[ios] Come posso registrare l'audio su iPhone con AVAudioRecorder?


Answers

Anche se questa è una domanda a risposta (e un po 'vecchia) ho deciso di pubblicare il mio codice di lavoro completo per gli altri che trovava difficile trovare un buon esempio di riproduzione e registrazione funzionante (inclusa la codifica, pcm, riproduzione tramite altoparlante , scrivi qui per file:

AudioPlayerViewController.h:

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import <AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h>

@interface AudioPlayerViewController : UIViewController {
AVAudioPlayer *audioPlayer;
AVAudioRecorder *audioRecorder;
int recordEncoding;
enum
{
    ENC_AAC = 1,
    ENC_ALAC = 2,
    ENC_IMA4 = 3,
    ENC_ILBC = 4,
    ENC_ULAW = 5,
    ENC_PCM = 6,
} encodingTypes;
}

-(IBAction) startRecording;
-(IBAction) stopRecording;
-(IBAction) playRecording;
-(IBAction) stopPlaying;

@end

AudioPlayerViewController.m:

#import "AudioPlayerViewController.h"

@implementation AudioPlayerViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
    recordEncoding = ENC_AAC;
}

-(IBAction) startRecording
{
NSLog(@"startRecording");
[audioRecorder release];
audioRecorder = nil;

// Init audio with record capability
AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
[audioSession setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryRecord error:nil];

NSMutableDictionary *recordSettings = [[NSMutableDictionary alloc] initWithCapacity:10];
if(recordEncoding == ENC_PCM)
{
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatLinearPCM] forKey: AVFormatIDKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0] forKey: AVSampleRateKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt:2] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt:16] forKey:AVLinearPCMBitDepthKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsBigEndianKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsFloatKey];   
}
else
{
    NSNumber *formatObject;

    switch (recordEncoding) {
        case (ENC_AAC): 
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatMPEG4AAC];
            break;
        case (ENC_ALAC):
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatAppleLossless];
            break;
        case (ENC_IMA4):
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatAppleIMA4];
            break;
        case (ENC_ILBC):
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatiLBC];
            break;
        case (ENC_ULAW):
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatULaw];
            break;
        default:
            formatObject = [NSNumber numberWithInt: kAudioFormatAppleIMA4];
    }

    [recordSettings setObject:formatObject forKey: AVFormatIDKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0] forKey: AVSampleRateKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt:2] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt:12800] forKey:AVEncoderBitRateKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt:16] forKey:AVLinearPCMBitDepthKey];
    [recordSettings setObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt: AVAudioQualityHigh] forKey: AVEncoderAudioQualityKey];
}

NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@/recordTest.caf", [[NSBundle mainBundle] resourcePath]]];


NSError *error = nil;
audioRecorder = [[ AVAudioRecorder alloc] initWithURL:url settings:recordSettings error:&error];

if ([audioRecorder prepareToRecord] == YES){
    [audioRecorder record];
}else {
    int errorCode = CFSwapInt32HostToBig ([error code]); 
    NSLog(@"Error: %@ [%4.4s])" , [error localizedDescription], (char*)&errorCode); 

}
NSLog(@"recording");
}

-(IBAction) stopRecording
{
NSLog(@"stopRecording");
[audioRecorder stop];
NSLog(@"stopped");
}

-(IBAction) playRecording
{
NSLog(@"playRecording");
// Init audio with playback capability
AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
[audioSession setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayback error:nil];

NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@/recordTest.caf", [[NSBundle mainBundle] resourcePath]]];
NSError *error;
audioPlayer = [[AVAudioPlayer alloc] initWithContentsOfURL:url error:&error];
audioPlayer.numberOfLoops = 0;
[audioPlayer play];
NSLog(@"playing");
}

-(IBAction) stopPlaying
{
NSLog(@"stopPlaying");
[audioPlayer stop];
NSLog(@"stopped");
}

- (void)dealloc
{
[audioPlayer release];
[audioRecorder release];
[super dealloc];
}

@end

Spero che questo aiuti alcuni di voi ragazzi.

Question

Ora che sdk per iPhone 3.0 è pubblico, penso di poter fare questa domanda per quelli di voi che hanno già giocato con il sdk 3.0. Voglio registrare l'audio nella mia applicazione, ma voglio usare AVAudioRecorder e non il vecchio modo di registrare come nell'esempio SpeakHere. Non ci sono esempi su come fare al meglio in iPhone Dev Center e solo fare riferimento alle classi. Sono un principiante nello sviluppo di iPhone, quindi sto cercando un semplice esempio per iniziare. Grazie in anticipo.




