How to check internet access on Android? InetAddress never times out


Answers

Network connection / Internet access

  • isConnectedOrConnecting() (used in most answers) checks for any network connection
  • To know whether any of those networks have internet access, use one of the following

A) Ping a Server (easy)

// ICMP 
public boolean isOnline() {
    Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
    try {
        Process ipProcess = runtime.exec("/system/bin/ping -c 1 8.8.8.8");
        int     exitValue = ipProcess.waitFor();
        return (exitValue == 0);
    }
    catch (IOException e)          { e.printStackTrace(); }
    catch (InterruptedException e) { e.printStackTrace(); }

    return false;
}

+ could run on main thread

- does not work on some old devices (Galays S3, etc.), it blocks a while if no internet is available

B) Connect to a Socket on the Internet (advanced)

// TCP/HTTP/DNS (depending on the port, 53=DNS, 80=HTTP, etc.)
public boolean isOnline() {
    try {
        int timeoutMs = 1500;
        Socket sock = new Socket();
        SocketAddress sockaddr = new InetSocketAddress("8.8.8.8", 53);

        sock.connect(sockaddr, timeoutMs);
        sock.close();

        return true;
    } catch (IOException e) { return false; }
}

+ very fast (either way), works on all devices, very reliable

~ can't run on the ui task

- none

This works very reliably, on every device, and is very fast. It needs to run in a separate task though (e.g. ScheduledExecutorService or AsyncTask).

Possible Questions

  • Is it really fast enough?

    Yes, very fast ;-)

  • Is there no reliable way to check internet, other than testing something on the internet?

    Not as far as I know, but let me know, and I will edit my answer.

  • What if the DNS is down?

    Google DNS (e.g. 8.8.8.8) is the largest public DNS in the world. As of 2013 it served 130 billion requests a day. Let 's just say, your app would probably not be the talk of the day.

  • Which permissions are required?

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
    

    Just internet access - surprise ^^ (Btw have you ever thought about, how some of the methods suggested here could even have a remote glue about internet access, without this permission?)

 

Extra: One-shot AsyncTask Example

class InternetCheck extends AsyncTask<Void,Void,Boolean> {

    private Consumer mConsumer;
    public  interface Consumer { void accept(Boolean internet); }

    public  InternetCheck(Consumer consumer) { mConsumer = consumer; execute(); }

    @Override protected Boolean doInBackground(Void... voids) { try {
        Socket sock = new Socket();
        sock.connect(new InetSocketAddress("8.8.8.8", 53), 1500);
        sock.close();
        return true;
    } catch (IOException e) { return false; } }

    @Override protected void onPostExecute(Boolean internet) { mConsumer.accept(internet); }
}

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Usage

    new InternetCheck(internet -> { /* do something with boolean response */ });
Question

I got a AsyncTask that is supposed to check the network access to a host name. But the doInBackground() is never timed out. Anyone have a clue?

public class HostAvailabilityTask extends AsyncTask<String, Void, Boolean> {

    private Main main;

    public HostAvailabilityTask(Main main) {
        this.main = main;
    }

    protected Boolean doInBackground(String... params) {
        Main.Log("doInBackground() isHostAvailable():"+params[0]);

        try {
            return InetAddress.getByName(params[0]).isReachable(30); 
        } catch (UnknownHostException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return false;       
    }

    protected void onPostExecute(Boolean... result) {
        Main.Log("onPostExecute()");

        if(result[0] == false) {
            main.setContentView(R.layout.splash);
            return;
        }

        main.continueAfterHostCheck();
    }   
}



Of everything I have seen so far shortest and cleanest way should be:

public final static boolean isConnected( Context context )
{   
   final ConnectivityManager connectivityManager = 
         (ConnectivityManager) context.getSystemService( Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE );  
   final NetworkInfo networkInfo = connectivityManager.getActiveNetworkInfo();    
   return networkInfo != null && networkInfo.isConnected();
}

PS: This does not ping any host, it just checks the connectionstatus, so if your router has no internet connection and your device is connected to it this method would return true although you have no internet.
For an actual test I would recommend execuding a HttpHead request (e.g. to www.google.com) and check the status, if its 200 OK everything is fine and your device has an internet connection.




