Best way to require all files from a directory in ruby?


If it's a directory relative to the file that does the requiring (e.g. you want to load all files in the lib directory):

Dir[File.dirname(__FILE__) + '/lib/*.rb'].each {|file| require file }

Edit: Based on comments below, an updated version:

Dir[File.join(__dir__, 'lib', '*.rb')].each { |file| require file }

What's the best way to require all files from a directory in ruby ?

The best way is to add the directory to the load path and then require the basename of each file. This is because you want to avoid accidentally requiring the same file twice -- often not the intended behavior. Whether a file will be loaded or not is dependent on whether require has seen the path passed to it before. For example, this simple irb session shows that you can mistakenly require and load the same file twice.

$ irb
irb(main):001:0> require 'test'
=> true
irb(main):002:0> require './test'
=> true
irb(main):003:0> require './test.rb'
=> false
irb(main):004:0> require 'test'
=> false

Note that the first two lines return true meaning the same file was loaded both times. When paths are used, even if the paths point to the same location, require doesn't know that the file was already required.

Here instead, we add a directory to the load path and then require the basename of each *.rb file within.

dir = "/path/to/directory"
Dir[File.join(dir, "*.rb")].each {|file| require File.basename(file) }

If you don't care about the file being required more than once, or your intention is just to load the contents of the file, perhaps load should be used instead of require. Use load in this case, because it better expresses what you're trying to accomplish. For example:

Dir["/path/to/directory/*.rb"].each {|file| load file }

Dir[File.dirname(__FILE__) + '/../lib/*.rb'].each do |file| 
  require File.basename(file, File.extname(file))

If you don't strip the extension then you may end up requiring the same file twice (ruby won't realize that "foo" and "foo.rb" are the same file). Requiring the same file twice can lead to spurious warnings (e.g. "warning: already initialized constant").

I'm a few years late to the party, but I kind of like this one-line solution I used to get rails to include everything in app/workers/concerns:

Dir[ Rails.root.join *%w(app workers concerns *) ].each{ |f| require f }

Dir[File.join(__dir__, "/app/**/*.rb")].each do |file|
  require file

This will work recursively on your local machine and a remote (Like Heroku) which does not use relative paths.