Nel seguente link puoi trovare informazioni utili sulla registrazione con AVAudioRecording. In questo collegamento nella prima parte "USing Audio" c'è un'ancora chiamata "Recording with the AVAudioRecorder Class" che ti porta all'esempio.

AudioVideo Conceptual MultimediaPG




-(void)viewDidLoad {
 // Setup audio session
    AVAudioSession *session = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
    [session setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayAndRecord error:nil];

    // Define the recorder setting
    NSMutableDictionary *recordSetting = [[NSMutableDictionary alloc] init];

    [recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithInt:kAudioFormatMPEG4AAC] forKey:AVFormatIDKey];
    [recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0] forKey:AVSampleRateKey];
    [recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithInt: 2] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];

    // Initiate and prepare the recorder
    recorder = [[AVAudioRecorder alloc] initWithURL:outputFileURL settings:recordSetting error:NULL];
    recorder.delegate = self;
    recorder.meteringEnabled = YES;
    [recorder prepareToRecord];

}    

- (IBAction)btnRecordDidClicked:(UIButton *)sender {
        if (player1.playing) {
            [player1 stop];
        }

        if (!recorder.recording) {
            AVAudioSession *session = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
            [session setActive:YES error:nil];

            // Start recording
            [recorder record];
            [_recordTapped setTitle:@"Pause" forState:UIControlStateNormal];

        } else {

            // Pause recording
            [recorder pause];
            [_recordTapped setTitle:@"Record" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
        }

        [_stopTapped setEnabled:YES];
        [_playTapped setEnabled:NO];

    }

    - (IBAction)btnPlayDidClicked:(UIButton *)sender {
        if (!recorder.recording){
            player1 = [[AVAudioPlayer alloc] initWithContentsOfURL:recorder.url error:nil];
            [player1 setDelegate:self];
            [player1 play];
        }
    }

    - (IBAction)btnStopDidClicked:(UIButton *)sender {
        [recorder stop];
        AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
        [audioSession setActive:NO error:nil];
    }

    - (void) audioRecorderDidFinishRecording:(AVAudioRecorder *)avrecorder successfully:(BOOL)flag{
        [_recordTapped setTitle:@"play" forState:UIControlStateNormal];

        [_stopTapped setEnabled:NO];
        [_playTapped setEnabled:YES];

    }



per il formato wav sotto l'impostazione audio

NSDictionary *audioSetting = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:
                              [NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0],AVSampleRateKey,
                              [NSNumber numberWithInt:2],AVNumberOfChannelsKey,
                              [NSNumber numberWithInt:16],AVLinearPCMBitDepthKey,
                              [NSNumber numberWithInt:kAudioFormatLinearPCM],AVFormatIDKey,
                              [NSNumber numberWithBool:NO], AVLinearPCMIsFloatKey, 
                              [NSNumber numberWithBool:0], AVLinearPCMIsBigEndianKey,
                              [NSNumber numberWithBool:NO], AVLinearPCMIsNonInterleaved,
                              [NSData data], AVChannelLayoutKey, nil];

ref: http://objective-audio.jp/2010/09/avassetreaderavassetwriter.html




È davvero utile. L'unico problema che ho avuto è stata la dimensione del file audio creato dopo la registrazione. Avevo bisogno di ridurre le dimensioni del file, così ho apportato alcune modifiche alle impostazioni.

NSMutableDictionary *recordSetting = [[NSMutableDictionary alloc] init];
[recordSetting setValue :[NSNumber numberWithInt:kAudioFormatAppleIMA4] forKey:AVFormatIDKey];
[recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:16000.0] forKey:AVSampleRateKey];
[recordSetting setValue:[NSNumber numberWithInt: 1] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];

Dimensione del file ridotta da 360kb a soli 25kb (registrazione di 2 secondi).




Grazie a @Massimo Cafaro e Shaybc sono riuscito a ottenere i seguenti compiti

in iOS 8:

Registra audio e salva

Riproduci la registrazione salvata

1.Aggiungi "AVFoundation.framework" al tuo progetto

nel file .h

2.Aggiungi sotto la dichiarazione di importazione 'AVFoundation / AVFoundation.h'.

3. Definire "AVAudioRecorderDelegate"

4. Crea un layout con i pulsanti Registra, Riproduci e le relative methid di azione

5. Regolare il registratore e il lettore ecc.

Ecco il codice di esempio completo che può aiutarti.

