Image Circular Wrap in iOS


Answers

Apple have added CICircularWrap to iOS 9

https://developer.apple.com/library/mac/documentation/GraphicsImaging/Reference/CoreImageFilterReference/index.html#//apple_ref/doc/filter/ci/CICircularWrap

Wraps an image around a transparent circle.

Localized Display Name

Circular Wrap Distortion

Availability

Available in OS X v10.5 and later and in iOS 9 and later.

Question

I have a problem - I want to create a circular wrap function which will wrap an image as depicted below:

This is available in OSX however is not available on iOS.

My logic so far has been:

Split the image up into x sections and for each section:

  1. Rotate alpha degrees
  2. Scale the image in the x axis to create a diamond shaped 'warped' effect of the image
  3. Rotate back 90 - atan((h / 2) / (w / 2))
  4. Translate the offset

My problem is that this seems inaccurate and I have been unable to mathematically figure out how to do this correctly - any help would be massively appreciated.

Link to OSX docs for CICircularWrap:

https://developer.apple.com/library/mac/documentation/GraphicsImaging/Reference/CoreImageFilterReference/Reference/reference.html#//apple_ref/doc/filter/ci/CICircularWrap




Want to display image in the circle it is possible and how

You have to #import <QuartzCore/QuartzCore.h> and add a cornerRadius to your imageView [yourImageView.layer setCornerRadius:yourImageView.frame.size.width/2] maybe you have to add [yourImageView setClipsToBounds:YES], but i am not sure about this.




I adapted Apple's CoreTextArcCocoa sample project (mentioned by Tom H in this reply) and thought I'd share it here.

I added a few other features as well, such as the ability to set the arc size to something smaller than 180, and the text color and offset shift as properties (so that you don't have to have a huge frame to show the whole text).

 /*

 File: CoreTextArcView.m (iOS version)

 Abstract: Defines and implements the CoreTextArcView custom UIView subclass to
 draw text on a curve and illustrate best practices with CoreText.

 Based on CoreTextArcView provided by Apple for Mac OS X https://developer.apple.com/library/mac/#samplecode/CoreTextArcCocoa/Introduction/Intro.html

 Ported to iOS (& added color, arcsize features) August 2011 by Alec Vance, Juggleware LLC http://juggleware.com/

 */ 

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import <CoreText/CoreText.h>


@interface CoreTextArcView : UIView {
@private
    UIFont *            _font;
    NSString *          _string;
    CGFloat             _radius;
    UIColor *           _color;
    CGFloat             _arcSize;
    CGFloat             _shiftH, _shiftV; // horiz & vertical shift

    struct {
        unsigned int    showsGlyphBounds:1;
        unsigned int    showsLineMetrics:1;
        unsigned int    dimsSubstitutedGlyphs:1;
        unsigned int    reserved:29;
    }                   _flags;
}

@property(retain, nonatomic) UIFont *font;
@property(retain, nonatomic) NSString *text;
@property(readonly, nonatomic) NSAttributedString *attributedString;
@property(assign, nonatomic) CGFloat radius;
@property(nonatomic) BOOL showsGlyphBounds;
@property(nonatomic) BOOL showsLineMetrics;
@property(nonatomic) BOOL dimsSubstitutedGlyphs;
@property(retain, nonatomic) UIColor *color;
@property(nonatomic) CGFloat arcSize;
@property(nonatomic) CGFloat shiftH, shiftV;
@end


/*

 File: CoreTextArcView.m (iOS version)

 */ 

#import "CoreTextArcView.h"
#import <AssertMacros.h>
#import <QuartzCore/QuartzCore.h>

#define ARCVIEW_DEBUG_MODE          NO

#define ARCVIEW_DEFAULT_FONT_NAME   @"Helvetica"
#define ARCVIEW_DEFAULT_FONT_SIZE   64.0
#define ARCVIEW_DEFAULT_RADIUS      150.0
#define ARCVIEW_DEFAULT_ARC_SIZE    180.0



