[c#] How do you set the Content-Type header for an HttpClient request?



2 Answers

For those who didn't see Johns comment to carlos solution ...

req.Content.Headers.ContentType = new MediaTypeHeaderValue("application/octet-stream");
Question

I'm trying to set the Content-Type header of an HttpClient object as required by an API I am calling.

I tried setting the Content-Type like below:

using (var httpClient = new HttpClient())
{
    httpClient.BaseAddress = new Uri("http://example.com/");
    httpClient.DefaultRequestHeaders.Add("Accept", "application/json");
    httpClient.DefaultRequestHeaders.Add("Content-Type", "application/json");
    // ...
}

It allows me to add the Accept header but when I try to add Content-Type it throws the following exception:

Misused header name. Make sure request headers are used with HttpRequestMessage, response headers with HttpResponseMessage, and content headers with HttpContent objects.

How can I set the Content-Type header in a HttpClient request?




.Net tries to force you to obey certain standards, namely that the Content-Type header can only be specified on requests that have content (e.g. POST, PUT, etc.). Therefore, as others have indicated, the preferred way to set the Content-Type header is through the HttpContent.Headers.ContentType property.

With that said, certain APIs (such as the LiquidFiles Api, as of 2016-12-19) requires setting the Content-Type header for a GET request. .Net will not allow setting this header on the request itself -- even using TryAddWithoutValidation. Furthermore, you cannot specify a Content for the request -- even if it is of zero-length. The only way I could seem to get around this was to resort to reflection. The code (in case some else needs it) is

var field = typeof(System.Net.Http.Headers.HttpRequestHeaders)
    .GetField("invalidHeaders", System.Reflection.BindingFlags.NonPublic | System.Reflection.BindingFlags.Static) 
  ?? typeof(System.Net.Http.Headers.HttpRequestHeaders) 
    .GetField("s_invalidHeaders", System.Reflection.BindingFlags.NonPublic | System.Reflection.BindingFlags.Static);
if (field != null)
{
  var invalidFields = (HashSet<string>)field.GetValue(null);
  invalidFields.Remove("Content-Type");
}
_client.DefaultRequestHeaders.TryAddWithoutValidation("Content-Type", "text/xml");

Edit:

As noted in the comments, this field has different names in different versions of the dll. In the source code on GitHub, the field is currently named s_invalidHeaders. The example has been modified to account for this per the suggestion of @David Thompson.




try to use TryAddWithoutValidation

  var client = new HttpClient();
  client.DefaultRequestHeaders.TryAddWithoutValidation("Content-Type", "application/json; charset=utf-8");



Related