Echo Program in between Arduino and Python


I would recommend verifying the two parts independently, using a separate serial port and serial comms software on the PC.

E.g. if your PC has two serial ports, then use a null-modem (loopback) cable to connect them. Or use com0com to make a pair of linked virtual serial ports. Run your Python software on one serial port, and a terminal program (Hyperterminal or RealTerm) on the other serial port. Manually verify the Python program's operation that way.

Then, connect your PC directly to the Arduino as usual, and use the terminal software to manually verify the Arduino software operation.

That process will allow you to narrow down the problem. Once you've verified them both, they should work well together.

Serial Port Monitor

Another method you can use is software that hooks into the PC's serial port driver, and allows you to monitor traffic on the serial port. I've used the Free Serial Port Monitor software from HHD Software in the past, and it worked well for our purposes. It allows you to monitor any of the PC's serial ports, and shows you a log (hex and text) of the serial data going over the port in both directions.


I want to send some data to an Arduino through pyserial in Python. All I want to the Arduino to do is read the variable length string data from the serial port, and write it back so that Python can read it. Since I've been unable to do that, the code below only has Python sending on character. Here's the Python code:

import serial
import sys
import pywapi
import time

def main():
    ser = serial.Serial(3, 9600, timeout=1)
    print "Conn established"
    print "Sending: %s" % "z".__repr__()
    print ser.write('z'.encode("ascii"))
    print "Received: %s" %         

Here's the Arduino code:

void setup(){

void loop(){
  if(Serial.available() > 0)
  while(Serial.available() > 0){
    Serial.print(, BYTE);

The output:

Conn established
Sending: 'z'
Received: ''

I know the code for the Arduino works because it works when data is being sent from the Arduino terminal. However, the moment I try to send anything from Python it fails. I've been struggling with this all day. Any help would be greatly appreciated.