@implementation CoreTextArcView

- (id)initWithFrame:(CGRect)frame {
    self = [super initWithFrame:frame];
    if (self) {
        self.font = [UIFont fontWithName:ARCVIEW_DEFAULT_FONT_NAME size:ARCVIEW_DEFAULT_FONT_SIZE];
        self.text = @"Curvaceous Type";
        self.radius = ARCVIEW_DEFAULT_RADIUS;
        self.showsGlyphBounds = NO;
        self.showsLineMetrics = NO;
        self.dimsSubstitutedGlyphs = NO;
        self.color = [UIColor whiteColor];
        self.arcSize = ARCVIEW_DEFAULT_ARC_SIZE;
        self.shiftH = self.shiftV = 0.0f;
    }
    return self;
}

typedef struct GlyphArcInfo {
    CGFloat         width;
    CGFloat         angle;  // in radians
} GlyphArcInfo;

static void PrepareGlyphArcInfo(CTLineRef line, CFIndex glyphCount, GlyphArcInfo *glyphArcInfo, CGFloat arcSizeRad)
{
    NSArray *runArray = (NSArray *)CTLineGetGlyphRuns(line);

    // Examine each run in the line, updating glyphOffset to track how far along the run is in terms of glyphCount.
    CFIndex glyphOffset = 0;
    for (id run in runArray) {
        CFIndex runGlyphCount = CTRunGetGlyphCount((CTRunRef)run);

        // Ask for the width of each glyph in turn.
        CFIndex runGlyphIndex = 0;
        for (; runGlyphIndex < runGlyphCount; runGlyphIndex++) {
            glyphArcInfo[runGlyphIndex + glyphOffset].width = CTRunGetTypographicBounds((CTRunRef)run, CFRangeMake(runGlyphIndex, 1), NULL, NULL, NULL);
        }

        glyphOffset += runGlyphCount;
    }

    double lineLength = CTLineGetTypographicBounds(line, NULL, NULL, NULL);

    CGFloat prevHalfWidth = glyphArcInfo[0].width / 2.0;
    glyphArcInfo[0].angle = (prevHalfWidth / lineLength) * arcSizeRad;

    // Divide the arc into slices such that each one covers the distance from one glyph's center to the next.
    CFIndex lineGlyphIndex = 1;
    for (; lineGlyphIndex < glyphCount; lineGlyphIndex++) {
        CGFloat halfWidth = glyphArcInfo[lineGlyphIndex].width / 2.0;
        CGFloat prevCenterToCenter = prevHalfWidth + halfWidth;

        glyphArcInfo[lineGlyphIndex].angle = (prevCenterToCenter / lineLength) * arcSizeRad;

        prevHalfWidth = halfWidth;
    }
}


// ensure that redraw occurs.
-(void)setText:(NSString *)text{
    [_string release];
    _string = [text retain];

    [self setNeedsDisplay];
}

//set arc size in degrees (180 = half circle)
-(void)setArcSize:(CGFloat)degrees{
    _arcSize = degrees * M_PI/180.0;
}

//get arc size in degrees
-(CGFloat)arcSize{
    return _arcSize * 180.0/M_PI;
}

- (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {
    // Don't draw if we don't have a font or string
    if (self.font == NULL || self.text == NULL) 
        return;

    // Initialize the text matrix to a known value
    CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();


    //Reset the transformation
    //Doing this means you have to reset the contentScaleFactor to 1.0
    CGAffineTransform t0 = CGContextGetCTM(context);


    CGFloat xScaleFactor = t0.a > 0 ? t0.a : -t0.a;
    CGFloat yScaleFactor = t0.d > 0 ? t0.d : -t0.d;
    t0 = CGAffineTransformInvert(t0);
    if (xScaleFactor != 1.0 || yScaleFactor != 1.0)
        t0 = CGAffineTransformScale(t0, xScaleFactor, yScaleFactor);

    CGContextConcatCTM(context, t0);

    CGContextSetTextMatrix(context, CGAffineTransformIdentity);

    if(ARCVIEW_DEBUG_MODE){
        // Draw a black background (debug)
        CGContextSetFillColorWithColor(context, [UIColor blackColor].CGColor);
        CGContextFillRect(context, self.layer.bounds);
    }

    NSAttributedString *attStr = self.attributedString;
    CFAttributedStringRef asr = (CFAttributedStringRef)attStr;
    CTLineRef line = CTLineCreateWithAttributedString(asr);
    assert(line != NULL);

