How do I convert a String to an int in Java?


Answers

For example, here are two ways:

Integer x = Integer.valueOf(str);
// or
int y = Integer.parseInt(str);

There is a slight difference between these methods:

  • valueOf returns a new or cached instance of java.lang.Integer
  • parseInt returns primitive int.

The same is for all cases: Short.valueOf/parseShort, Long.valueOf/parseLong, etc.

Question

How can I convert a String to an int in Java?

My String contains only numbers, and I want to return the number it represents.

For example, given the string "1234" the result should be the number 1234.




Do it manually:

public static int strToInt( String str ){
    int i = 0;
    int num = 0;
    boolean isNeg = false;

    //Check for negative sign; if it's there, set the isNeg flag
    if (str.charAt(0) == '-') {
        isNeg = true;
        i = 1;
    }

    //Process each character of the string;
    while( i < str.length()) {
        num *= 10;
        num += str.charAt(i++) - '0'; //Minus the ASCII code of '0' to get the value of the charAt(i++).
    }

    if (isNeg)
        num = -num;
    return num;
}



Just for fun: You can use Java 8's Optional for converting a String into an Integer:

String str = "123";
Integer value = Optional.of(str).map(Integer::valueOf).get();
// Will return the integer value of the specified string, or it
// will throw an NPE when str is null.

value = Optional.ofNullable(str).map(Integer::valueOf).orElse(-1);
// Will do the same as the code above, except it will return -1
// when srt is null, instead of throwing an NPE.

Here we just combine Integer.valueOf and Optinal. Probably there might be situations when this is useful - for example when you want to avoid null checks. Pre Java 8 code will look like this:

Integer value = (str == null) ? -1 : Integer.parseInt(str);



You can use this code also, with some precautions.

  • Option #1: Handle the exception explicitly, for example, showing a message dialog and then stop the execution of the current workflow. For example:

    try
        {
            String stringValue = "1234";
    
            // From String to Integer
            int integerValue = Integer.valueOf(stringValue);
    
            // Or
            int integerValue = Integer.ParseInt(stringValue);
    
            // Now from integer to back into string
            stringValue = String.valueOf(integerValue);
        }
    catch (NumberFormatException ex) {
        //JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(frame, "Invalid input string!");
        System.out.println("Invalid input string!");
        return;
    }
    
  • Option #2: Reset the affected variable if the execution flow can continue in case of an exception. For example, with some modifications in the catch block

    catch (NumberFormatException ex) {
        integerValue = 0;
    }
    

Using a string constant for comparison or any sort of computing is always a good idea, because a constant never returns a null value.




This is Complete program with all conditions positive, negative without using library

import java.util.Scanner;


    public class StringToInt {
     public static void main(String args[]) {
      String inputString;
      Scanner s = new Scanner(System.in);
      inputString = s.nextLine();

      if (!inputString.matches("([+-]?([0-9]*[.])?[0-9]+)")) {
       System.out.println("Not a Number");
      } else {
       Double result2 = getNumber(inputString);
       System.out.println("result = " + result2);
      }

     }
     public static Double getNumber(String number) {
      Double result = 0.0;
      Double beforeDecimal = 0.0;
      Double afterDecimal = 0.0;
      Double afterDecimalCount = 0.0;
      int signBit = 1;
      boolean flag = false;

      int count = number.length();
      if (number.charAt(0) == '-') {
       signBit = -1;
       flag = true;
      } else if (number.charAt(0) == '+') {
       flag = true;
      }
      for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
       if (flag && i == 0) {
        continue;

       }
       if (afterDecimalCount == 0.0) {
        if (number.charAt(i) - '.' == 0) {
         afterDecimalCount++;
        } else {
         beforeDecimal = beforeDecimal * 10 + (number.charAt(i) - '0');
        }

       } else {
        afterDecimal = afterDecimal * 10 + number.charAt(i) - ('0');
        afterDecimalCount = afterDecimalCount * 10;
       }
      }
      if (afterDecimalCount != 0.0) {
       afterDecimal = afterDecimal / afterDecimalCount;
       result = beforeDecimal + afterDecimal;
      } else {
       result = beforeDecimal;
      }

      return result * signBit;
     }
    }



An alternate solution is to use Apache Commons' NumberUtils:

int num = NumberUtils.toInt("1234");

The Apache utility is nice because if the string is an invalid number format then 0 is always returned. Hence saving you the try catch block.

Apache NumberUtils API Version 3.4




For normal string you can use:

int number = Integer.parseInt("1234");

For String builder and String buffer you can use:

Integer.parseInt(myBuilderOrBuffer.toString());



Here we go

String str="1234";
int number = Integer.parseInt(str);
print number;//1234



Converting a string to an int is more complicated than just convertig a number. You have think about the following issues:

  • Does the string only contains numbers 0-9?
  • What's up with -/+ before or after the string? Is that possible (referring to accounting numbers)?
  • What's up with MAX_-/MIN_INFINITY? What will happen if the string is 99999999999999999999? Can the machine treat this string as an int?



You can use new Scanner("1244").nextInt(). Or ask if even an int exists: new Scanner("1244").hasNextInt()




Use this line to parse a string value to int:

 String x = "11111111";
 int y = Integer.parseInt(x);
 System.out.println(y);



We can use the parseInt(String str) method of the Integer wrapper class for converting a String value to an integer value.

For example:

String strValue = "12345";
Integer intValue = Integer.parseInt(strVal);

The Integer class also provides the valueOf(String str) method:

String strValue = "12345";
Integer intValue = Integer.valueOf(strValue);

We can also use toInt(String strValue) of NumberUtils Utility Class for the conversion:

String strValue = "12345";
Integer intValue = NumberUtils.toInt(strValue);



Use Integer.parseInt(yourString)

Remember following things:

Integer.parseInt("1"); // ok

Integer.parseInt("-1"); // ok

Integer.parseInt("+1"); // ok

Integer.parseInt(" 1"); // Exception (blank space)

Integer.parseInt("2147483648"); // Exception (Integer is limited to a maximum value of 2,147,483,647)

Integer.parseInt("1.1"); // Exception (. or , or whatever is not allowed)

Integer.parseInt(""); // Exception (not 0 or something)

There is only one type of exception: NumberFormatException




You can also begin by removing all non-numerical characters and then parsing the int:

string mystr = mystr.replaceAll( "[^\\d]", "" );
int number= Integer.parseInt(mystr);

But be warned that this only works for non-negative numbers.




Simply you can try this:

  • Use Integer.parseInt(your_string); to convert a String to int
  • Use Double.parseDouble(your_string); to convert a String to double

Example

String str = "8955";
int q = Integer.parseInt(str);
System.out.println("Output>>> " + q); // Output: 8955

String str = "89.55";
double q = Double.parseDouble(str);
System.out.println("Output>>> " + q); // Output: 89.55



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