[c#] Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http 4.0.0 after update from 2012 to 2013



11 Answers

To resolve the Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http' error use NuGet to install the Web API 2.1 WebHost.

In solution explorer in the references right click and select manage nuget packages. (if not there install nuget)

In the manage NuGet Packages window on the left side click online then in top right search for Web Host and install Microsoft ASP.NET Web API 2.1 Web Host. (Once installed the install button will change to a green check)

After that the project will reload and when it's build again the error will be resolved and the project will debug and run. The error will be gone and you may be 'The resource cannot be found. Just append the url ( ex from localhost:52088/ to localhost:52088api/products )

Your question was good and helped me.

Hope this answer helps!

Question

I did the upgrade according to. http://www.asp.net/mvc/tutorials/mvc-5/how-to-upgrade-an-aspnet-mvc-4-and-web-api-project-to-aspnet-mvc-5-and-web-api-2

I get the error. Does any one else got this error?

Server Error in '/' Application.

Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' or one of its dependencies. The located assembly's manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131040)
Description: An unhandled exception occurred during the execution of the current web request. Please review the stack trace for more information about the error and where it originated in the code.

Exception Details: System.IO.FileLoadException: Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' or one of its dependencies. The located assembly's manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131040)

Source Error:

Line 48: Line 49: Line 50: } Line 51: Line 52: protected void Application_BeginRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)

Source File: d:\SM\7.4Test\WebAPIServerV2\ThirdPartyWebAPI\Global.asax.cs Line: 50

Assembly Load Trace: The following information can be helpful to determine why the assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' could not be loaded.

=== Pre-bind state information === LOG: DisplayName = System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35 (Fully-specified) LOG: Appbase = file:///D:/SM/7.4Test/WebAPIServerV2/ThirdPartyWebAPI/ LOG: Initial PrivatePath = D:\SM\7.4Test\WebAPIServerV2\ThirdPartyWebAPI\bin Calling assembly : ThirdPartyWebAPI, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null. === LOG: This bind starts in default load context. LOG: Using application configuration file: D:\SM\7.4Test\WebAPIServerV2\ThirdPartyWebAPI\web.config LOG: Using host configuration file: C:\Users\michalc\Documents\IISExpress\config\aspnet.config LOG: Using machine configuration file from C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319\config\machine.config. LOG: Post-policy reference: System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35 LOG: Attempting download of new URL file:///C:/Windows/Microsoft.NET/Framework/v4.0.30319/Temporary ASP.NET Files/root/9184b2ea/c6d4b139/System.Web.Http.DLL. LOG: Attempting download of new URL file:///C:/Windows/Microsoft.NET/Framework/v4.0.30319/Temporary ASP.NET Files/root/9184b2ea/c6d4b139/System.Web.Http/System.Web.Http.DLL. LOG: Attempting download of new URL file:///D:/SM/7.4Test/WebAPIServerV2/ThirdPartyWebAPI/bin/System.Web.Http.DLL. WRN: Comparing the assembly name resulted in the mismatch: Major Version ERR: Failed to complete setup of assembly (hr = 0x80131040). Probing terminated.

Stack Trace:

[FileLoadException: Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' or one of its dependencies. The located assembly's manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131040)] ThirdPartyWebAPI.WebApiApplication.Application_Start() in d:\SM\7.4Test\WebAPIServerV2\ThirdPartyWebAPI\Global.asax.cs:50

[HttpException (0x80004005): Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' or one of its dependencies. The located assembly's manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131040)]
System.Web.HttpApplicationFactory.EnsureAppStartCalledForIntegratedMode(HttpContext context, HttpApplication app) +9935033
System.Web.HttpApplication.RegisterEventSubscriptionsWithIIS(IntPtr appContext, HttpContext context, MethodInfo[] handlers) +118
System.Web.HttpApplication.InitSpecial(HttpApplicationState state, MethodInfo[] handlers, IntPtr appContext, HttpContext context) +172
System.Web.HttpApplicationFactory.GetSpecialApplicationInstance(IntPtr appContext, HttpContext context) +336
System.Web.Hosting.PipelineRuntime.InitializeApplication(IntPtr appContext) +296

[HttpException (0x80004005): Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' or one of its dependencies. The located assembly's manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131040)]
System.Web.HttpRuntime.FirstRequestInit(HttpContext context) +9913572 System.Web.HttpRuntime.EnsureFirstRequestInit(HttpContext context) +101 System.Web.HttpRuntime.ProcessRequestNotificationPrivate(IIS7WorkerRequest wr, HttpContext context) +254


Version Information: Microsoft .NET Framework Version:4.0.30319; ASP.NET Version:4.0.30319.18408




What solved the problem for me was re-installing the Microsoft ASP.NET Web API 2.2 Help Page and Microsoft ASP.NET Web API 2.2 OWIN packages. I re-installed both at the same time, but I think it was the former that fixed the issue.

