Android 용 TextView 자동 맞춤 설정


Answers

나는 M-WaJeEh의 답을 수정하여 양면에 복합 드로어 블을 고려했습니다.

getCompoundPaddingXXXX() 메소드 padding of the view + drawable space 반환 padding of the view + drawable space . 다음을 참조하십시오. TextView.getCompoundPaddingLeft()

문제 : 텍스트에 사용할 수있는 TextView 공간의 너비와 높이를 측정합니다. 드로어 블 크기를 고려하지 않으면 무시되며 텍스트는 드로어 블과 겹치게됩니다.

업데이트 된 세그먼트 adjustTextSize(String) :

private void adjustTextSize(final String text) {
  if (!mInitialized) {
    return;
  }
  int heightLimit = getMeasuredHeight() - getCompoundPaddingBottom() - getCompoundPaddingTop();
  mWidthLimit = getMeasuredWidth() - getCompoundPaddingLeft() - getCompoundPaddingRight();

  mAvailableSpaceRect.right = mWidthLimit;
  mAvailableSpaceRect.bottom = heightLimit;

  int maxTextSplits = text.split(" ").length;
  AutoResizeTextView.super.setMaxLines(Math.min(maxTextSplits, mMaxLines));

  super.setTextSize(
      TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX,
      binarySearch((int) mMinTextSize, (int) mMaxTextSize,
                   mSizeTester, mAvailableSpaceRect));
}
Question

배경

많은 경우 TextView의 글꼴을 주어진 경계에 자동으로 맞추어야합니다.

문제

슬프게도이 문제 ( here , here , here )에 대해 많은 스레드와 게시물 (및 제안 된 솔루션)이 있지만 실제로는 아무 문제가 없습니다.

그게 바로 내가 실제 거래를 찾을 때까지 각자를 테스트하기로 결정한 이유입니다.

그런 textView의 요구 사항은 다음과 같아야한다고 생각합니다.

  1. 글꼴, 활자체, 스타일 및 문자 세트 사용을 허용해야합니다.

  2. 너비와 높이를 모두 처리해야합니다.

  3. 한계로 인해 텍스트가 적합하지 않으면 절단하지 않습니다. 예를 들어 텍스트가 너무 깁니다. 사용 가능한 크기가 너무 작습니다. 그러나 원하는 경우 수평 / 수직 스크롤 바를 요청할 수 있습니다.

  4. 여러 줄 또는 한 줄을 허용해야합니다. 멀티 라인의 경우, 최대 및 최소 라인을 허용하십시오.

  5. 계산 속도가 느려서는 안됩니다. 최상의 크기를 찾는 데 루프를 사용합니까? 적어도 최적화하고 매번 샘플링을 1 씩 증가시키지 마십시오.

  6. 멀티 라인의 경우, 크기를 조정하거나 더 많은 라인을 사용하거나, "\ n"문자를 사용하여 라인을 직접 선택할 수 있어야합니다.

내가 시도한 것

나는 많은 샘플 (링크에 대한 것들을 포함하여, 나는 썼다.)을 시도해 보았고, 나는 또한 그것들을 수정하기 위해 시도했다.

TextView가 자동으로 올바르게 표시되는지 시각적으로 확인할 수있는 샘플 프로젝트를 만들었습니다.

현재 샘플 프로젝트는 텍스트 (영어 알파벳 + 숫자)와 textView의 크기를 무작위로 추출하여 한 줄로 남겨 둡니다. 그러나이 방법도 제가 시도한 샘플에서는 잘 작동하지 않습니다.

코드는 다음과 같습니다 ( here 에서도 사용 가능).

파일 res/layout/activity_main.xml

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
  xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools" android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="match_parent" tools:context=".MainActivity">
  <Button android:id="@+id/button1" android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
    android:layout_centerHorizontal="true" android:text="Button" />
  <FrameLayout android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_above="@+id/button1"
    android:layout_alignParentLeft="true" android:background="#ffff0000"
    android:layout_alignParentRight="true" android:id="@+id/container"
    android:layout_alignParentTop="true" />

</RelativeLayout>

src/.../MainActivity.java 파일

public class MainActivity extends Activity
  {
  private final Random        _random            =new Random();
  private static final String ALLOWED_CHARACTERS ="qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmQWERTYUIOPASDFGHJKLZXCVBNM1234567890";

  @Override
  protected void onCreate(final Bundle savedInstanceState)
    {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    final ViewGroup container=(ViewGroup)findViewById(R.id.container);
    findViewById(R.id.button1).setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener()
      {
        @Override
        public void onClick(final View v)
          {
          container.removeAllViews();
          final int maxWidth=container.getWidth();
          final int maxHeight=container.getHeight();
          final FontFitTextView fontFitTextView=new FontFitTextView(MainActivity.this);
          final int width=_random.nextInt(maxWidth)+1;
          final int height=_random.nextInt(maxHeight)+1;
          fontFitTextView.setLayoutParams(new LayoutParams(width,height));
          fontFitTextView.setSingleLine();
          fontFitTextView.setBackgroundColor(0xff00ff00);
          final String text=getRandomText();
          fontFitTextView.setText(text);
          container.addView(fontFitTextView);
          Log.d("DEBUG","width:"+width+" height:"+height+" text:"+text);
          }
      });
    }

  private String getRandomText()
    {
    final int textLength=_random.nextInt(20)+1;
    final StringBuilder builder=new StringBuilder();
    for(int i=0;i<textLength;++i)
      builder.append(ALLOWED_CHARACTERS.charAt(_random.nextInt(ALLOWED_CHARACTERS.length())));
    return builder.toString();
    }
  }

질문

아무도 실제로 작동하는 일반적인 문제에 대한 해결책을 알고 있습니까?

