Coloring Buttons in Android with Material Design and AppCompat



Answers

Edit (22.06.2016):

Appcompat library started to support material buttons after I posted the original response. In this post you can see the easiest implementation of raised and flat buttons.

Original Answer:

Since that AppCompat doesn't support the button yet you can use xml as backgrounds. For doing that I had a look at the source code of the Android and found the related files for styling material buttons.

1 - Look at the original implementation of material button from source.

Have a look at the btn_default_material.xml on android source code.

You can copy the file into your projects drawable-v21 folder. But don't touch the color attr here. The file you need to change is the second file.

drawable-v21/custom_btn.xml

<ripple xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:color="?attr/colorControlHighlight">
    <item android:drawable="@drawable/btn_default_mtrl_shape" />
</ripple>

2 - Get the shape of the original material button

As you realise there is a shape used inside this drawable which you can find in this file of the source code.

<inset xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   android:insetLeft="@dimen/button_inset_horizontal_material"
   android:insetTop="@dimen/button_inset_vertical_material"
   android:insetRight="@dimen/button_inset_horizontal_material"
   android:insetBottom="@dimen/button_inset_vertical_material">
<shape android:shape="rectangle">
    <corners android:radius="@dimen/control_corner_material" />
    <solid android:color="?attr/colorButtonNormal" />
    <padding android:left="@dimen/button_padding_horizontal_material"
             android:top="@dimen/button_padding_vertical_material"
             android:right="@dimen/button_padding_horizontal_material"
             android:bottom="@dimen/button_padding_vertical_material" />
</shape>

3 - Getting dimensions of the material button

And in this file you there are some dimensions used from the file that you can find here. You can copy the whole file and put into your values folder. This is important for applying the same size (that is used in material buttons) to all buttons

4 - Create another drawable file for old versions

For older versions you should have another drawable with the same name. I am directly putting the items inline instead of referencing. You may want to reference them. But again, the most important thing is the original dimensions of the material button.

drawable/custom_btn.xml

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

    <!-- pressed state -->
    <item android:state_pressed="true">
        <inset xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
            android:insetLeft="@dimen/button_inset_horizontal_material"
            android:insetTop="@dimen/button_inset_vertical_material"
            android:insetRight="@dimen/button_inset_horizontal_material"
            android:insetBottom="@dimen/button_inset_vertical_material">
            <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                <corners android:radius="@dimen/control_corner_material" />
                <solid android:color="@color/PRESSED_STATE_COLOR" />
                <padding android:left="@dimen/button_padding_horizontal_material"
                    android:top="@dimen/button_padding_vertical_material"
                    android:right="@dimen/button_padding_horizontal_material"
                    android:bottom="@dimen/button_padding_vertical_material" />
            </shape>
        </inset>
    </item>

    <!-- focused state -->
    <item android:state_focused="true">
        <inset xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
            android:insetLeft="@dimen/button_inset_horizontal_material"
            android:insetTop="@dimen/button_inset_vertical_material"
            android:insetRight="@dimen/button_inset_horizontal_material"
            android:insetBottom="@dimen/button_inset_vertical_material">
            <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                <corners android:radius="@dimen/control_corner_material" />
                <solid android:color="@color/FOCUSED_STATE_COLOR" />
                <padding android:left="@dimen/button_padding_horizontal_material"
                    android:top="@dimen/button_padding_vertical_material"
                    android:right="@dimen/button_padding_horizontal_material"
                    android:bottom="@dimen/button_padding_vertical_material" />
            </shape>
        </inset>
    </item>

    <!-- normal state -->
    <item>
        <inset xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
            android:insetLeft="@dimen/button_inset_horizontal_material"
            android:insetTop="@dimen/button_inset_vertical_material"
            android:insetRight="@dimen/button_inset_horizontal_material"
            android:insetBottom="@dimen/button_inset_vertical_material">
            <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                <corners android:radius="@dimen/control_corner_material" />
                <solid android:color="@color/NORMAL_STATE_COLOR" />
                <padding android:left="@dimen/button_padding_horizontal_material"
                    android:top="@dimen/button_padding_vertical_material"
                    android:right="@dimen/button_padding_horizontal_material"
                    android:bottom="@dimen/button_padding_vertical_material" />
            </shape>
        </inset>
    </item>
</selector>

Result

Your button will have ripple effect on Lollipop devices. The old versions will have exactly same button except the ripple effect. But since that you provide drawables for different states, they'll also respond to touch events (as the old way).

