How can I shutdown Spring task executor/scheduler pools before all other beans in the web app are destroyed?


Answers

I have added below code to terminate tasks you can use it. You may change the retry numbers.

package com.xxx.test.schedulers;

import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.springframework.beans.BeansException;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.BeanPostProcessor;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextAware;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationListener;
import org.springframework.context.event.ContextClosedEvent;
import org.springframework.scheduling.concurrent.ThreadPoolTaskExecutor;
import org.springframework.scheduling.concurrent.ThreadPoolTaskScheduler;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import com.xxx.core.XProvLogger;

@Component
class ContextClosedHandler implements ApplicationListener<ContextClosedEvent> , ApplicationContextAware,BeanPostProcessor{


private ApplicationContext context;

public Logger logger = XProvLogger.getInstance().x;

public void onApplicationEvent(ContextClosedEvent event) {


    Map<String, ThreadPoolTaskScheduler> schedulers = context.getBeansOfType(ThreadPoolTaskScheduler.class);

    for (ThreadPoolTaskScheduler scheduler : schedulers.values()) {         
        scheduler.getScheduledExecutor().shutdown();
        try {
            scheduler.getScheduledExecutor().awaitTermination(20000, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
            if(scheduler.getScheduledExecutor().isTerminated() || scheduler.getScheduledExecutor().isShutdown())
                logger.info("Scheduler "+scheduler.getThreadNamePrefix() + " has stoped");
            else{
                logger.info("Scheduler "+scheduler.getThreadNamePrefix() + " has not stoped normally and will be shut down immediately");
                scheduler.getScheduledExecutor().shutdownNow();
                logger.info("Scheduler "+scheduler.getThreadNamePrefix() + " has shut down immediately");
            }
        } catch (IllegalStateException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    Map<String, ThreadPoolTaskExecutor> executers = context.getBeansOfType(ThreadPoolTaskExecutor.class);

    for (ThreadPoolTaskExecutor executor: executers.values()) {
        int retryCount = 0;
        while(executor.getActiveCount()>0 && ++retryCount<51){
            try {
                logger.info("Executer "+executor.getThreadNamePrefix()+" is still working with active " + executor.getActiveCount()+" work. Retry count is "+retryCount);
                Thread.sleep(1000);
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        if(!(retryCount<51))
            logger.info("Executer "+executor.getThreadNamePrefix()+" is still working.Since Retry count exceeded max value "+retryCount+", will be killed immediately");
        executor.shutdown();
        logger.info("Executer "+executor.getThreadNamePrefix()+" with active " + executor.getActiveCount()+" work has killed");
    }
}


@Override
public void setApplicationContext(ApplicationContext context)
        throws BeansException {
    this.context = context;

}


@Override
public Object postProcessAfterInitialization(Object object, String arg1)
        throws BeansException {
    return object;
}


@Override
public Object postProcessBeforeInitialization(Object object, String arg1)
        throws BeansException {
    if(object instanceof ThreadPoolTaskScheduler)
        ((ThreadPoolTaskScheduler)object).setWaitForTasksToCompleteOnShutdown(true);
    if(object instanceof ThreadPoolTaskExecutor)
        ((ThreadPoolTaskExecutor)object).setWaitForTasksToCompleteOnShutdown(true);
    return object;
}

}

Question

In a Spring web application I have several DAO and service layer beans. One service layer bean has annotated @Async / @Scheduled methods. These methods depend on other (autowired) beans. I have configured two thread pools in XML:

<bean id="taskExecutor" class="org.springframework.scheduling.concurrent.ThreadPoolTaskExecutor">
     <property name="corePoolSize" value="2" />
     <property name="maxPoolSize" value="5" />
     <property name="queueCapacity" value="5" />
     <property name="waitForTasksToCompleteOnShutdown" value="true" />
     <property name="rejectedExecutionHandler">
            <bean class="java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$CallerRunsPolicy"/>
        </property>
    </bean>

<bean id="taskScheduler" class="org.springframework.scheduling.concurrent.ThreadPoolTaskScheduler">
     <property name="poolSize" value="10" />
     <property name="waitForTasksToCompleteOnShutdown" value="true" />
     <property name="rejectedExecutionHandler">
            <bean class="java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$CallerRunsPolicy"/>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <task:annotation-driven executor="taskExecutor" scheduler="taskScheduler"/>

Everything works as expected. My problem is that I cannot get a clean shutdown of the task pools to work. The tasks operate on the database and on the file system. When I stop the web application it takes some time until it is stopped. This indicates that the waitForTasksToCompleteOnShutdown property works. However, I get IllegalStateExceptions in the log indicating that some beans are already destroyed but some worker task threads are still executing and they fail because their dependencies are destroyed.

There is a JIRA issue which might be relevant: SPR-5387

My question is: Is there a way to tell Spring to initialize the task executor/scheduler beans last or is there a way to tell Spring to destroy them first?

My understanding is that destruction takes place in reversed init order. Therefore the bean init'ed last will be destroyed first. If the thread pool beans are destroyed first, all currently executing tasks would finish and could still access dependent beans.

I have also tried using the depends-on attribute on the thread pools referring to my service bean which has the @Async and @Scheduled annotations. Seems like they are never executed then and I do not get context initialization errors. I assume the annotated service bean somehow needs these thread pools initialized first and if I use depends-on I reverse the order and make them non-functional.




How can I shutdown Spring task executor/scheduler pools before all other beans in the web app are destroyed?

Two ways:

  1. Have a bean implement ApplicationListener<ContextClosedEvent>. onApplicationEvent() will get called before the context and all the beans are destroyed.

  2. Have a bean implement Lifecycle or SmartLifecycle. stop() will get called before the context and all the beans are destroyed.

Either way you can shut down the task stuff before the bean destroying mechanism takes place.

Eg:

@Component
public class ContextClosedHandler implements ApplicationListener<ContextClosedEvent> {
    @Autowired ThreadPoolTaskExecutor executor;
    @Autowired ThreadPoolTaskScheduler scheduler;

    @Override
    public void onApplicationEvent(ContextClosedEvent event) {
        scheduler.shutdown();
        executor.shutdown();
    }       
}

(Edit: Fixed method signature)




I had similar issues with the threads being started in Spring bean. These threads were not closing properly after i called executor.shutdownNow() in @PreDestroy method. So the solution for me was to let the thread finsih with IO already started and start no more IO, once @PreDestroy was called. And here is the @PreDestroy method. For my application the wait for 1 second was acceptable.

@PreDestroy
    public void beandestroy() {
        this.stopThread = true;
        if(executorService != null){
            try {
                // wait 1 second for closing all threads
                executorService.awaitTermination(1, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
            }
        }
    }

Here I have explained all the issues faced while trying to close threads.http://programtalk.com/java/executorservice-not-shutting-down/





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