[C#] How to read file using NPOI



Answers

It might be helpful to rely on the Workbook factory to instantiate the workbook object since the factory method will do the detection of xls or xlsx for you. Reference: http://apache-poi.1045710.n5.nabble.com/How-to-check-for-valid-excel-files-using-POI-without-checking-the-file-extension-td2341055.html

IWorkbook workbook = WorkbookFactory.Create(inputStream);

If you're not sure of the Sheet's name but you are sure of the index (0 based), you can grab the sheet like this:

ISheet sheet = workbook.GetSheetAt(sheetIndex);

You can then iterate through the rows using code supplied by the accepted answer from mj82

Question

I found NPOI is very good to write Excel files with C#.

But I want to open, read and modify Excel files in C#.

How can I do this?




Since you've asked to read and modify the xls file I have changed @mj82's answer to correspond your needs.

HSSFWorkbook does not have Save method, but it does have Write to a stream.

static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            string filepath = @"C:\test.xls";

            HSSFWorkbook hssfwb;

            using (FileStream file = new FileStream(filepath, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))
            {
                hssfwb = new HSSFWorkbook(file);
            }

            ISheet sheet = hssfwb.GetSheetAt(0);

            for (int row = 0; row <= sheet.LastRowNum; row++)
            {
                if (sheet.GetRow(row) != null) //null is when the row only contains empty cells 
                {
                    // Set new cell value
                    sheet.GetRow(row).GetCell(0).SetCellValue("foo");
                    Console.WriteLine("Row {0} = {1}", row, sheet.GetRow(row).GetCell(0).StringCellValue);
                }
            }

            // Save the file
            using (FileStream file = new FileStream(filepath, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Write))
            {
                hssfwb.Write(file);
            }

            Console.ReadLine();
        }



private DataTable GetDataTableFromExcel(String Path)
    {
        XSSFWorkbook wb;
        XSSFSheet sh;
        String Sheet_name;

        using (var fs = new FileStream(Path, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))
        {
            wb = new XSSFWorkbook(fs);

               Sheet_name= wb.GetSheetAt(0).SheetName;  //get first sheet name
        }
        DataTable DT = new DataTable();
        DT.Rows.Clear();
        DT.Columns.Clear();

        // get sheet
        sh = (XSSFSheet)wb.GetSheet(Sheet_name);

        int i = 0;
        while (sh.GetRow(i) != null)
        {
            // add neccessary columns
            if (DT.Columns.Count < sh.GetRow(i).Cells.Count)
            {
                for (int j = 0; j < sh.GetRow(i).Cells.Count; j++)
                {
                    DT.Columns.Add("", typeof(string));
                }
            }

            // add row
            DT.Rows.Add();

            // write row value
            for (int j = 0; j < sh.GetRow(i).Cells.Count; j++)
            {
                var cell = sh.GetRow(i).GetCell(j);

                if (cell != null)
                {
                    // TODO: you can add more cell types capatibility, e. g. formula
                    switch (cell.CellType)
                    {
                        case NPOI.SS.UserModel.CellType.Numeric:
                            DT.Rows[i][j] = sh.GetRow(i).GetCell(j).NumericCellValue;
                            //dataGridView1[j, i].Value = sh.GetRow(i).GetCell(j).NumericCellValue;

                            break;
                        case NPOI.SS.UserModel.CellType.String:
                            DT.Rows[i][j] = sh.GetRow(i).GetCell(j).StringCellValue;

                            break;
                    }
                }
            }

            i++;
        }

        return DT;
    }





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