[css] What is the best way to conditionally apply a class?

10 Answers

ng-class supports an expression that must evaluate to either

  1. A string of space-delimited class names, or
  2. An array of class names, or
  3. A map/object of class names to boolean values.

So, using form 3) we can simply write

ng-class="{'selected': $index==selectedIndex}"

See also How do I conditionally apply CSS styles in AngularJS? for a broader answer.

Update: Angular 1.1.5 has added support for a ternary operator, so if that construct is more familiar to you:

ng-class="($index==selectedIndex) ? 'selected' : ''"

Lets say you have an array that is rendered in a ul with an li for each element and a property on the controller called selectedIndex. What would be the best way to add a class to the li with the index selectedIndex in AngularJS?

I am currently duplicating (by hand) the li code and adding the class to one of the li tags and using ng-show and ng-hide to show only one li per index.

You can use this npm package. It handles everything and has options for static and conditional classes based on a variable or a function.

// Support for string arguments
getClassNames('class1', 'class2');

// support for Object
getClassNames({class1: true, class2 : false});

// support for all type of data
getClassNames('class1', 'class2', ['class3', 'class4'], { 
    class5 : function() { return false; },
    class6 : function() { return true; }

<div className={getClassNames({class1: true, class2 : false})} />

Here is another option that works well when ng-class can't be used (for example when styling SVG):

ng-attr-class="{{someBoolean && 'class-when-true' || 'class-when-false' }}"

(I think you need to be on latest unstable Angular to use ng-attr-, I'm currently on 1.1.4)

If you are using angular pre v1.1.5 (i.e. no ternary operator) and you still want an equivalent way to set a value in both conditions you can do something like this:

ng-class="{'class1':item.isReadOnly == false, 'class2':item.isReadOnly == true}"

I'll add to this, because some of these answers seem out of date. Here's how I do it:


Where 'isSelected' is a javascript variable defined within the scoped angular controller.

To more specifically address your question, here's how you might generate a list with that:


<div ng-controller="ListCtrl">  
    <li class="ng-class:item.isSelected" ng-repeat="item in list">   


function ListCtrl($scope) {    
    $scope.list = [  
        {"name": "Item 1", "isSelected": "active"},  
        {"name": "Item 2", "isSelected": ""}

See: http://jsfiddle.net/tTfWM/

See: http://docs.angularjs.org/api/ng.directive:ngClass

Ternary operator has just been added to angular parser in 1.1.5.

So the simplest way to do this is now :

ng:class="($index==selectedIndex)? 'selected' : ''"


  <div class="col-md-4 text-right">
      <a ng-class="campaign_range === 'thismonth' ? 'btn btn-blue' :  'btn btn-link'" href="#" ng-click='change_range("thismonth")'>This Month</a>
      <a ng-class="campaign_range === 'all' ? 'btn btn-blue' :  'btn btn-link'" href="#" ng-click='change_range("all")'>All Time</a>


  $scope.campaign_range = "all";
  $scope.change_range = function(range) { 
        if (range === "all")
            $scope.campaign_range = "all"
            $scope.campaign_range = "thismonth"

Just adding something that worked for me today, after much searching...

<div class="form-group" ng-class="{true: 'has-error'}[ctrl.submitted && myForm.myField.$error.required]">

Hope this assists in your successful development.


Undocumented Expression Syntax : Great Website Link... =)

We can make a function to manage return class with condition

    angular.module('myapp', [])
            .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function ($scope) {
                $scope.MyColors = ['It is Red', 'It is Yellow', 'It is Blue', 'It is Green', 'It is Gray'];
                $scope.getClass = function (strValue) {
                    switch(strValue) {
                        case "It is Red":return "Red";break;
                        case "It is Yellow":return "Yellow";break;
                        case "It is Blue":return "Blue";break;
                        case "It is Green":return "Green";break;
                        case "It is Gray":return "Gray";break;

And then

<body ng-app="myapp" ng-controller="ExampleController">

<h2>AngularJS ng-class if example</h2>
<ul >
    <li ng-repeat="icolor in MyColors" >
        <p ng-class="[getClass(icolor), 'b']">{{icolor}}</p>
<p>Other way using : ng-class="{'class1' : expression1, 'class2' : expression2,'class3':expression2,...}"</p>
    <li ng-repeat="icolor in MyColors">
        <p ng-class="{'Red':icolor=='It is Red','Yellow':icolor=='It is Yellow','Blue':icolor=='It is Blue','Green':icolor=='It is Green','Gray':icolor=='It is Gray'}" class="b">{{icolor}}</p>

You can refer to full code page at ng-class if example

It works properly ;)

<ul class="nav nav-pills" ng-init="selectedType = 'return'">
    <li role="presentation" ng-class="{'active':selectedType === 'return'}"
        ng-click="selectedType = 'return'"><a href="#return">return

    <li role="presentation" ng-class="{'active':selectedType === 'oneway'}"
        ng-click="selectedType = 'oneway'"><a href="#oneway">oneway

I faced a similar problem recently and decided to just create a conditional filter:

  angular.module('myFilters', []).
     * "if" filter
     * Simple filter useful for conditionally applying CSS classes and decouple
     * view from controller 
    filter('if', function() {
      return function(input, value) {
        if (typeof(input) === 'string') {
          input = [input, ''];
        return value? input[0] : input[1];

It takes a single argument, which is either a 2-element array or a string, which gets turned into an array that is appended an empty string as the second element:

<li ng-repeat="item in products | filter:search | orderBy:orderProp |
  page:pageNum:pageLength" ng-class="'opened'|if:isOpen(item)">