reflection defined modules - How can I get a list of all classes within current module in Python?





4 Answers

What about

g = globals().copy()
for name, obj in g.iteritems():

?

package import find

I've seen plenty of examples of people extracting all of the classes from a module, usually something like:

# foo.py
class Foo:
    pass

# test.py
import inspect
import foo

for name, obj in inspect.getmembers(foo):
    if inspect.isclass(obj):
        print obj

Awesome.

But I can't find out how to get all of the classes from the current module.

# foo.py
import inspect

class Foo:
    pass

def print_classes():
    for name, obj in inspect.getmembers(???): # what do I do here?
        if inspect.isclass(obj):
            print obj

# test.py
import foo

foo.print_classes()

This is probably something really obvious, but I haven't been able to find anything. Can anyone help me out?




I was able to get all I needed from the dir built in plus getattr.

# Works on pretty much everything, but be mindful that 
# you get lists of strings back

print dir(myproject)
print dir(myproject.mymodule)
print dir(myproject.mymodule.myfile)
print dir(myproject.mymodule.myfile.myclass)

# But, the string names can be resolved with getattr, (as seen below)

Though, it does come out looking like a hairball:

def list_supported_platforms():
    """
        List supported platforms (to match sys.platform)

        @Retirms:
            list str: platform names
    """
    return list(itertools.chain(
        *list(
            # Get the class's constant
            getattr(
                # Get the module's first class, which we wrote
                getattr(
                    # Get the module
                    getattr(platforms, item),
                    dir(
                        getattr(platforms, item)
                    )[0]
                ),
                'SYS_PLATFORMS'
            )
            # For each include in platforms/__init__.py 
            for item in dir(platforms)
            # Ignore magic, ourselves (index.py) and a base class.
            if not item.startswith('__') and item not in ['index', 'base']
        )
    ))



If you want to have all the classes, that belong to the current module, you could use this :

import sys, inspect
def print_classes():
    is_class_member = lambda member: inspect.isclass(member) and member.__module__ == __name__
    clsmembers = inspect.getmembers(sys.modules[__name__], is_class_member)

If you use Nadia's answer and you were importing other classes on your module, that classes will be being imported too.

So that's why member.__module__ == __name__ is being added to the predicate used on is_class_member. This statement checks that the class really belongs to the module.

A predicate is a function (callable), that returns a boolean value.




This is the line that I use to get all of the classes that have been defined in the current module (ie not imported). It's a little long according to PEP-8 but you can change it as you see fit.

import sys
import inspect

classes = [name for name, obj in inspect.getmembers(sys.modules[__name__], inspect.isclass) 
          if obj.__module__ is __name__]

This gives you a list of the class names. If you want the class objects themselves just keep obj instead.

classes = [obj for name, obj in inspect.getmembers(sys.modules[__name__], inspect.isclass)
          if obj.__module__ is __name__]

This is has been more useful in my experience.




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