Install Node.js on Ubuntu


Answers

As of today, you can simply install it with:

sudo apt-get install nodejs
Question

I'm trying install Node.js on Ubuntu 12.10, but the terminal shows me an error about lost packages. I tried with this:

sudo apt-get install python-software-properties 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:chris-lea/node.js 
sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install nodejs npm

But when I came to the last line sudo apt-get install nodejs npm shows this error:

Failed to install some packages. This may mean that
you requested an impossible situation or if you are using the distribution
distribution that some required packages have not yet been created or been
been moved out of Incoming.
The following information may help to resolve the situation:
The following packages have unmet dependencies:
nodejs: Conflicts: npm
E: Failed to correct problems, you have held broken packages.

Then I uninstalled the ppa:chris-lea/node.js and I was trying a second option:

sudo apt-get install node.js
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:chris-lea/node.js
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nodejs npm

The same error, the terminal says npm is the latest version but also shows me the text I shown in the top. I think the problem is ppa:chris-lea/node.js but I don't know how solve it.







Install Node.js on Ubuntu 12.10 or 14.04 LTS or 16.04.1 LTS

Please avoid to install Node.js with apt-get on Ubuntu. If you already installed Node.js with the built in package manager, please remove that. (sudo apt-get purge nodejs && sudo apt-get autoremove && sudo apt-get autoclean)

The installation process on Linux is the same as on OSX. With the provided script:

$ curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/creationix/nvm/v0.31.3/install.sh | bash

$ nvm list
$ nvm ls-remote
$ nvm install 6.4.0
$ nvm use 6.4.0
$ nvm alias default 6.4.0
$ node -v
$ npm install -g npm
$ npm -v

One more thing! Don’t forget to run the following command, which increases the amount of inotify watches.

$ echo fs.inotify.max_user_watches=524288 | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf && sudo sysctl -p

Hope this help you!




Follow the instructions given here at NodeSource which is dedicated to creating a sustainable ecosystem for Node.js

For Node.js >= 4.X

# Using Ubuntu
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_4.x | sudo -E bash -
sudo apt-get install -y nodejs

# Using Debian, as root
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_4.x | bash -
apt-get install -y nodejs



I personally do it this way:

sudo apt-get install python g++ make
wget http://nodejs.org/dist/node-latest.tar.gz
tar xvfvz node-latest.tar.gz
cd node-v0.12.0
./configure
make
sudo make install

If you want to install particular version than download the version you want from nodejs site and execute the last tree steps.
I would strongly suggest not using the default nodejs package from the distro market because it would be probably outdated. (i.e. the current for the time of writing this in the ubuntu market is v0.10.25 which is too outdated compared to the latest (v0.12.0)).




You can use nvm to install nodejs. It allows you work with different versions without conflicts.




My apt-get was old and busted, so I had to install from source. Here is what worked for me:

# get the latest version from nodejs.org. At the time of this writing, it was 0.10.24
curl -o ~/node.tar.gz http://nodejs.org/dist/v0.10.24/node-v0.10.24.tar.gz
cd
tar -zxvf node.tar.gz
cd node-v0.6.18
./configure && make && sudo make install

These steps were mostly taken from joyent's installation wiki