    CFIndex glyphCount = CTLineGetGlyphCount(line);
    if (glyphCount == 0) {
        CFRelease(line);
        return;
    }

    GlyphArcInfo *  glyphArcInfo = (GlyphArcInfo*)calloc(glyphCount, sizeof(GlyphArcInfo));
    PrepareGlyphArcInfo(line, glyphCount, glyphArcInfo, _arcSize);

    // Move the origin from the lower left of the view nearer to its center.
    CGContextSaveGState(context);

    CGContextTranslateCTM(context, CGRectGetMidX(rect)+_shiftH, CGRectGetMidY(rect)+_shiftV - self.radius / 2.0);

    if(ARCVIEW_DEBUG_MODE){
        // Stroke the arc in red for verification.
        CGContextBeginPath(context);
        CGContextAddArc(context, 0.0, 0.0, self.radius, M_PI_2+_arcSize/2.0, M_PI_2-_arcSize/2.0, 1);
        CGContextSetRGBStrokeColor(context, 1.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0);
        CGContextStrokePath(context);
    }

    // Rotate the context 90 degrees counterclockwise (per 180 degrees)
    CGContextRotateCTM(context, _arcSize/2.0);

    // Now for the actual drawing. The angle offset for each glyph relative to the previous glyph has already been calculated; with that information in hand, draw those glyphs overstruck and centered over one another, making sure to rotate the context after each glyph so the glyphs are spread along a semicircular path.

    CGPoint textPosition = CGPointMake(0.0, self.radius);
    CGContextSetTextPosition(context, textPosition.x, textPosition.y);

    CFArrayRef runArray = CTLineGetGlyphRuns(line);
    CFIndex runCount = CFArrayGetCount(runArray);

    CFIndex glyphOffset = 0;
    CFIndex runIndex = 0;
    for (; runIndex < runCount; runIndex++) {
        CTRunRef run = (CTRunRef)CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(runArray, runIndex);
        CFIndex runGlyphCount = CTRunGetGlyphCount(run);
        Boolean drawSubstitutedGlyphsManually = false;
        CTFontRef runFont = CFDictionaryGetValue(CTRunGetAttributes(run), kCTFontAttributeName);

        // Determine if we need to draw substituted glyphs manually. Do so if the runFont is not the same as the overall font.
        if (self.dimsSubstitutedGlyphs && ![self.font isEqual:(UIFont *)runFont]) {
            drawSubstitutedGlyphsManually = true;
        }

        CFIndex runGlyphIndex = 0;
        for (; runGlyphIndex < runGlyphCount; runGlyphIndex++) {
            CFRange glyphRange = CFRangeMake(runGlyphIndex, 1);
            CGContextRotateCTM(context, -(glyphArcInfo[runGlyphIndex + glyphOffset].angle));

            // Center this glyph by moving left by half its width.
            CGFloat glyphWidth = glyphArcInfo[runGlyphIndex + glyphOffset].width;
            CGFloat halfGlyphWidth = glyphWidth / 2.0;
            CGPoint positionForThisGlyph = CGPointMake(textPosition.x - halfGlyphWidth, textPosition.y);

            // Glyphs are positioned relative to the text position for the line, so offset text position leftwards by this glyph's width in preparation for the next glyph.
            textPosition.x -= glyphWidth;

            CGAffineTransform textMatrix = CTRunGetTextMatrix(run);
            textMatrix.tx = positionForThisGlyph.x;
            textMatrix.ty = positionForThisGlyph.y;
            CGContextSetTextMatrix(context, textMatrix);

            if (!drawSubstitutedGlyphsManually) {
                CTRunDraw(run, context, glyphRange);
            } 
            else {
                // We need to draw the glyphs manually in this case because we are effectively applying a graphics operation by setting the context fill color. Normally we would use kCTForegroundColorAttributeName, but this does not apply as we don't know the ranges for the colors in advance, and we wanted demonstrate how to manually draw.
                CGFontRef cgFont = CTFontCopyGraphicsFont(runFont, NULL);
                CGGlyph glyph;
                CGPoint position;

