¿Cómo puedo formatear números como la cadena de moneda de dólares en JavaScript?


Answers

Solución corta n. ° 1:

n.toFixed(2).replace(/(\d)(?=(\d{3})+\.)/g, '$1,');

Solución corta # 2:

n.toFixed(2).replace(/./g, function(c, i, a) {
    return i && c !== "." && ((a.length - i) % 3 === 0) ? ',' + c : c;
});

PRUEBAS:

1        --> "1.00"
12       --> "12.00"
123      --> "123.00"
1234     --> "1,234.00"
12345    --> "12,345.00"
123456   --> "123,456.00"
1234567  --> "1,234,567.00"
12345.67 --> "12,345.67"

DEMO: http://jsfiddle.net/hAfMM/

Si no desea decimales al final de su número, use la siguiente expresión regular:

n.toFixed().replace(/(\d)(?=(\d{3})+(,|$))/g, '$1,')

Solución extendida:

También puede ampliar el prototipo del objeto Number para agregar soporte adicional de cualquier cantidad de decimales [0 .. n] y el tamaño de los grupos de números [0 .. x] :

/**
 * Number.prototype.format(n, x)
 * 
 * @param integer n: length of decimal
 * @param integer x: length of sections
 */
Number.prototype.format = function(n, x) {
    var re = '\\d(?=(\\d{' + (x || 3) + '})+' + (n > 0 ? '\\.' : '$') + ')';
    return this.toFixed(Math.max(0, ~~n)).replace(new RegExp(re, 'g'), '$&,');
};

1234..format();           // "1,234"
12345..format(2);         // "12,345.00"
123456.7.format(3, 2);    // "12,34,56.700"
123456.789.format(2, 4);  // "12,3456.79"

DEMO / TESTS: http://jsfiddle.net/hAfMM/435/

Solución súper extendida:

En esta versión súper extendida puede establecer diferentes tipos de delimitadores:

/**
 * Number.prototype.format(n, x, s, c)
 * 
 * @param integer n: length of decimal
 * @param integer x: length of whole part
 * @param mixed   s: sections delimiter
 * @param mixed   c: decimal delimiter
 */
Number.prototype.format = function(n, x, s, c) {
    var re = '\\d(?=(\\d{' + (x || 3) + '})+' + (n > 0 ? '\\D' : '$') + ')',
        num = this.toFixed(Math.max(0, ~~n));

    return (c ? num.replace('.', c) : num).replace(new RegExp(re, 'g'), '$&' + (s || ','));
};

12345678.9.format(2, 3, '.', ',');  // "12.345.678,90"
123456.789.format(4, 4, ' ', ':');  // "12 3456:7890"
12345678.9.format(0, 3, '-');       // "12-345-679"

DEMO / TESTS: http://jsfiddle.net/hAfMM/612/

Question

Me gustaría formatear un precio en JavaScript.
Me gustaría una función que toma un float como argumento y devuelve una string formato:

"$ 2,500.00"

¿Cuál es la mejor manera de hacer esto?




I found this from: accounting.js . Its very easy and perfectly fits my need.

// Default usage:
accounting.formatMoney(12345678); // $12,345,678.00

// European formatting (custom symbol and separators), can also use options object as second parameter:
accounting.formatMoney(4999.99, "€", 2, ".", ","); // €4.999,99

// Negative values can be formatted nicely:
accounting.formatMoney(-500000, "£ ", 0); // £ -500,000

// Simple `format` string allows control of symbol position (%v = value, %s = symbol):
accounting.formatMoney(5318008, { symbol: "GBP",  format: "%v %s" }); // 5,318,008.00 GBP

// Euro currency symbol to the right
accounting.formatMoney(5318008, {symbol: "€", precision: 2, thousand: ".", decimal : ",", format: "%v%s"}); // 1.008,00€ 




Ok, según lo que dijiste, estoy usando esto:

var DecimalSeparator = Number("1.2").toLocaleString().substr(1,1);

var AmountWithCommas = Amount.toLocaleString();
var arParts = String(AmountWithCommas).split(DecimalSeparator);
var intPart = arParts[0];
var decPart = (arParts.length > 1 ? arParts[1] : '');
decPart = (decPart + '00').substr(0,2);

return '£ ' + intPart + DecimalSeparator + decPart;

Estoy abierto a sugerencias de mejora (prefiero no incluir YUI solo para hacer esto :-)) Ya sé que debería detectar el "." en lugar de solo usarlo como el separador decimal ...




Si la cantidad es un número, digamos -123 , entonces

amount.toLocaleString('en-US', { style: 'currency', currency: 'USD' });

producirá la cadena "-$123.00" .

Aquí hay un example completo de trabajo.




