[android] Stop EditText from gaining focus at Activity startup



14 Answers

Is the actual problem that you just don't want it to have focus at all? Or you don't want it to show the virtual keyboard as a result of focusing the EditText? I don't really see an issue with the EditText having focus on start, but it's definitely a problem to have the softInput window open when the user did not explicitly request to focus on the EditText (and open the keyboard as a result).

If it's the problem of the virtual keyboard, see the AndroidManifest.xml <activity> element documentation.

android:windowSoftInputMode="stateHidden" - always hide it when entering the activity.

or android:windowSoftInputMode="stateUnchanged" - don't change it (e.g. don't show it if it isn't already shown, but if it was open when entering the activity, leave it open).

Question

I have an Activity in Android, with two elements:

  1. EditText
  2. ListView

When my Activity starts, the EditText immediately has input focus (flashing cursor). I don't want any control to have input focus at startup. I tried:

EditText.setSelected(false);

No luck. How can I convince the EditText to not select itself when the Activity starts?




You can just set "focusable" and "focusable in touch mode" to value true on the first TextView of the layout. In this way when the activity starts the TextView will be focused but , due to its nature, you will see nothing focused on the screen and ,of course, there will be no keyboard displayed...




For me, what worked on all devices is this:

    <!-- fake first focusable view, to allow stealing the focus to itself when clearing the focus from others -->

    <View
    android:layout_width="0px"
    android:layout_height="0px"
    android:focusable="true"
    android:focusableInTouchMode="true" />

Just put this as a view before the problematic focused view, and that's it.




If you have another view on your activity like a ListView, you can also do:

ListView.requestFocus(); 

in your onResume() to grab focus from the editText.

I know this question has been answered but just providing an alternative solution that worked for me :)




Make sure to remove the line "<requestFocus />" from the EditText tag in xml.

<EditText
   android:id="@+id/input"
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content">

   <requestFocus /> <!-- remove this line --> 
</EditText>



Write this code inside Manifest file in the Activity where you do not want to open the keyboard.

android:windowSoftInputMode="stateHidden"

Manifest file:

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.example.projectt"
    android:versionCode="1"
    android:versionName="1.0" >

    <uses-sdk
        android:minSdkVersion="8"
        android:targetSdkVersion="24" />

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >
         <activity
            android:name=".Splash"
            android:label="@string/app_name" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
        <activity
            android:name=".Login"
            **android:windowSoftInputMode="stateHidden"**
            android:label="@string/app_name" >
        </activity>

    </application>

</manifest>



using the information provided by other posters, I used the following solution:

in the layout XML

<!-- Dummy item to prevent AutoCompleteTextView from receiving focus -->
<LinearLayout
    android:id="@+id/linearLayout_focus"
    android:focusable="true"
    android:focusableInTouchMode="true"
    android:layout_width="0px"
    android:layout_height="0px"/>

<!-- AUTOCOMPLETE -->
<AutoCompleteTextView
    android:id="@+id/autocomplete"
    android:layout_width="200dip"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_marginTop="20dip"
    android:inputType="textNoSuggestions|textVisiblePassword"/>

in onCreate()

private AutoCompleteTextView mAutoCompleteTextView;
private LinearLayout mLinearLayout;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.mylayout);

    //get references to UI components
    mAutoCompleteTextView = (AutoCompleteTextView) findViewById(R.id.autocomplete);
    mLinearLayout = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.linearLayout_focus);
}

and finally, in onResume()

@Override
protected void onResume() {
    super.onResume();

    //do not give the editbox focus automatically when activity starts
    mAutoCompleteTextView.clearFocus();
    mLinearLayout.requestFocus();
}



Try clearFocus() instead of setSelected(false). Every view in Android has both focusability and selectability, and I think that you want to just clear the focus.




This is the perfect and most easiest solution.I always use this in my app.

getWindow().setSoftInputMode(WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_HIDDEN);



The only solution I've found is:

  • Create a LinearLayout (I dunno if other kinds of Layout's will work)
  • Set the attributes android:focusable="true" and android:focusableInTouchMode="true"

And the EditText won't get the focus after starting the activity




Being that I don't like to pollute the XML with something that is related to functionality, I created this method that "transparently" steals the focus from the first focusable view and then makes sure to remove itself when necessary!

public static View preventInitialFocus(final Activity activity)
{
    final ViewGroup content = (ViewGroup)activity.findViewById(android.R.id.content);
    final View root = content.getChildAt(0);
    if (root == null) return null;
    final View focusDummy = new View(activity);
    final View.OnFocusChangeListener onFocusChangeListener = new View.OnFocusChangeListener()
    {
        @Override
        public void onFocusChange(View view, boolean b)
        {
            view.setOnFocusChangeListener(null);
            content.removeView(focusDummy);
        }
    };
    focusDummy.setFocusable(true);
    focusDummy.setFocusableInTouchMode(true);
    content.addView(focusDummy, 0, new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(0, 0));
    if (root instanceof ViewGroup)
    {
        final ViewGroup _root = (ViewGroup)root;
        for (int i = 1, children = _root.getChildCount(); i < children; i++)
        {
            final View child = _root.getChildAt(i);
            if (child.isFocusable() || child.isFocusableInTouchMode())
            {
                child.setOnFocusChangeListener(onFocusChangeListener);
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    else if (root.isFocusable() || root.isFocusableInTouchMode())
        root.setOnFocusChangeListener(onFocusChangeListener);

    return focusDummy;
}



At onCreate of your Activity, just add use clearFocus() on your EditText element. For example,

edittext = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.edittext);
edittext.clearFocus();

And if you want to divert the focus to another element, use requestFocus() on that. For example,

button = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button);
button.requestFocus();



Add following in onCreate method:

this.getWindow().setSoftInputMode(WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_ALWAYS_HIDDEN);



I needed to clear focus from all fields programmatically. I just added the following two statements to my main layout definition.

myLayout.setDescendantFocusability(ViewGroup.FOCUS_BEFORE_DESCENDANTS);
myLayout.setFocusableInTouchMode(true);

That's it. Fixed my problem instantly. Thanks, Silver, for pointing me in the right direction.




None of this solutions worked for me. The way I fix the autofocus was:

<activity android:name=".android.InviteFriendsActivity" android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustPan">
    <intent-filter >
    </intent-filter>
</activity>



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