                CTRunGetGlyphs(run, glyphRange, &glyph);
                CTRunGetPositions(run, glyphRange, &position);

                CGContextSetFont(context, cgFont);
                CGContextSetFontSize(context, CTFontGetSize(runFont));
                CGContextSetRGBFillColor(context, 0.25, 0.25, 0.25, 0.5);
                CGContextShowGlyphsAtPositions(context, &glyph, &position, 1);

                CFRelease(cgFont);
            }

            // Draw the glyph bounds 
            if ((self.showsGlyphBounds) != 0) {
                CGRect glyphBounds = CTRunGetImageBounds(run, context, glyphRange);

                CGContextSetRGBStrokeColor(context, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0, 1.0);
                CGContextStrokeRect(context, glyphBounds);
            }
            // Draw the bounding boxes defined by the line metrics
            if ((self.showsLineMetrics) != 0) {
                CGRect lineMetrics;
                CGFloat ascent, descent;

                CTRunGetTypographicBounds(run, glyphRange, &ascent, &descent, NULL);

                // The glyph is centered around the y-axis
                lineMetrics.origin.x = -halfGlyphWidth;
                lineMetrics.origin.y = positionForThisGlyph.y - descent;
                lineMetrics.size.width = glyphWidth; 
                lineMetrics.size.height = ascent + descent;

                CGContextSetRGBStrokeColor(context, 0.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0);
                CGContextStrokeRect(context, lineMetrics);
            }
        }

        glyphOffset += runGlyphCount;
    }

    CGContextRestoreGState(context);

    free(glyphArcInfo);
    CFRelease(line);    



}

-(void)dealloc
{
    [_font release];
    [_string release];
    [_color release];
    [super dealloc]
}

@synthesize font = _font;
@synthesize text = _string;
@synthesize radius = _radius;
@synthesize color = _color;
@synthesize arcSize = _arcSize;
@synthesize shiftH = _shiftH;
@synthesize shiftV = _shiftV;

@dynamic attributedString;
- (NSAttributedString *)attributedString {
    // Create an attributed string with the current font and string.
    assert(self.font != nil);
    assert(self.text != nil);

    // Create our attributes...

    // font
    CTFontRef fontRef = CTFontCreateWithName((CFStringRef)self.font.fontName, self.font.pointSize, NULL);

    // color
    CGColorRef colorRef = self.color.CGColor;

    // pack it into attributes dictionary

    NSDictionary *attributesDict = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:
                                    (id)fontRef, (id)kCTFontAttributeName,
                                    colorRef, (id)kCTForegroundColorAttributeName,
                                    nil];
    assert(attributesDict != nil);


    // Create the attributed string
    NSAttributedString *attrString = [[NSAttributedString alloc] initWithString:self.text attributes:attributesDict];

    CFRelease(fontRef);

    return [attrString autorelease];
}

@dynamic showsGlyphBounds;
- (BOOL)showsGlyphBounds {
    return _flags.showsGlyphBounds;
}

- (void)setShowsGlyphBounds:(BOOL)show {
    _flags.showsGlyphBounds = show ? 1 : 0;
}

@dynamic showsLineMetrics;
- (BOOL)showsLineMetrics {
    return _flags.showsLineMetrics;
}

- (void)setShowsLineMetrics:(BOOL)show {
    _flags.showsLineMetrics = show ? 1 : 0;
}

@dynamic dimsSubstitutedGlyphs;
- (BOOL)dimsSubstitutedGlyphs {
    return _flags.dimsSubstitutedGlyphs;
}

- (void)setDimsSubstitutedGlyphs:(BOOL)dim {
    _flags.dimsSubstitutedGlyphs = dim ? 1 : 0;
}

@end



Or you can use -drawRect method:

- (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect
{
    CGRect aRectangle = CGRectMake(0.0f, 0.0f, 40.0f, 40.0f); //size of image frame
    UIBezierPath *path = [UIBezierPath bezierPathWithOvalInRect:aRectangle];
    CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
    CGContextSaveGState(context);
    UIColor *imageColor = [UIColor colorWithPatternImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"yourImage.png"]];
    [imageColor setFill];
    [path fill];
}

First of all you need to create your own class inherited from UIView (for example) and put this code into your drawRect.







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