Question

Before the AppCompat update came out today I was able to change the color of buttons in Android L but not on older versions. After including the new AppCompat update I am unable to change the color for either version, when I do try the button just disappears. Does anyone know how to change the button color?

The following pictures shows what I want to achieve:

The white button is default, the red one is what I want.

This is what I was doing previously to change the color of the buttons in the styles.xml:

<item name="android:colorButtonNormal">insert color here</item>

and to do it dynamically:

button.getBackground().setColorFilter(getResources().getColor(insert color here), PorterDuff.Mode.MULTIPLY);

Also I did change the theme parent from @android:style/Theme.Material.Light.DarkActionBar to Theme.AppCompat.Light.DarkActionBar




this work for me with appcompat-v7:22.2.0 in android + 4.0

in your styles.xml

<style name="Button.Tinted" parent="Widget.AppCompat.Button">
    <item name="colorButtonNormal">YOUR_TINT_COLOR</item>
    <item name="colorControlHighlight">@color/colorAccent</item>
    <item name="android:textColor">@android:color/white</item>
</style>

in your layout file

<Button
    android:id="@+id/but_next"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="@string/but_continue"
    android:theme="@style/Button.Tinted" />



This SO answer helped me arrive at an answer https://.com/a/30277424/3075340

I use this utility method to set the background tint of a button. It works with pre-lollipop devices:

// Set button background tint programmatically so it is compatible with pre-lollipop devices.
public static void setButtonBackgroundTintAppCompat(Button button, ColorStateList colorStateList){
    Drawable d = button.getBackground();
    if (button instanceof AppCompatButton) {
        // appcompat button replaces tint of its drawable background
        ((AppCompatButton)button).setSupportBackgroundTintList(colorStateList);
    } else if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP) {
        // Lollipop button replaces tint of its drawable background
        // however it is not equal to d.setTintList(c)
        button.setBackgroundTintList(colorStateList);
    } else {
        // this should only happen if
        // * manually creating a Button instead of AppCompatButton
        // * LayoutInflater did not translate a Button to AppCompatButton
        d = DrawableCompat.wrap(d);
        DrawableCompat.setTintList(d, colorStateList);
        button.setBackgroundDrawable(d);
    }

}

How to use in code:

Utility.setButtonBackgroundTintAppCompat(myButton,
ContextCompat.getColorStateList(mContext, R.color.your_custom_color));

This way, you do not have to specify a ColorStateList if you just want to change the background tint and nothing more but maintain the pretty button effects and what not.




For those using an ImageButton here is how you do it:

In style.xml:

<style name="BlueImageButton" parent="Base.Widget.AppCompat.ImageButton">
    <item name="colorButtonNormal">@color/primary</item>
    <item name="android:tint">@color/white</item>
</style>

in v21/style.xml:

<style name="BlueImageButton" parent="Widget.AppCompat.ImageButton">
    <item name="android:colorButtonNormal">@color/primary</item>
    <item name="android:tint">@color/white</item>
</style>

Then in your layout file:

<android.support.v7.widget.AppCompatImageButton
    android:id="@+id/my_button"
    android:theme="@style/BlueImageButton"
    android:layout_width="42dp"
    android:layout_height="42dp"
    android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
    android:src="@drawable/ic_check_black_24dp"
    />



In Android Support Library 22.1.0, Google made the Button tint aware. So, another way to customise the background color of button is to use the backgroundTint attribute.

For example,

<Button
       android:id="@+id/add_remove_button"
       android:layout_width="wrap_content"
       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
       android:backgroundTint="@color/bg_remove_btn_default"
       android:textColor="@android:color/white"
       tools:text="Remove" />



If you want to use AppCompat style like Widget.AppCompat.Button , Base.Widget.AppCompat.Button.Colored, etc., you need to use these styles with compatible views from support library.

Code below does not work for pre-lolipop devices:

<Button
   android:layout_width="wrap_content"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:theme="@style/Widget.AppCompat.Button" />

You need to use AppCompatButton to enabled AppCompat styles:

<android.support.v7.widget.AppCompatButton
   android:layout_width="wrap_content"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:theme="@style/Widget.AppCompat.Button" />



After 2 days looking for answers, the button theming didn't work for me in API < 21.