I tried the first few of the solutions offered here but that didn't help, then I compared my dependencies with the ones in a project that worked (from a course on Pluralsight) and the two dependencies above were a lower version (5.0.0) so I updated them to 5.2.3 and it started working.




ASP.NET Version:4.0.30319.18408 belongs to .Net4.5 and System.Web.Http Version=4.0.0.0 is compatible for .NET4.0. So the versions that you have are not compatible. You should update you System.Web.Http to version 5.0.0.0, which is compatible with .Net4.5




Or you could do this from NuGet Package Manager Console

 Install-Package Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi -Version 5.0.0

And then you will be able to add the reference to System.Web.Http.WebHost 5.0




I simply set Copy Local = true on the missing assembly and that worked. This of course happens by right clicking on the missing reference (which is stated in the error message) and selecting properties; as below:

This should then solve one problem as there might be more than one assembly causing the issue - what I did is I selected all assemblies and right click on them; selected properties; and set them all to Copy Local = true; and then republish.




I solved this problem by reverting the changes that nuget had made to my web.config after running nuget. Revert the changes to a previous working version.

  <dependentAssembly>
    <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Mvc" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" culture="neutral" />
    <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-5.2.2.0" newVersion="5.2.2.0" />
  </dependentAssembly>



This might help someone.

I decided to go with MVC4 app.

run project, worked

Then Installed few packages like,
Microsoft ASP.NET WEB API 2.2 (4 packages)
Microsoft ASP.NET WEB API 2.2 Help Page
Microsoft ASP.NET WEB API 2.2 OWIN

run project, same error as mentioned in question

Solution:

In web.config

 <dependentAssembly>
      <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Http" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" culture="neutral" />
      <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-5.0.0.0" newVersion="5.2.3.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Net.Http.Formatting" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" culture="neutral" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-5.0.0.0" newVersion="5.2.3.0" />
 </dependentAssembly>


Problem Solved


but then, some hotfix error found, To resolve it, go to VIEW folder of your MVC4 project, find second web.config file and changed version from 2.0.0.0 to 3.0.0.0 as shown below.


<configSections>
    <sectionGroup name="system.web.webPages.razor" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.RazorWebSectionGroup, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35">
      <section name="host" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.HostSection, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" requirePermission="false" />
      <section name="pages" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.RazorPagesSection, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" requirePermission="false" />
    </sectionGroup>
  </configSections>




I had a similar issue. Everything was working before. It's was originally made using Web Forms and later on added Web API for some things.

  • Tried uninstalling, installing and reinstalling Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi package.
  • Tried removing packages folder from solution and letting NuGet restore in VS.
  • Tried removing individual assembly references (under References) and reinstalling packages.
  • Tried adding binding redirects to 5.2.3.0 version in web.config mentioned in several answers. Nothing worked for me.

What worked was, in Visual Studio, change publish profile settings from Release to Debug. Strange, but that's what worked. So sharing here.




In my case, I was actually missing my web.config altogether, which had the appropriate binding redirects. Restoring the web.config resolved the error.




As others have said just reinstall the MVC package to your web project using nuget, but be sure to add the MVC package to any projects depending on the web project, such as unit tests. If you build each included project individually, you will see witch ones require the update.




 Installing NuGet package ASP.NET.MVC solved the issue for me. 
 To install package.
 - Right click on project 
 - Select "Manage NuGet Packages"
 - Select Online->Nuget.org from left menu
 - select "Microsoft ASP.NET MVC"
 - Click Install

 If you have already installed package earlier, please update the package by selecting Updates from left menu and then selecting "Microsoft ASP.NET" and click Update.




The proper solution to resolve this issue is by following the steps

. Update Visual studio if you have older version to 15.5.4 (Optional)

  1. Remove all binding redirects from web.config

  2. Add this to the csproj file:

 <PropertyGroup>
  <AutoGenerateBindingRedirects>true</AutoGenerateBindingRedirects>
  <GenerateBindingRedirectsOutputType>true</GenerateBindingRedirectsOutputType>
</PropertyGroup>
  1. Build.

  2. In the bin folder, there should be a (WebAppName).dll.config file.

  3. It should have redirects in it. Copy these to the web.config

  4. Remove the above snipped from the csproj file again

  5. It should work

Detailed Blog




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