There's more than one way

First, shortest but Inefficient way

Network State Permission only needed

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />

Then this method,

 public boolean activeNetwork () {
        ConnectivityManager cm =
                (ConnectivityManager)getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);

        NetworkInfo activeNetwork = cm.getActiveNetworkInfo();
        boolean isConnected = activeNetwork != null &&
                activeNetwork.isConnected();

        return isConnected;

    }

As seen in answers ConnectivityManager is a solution, I just added it within a method this is a simplified method all use
ConnectivityManager returns true if there is a network access not Internet access, means if your WiFi is connected to a router but the router has no internet it returns true, it check connection availability

Second, Efficient way

Network State and Internet Permissions needed

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />

Then this class,

 public class CheckInternetAsyncTask extends AsyncTask<Void, Integer, Boolean> {

        private Context context;

        public CheckInternetAsyncTask(Context context) {
            this.context = context;
        }

        @Override
        protected Boolean doInBackground(Void... params) {

            ConnectivityManager cm =
                    (ConnectivityManager)context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);

            assert cm != null;
            NetworkInfo activeNetwork = cm.getActiveNetworkInfo();
            boolean isConnected = activeNetwork != null &&
                    activeNetwork.isConnected();


            if (isConnected) {
                try {
                    HttpURLConnection urlc = (HttpURLConnection)
                            (new URL("http://clients3.google.com/generate_204")
                                    .openConnection());
                    urlc.setRequestProperty("User-Agent", "Android");
                    urlc.setRequestProperty("Connection", "close");
                    urlc.setConnectTimeout(1500);
                    urlc.connect();
                    if (urlc.getResponseCode() == 204 &&
                            urlc.getContentLength() == 0)
                        return true;

                } catch (IOException e) {
                    Log.e("TAG", "Error checking internet connection", e);
                    return false;
                }
            } else {
                Log.d("TAG", "No network available!");
                return false;
            }


            return null;
        }

        @Override
        protected void onPostExecute(Boolean result) {
            super.onPostExecute(result);
            Log.d("TAG", "result" + result);

            if(result){
                // do ur code
            }

        }


    }

Call CheckInternetAsyncTask

new CheckInternetAsyncTask(getApplicationContext()).execute();

Some Explanations :-

  • you have to check Internet on AsyncTask, otherwise it can throw android.os.NetworkOnMainThreadException in some cases

  • ConnectivityManager used to check the network access if true sends request (Ping)

  • Request send to http://clients3.google.com/generate_204, This well-known URL is known to return an empty page with an HTTP status 204 this is faster and more efficient than http://www.google.com , read this. if you have website it's preferred to put you website instead of google, only if you use it within the app

  • Timeout can be changed range (20ms -> 2000ms), 1500ms is commonly used




Take a look at the ConnectivityManager class. You can use this class to get information on the active connections on a host. http://developer.android.com/reference/android/net/ConnectivityManager.html

EDIT: You can use

Context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE)
    .getNetworkInfo(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE) 

or

Context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE)
    .getNetworkInfo(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_WIFI) 

and parse the DetailedState enum of the returned NetworkInfo object

EDIT EDIT: To find out whether you can access a host, you can use

Context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE)
    .requestRouteToHost(TYPE_WIFI, int hostAddress)

Obviously, I'm using Context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE) as a proxy to say

ConnectivityManager cm = Context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
cm.yourMethodCallHere();



Update 29/06/2015 If you are using Xamarin.Android and want to check for connectivity, you can use a Nuget package that would give you this functionality on multiple platforms. Good candidates are here and here. [End of Update]

The Answers above are quite good, but they are all in Java, and almost all of them check for a connectivity. In my case, I needed to have connectivity with a specific type of connection and I am developing on Xamarin.Android. Moreover, I do not pass a reference to my activities Context in the Hardware layer, I use the Application Context. So here is my solution, in case somebody comes here with similar requirements. I have not done full testing though, will update the answer once I am done with my testing

using Android.App;
using Android.Content;
using Android.Net;

namespace Leopard.Mobile.Hal.Android
{
    public class AndroidNetworkHelper
    {
        public static AndroidNetworkStatus GetWifiConnectivityStatus()
        {
            return GetConnectivityStatus(ConnectivityType.Wifi);
        }

        public static AndroidNetworkStatus GetMobileConnectivityStatus()
        {
            return GetConnectivityStatus(ConnectivityType.Mobile);
        }

        #region Implementation

        private static AndroidNetworkStatus GetConnectivityStatus(ConnectivityType connectivityType)
        {
            var connectivityManager = (ConnectivityManager)Application.Context.GetSystemService(Context.ConnectivityService);
            var wifiNetworkInfo = connectivityManager.GetNetworkInfo(connectivityType);
            var result = GetNetworkStatus(wifiNetworkInfo);
            return result;
        }

        private static AndroidNetworkStatus GetNetworkStatus(NetworkInfo wifiNetworkInfo)
        {
            var result = AndroidNetworkStatus.Unknown;
            if (wifiNetworkInfo != null)
            {
                if (wifiNetworkInfo.IsAvailable && wifiNetworkInfo.IsConnected)
                {
                    result = AndroidNetworkStatus.Connected;
                }
                else
                {
                    result = AndroidNetworkStatus.Disconnected;
                }
            }
            return result;
        } 

