convert enumerablerowcollection to datatable c# - Convert generic List/Enumerable to DataTable?




9 Answers

I had to modify Mark Gravell's sample code to handle nullable types and null values. I have included a working version below. Thanks Mark.

public static DataTable ToDataTable<T>(this IList<T> data)
{
    PropertyDescriptorCollection properties = 
        TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(typeof(T));
    DataTable table = new DataTable();
    foreach (PropertyDescriptor prop in properties)
        table.Columns.Add(prop.Name, Nullable.GetUnderlyingType(prop.PropertyType) ?? prop.PropertyType);
    foreach (T item in data)
    {
        DataRow row = table.NewRow();
        foreach (PropertyDescriptor prop in properties)
             row[prop.Name] = prop.GetValue(item) ?? DBNull.Value;
        table.Rows.Add(row);
    }
    return table;
}
list to datatable c#

I have few methods that returns different Generic Lists.

Exists in .net any class static method or whatever to convert any list into a datatable? The only thing that i can imagine is use Reflection to do this.

IF i have this:

List<Whatever> whatever = new List<Whatever>();

(This next code doesn't work of course, but i would like to have the possibility of:

DataTable dt = (DataTable) whatever;



A small change to Mark's answer to make it work with value types like List<string> to data table:

public static DataTable ListToDataTable<T>(IList<T> data)
{
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    //special handling for value types and string
    if (typeof(T).IsValueType || typeof(T).Equals(typeof(string)))
    {

        DataColumn dc = new DataColumn("Value");
        table.Columns.Add(dc);
        foreach (T item in data)
        {
            DataRow dr = table.NewRow();
            dr[0] = item;
            table.Rows.Add(dr);
        }
    }
    else
    {
        PropertyDescriptorCollection properties = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(typeof(T));
        foreach (PropertyDescriptor prop in properties)
        {
            table.Columns.Add(prop.Name, Nullable.GetUnderlyingType(prop.PropertyType) ?? prop.PropertyType);
        }
        foreach (T item in data)
        {
            DataRow row = table.NewRow();
            foreach (PropertyDescriptor prop in properties)
            {
                try
                {
                    row[prop.Name] = prop.GetValue(item) ?? DBNull.Value;
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    row[prop.Name] = DBNull.Value;
                }
            }
            table.Rows.Add(row);
        }
    }
    return table;
}



It's also possible through XmlSerialization. The idea is - serialize to XML and then readXml method of DataSet.

I use this code (from an answer in SO, forgot where)

    public static string SerializeXml<T>(T value) where T : class
{
    if (value == null)
    {
        return null;
    }

    XmlSerializer serializer = new XmlSerializer(typeof(T));

    XmlWriterSettings settings = new XmlWriterSettings();

    settings.Encoding = new UnicodeEncoding(false, false);
    settings.Indent = false;
    settings.OmitXmlDeclaration = false;
    // no BOM in a .NET string

    using (StringWriter textWriter = new StringWriter())
    {
        using (XmlWriter xmlWriter = XmlWriter.Create(textWriter, settings))
        {
            serializer.Serialize(xmlWriter, value);
        }
        return textWriter.ToString();
    }
}

so then it's as simple as:

        string xmlString = Utility.SerializeXml(trans.InnerList);

    DataSet ds = new DataSet("New_DataSet");
    using (XmlReader reader = XmlReader.Create(new StringReader(xmlString)))
    { 
        ds.Locale = System.Threading.Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture;
        ds.ReadXml(reader); 
    }

Not sure how it stands against all the other answers of this post, but it's also a possibility.




Marc Gravell's answer but in VB.NET

Public Shared Function ToDataTable(Of T)(data As IList(Of T)) As DataTable
    Dim props As PropertyDescriptorCollection = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(GetType(T))
    Dim table As New DataTable()
    For i As Integer = 0 To props.Count - 1
            Dim prop As PropertyDescriptor = props(i)
            table.Columns.Add(prop.Name, prop.PropertyType)
    Next
    Dim values As Object() = New Object(props.Count - 1) {}
    For Each item As T In data
            For i As Integer = 0 To values.Length - 1
                    values(i) = props(i).GetValue(item)
            Next
            table.Rows.Add(values)
    Next
    Return table
End Function



try this

public static DataTable ListToDataTable<T>(IList<T> lst)
{

    currentDT = CreateTable<T>();

    Type entType = typeof(T);

    PropertyDescriptorCollection properties = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(entType);
    foreach (T item in lst)
    {
        DataRow row = currentDT.NewRow();
        foreach (PropertyDescriptor prop in properties)
        {

            if (prop.PropertyType == typeof(Nullable<decimal>) || prop.PropertyType == typeof(Nullable<int>) || prop.PropertyType == typeof(Nullable<Int64>))
            {
                if (prop.GetValue(item) == null)
                    row[prop.Name] = 0;
                else
                    row[prop.Name] = prop.GetValue(item);
            }
            else
                row[prop.Name] = prop.GetValue(item);                    

