[ios4] iPhone: ¿Cómo cambiar pestañas con una animación?


8 Answers

Lo que sigue es mi intento de usar el código de drekka en el método de delegado (UITabBarControllerDelegate)

- (BOOL)tabBarController:(UITabBarController *)tabBarController shouldSelectViewController:(UIViewController *)viewController {

    NSArray *tabViewControllers = tabBarController.viewControllers;
    UIView * fromView = tabBarController.selectedViewController.view;
    UIView * toView = viewController.view;
    if (fromView == toView)
        return false;
    NSUInteger fromIndex = [tabViewControllers indexOfObject:tabBarController.selectedViewController];
    NSUInteger toIndex = [tabViewControllers indexOfObject:viewController];

    [UIView transitionFromView:fromView
                        toView:toView
                      duration:0.3
                       options: toIndex > fromIndex ? UIViewAnimationOptionTransitionFlipFromLeft : UIViewAnimationOptionTransitionFlipFromRight
                    completion:^(BOOL finished) {
                        if (finished) {
                            tabBarController.selectedIndex = toIndex;
                        }
                    }];
    return true;
}
Question

Estoy cambiando las pestañas programáticamente en una aplicación impulsada por barra de pestañas utilizando UITabBarController.selectedIndex . El problema que trato de resolver es cómo animar la transición entre las vistas. es decir. desde la vista de la pestaña actual hasta la vista de la pestaña seleccionada.

La primera idea fue hacer uso de UITabBarControllerDelegate , pero parece que no se llama cuando se cambian las pestañas mediante programación. Ahora estoy considerando el UITabBarDelegate.didSelectItem : como un posible gancho para establecer una animación de transición.

¿Alguien ha logrado animar las transiciones? Si es así, ¿cómo?




@samwize Respuesta traducida a Swift 3 - 2 pulgares arriba en este, crea un efecto de página de izquierda a derecha:

func animateToTab(toIndex: Int) {
        let tabViewControllers = viewControllers!
        let fromView = selectedViewController!.view
        let toView = tabViewControllers[toIndex].view
        let fromIndex = tabViewControllers.index(of: selectedViewController!)

        guard fromIndex != toIndex else {return}

        // Add the toView to the tab bar view
        fromView?.superview!.addSubview(toView!)

        // Position toView off screen (to the left/right of fromView)
        let screenWidth = screenSize.width
        let scrollRight = toIndex > fromIndex!
        let offset = (scrollRight ? screenWidth : -screenWidth)
        toView?.center = CGPoint(x: (fromView?.center.x)! + offset, y: (toView?.center.y)!)

        // Disable interaction during animation
        view.isUserInteractionEnabled = false

        UIView.animate(withDuration: 0.5, delay: 0.0, usingSpringWithDamping: 1, initialSpringVelocity: 0, options: UIViewAnimationOptions.curveEaseOut, animations: {

            // Slide the views by -offset
            fromView?.center = CGPoint(x: (fromView?.center.x)! - offset, y: (fromView?.center.y)!);
            toView?.center   = CGPoint(x: (toView?.center.x)! - offset, y: (toView?.center.y)!);

        }, completion: { finished in

            // Remove the old view from the tabbar view.
            fromView?.removeFromSuperview()
            self.selectedIndex = toIndex
            self.view.isUserInteractionEnabled = true
        })
    }



Swift 4+

El método UITabBarControllerDelegate debería ser así,

func tabBarController(_ tabBarController: UITabBarController, shouldSelect viewController: UIViewController) -> Bool {

    animateToTab(toIndex: (tabBarController.viewControllers?.index(of: viewController))!)
    return true
}

Y el método es,

func animateToTab(toIndex: Int) {
    let tabViewControllers = viewControllers!
    let fromView = selectedViewController!.view
    let toView = tabViewControllers[toIndex].view
    let fromIndex = tabViewControllers.index(of: selectedViewController!)

    guard fromIndex != toIndex else {return}

    // Add the toView to the tab bar view
    fromView!.superview!.addSubview(toView!)

    // Position toView off screen (to the left/right of fromView)
    let screenWidth = UIScreen.main.bounds.size.width;
    let scrollRight = toIndex > fromIndex!;
    let offset = (scrollRight ? screenWidth : -screenWidth)
    toView!.center = CGPoint(x: fromView!.center.x + offset, y: toView!.center.y)

    // Disable interaction during animation
    view.isUserInteractionEnabled = false

    UIView.animate(withDuration: 0.5, delay: 0.0, usingSpringWithDamping: 1, initialSpringVelocity: 0, options: UIViewAnimationOptions.curveEaseOut, animations: {

        // Slide the views by -offset
        fromView!.center = CGPoint(x: fromView!.center.x - offset, y: fromView!.center.y);
        toView!.center   = CGPoint(x: toView!.center.x - offset, y: toView!.center.y);

    }, completion: { finished in

        // Remove the old view from the tabbar view.
        fromView!.removeFromSuperview()
        self.selectedIndex = toIndex
        self.view.isUserInteractionEnabled = true
    });

}



una solución para la animación nerviosa ...

UIView * fromView = self.view.superview;




Aquí está mi código de trabajo (¡ para 3 pestañas , no lo he probado más!) Para animar las transiciones entre las pestañas. Se basa principalmente en la solución de drekka, pero ya se implementó en el método de delegado tabbar, por lo que debería hacer el trabajo si solo lo copia / pega ... (¡nunca se sabe!)

-(BOOL)tabBarController:(UITabBarController *)tabBarController shouldSelectViewController:(UIViewController *)viewController {

// Important! We validate that the selected tab is not the current tab, to avoid misplacing views
if (tabBarController.selectedViewController == viewController) {
    return NO;
}

// Find the selected view's index
NSUInteger controllerIndex = 0;
for (UIViewController *vc in tabBarController.viewControllers) {
    if (vc == viewController) {
        controllerIndex = [tabBarController.viewControllers indexOfObject:vc];
    }
}

CGFloat screenWidth = SCREEN_SIZE.width;

// Note: We must invert the views according to the direction of the scrolling ( FROM Left TO right or FROM right TO left )
UIView * fromView = tabBarController.selectedViewController.view;
UIView * toView = viewController.view;

[fromView.superview addSubview:toView];
CGRect fromViewInitialFrame = fromView.frame;
CGRect fromViewNewframe = fromView.frame;

CGRect toViewInitialFrame = toView.frame;

if ( controllerIndex > tabBarController.selectedIndex ) {
// FROM left TO right ( tab0 to tab1 or tab2 )

    // The final frame for the current view. It will be displaced to the left
    fromViewNewframe.origin.x = -screenWidth;
    // The initial frame for the new view. It will be displaced to the left
    toViewInitialFrame.origin.x = screenWidth;
    toView.frame = toViewInitialFrame;

} else {
// FROM right TO left ( tab2 to tab1 or tab0 )

    // The final frame for the current view. It will be displaced to the right
    fromViewNewframe.origin.x = screenWidth;
    // The initial frame for the new view. It will be displaced to the right
    toViewInitialFrame.origin.x = -screenWidth;
    toView.frame = toViewInitialFrame;
}

[UIView animateWithDuration:0.2 animations:^{
    // The new view will be placed where the initial view was placed
    toView.frame = fromViewInitialFrame;
    // The initial view will be place outside the screen bounds
    fromView.frame = fromViewNewframe;

    tabBarController.selectedIndex = controllerIndex;

    // To prevent user interaction during the animation
    [[UIApplication sharedApplication] beginIgnoringInteractionEvents];

} completion:^(BOOL finished) {

    // Before removing the initial view, we adjust its frame to avoid visual lags
    fromView.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, fromView.frame.size.width, fromView.frame.size.height);
    [fromView removeFromSuperview];

    [[UIApplication sharedApplication] endIgnoringInteractionEvents];
}];

return NO;

}




Aquí está mi solución Swift 3:

Anulo selectedIndex de mi UITabBarViewController de esta manera:

override var selectedIndex: Int{
    get{
        return super.selectedIndex
    }
    set{
        animateToTab(toIndex: newValue)
        super.selectedIndex = newValue
    }
}

Luego uso esta función que imita la animación nativa push / pop:

func animateToTab(toIndex: Int) {
    guard let tabViewControllers = viewControllers, tabViewControllers.count > toIndex, let fromViewController = selectedViewController, let fromIndex = tabViewControllers.index(of: fromViewController), fromIndex != toIndex else {return}

    view.isUserInteractionEnabled = false

    let toViewController = tabViewControllers[toIndex]
    let push = toIndex > fromIndex
    let bounds = UIScreen.main.bounds

    let offScreenCenter = CGPoint(x: fromViewController.view.center.x + bounds.width, y: toViewController.view.center.y)
    let partiallyOffCenter = CGPoint(x: fromViewController.view.center.x - bounds.width*0.25, y: fromViewController.view.center.y)

    if push{
        fromViewController.view.superview?.addSubview(toViewController.view)
        toViewController.view.center = offScreenCenter
    }else{
        fromViewController.view.superview?.insertSubview(toViewController.view, belowSubview: fromViewController.view)
        toViewController.view.center = partiallyOffCenter
    }

    UIView.animate(withDuration: 0.5, delay: 0, usingSpringWithDamping: 1, initialSpringVelocity: 0, options: .curveEaseIn, animations: {
        toViewController.view.center   = fromViewController.view.center
        fromViewController.view.center = push ? partiallyOffCenter : offScreenCenter
    }, completion: { finished in
        fromViewController.view.removeFromSuperview()
        self.view.isUserInteractionEnabled = true
    })
}

Espero que ayude :)




La respuesta de Drekka es realmente genial. Ajusté un poco la transición de desplazamiento para que la animación se pareciera más a la animación de empuje de Apple. Agregué una animación adicional al completar la primera animación para que el efecto deslizante se viera bien.

