[Java] cryptage android / décryptage avec AES



Answers

import java.security.AlgorithmParameters;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.security.spec.KeySpec;

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;
import javax.crypto.SecretKeyFactory;
import javax.crypto.spec.IvParameterSpec;
import javax.crypto.spec.PBEKeySpec;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;

class SecurityUtils {

  private static final byte[] salt = { (byte) 0xA4, (byte) 0x0B, (byte) 0xC8,
      (byte) 0x34, (byte) 0xD6, (byte) 0x95, (byte) 0xF3, (byte) 0x13 };

  private static int BLOCKS = 128;

  public static byte[] encryptAES(String seed, String cleartext)
      throws Exception {
    byte[] rawKey = getRawKey(seed.getBytes("UTF8"));
    SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(rawKey, "AES");
    Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES");
    cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, skeySpec);
    return cipher.doFinal(cleartext.getBytes("UTF8"));
  }

  public static byte[] decryptAES(String seed, byte[] data) throws Exception {
    byte[] rawKey = getRawKey(seed.getBytes("UTF8"));
    SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(rawKey, "AES");
    Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES");
    cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, skeySpec);
    return cipher.doFinal(data);
  }

  private static byte[] getRawKey(byte[] seed) throws Exception {
    KeyGenerator kgen = KeyGenerator.getInstance("AES");
    SecureRandom sr = SecureRandom.getInstance("SHA1PRNG");
    sr.setSeed(seed);
    kgen.init(BLOCKS, sr); // 192 and 256 bits may not be available
    SecretKey skey = kgen.generateKey();
    byte[] raw = skey.getEncoded();
    return raw;
  }

  private static byte[] pad(byte[] seed) {
    byte[] nseed = new byte[BLOCKS / 8];
    for (int i = 0; i < BLOCKS / 8; i++)
      nseed[i] = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < seed.length; i++)
      nseed[i] = seed[i];

    return nseed;
  }

  public static byte[] encryptPBE(String password, String cleartext)
      throws Exception {
    SecretKeyFactory factory = SecretKeyFactory
        .getInstance("PBKDF2WithHmacSHA1");
    KeySpec spec = new PBEKeySpec(password.toCharArray(), salt, 1024, 256);
    SecretKey tmp = factory.generateSecret(spec);
    SecretKey secret = new SecretKeySpec(tmp.getEncoded(), "AES");

    Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS5Padding");
    cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, secret);
    AlgorithmParameters params = cipher.getParameters();
    byte[] iv = params.getParameterSpec(IvParameterSpec.class).getIV();
    return cipher.doFinal(cleartext.getBytes("UTF-8"));
  }

  public static String decryptPBE(SecretKey secret, String ciphertext,
      byte[] iv) throws Exception {
    Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS5Padding");
    cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, secret, new IvParameterSpec(iv));
    return new String(cipher.doFinal(ciphertext.getBytes()), "UTF-8");
  }

}
Question

Existe-t-il un bon exemple de AES / décryptage de l' Image et d'autres fichiers avec AES sur Android? Je travaille sur un projet qui a besoin de crypter / décrypter des données mais je ne suis pas vraiment sûr de savoir comment le faire.




Si vous cryptez un fichier texte, le test / échantillon suivant peut être utile. Il fait ce qui suit:

  1. Créer un flux d'octets,
  2. enveloppe cela avec le cryptage AES,
  3. Envelopper ensuite avec le traitement de texte
  4. et enfin tamponne

    // AESdemo
    
    public class AESdemo extends Activity {
        boolean encryptionIsOn = true;
    
        @Override
        protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
            super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
            setContentView(R.layout.activity_aesdemo);
            // needs <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
            String homeDirName = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath() +
                    "/" + getPackageName();
            File file = new File(homeDirName, "test.txt");
            byte[] keyBytes = getKey("password");
    
            try {
                File dir = new File(homeDirName);
                if (!dir.exists())
                    dir.mkdirs();
                if (!file.exists())
                    file.createNewFile();
    
                OutputStreamWriter osw;
    
                if (encryptionIsOn) {
                    Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS5Padding");
                    SecretKeySpec secretKeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(keyBytes, "AES");
                    IvParameterSpec ivParameterSpec = new IvParameterSpec(keyBytes);
                    cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, secretKeySpec, ivParameterSpec);
    
                    FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(file);
                    CipherOutputStream cos = new CipherOutputStream(fos, cipher);
                    osw = new OutputStreamWriter(cos, "UTF-8");
                }
                else    // not encryptionIsOn
                    osw = new FileWriter(file);
    
                BufferedWriter out = new BufferedWriter(osw);
                out.write("This is a test\n");
                out.close();
            }
            catch (Exception e) {
                System.out.println("Encryption Exception "+e);
            }
    
            ///////////////////////////////////
            try {
                InputStreamReader isr;
    
                if (encryptionIsOn) {
                    Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS5Padding");
                    SecretKeySpec secretKeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(keyBytes, "AES");
                    IvParameterSpec ivParameterSpec = new IvParameterSpec(keyBytes);
                    cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, secretKeySpec, ivParameterSpec);
    
                    FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(file);
                    CipherInputStream cis = new CipherInputStream(fis, cipher);
                    isr = new InputStreamReader(cis, "UTF-8");
                }
                else
                    isr = new FileReader(file);
    
                BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(isr);
                String line = in.readLine();
                System.out.println("Text read: <"+line+">");
                in.close();
            }
            catch (Exception e) {
                System.out.println("Decryption Exception "+e);
            }
        }
    
        private byte[] getKey(String password) throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
            String key = "";
            while (key.length() < 16)
                key += password;
            return key.substring(0, 16).getBytes("UTF-8");
        }
    }
    






Pour ajouter le château gonflable au projet Android: https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.bouncycastle/bcprov-jdk16/1.45

Ajoutez cette ligne dans votre activité principale:

static {
    Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleProvider());
}
public class AESHelper {

    private static final String TAG = "AESHelper";

    public static byte[] encrypt(byte[] data, String initVector, String key) {
        try {
            IvParameterSpec iv = new IvParameterSpec(initVector.getBytes("UTF-8"));
            Cipher c = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS5PADDING");
            SecretKeySpec k = new SecretKeySpec(Base64.decode(key, Base64.DEFAULT), "AES");
            c.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, k, iv);
            return c.doFinal(data);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return null;
    }

    public static byte[] decrypt(byte[] data, String initVector, String key) {
        try {
            IvParameterSpec iv = new IvParameterSpec(initVector.getBytes("UTF-8"));
            Cipher c = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS5PADDING");
            SecretKeySpec k = new SecretKeySpec(Base64.decode(key, Base64.DEFAULT), "AES");
            c.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, k, iv);
            return c.doFinal(data);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return null;
    }

    public static String keyGenerator() throws NoSuchAlgorithmException {
        KeyGenerator keyGenerator = KeyGenerator.getInstance("AES");
        keyGenerator.init(192);

        return Base64.encodeToString(keyGenerator.generateKey().getEncoded(),
                Base64.DEFAULT);
    }
}



Links