My only solution is to override AppCompatButton tinting not only with the base app theme "colorButtonNormal" but also the view backgroundTint like this :

public class AppCompatColorButton extends AppCompatButton {

    public AppCompatColorButton(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }

    public AppCompatColorButton(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, android.support.v7.appcompat.R.attr.buttonStyle);
    }

    public AppCompatColorButton(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);

        if (TintManager.SHOULD_BE_USED) {
            setSupportBackgroundTintList(createButtonColorStateList(getContext(), attrs, defStyleAttr));
        }
    }

    static final int[] DISABLED_STATE_SET = new int[]{-android.R.attr.state_enabled};
    static final int[] FOCUSED_STATE_SET = new int[]{android.R.attr.state_focused};
    static final int[] PRESSED_STATE_SET = new int[]{android.R.attr.state_pressed};
    static final int[] EMPTY_STATE_SET = new int[0];

    private ColorStateList createButtonColorStateList(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
        final int[][] states = new int[4][];
        final int[] colors = new int[4];
        int i = 0;

        final int themeColorButtonNormal = ThemeUtils.getThemeAttrColor(context, android.support.v7.appcompat.R.attr.colorButtonNormal);
        /*TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, new int[] { android.R.attr.backgroundTint }, defStyleAttr, 0);
        final int colorButtonNormal = a.getColor(0, themeColorButtonNormal);*/
        TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, android.support.v7.appcompat.R.styleable.View, defStyleAttr, 0);
        final int colorButtonNormal = a.getColor(android.support.v7.appcompat.R.styleable.View_backgroundTint, themeColorButtonNormal);
        a.recycle();
        final int colorControlHighlight = ThemeUtils.getThemeAttrColor(context, android.support.v7.appcompat.R.attr.colorControlHighlight);

        // Disabled state
        states[i] = DISABLED_STATE_SET;
        colors[i] = ThemeUtils.getDisabledThemeAttrColor(context, android.support.v7.appcompat.R.attr.colorButtonNormal);
        i++;

        states[i] = PRESSED_STATE_SET;
        colors[i] = ColorUtils.compositeColors(colorControlHighlight, colorButtonNormal);
        i++;

        states[i] = FOCUSED_STATE_SET;
        colors[i] = ColorUtils.compositeColors(colorControlHighlight, colorButtonNormal);
        i++;

        // Default enabled state
        states[i] = EMPTY_STATE_SET;
        colors[i] = colorButtonNormal;
        i++;

        return new ColorStateList(states, colors);
    }
}

You can then define your Button color like this :

<com.example.views.AppCompatColorButton
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:backgroundTint="#ffff0000"
            app:backgroundTint="#ffff0000"
            android:text="Button"
            android:textColor="@android:color/white" />



If you only want "Flat" material button, you can customize their background using selectableItemBackground attribute as explained here.




One way to pull this off allows you to just point to a style and NOT theme ALL the buttons in your app the same.
In themes.xml add a theme

    <style name="Theme.MyApp.Button.Primary.Blue" parent="Widget.AppCompat.Button">
        <item name="colorButtonNormal">@color/someColor</item>
        <item name="android:textColorPrimary">@android:color/white</item>
    </style>

Now in styles.xml add

    <style name="MyApp.Button.Primary.Blue" parent="">
        <item name="android:theme">@style/Theme.MyApp.Button.Primary.Blue</item>
    </style>

Now in your layout simply point to the STYLE in your Button

    <Button
        ...
        style="@style/MyApp.Button.Primary.Blue"
        ...  />



With latest Support Library you could just inherit you activity from AppCompatActivity, so it will inflate your Button as AppCompatButton and give you an opportunity to style color of every single button on the layout with using of android:theme="@style/SomeButtonStyle", where SomeButtonStyle is:

<style name="SomeButtonStyle" parent="@android:style/Widget.Button">
    <item name="colorButtonNormal">@color/example_color</item>
</style>

Worked for me in 2.3.7, 4.4.1, 5.0.2




The answer is in THEME not style

The problem is that the Button color is stick to the colorButtonNormal of the theme. I have tried to change the Style in many different ways with no luck. So I changed the button theme.

Create a theme with colorButtonNormal and colorPrimary:

<style name="ThemeAwesomeButtonColor" parent="AppTheme">
    <item name="colorPrimary">@color/awesomePrimaryColor</item>
    <item name="colorButtonNormal">@color/awesomeButtonColor</item>
</style>

Use this theme in button

<Button
        android:id="@+id/btn_awesome"
        style="@style/AppTheme.Button"
        android:theme="@style/ThemeAwesomeButtonColor"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@string/btn_awesome"/>

The "AppTheme.Button" can be any thing extends Button style like here I use primary color for text color:

<style name="AppTheme.Button" parent="Base.Widget.AppCompat.Button">
    ...
    <item name="android:textColor">?attr/colorPrimary</item>
    ...
</style>

And you get the button in any color you want that compatible to material design.




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