async await foreach javascript - JavaScript, Node.js: is Array.forEach asynchronous?



5 Answers

If you need an asynchronous-friendly version of Array.forEach and similar, they're available in the Node.js 'async' module: http://github.com/caolan/async ...as a bonus this module also works in the browser.

async.each(openFiles, saveFile, function(err){
    // if any of the saves produced an error, err would equal that error
});
Question

async foreach javascript

I have a question regarding the native Array.forEach implementation of JavaScript: Does it behave asynchronously? For example, if I call:

[many many elements].forEach(function () {lots of work to do})

Will this be non-blocking?




Array.forEach is meant for computing stuff not waiting, and there is nothing to be gained making computations asynchronous in an event loop (webworkers add multiprocessing, if you need multi-core computation). If you want to wait for multiple tasks to end, use a counter, which you can wrap in a semaphore class.




This is a short asynchronous function to use without requiring third party libs

Array.prototype.each = function (iterator, callback) {
    var iterate = function () {
            pointer++;
            if (pointer >= this.length) {
                callback();
                return;
            }
            iterator.call(iterator, this[pointer], iterate, pointer);
    }.bind(this),
        pointer = -1;
    iterate(this);
};



It is possible to code even the solution like this for example :

 var loop = function(i, data, callback) {
    if (i < data.length) {
        //TODO("SELECT * FROM Users;", function(res) {
            //data[i].meta = res;
            console.log(i, data[i].title);
            return loop(i+1, data, errors, callback);
        //});
    } else {
       return callback(data);
    }
};

loop(0, [{"title": "hello"}, {"title": "world"}], function(data) {
    console.log("DONE\n"+data);
});

On the other hand, it is much slower than a "for".

Otherwise, the excellent Async library can do this: https://caolan.github.io/async/docs.html#each




Use Promise.each of bluebird library.

Promise.each(
Iterable<any>|Promise<Iterable<any>> input,
function(any item, int index, int length) iterator
) -> Promise

This method iterates over an array, or a promise of an array, which contains promises (or a mix of promises and values) with the given iterator function with the signature (value, index, length) where the value is the resolved value of a respective promise in the input array. Iteration happens serially. If the iterator function returns a promise or a thenable, then the result of the promise is awaited before continuing with next iteration. If any promise in the input array is rejected, then the returned promise is rejected as well.

If all of the iterations resolve successfully, Promise.each resolves to the original array unmodified. However, if one iteration rejects or errors, Promise.each ceases execution immediately and does not process any further iterations. The error or rejected value is returned in this case instead of the original array.

This method is meant to be used for side effects.

var fileNames = ["1.txt", "2.txt", "3.txt"];

Promise.each(fileNames, function(fileName) {
    return fs.readFileAsync(fileName).then(function(val){
        // do stuff with 'val' here.  
    });
}).then(function() {
console.log("done");
});



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