        }
        currentDT.Rows.Add(row);
    }

    return currentDT;
}

public static DataTable CreateTable<T>()
{
    Type entType = typeof(T);
    DataTable tbl = new DataTable(DTName);
    PropertyDescriptorCollection properties = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(entType);
    foreach (PropertyDescriptor prop in properties)
    {
        if (prop.PropertyType == typeof(Nullable<decimal>))
             tbl.Columns.Add(prop.Name, typeof(decimal));
        else if (prop.PropertyType == typeof(Nullable<int>))
            tbl.Columns.Add(prop.Name, typeof(int));
        else if (prop.PropertyType == typeof(Nullable<Int64>))
            tbl.Columns.Add(prop.Name, typeof(Int64));
        else
             tbl.Columns.Add(prop.Name, prop.PropertyType);
    }
    return tbl;
}



  using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Data;
using System.ComponentModel;

public partial class Default3 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        DataTable dt = new DataTable();
        dt = lstEmployee.ConvertToDataTable();
    }
    public static DataTable ConvertToDataTable<T>(IList<T> list) where T : class
    {
        try
        {
            DataTable table = CreateDataTable<T>();
            Type objType = typeof(T);
            PropertyDescriptorCollection properties = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(objType);
            foreach (T item in list)
            {
                DataRow row = table.NewRow();
                foreach (PropertyDescriptor property in properties)
                {
                    if (!CanUseType(property.PropertyType)) continue;
                    row[property.Name] = property.GetValue(item) ?? DBNull.Value;
                }

                table.Rows.Add(row);
            }
            return table;
        }
        catch (DataException ex)
        {
            return null;
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            return null;
        }

    }
    private static DataTable CreateDataTable<T>() where T : class
    {
        Type objType = typeof(T);
        DataTable table = new DataTable(objType.Name);
        PropertyDescriptorCollection properties = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(objType);
        foreach (PropertyDescriptor property in properties)
        {
            Type propertyType = property.PropertyType;
            if (!CanUseType(propertyType)) continue;

            //nullables must use underlying types
            if (propertyType.IsGenericType && propertyType.GetGenericTypeDefinition() == typeof(Nullable<>))
                propertyType = Nullable.GetUnderlyingType(propertyType);
            //enums also need special treatment
            if (propertyType.IsEnum)
                propertyType = Enum.GetUnderlyingType(propertyType);
            table.Columns.Add(property.Name, propertyType);
        }
        return table;
    }


    private static bool CanUseType(Type propertyType)
    {
        //only strings and value types
        if (propertyType.IsArray) return false;
        if (!propertyType.IsValueType && propertyType != typeof(string)) return false;
        return true;
    }
}



Another approach is the above:

  List<WhateEver> lst = getdata();
  string json = Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.SerializeObject(lst);
  DataTable pDt = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<DataTable>(json);



This is the simple Console Application to convert List to Datatable.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace ConvertListToDataTable
{
    public static class Program
    {
        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            List<MyObject> list = new List<MyObject>();
            for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++)
            {
                list.Add(new MyObject { Sno = i, Name = i.ToString() + "-KarthiK", Dat = DateTime.Now.AddSeconds(i) });
            }

            DataTable dt = ConvertListToDataTable(list);
            foreach (DataRow row in dt.Rows)
            {
                Console.WriteLine();
                for (int x = 0; x < dt.Columns.Count; x++)
                {
                    Console.Write(row[x].ToString() + " ");
                }
            }
            Console.ReadLine();
        }

        public class MyObject
        {
            public int Sno { get; set; }
            public string Name { get; set; }
            public DateTime Dat { get; set; }
        }

        public static DataTable ConvertListToDataTable<T>(this List<T> iList)
        {
            DataTable dataTable = new DataTable();
            PropertyDescriptorCollection props = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(typeof(T));
            for (int i = 0; i < props.Count; i++)
            {
                PropertyDescriptor propertyDescriptor = props[i];
                Type type = propertyDescriptor.PropertyType;

                if (type.IsGenericType && type.GetGenericTypeDefinition() == typeof(Nullable<>))
                    type = Nullable.GetUnderlyingType(type);

                dataTable.Columns.Add(propertyDescriptor.Name, type);
            }
            object[] values = new object[props.Count];
            foreach (T iListItem in iList)
            {
                for (int i = 0; i < values.Length; i++)
                {
                    values[i] = props[i].GetValue(iListItem);
                }
                dataTable.Rows.Add(values);
            }
            return dataTable;
        }
    }
}



 Dim counties As New List(Of County)
 Dim dtCounties As DataTable
 dtCounties = _combinedRefRepository.Get_Counties()
 If dtCounties.Rows.Count <> 0 Then
    For Each row As DataRow In dtCounties.Rows
      Dim county As New County
      county.CountyId = row.Item(0).ToString()
      county.CountyName = row.Item(1).ToString().ToUpper()
      counties.Add(county)
    Next
    dtCounties.Dispose()
 End If



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