As usually, there are multiple ways of doing the same thing but I would avoid using Number.prototype.toLocaleString since it can return different values based on the user settings.

I also don't recommend extending the Number.prototype - extending native objects prototypes is a bad practice since it can cause conflicts with other people code (eg libraries/frameworks/plugins) and may not be compatible with future JavaScript implementations/versions.

I believe that Regular Expressions are the best approach for the problem, here is my implementation:

/**
 * Converts number into currency format
 * @param {number} number   Number that should be converted.
 * @param {string} [decimalSeparator]    Decimal separator, defaults to '.'.
 * @param {string} [thousandsSeparator]    Thousands separator, defaults to ','.
 * @param {int} [nDecimalDigits]    Number of decimal digits, defaults to `2`.
 * @return {string} Formatted string (e.g. numberToCurrency(12345.67) returns '12,345.67')
 */
function numberToCurrency(number, decimalSeparator, thousandsSeparator, nDecimalDigits){
    //default values
    decimalSeparator = decimalSeparator || '.';
    thousandsSeparator = thousandsSeparator || ',';
    nDecimalDigits = nDecimalDigits == null? 2 : nDecimalDigits;

    var fixed = number.toFixed(nDecimalDigits), //limit/add decimal digits
        parts = new RegExp('^(-?\\d{1,3})((?:\\d{3})+)(\\.(\\d{'+ nDecimalDigits +'}))?$').exec( fixed ); //separate begin [$1], middle [$2] and decimal digits [$4]

    if(parts){ //number >= 1000 || number <= -1000
        return parts[1] + parts[2].replace(/\d{3}/g, thousandsSeparator + '$&') + (parts[4] ? decimalSeparator + parts[4] : '');
    }else{
        return fixed.replace('.', decimalSeparator);
    }
}

edited on 2010/08/30: added option to set number of decimal digits. edited on 2011/08/23: added option to set number of decimal digits to zero.




A continuación se muestra el código de Patrick Desjardins (alias Daok) con un poco de comentarios agregados y algunos cambios menores:

/* 
decimal_sep: character used as deciaml separtor, it defaults to '.' when omitted
thousands_sep: char used as thousands separator, it defaults to ',' when omitted
*/
Number.prototype.toMoney = function(decimals, decimal_sep, thousands_sep)
{ 
   var n = this,
   c = isNaN(decimals) ? 2 : Math.abs(decimals), //if decimal is zero we must take it, it means user does not want to show any decimal
   d = decimal_sep || '.', //if no decimal separator is passed we use the dot as default decimal separator (we MUST use a decimal separator)

   /*
   according to [https://.com/questions/411352/how-best-to-determine-if-an-argument-is-not-sent-to-the-javascript-function]
   the fastest way to check for not defined parameter is to use typeof value === 'undefined' 
   rather than doing value === undefined.
   */   
   t = (typeof thousands_sep === 'undefined') ? ',' : thousands_sep, //if you don't want to use a thousands separator you can pass empty string as thousands_sep value

   sign = (n < 0) ? '-' : '',

   //extracting the absolute value of the integer part of the number and converting to string
   i = parseInt(n = Math.abs(n).toFixed(c)) + '', 

   j = ((j = i.length) > 3) ? j % 3 : 0; 
   return sign + (j ? i.substr(0, j) + t : '') + i.substr(j).replace(/(\d{3})(?=\d)/g, "$1" + t) + (c ? d + Math.abs(n - i).toFixed(c).slice(2) : ''); 
}

y aquí algunas pruebas:

//some tests (do not forget parenthesis when using negative numbers and number with no decimals)
alert(123456789.67392.toMoney() + '\n' + 123456789.67392.toMoney(3) + '\n' + 123456789.67392.toMoney(0) + '\n' + (123456).toMoney() + '\n' + (123456).toMoney(0) + '\n' + 89.67392.toMoney() + '\n' + (89).toMoney());

//some tests (do not forget parenthesis when using negative numbers and number with no decimals)
alert((-123456789.67392).toMoney() + '\n' + (-123456789.67392).toMoney(-3));

Los cambios menores son:

  1. movió un poco los Math.abs(decimals) para hacerse solo cuando no es NaN .

  2. decimal_sep ya no puede ser una cadena vacía (es IMPRESCINDIBLE un separador decimal)

  3. usamos typeof thousands_sep === 'undefined' como se sugiere en Cómo determinar si un argumento no se envía a la función de JavaScript

  4. (+n || 0) no es necesario porque this es un objeto Number




Patrick Desjardins (ex Daok)'s example worked well for me. I ported over to coffeescript if anyone is interested.