        #endregion
    }

    public enum AndroidNetworkStatus
    {
        Connected,
        Disconnected,
        Unknown
    }



The other answers that use ConnectivityManager are wrong because having a network connection doesn't mean you have internet access. For example, the user might be connected to a coffee shop's WiFi portal but can't get to the internet. To check that the internet is accessible you have to try to connect to an actual server. Normally when you want to do this you have a specific server in mind that you want to connect to, so go ahead and check if you can connect to that server. Here's a simple method for checking connectivity to a server.

private boolean isOnTheInternet() {
    try {
        URLConnection urlConnection = new URL("http://yourserver").openConnection();
        urlConnection.setConnectTimeout(400);
        urlConnection.connect();
        return true;
    } catch (Exception e) {
        return false;
    }
}

The reason for setting the ConnectTimeout is that otherwise it defaults to the TCP timeout which can be many seconds long.

Note also that Android won't let you run this on your main thread.




public class Network {

Context context;

public Network(Context context){
    this.context = context;
}

public boolean isOnline() {
    ConnectivityManager cm =
            (ConnectivityManager)context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);

    NetworkInfo activeNetwork = cm.getActiveNetworkInfo();
    return activeNetwork != null &&
                          activeNetwork.isConnectedOrConnecting();
}

}



You can iterate over all network connections and chek whether there is at least one available connection:

public boolean isConnected() {
    boolean connected = false;

    ConnectivityManager cm = 
        (ConnectivityManager) getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);

    if (cm != null) {
        NetworkInfo[] netInfo = cm.getAllNetworkInfo();

        for (NetworkInfo ni : netInfo) {
            if ((ni.getTypeName().equalsIgnoreCase("WIFI")
                    || ni.getTypeName().equalsIgnoreCase("MOBILE"))
                    && ni.isConnected() && ni.isAvailable()) {
                connected = true;
            }

        }
    }

    return connected;
}






Best approach:

public static boolean isOnline() {
    try {
    InetAddress.getByName("google.com").isReachable(3);

    return true;
    } catch (UnknownHostException e){
    return false;
    } catch (IOException e){
    return false;
    }
    }



public boolean isOnline() {
    boolean var = false;
    ConnectivityManager cm = (ConnectivityManager) getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
    if ( cm.getActiveNetworkInfo() != null ) {
        var = true;
    }
    return var;
} 

I have done it this way. A little bit shorter and more readable I guess.

Cheers!

Saiyan




I made this code, it is the simplest and it is just a boolean. by asking if(isOnline()){

You get if there is a connection and if it can connect to a page the status code 200 (stable connection).

Make sure to add the correct INTERNET and ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE permissions.

public boolean isOnline() {
    ConnectivityManager cm = (ConnectivityManager) getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
    NetworkInfo netInfo = cm.getActiveNetworkInfo();
    if (netInfo != null && netInfo.isConnected()) {
        try {
            URL url = new URL("http://www.google.com");
            HttpURLConnection urlc = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            urlc.setConnectTimeout(3000);
            urlc.connect();
            if (urlc.getResponseCode() == 200) {
                return new Boolean(true);
            }
        } catch (MalformedURLException e1) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e1.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    return false;
}



It's works for me. Try it out.

public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.main);
    try {
        URL url = new URL("http://.com/posts/11642475/edit" );
        //URL url = new URL("http://www.nofoundwebsite.com/" );
        executeReq(url);
        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Webpage is available!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }
    catch(Exception e) {
        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "oops! webpage is not available!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }
}

private void executeReq(URL urlObject) throws IOException
{
    HttpURLConnection conn = null;
    conn = (HttpURLConnection) urlObject.openConnection();
    conn.setReadTimeout(30000);//milliseconds
    conn.setConnectTimeout(3500);//milliseconds
    conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
    conn.setDoInput(true);

    // Start connect
    conn.connect();
    InputStream response =conn.getInputStream();
    Log.d("Response:", response.toString());
}}



Im using this code instead of the InetAddress :

    try {

        URL url = new URL("http://"+params[0]);

        HttpURLConnection urlc = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        urlc.setRequestProperty("User-Agent", "Android Application:"+Z.APP_VERSION);
        urlc.setRequestProperty("Connection", "close");
        urlc.setConnectTimeout(1000 * 30); // mTimeout is in seconds
        urlc.connect();
        if (urlc.getResponseCode() == 200) {
            Main.Log("getResponseCode == 200");
            return new Boolean(true);
        }
    } catch (MalformedURLException e1) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
        e1.printStackTrace();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
        e.printStackTrace();
    }



To get getActiveNetworkInfo() to work you need to add the following to the manifest.

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />