[android] ¿Cómo crear una lista desplegable?


Answers

Spinner xml:

<Spinner
      android:id="@+id/spinner"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="match_parent" />

Java:

public class MainActivity extends Activity implements OnItemSelectedListener{

    private Spinner spinner;
    private static final String[]paths = {"item 1", "item 2", "item 3"};

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState){
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main_layout);

        spinner = (Spinner)findViewById(R.id.spinner);
        ArrayAdapter<String>adapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(MainActivity.this,
                android.R.layout.simple_spinner_item,paths);

        adapter.setDropDownViewResource(android.R.layout.simple_spinner_dropdown_item);
        spinner.setAdapter(adapter);
        spinner.setOnItemSelectedListener(this);

    }

    public void onItemSelected(AdapterView<?> parent, View v, int position, long id) {

        switch (position) {
            case 0:
                // Whatever you want to happen when the first item gets selected
                break;
            case 1:
                // Whatever you want to happen when the second item gets selected
                break;
            case 2:
                // Whatever you want to happen when the thrid item gets selected
                break;

        }
    }

}
Question

¿Cómo puedo crear una lista desplegable? Probé una ScrollView pero no es exactamente lo que necesito.




Este código es muy bueno para mí, espero que te ayude también.

item.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:padding="1dip" >
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/spinnerItem"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:padding="2dp"
        android:textSize="12sp" >
    </TextView>
</RelativeLayout>

details.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:layout_marginBottom="20dp"
        android:background="#FF00FF">   
    <Spinner
            android:id="@+id/dropStatus"
            android:layout_width="250dp"
            android:layout_height="30dp"
            android:layout_marginBottom="7dp"
            android:drawSelectorOnTop="true"/> 
</LinearLayout>

Clase de adaptador:

import java.util.ArrayList;

import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.Resources;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class StatusAdapter extends ArrayAdapter<StatusBean> {

    private Context context;
    private ArrayList<StatusBean> statuses;
    public Resources res;
    StatusBean currRowVal = null;
    LayoutInflater inflater;

    public StatusAdapter(Context context,
            int textViewResourceId, ArrayList<StatusBean> statuses,
            Resources resLocal) {
        super(context, textViewResourceId, statuses);
        this.context = context;
        this.statuses = statuses;
        this.res = resLocal;        
        inflater = (LayoutInflater) context.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
    }

    @Override
    public View getDropDownView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
        return getCustomView(position, convertView, parent);
    }

    @Override
    public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
        return getCustomView(position, convertView, parent);
    }

    public View getCustomView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
        View row = inflater.inflate(R.layout.status_item, parent, false);
        currRowVal = null;
        currRowVal = (StatusBean) statuses.get(position);
        TextView label = (TextView) row.findViewById(R.id.spinnerItem);
        if (position == 0) {
            label.setText("Please select status");
        } else {
            label.setText(currRowVal.getStatus());
        }

        return row;
    }
}

Clase StatusBean:

public class StatusBean {

    private String status;
    private String statusCode;

    public StatusBean() {
    }

    public StatusBean(String status,
            String statusCode) {
        this.status = status;
        this.statusCode = statusCode;
    }

    public String getStatus() {
        return status;
    }

    public void setStatus(String status) {
        this.status =  status;
    }

    public String getStatusCode() {
        return statusCode;
    }

    public void setStatusCode(String statusCode) {
        this.statusCode = statusCode;
    }
}

Clase de actividad:

Dentro deCreate methos:

static ArrayList<StatusBean> STATUS_LIST = new ArrayList<StatusBean>();

for(int i=0;i<=10;i++) {
STATUS_LIST.add(new StatusBean(“Status ”+i, “Stattus ”+i));
}

final Spinner  dropStatus = (Spinner)findViewById(R.id.dropStatus);
            Resources res = getResources(); 
            StatusAdapter adapter = new StatusAdapter(this, R.layout.item, SessionData. STATUS_LIST, res);
            dropStatus.setAdapter(adapter);



El menú desplegable se conoce como spinners en Android. Y la mejor guía es-

Spinner




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