Number.prototype.toMoney = (decimals = 2, decimal_separator = ".", thousands_separator = ",") ->
    n = this
    c = if isNaN(decimals) then 2 else Math.abs decimals
    sign = if n < 0 then "-" else ""
    i = parseInt(n = Math.abs(n).toFixed(c)) + ''
    j = if (j = i.length) > 3 then j % 3 else 0
    x = if j then i.substr(0, j) + thousands_separator else ''
    y = i.substr(j).replace(/(\d{3})(?=\d)/g, "$1" + thousands_separator)
    z = if c then decimal_separator + Math.abs(n - i).toFixed(c).slice(2) else ''
    sign + x + y + z



+1 a Jonathan M por proporcionar el método original. Dado que esto es explícitamente un formateador de moneda, seguí adelante y agregué el símbolo de moneda (predeterminado a '$') a la salida, y agregué una coma predeterminada como separador de miles. Si realmente no desea un símbolo de moneda (o un separador de miles), simplemente use "" (cadena vacía) como su argumento para ello.

Number.prototype.formatMoney = function(decPlaces, thouSeparator, decSeparator, currencySymbol) {
    // check the args and supply defaults:
    decPlaces = isNaN(decPlaces = Math.abs(decPlaces)) ? 2 : decPlaces;
    decSeparator = decSeparator == undefined ? "." : decSeparator;
    thouSeparator = thouSeparator == undefined ? "," : thouSeparator;
    currencySymbol = currencySymbol == undefined ? "$" : currencySymbol;

    var n = this,
        sign = n < 0 ? "-" : "",
        i = parseInt(n = Math.abs(+n || 0).toFixed(decPlaces)) + "",
        j = (j = i.length) > 3 ? j % 3 : 0;

    return sign + currencySymbol + (j ? i.substr(0, j) + thouSeparator : "") + i.substr(j).replace(/(\d{3})(?=\d)/g, "$1" + thouSeparator) + (decPlaces ? decSeparator + Math.abs(n - i).toFixed(decPlaces).slice(2) : "");
};



Haven't seen this one. It's pretty concise and easy to understand.

function moneyFormat(price, sign = '$') {
  const pieces = parseFloat(price).toFixed(2).split('')
  let ii = pieces.length - 3
  while ((ii-=3) > 0) {
    pieces.splice(ii, 0, ',')
  }
  return sign + pieces.join('')
}

console.log(
  moneyFormat(100),
  moneyFormat(1000),
  moneyFormat(10000.00),
  moneyFormat(1000000000000000000)
)

Here is a version with more options in the final output to allow formatting different currencies in different locality formats.

// higher order function that takes options then a price and will return the formatted price
const makeMoneyFormatter = ({
  sign = '$',
  delimiter = ',',
  decimal = '.',
  append = false,
  precision = 2,
  round = true,
  custom
} = {}) => value => {
  
  const e = [1, 10, 100, 1000, 10000, 100000, 1000000, 10000000]
  
  value = round
    ? (Math.round(value * e[precision]) / e[precision])
    : parseFloat(value)
  
  const pieces = value
    .toFixed(precision)
    .replace('.', decimal)
    .split('')
  
  let ii = pieces.length - (precision ? precision + 1 : 0)
  
  while ((ii-=3) > 0) {
    pieces.splice(ii, 0, delimiter)
  }
  
  if (typeof custom === 'function') {
    return custom({
      sign,
      float: value, 
      value: pieces.join('') 
    })
  }
  
  return append
    ? pieces.join('') + sign
    : sign + pieces.join('')
}

// create currency converters with the correct formatting options
const formatDollar = makeMoneyFormatter()
const formatPound = makeMoneyFormatter({ 
  sign: '£',
  precision: 0
})
const formatEuro = makeMoneyFormatter({
  sign: '€',
  delimiter: '.',
  decimal: ',',
  append: true
})

const customFormat = makeMoneyFormatter({
  round: false,
  custom: ({ value, float, sign }) => `SALE:$${value}USD`
})

console.log(
  formatPound(1000),
  formatDollar(10000.0066),
  formatEuro(100000.001),
  customFormat(999999.555)
)




Hay un puerto javascript de la función PHP "number_format".