// Disable interaction during animation to avoids bugs.
self.tabBarController.view.userInteractionEnabled = NO;

// Get the views.
UIView * fromView = tabBarController.selectedViewController.view;
UIView * toView = [[tabBarController.viewControllers objectAtIndex:controllerIndex] view];

// Get the size of the view area.
CGRect viewSize = fromView.frame;
BOOL scrollRight = controllerIndex > tabBarController.selectedIndex;

// Add the to view to the tab bar view.
[fromView.superview addSubview:toView];
[fromView.superview addSubview:fromView];

self.tabBarController.selectedIndex = 0;

// Position it off screen.
toView.frame = CGRectMake((scrollRight ? (viewSize.size.width *.25) : -(viewSize.size.width * .25 )), viewSize.origin.y, viewSize.size.width, viewSize.size.height);

[UIView animateWithDuration:0.25 
             animations: ^{
                 // Animate the views on and off the screen.
                 [UIView setAnimationCurve:UIViewAnimationCurveEaseInOut];
                 fromView.frame = CGRectMake(viewSize.size.width * .95, viewSize.origin.y, viewSize.size.width, viewSize.size.height);
                 toView.frame = CGRectMake((viewSize.origin.x * .90), viewSize.origin.y, viewSize.size.width, viewSize.size.height);
             }

             completion:^(BOOL finished) {
                 if (finished) {
                     // Being new animation.
                     [UIView animateWithDuration:0.2
                                          animations: ^{
                                              [UIView setAnimationCurve:UIViewAnimationCurveLinear];
                                              fromView.frame = CGRectMake(viewSize.size.width, viewSize.origin.y, viewSize.size.width, viewSize.size.height);
                                              toView.frame = CGRectMake((viewSize.origin.x), viewSize.origin.y, viewSize.size.width, viewSize.size.height);
                                          }
                                          completion:^(BOOL finished) {
                                              if (finished) {
                                                  // Remove the old view from the tabbar view.
                                                  [fromView removeFromSuperview];
                                                  // Restore interaction.
                                                  self.tabBarController.view.userInteractionEnabled = YES;
                                              }
                                          }];
                 }
             }];



Mi solución en Swift:

Crea una clase de TabBar personalizada y configúrala en tu guión gráfico TabBar

class MainTabBarController: UITabBarController, UITabBarControllerDelegate {

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    self.delegate = self
    // Do any additional setup after loading the view.
}

func tabBarController(tabBarController: UITabBarController, shouldSelectViewController viewController: UIViewController) -> Bool {


    let tabViewControllers = tabBarController.viewControllers!
    let fromView = tabBarController.selectedViewController!.view
    let toView = viewController.view

    if (fromView == toView) {
        return false
    }

    let fromIndex = tabViewControllers.indexOf(tabBarController.selectedViewController!)
    let toIndex = tabViewControllers.indexOf(viewController)

    let offScreenRight = CGAffineTransformMakeTranslation(toView.frame.width, 0)
    let offScreenLeft = CGAffineTransformMakeTranslation(-toView.frame.width, 0)

    // start the toView to the right of the screen


    if (toIndex < fromIndex) {
        toView.transform = offScreenLeft
        fromView.transform = offScreenRight
    } else {
        toView.transform = offScreenRight
        fromView.transform = offScreenLeft
    }

    fromView.tag = 124
    toView.addSubview(fromView)

    self.view.userInteractionEnabled = false
    UIView.animateWithDuration(0.5, delay: 0.0, usingSpringWithDamping: 1, initialSpringVelocity: 0, options: UIViewAnimationOptions.CurveEaseOut, animations: {

        toView.transform = CGAffineTransformIdentity

        }, completion: { finished in

            let subViews = toView.subviews
            for subview in subViews{
                if (subview.tag == 124) {
                    subview.removeFromSuperview()
                }
            }
            tabBarController.selectedIndex = toIndex!
            self.view.userInteractionEnabled = true

    })

    return true
 }

}



Creo que puede lograr fácilmente transiciones para UITabBarControlelr usando CATransition; Esto también resolverá los efectos secundarios del uso de transitionFromView: toView:

Use esto dentro de su clase personalizada TabBarController extendida desde UITabBarController.

- (void)tabBarController:(UITabBarController *)tabBarController didSelectViewController (UIViewController*)viewController {

    CATransition *animation = [CATransition animation];
    [animation setType:kCATransitionFade];
    [animation setDuration:0.25];
    [animation setTimingFunction:[CAMediaTimingFunction functionWithName:
                              kCAMediaTimingFunctionEaseIn]];
    [self.view.window.layer addAnimation:animation forKey:@"fadeTransition"];
}

Espero que esto ayude :)




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