb\u003eCheese\u003c/b\u003e uses your webcam to take photos and videos, applies fancy special effects   and lets you share the fun with others. It was written as part of Google\u0026#39;s \u003cb\u003e...\u003c/b\u003e""}],""cursor"":{""pages"":[{""start"":""0"",""label"":1},{""start"":""4"",""label"":2},{""start"":""8"",""label"":3},{""start"":""12"",""label"":4},{""start"":""16"",""label"":5},{""start"":""20"",""label"":6},{""start"":""24"",""label"":7},{""start"":""28"",""label"":8}],""estimatedResultCount"":""14400000"",""currentPageIndex"":0,""moreResultsUrl"":""http://www.google.com/search?oe\u003dutf8\u0026ie\u003dutf8\u0026source\u003duds\u0026start\u003d0\u0026hl\u003den-GB\u0026q\u003dcheese""}}, ""responseDetails"": null, ""responseStatus"": 200}";
        g1 = JSONHelper.Deserialise<GoogleSearchResults>(json);

        foreach (Pages x in g1.responseData.cursor.pages)
        {
            // Anything you want to get
            Response.Write(x.label);

        }
    }
}

public class JSONHelper
{
    public static T Deserialise<T>(string json)
    {
        using (var ms = new MemoryStream(Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(json)))
        {
            var serialiser = new DataContractJsonSerializer(typeof(T));
            return (T)serialiser.ReadObject(ms);
        }
    }

    public static string Serialize<T>(T obj)
    {
        DataContractJsonSerializer serializer = new DataContractJsonSerializer(obj.GetType());
        using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            serializer.WriteObject(ms, obj);
            return Encoding.Default.GetString(ms.ToArray());
        }
    }
}

[DataContract]
public class GoogleSearchResults
{
    [DataMember]
    public ResponseData responseData { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string responseStatus { get; set; }

}


public class ResponseData
{
    [DataMember]
    public Cursor cursor { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public IEnumerable<Results> results { get; set; }


}


[DataContract]
public class Cursor
{
    [DataMember]
    public IEnumerable<Pages> pages { get; set; }
}



[DataContract]
public class Pages
{
    [DataMember]
    public string start { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string label { get; set; }

}


[DataContract]
public class Results
{
    [DataMember]
    public string unescapedUrl { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string url { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string visibleUrl { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string cacheUrl { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string title { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string titleNoFormatting { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public string content { get; set; }
}



Danke Ihnen allen für Ihre Hilfe. Dies ist meine endgültige Version, und es funktioniert dank Ihrer kombinierten Hilfe! Ich zeige nur die Veränderungen, die ich gemacht habe, der Rest ist Joe Chungs Arbeit entnommen

public class GoogleSearchResults
    {
        [DataMember]
        public ResponseData responseData { get; set; }

        [DataMember]
        public string responseDetails { get; set; }

        [DataMember]
        public int responseStatus { get; set; }
    }

und

 [DataContract]
    public class ResponseData
    {
        [DataMember]
        public List<Results> results { get; set; }
    }



Links