ViewController.h

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import <AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h>

@interface ViewController : UIViewController <AVAudioRecorderDelegate>

@property(nonatomic,strong) AVAudioRecorder *recorder;
@property(nonatomic,strong) NSMutableDictionary *recorderSettings;
@property(nonatomic,strong) NSString *recorderFilePath;
@property(nonatomic,strong) AVAudioPlayer *audioPlayer;
@property(nonatomic,strong) NSString *audioFileName;

- (IBAction)startRecording:(id)sender;
- (IBAction)stopRecording:(id)sender;

- (IBAction)startPlaying:(id)sender;
- (IBAction)stopPlaying:(id)sender;

@end

Quindi fai il lavoro

ViewController.m

#import "ViewController.h"

#define DOCUMENTS_FOLDER [NSHomeDirectory() stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"Documents"]

@interface ViewController ()
@end

@implementation ViewController

@synthesize recorder,recorderSettings,recorderFilePath;
@synthesize audioPlayer,audioFileName;


#pragma mark - View Controller Life cycle methods
- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
}
- (void)didReceiveMemoryWarning
{
    [super didReceiveMemoryWarning];
}


#pragma mark - Audio Recording
- (IBAction)startRecording:(id)sender
{
    AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
    NSError *err = nil;
    [audioSession setCategory :AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayAndRecord error:&err];
    if(err)
    {
        NSLog(@"audioSession: %@ %ld %@", [err domain], (long)[err code], [[err userInfo] description]);
        return;
    }
    [audioSession setActive:YES error:&err];
    err = nil;
    if(err)
    {
        NSLog(@"audioSession: %@ %ld %@", [err domain], (long)[err code], [[err userInfo] description]);
        return;
    }

    recorderSettings = [[NSMutableDictionary alloc] init];
    [recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithInt:kAudioFormatLinearPCM] forKey:AVFormatIDKey];
    [recorderSettings setValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:44100.0] forKey:AVSampleRateKey];
    [recorderSettings setValue:[NSNumber numberWithInt: 2] forKey:AVNumberOfChannelsKey];
    [recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithInt:16] forKey:AVLinearPCMBitDepthKey];
    [recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsBigEndianKey];
    [recorderSettings setValue :[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO] forKey:AVLinearPCMIsFloatKey];

    // Create a new audio file
    audioFileName = @"recordingTestFile";
    recorderFilePath = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@/%@.caf", DOCUMENTS_FOLDER, audioFileName] ;

    NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:recorderFilePath];
    err = nil;
    recorder = [[ AVAudioRecorder alloc] initWithURL:url settings:recorderSettings error:&err];
    if(!recorder){
        NSLog(@"recorder: %@ %ld %@", [err domain], (long)[err code], [[err userInfo] description]);
        UIAlertView *alert =
        [[UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle: @"Warning" message: [err localizedDescription] delegate: nil
                         cancelButtonTitle:@"OK" otherButtonTitles:nil];
        [alert show];
        return;
    }

    //prepare to record
    [recorder setDelegate:self];
    [recorder prepareToRecord];
    recorder.meteringEnabled = YES;

    BOOL audioHWAvailable = audioSession.inputIsAvailable;
    if (! audioHWAvailable) {
        UIAlertView *cantRecordAlert =
        [[UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle: @"Warning"message: @"Audio input hardware not available"
                                  delegate: nil cancelButtonTitle:@"OK" otherButtonTitles:nil];
        [cantRecordAlert show];
        return;
    }

    // start recording
    [recorder recordForDuration:(NSTimeInterval) 60];//Maximum recording time : 60 seconds default
    NSLog(@"Recroding Started");
}

- (IBAction)stopRecording:(id)sender
{
    [recorder stop];
    NSLog(@"Recording Stopped");
}

- (void)audioRecorderDidFinishRecording:(AVAudioRecorder *) aRecorder successfully:(BOOL)flag
{
    NSLog (@"audioRecorderDidFinishRecording:successfully:");
}


#pragma mark - Audio Playing
- (IBAction)startPlaying:(id)sender
{
    NSLog(@"playRecording");

    AVAudioSession *audioSession = [AVAudioSession sharedInstance];
    [audioSession setCategory:AVAudioSessionCategoryPlayback error:nil];

     NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@/%@.caf", DOCUMENTS_FOLDER, audioFileName]];
    NSError *error;
    audioPlayer = [[AVAudioPlayer alloc] initWithContentsOfURL:url error:&error];
    audioPlayer.numberOfLoops = 0;
    [audioPlayer play];
    NSLog(@"playing");
}
- (IBAction)stopPlaying:(id)sender
{
    [audioPlayer stop];
    NSLog(@"stopped");
}

@end




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