Lo encuentro muy útil ya que es fácil de usar y reconocible para los desarrolladores de PHP.

function number_format (number, decimals, dec_point, thousands_sep) {
    var n = number, prec = decimals;

    var toFixedFix = function (n,prec) {
        var k = Math.pow(10,prec);
        return (Math.round(n*k)/k).toString();
    };

    n = !isFinite(+n) ? 0 : +n;
    prec = !isFinite(+prec) ? 0 : Math.abs(prec);
    var sep = (typeof thousands_sep === 'undefined') ? ',' : thousands_sep;
    var dec = (typeof dec_point === 'undefined') ? '.' : dec_point;

    var s = (prec > 0) ? toFixedFix(n, prec) : toFixedFix(Math.round(n), prec); 
    //fix for IE parseFloat(0.55).toFixed(0) = 0;

    var abs = toFixedFix(Math.abs(n), prec);
    var _, i;

    if (abs >= 1000) {
        _ = abs.split(/\D/);
        i = _[0].length % 3 || 3;

        _[0] = s.slice(0,i + (n < 0)) +
               _[0].slice(i).replace(/(\d{3})/g, sep+'$1');
        s = _.join(dec);
    } else {
        s = s.replace('.', dec);
    }

    var decPos = s.indexOf(dec);
    if (prec >= 1 && decPos !== -1 && (s.length-decPos-1) < prec) {
        s += new Array(prec-(s.length-decPos-1)).join(0)+'0';
    }
    else if (prec >= 1 && decPos === -1) {
        s += dec+new Array(prec).join(0)+'0';
    }
    return s; 
}

(Bloque de comentarios del original , se incluye a continuación para ejemplos y crédito donde corresponde)

// Formats a number with grouped thousands
//
// version: 906.1806
// discuss at: http://phpjs.org/functions/number_format
// +   original by: Jonas Raoni Soares Silva (http://www.jsfromhell.com)
// +   improved by: Kevin van Zonneveld (http://kevin.vanzonneveld.net)
// +     bugfix by: Michael White (http://getsprink.com)
// +     bugfix by: Benjamin Lupton
// +     bugfix by: Allan Jensen (http://www.winternet.no)
// +    revised by: Jonas Raoni Soares Silva (http://www.jsfromhell.com)
// +     bugfix by: Howard Yeend
// +    revised by: Luke Smith (http://lucassmith.name)
// +     bugfix by: Diogo Resende
// +     bugfix by: Rival
// +     input by: Kheang Hok Chin (http://www.distantia.ca/)
// +     improved by: davook
// +     improved by: Brett Zamir (http://brett-zamir.me)
// +     input by: Jay Klehr
// +     improved by: Brett Zamir (http://brett-zamir.me)
// +     input by: Amir Habibi (http://www.residence-mixte.com/)
// +     bugfix by: Brett Zamir (http://brett-zamir.me)
// *     example 1: number_format(1234.56);
// *     returns 1: '1,235'
// *     example 2: number_format(1234.56, 2, ',', ' ');
// *     returns 2: '1 234,56'
// *     example 3: number_format(1234.5678, 2, '.', '');
// *     returns 3: '1234.57'
// *     example 4: number_format(67, 2, ',', '.');
// *     returns 4: '67,00'
// *     example 5: number_format(1000);
// *     returns 5: '1,000'
// *     example 6: number_format(67.311, 2);
// *     returns 6: '67.31'
// *     example 7: number_format(1000.55, 1);
// *     returns 7: '1,000.6'
// *     example 8: number_format(67000, 5, ',', '.');
// *     returns 8: '67.000,00000'
// *     example 9: number_format(0.9, 0);
// *     returns 9: '1'
// *     example 10: number_format('1.20', 2);
// *     returns 10: '1.20'
// *     example 11: number_format('1.20', 4);
// *     returns 11: '1.2000'
// *     example 12: number_format('1.2000', 3);
// *     returns 12: '1.200'



The main part is inserting the thousand-separators, that could be done like this:

<script type="text/javascript">
function ins1000Sep(val){
  val = val.split(".");
  val[0] = val[0].split("").reverse().join("");
  val[0] = val[0].replace(/(\d{3})/g,"$1,");
  val[0] = val[0].split("").reverse().join("");
  val[0] = val[0].indexOf(",")==0?val[0].substring(1):val[0];
  return val.join(".");
}
function rem1000Sep(val){
  return val.replace(/,/g,"");
}
function formatNum(val){
  val = Math.round(val*100)/100;
  val = (""+val).indexOf(".")>-1 ? val + "00" : val + ".00";
  var dec = val.indexOf(".");
  return dec == val.length-3 || dec == 0 ? val : val.substring(0,dec+3);
}
</script>

<button onclick="alert(ins1000Sep(formatNum(12313231)));">



accounting.js es una pequeña biblioteca de JavaScript para formato numérico, monetario y de dinero.




Numeral.js - una biblioteca js para formatear números fácilmente por @adamwdraper

numeral(23456.789).format('$0,0.00'); // = "$23,456.79"



Creo que lo que quieres es f.nettotal.value = "$" + showValue.toFixed(2);




Hay una function toFixed a toFixed en javascript

var num = new Number(349);
document.write("$" + num.toFixed(2));



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