Python: Resize an existing array and fill with zeros


Answers

There is a new numpy function in version 1.7.0 numpy.pad that can do this in one-line. Like the other answers, you can construct the diagonal matrix with np.diag before the padding. The tuple ((0,N),(0,0)) used in this answer indicates the "side" of the matrix which to pad.

import numpy as np

A = np.array([1, 2, 3])

N = A.size
B = np.pad(np.diag(A), ((0,N),(0,0)), mode='constant')

B is now equal to:

[[1 0 0]
 [0 2 0]
 [0 0 3]
 [0 0 0]
 [0 0 0]
 [0 0 0]]
Question

I think that my issue should be really simple, yet I can not find any help on the Internet whatsoever. I am very new to Python, so it is possible that I am missing something very obvious.

I have an array, S, like this [x x x] (one-dimensional). I now create a diagonal matrix, sigma, with np.diag(S) - so far, so good. Now, I want to resize this new diagonal array so that I can multiply it by another array that I have.

import numpy as np
...
shape = np.shape((6, 6)) #This will be some pre-determined size
sigma = np.diag(S) #diagonalise the matrix - this works
my_sigma = sigma.resize(shape) #Resize the matrix and fill with zeros - returns "None" - why?

However, when I print the contents of my_sigma, I get "None". Can someone please point me in the right direction, because I can not imagine that this should be so complicated.

Thanks in advance for any help!

Casper

Graphical:

I have this:

[x x x]

I want this:

[x 0 0]
[0 x 0]
[0 0 x]
[0 0 0]
[0 0 0]
[0 0 0] - or some similar size, but the diagonal elements are important.



Another pure python solution is

a = [1, 2, 3]
b = []
for i in range(6):
    b.append((([0] * i) + a[i:i+1] + ([0] * (len(a) - 1 - i)))[:len(a)])

b is now

[[1, 0, 0], [0, 2, 0], [0, 0, 3], [0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0]]

it's a hideous solution, I'll admit that. However, it illustrates some functions of the list type that can be used.






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