c# winforms redraw - How do I suspend painting for a control and its children?





5 Answers

The following is the same solution of ng5000 but doesn't use P/Invoke.

public static class SuspendUpdate
{
    private const int WM_SETREDRAW = 0x000B;

    public static void Suspend(Control control)
    {
        Message msgSuspendUpdate = Message.Create(control.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, IntPtr.Zero,
            IntPtr.Zero);

        NativeWindow window = NativeWindow.FromHandle(control.Handle);
        window.DefWndProc(ref msgSuspendUpdate);
    }

    public static void Resume(Control control)
    {
        // Create a C "true" boolean as an IntPtr
        IntPtr wparam = new IntPtr(1);
        Message msgResumeUpdate = Message.Create(control.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, wparam,
            IntPtr.Zero);

        NativeWindow window = NativeWindow.FromHandle(control.Handle);
        window.DefWndProc(ref msgResumeUpdate);

        control.Invalidate();
    }
}
wm_setredraw beginupdate windows

I have a control which I have to make large modifications to. I'd like to completely prevent it from redrawing while I do that - SuspendLayout and ResumeLayout aren't enough. How do I suspend painting for a control and its children?




To help with not forgetting to reenable drawing:

public static void SuspendDrawing(Control control, Action action)
{
    SendMessage(control.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, false, 0);
    action();
    SendMessage(control.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, true, 0);
    control.Refresh();
}

usage:

SuspendDrawing(myControl, () =>
{
    somemethod();
});



Here is a combination of ceztko's and ng5000's to bring a VB extensions version that doesn't use pinvoke

Imports System.Runtime.CompilerServices

Module ControlExtensions

Dim WM_SETREDRAW As Integer = 11

''' <summary>
''' A stronger "SuspendLayout" completely holds the controls painting until ResumePaint is called
''' </summary>
''' <param name="ctrl"></param>
''' <remarks></remarks>
<Extension()>
Public Sub SuspendPaint(ByVal ctrl As Windows.Forms.Control)

    Dim msgSuspendUpdate As Windows.Forms.Message = Windows.Forms.Message.Create(ctrl.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, System.IntPtr.Zero, System.IntPtr.Zero)

    Dim window As Windows.Forms.NativeWindow = Windows.Forms.NativeWindow.FromHandle(ctrl.Handle)

    window.DefWndProc(msgSuspendUpdate)

End Sub

''' <summary>
''' Resume from SuspendPaint method
''' </summary>
''' <param name="ctrl"></param>
''' <remarks></remarks>
<Extension()>
Public Sub ResumePaint(ByVal ctrl As Windows.Forms.Control)

    Dim wparam As New System.IntPtr(1)
    Dim msgResumeUpdate As Windows.Forms.Message = Windows.Forms.Message.Create(ctrl.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, wparam, System.IntPtr.Zero)

    Dim window As Windows.Forms.NativeWindow = Windows.Forms.NativeWindow.FromHandle(ctrl.Handle)

    window.DefWndProc(msgResumeUpdate)

    ctrl.Invalidate()

End Sub

End Module



Based on ng5000's answer, I like using this extension:

        #region Suspend
        [DllImport("user32.dll")]
        private static extern int SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, Int32 wMsg, bool wParam, Int32 lParam);
        private const int WM_SETREDRAW = 11;
        public static IDisposable BeginSuspendlock(this Control ctrl)
        {
            return new suspender(ctrl);
        }
        private class suspender : IDisposable
        {
            private Control _ctrl;
            public suspender(Control ctrl)
            {
                this._ctrl = ctrl;
                SendMessage(this._ctrl.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, false, 0);
            }
            public void Dispose()
            {
                SendMessage(this._ctrl.Handle, WM_SETREDRAW, true, 0);
                this._ctrl.Refresh();
            }
        }
        #endregion

Use:

using (this.BeginSuspendlock())
{
    //update GUI
}



Or just use Control.SuspendLayout() and Control.ResumeLayout().




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