심지어 필자가 썼던 것보다 훨씬 적은 기능을 가진 솔루션조차도, 예를 들어 일정한 수의 텍스트 행을 가지며 그 크기에 따라 글꼴을 조정하지만, 이상한 결함을 가지지 않고 텍스트도 갖지 않는 솔루션 사용 가능한 공간보다 크거나 작습니다.

GitHub 프로젝트

이것이 중요한 TextView이기 때문에 모든 사람들이 쉽게 사용할 수 있고 here 기여할 수 있도록 라이브러리를 게시하기로 결정했습니다.




If you are looking for something easier:

 public MyTextView extends TextView{

    public void resize(String text, float textViewWidth, float textViewHeight) {
       Paint p = new Paint();
       Rect bounds = new Rect();
       p.setTextSize(1);
       p.getTextBounds(text, 0, text.length(), bounds);
       float widthDifference = (textViewWidth)/bounds.width();
       float heightDifference = (textViewHeight);
       textSize = Math.min(widthDifference, heightDifference);
       setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, textSize);
}



이 문제에 대한 공식적인 해결책이 있습니다. Android O에서 소개 된 TextViews 자동 크기 조정은 Support Library 26에서 사용할 수 있으며 Android 4.0까지 역 호환됩니다.

https://developer.android.com/preview/features/autosizing-textview.html

https://.com/a/42940171/47680 에이 정보가 포함 된 이유가 관리자에 의해 삭제되었는지 잘 모르겠습니다.




아래는 사용자 정의 글꼴 기능이 추가 된 avalancha TextView입니다.

용법:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<FrameLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:foo="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="match_parent" >

                <de.meinprospekt.androidhd.view.AutoFitText
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="10dp"
                android:text="Small Text"
                android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
                android:textSize="100sp"
                foo:customFont="fonts/Roboto-Light.ttf" />

</FrameLayout>

다음을 추가하는 것을 잊지 마십시오 : xmlns : foo = "http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto". 글꼴은 자산 firectory에 있어야합니다.

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.TypedArray;
import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.graphics.Typeface;
import android.os.Build;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.Log;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup.LayoutParams;
import android.view.ViewTreeObserver;
import android.view.ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener;
import android.widget.TextView;
import de.meinprospekt.androidhd.R;
import de.meinprospekt.androidhd.adapter.BrochuresHorizontalAdapter;
import de.meinprospekt.androidhd.util.LOG;

/**
 * https://.com/a/16174468/2075875 This class builds a new android Widget named AutoFitText which can be used instead of a TextView to
 * have the text font size in it automatically fit to match the screen width. Credits go largely to Dunni, gjpc, gregm and speedplane from
 * , method has been (style-) optimized and rewritten to match android coding standards and our MBC. This version upgrades the original
 * "AutoFitTextView" to now also be adaptable to height and to accept the different TextView types (Button, TextClock etc.)
 * 
 * @author pheuschk
 * @createDate: 18.04.2013
 * 
 * combined with: https://.com/a/7197867/2075875
 */
@SuppressWarnings("unused")
public class AutoFitText extends TextView {

    private static final String TAG = AutoFitText.class.getSimpleName();

    /** Global min and max for text size. Remember: values are in pixels! */
    private final int MIN_TEXT_SIZE = 10;
    private final int MAX_TEXT_SIZE = 400;

    /** Flag for singleLine */
    private boolean mSingleLine = false;

    /**
     * A dummy {@link TextView} to test the text size without actually showing anything to the user
     */
    private TextView mTestView;

    /**
     * A dummy {@link Paint} to test the text size without actually showing anything to the user
     */
    private Paint mTestPaint;

    /**
     * Scaling factor for fonts. It's a method of calculating independently (!) from the actual density of the screen that is used so users have the
     * same experience on different devices. We will use DisplayMetrics in the Constructor to get the value of the factor and then calculate SP from
     * pixel values
     */
    private float mScaledDensityFactor;

    /**
     * Defines how close we want to be to the factual size of the Text-field. Lower values mean higher precision but also exponentially higher
     * computing cost (more loop runs)
     */
    private final float mThreshold = 0.5f;

    /**
     * Constructor for call without attributes --> invoke constructor with AttributeSet null
     * 
     * @param context
     */
    public AutoFitText(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }

    public AutoFitText(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
        init(context, attrs);
    }

    public AutoFitText(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        init(context, attrs);
    }

    private void init(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        //TextViewPlus part https://.com/a/7197867/2075875
        TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, R.styleable.AutoFitText);
        String customFont = a.getString(R.styleable.AutoFitText_customFont);
        setCustomFont(context, customFont);
        a.recycle();

        // AutoFitText part
        mScaledDensityFactor = context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().scaledDensity;
        mTestView = new TextView(context);

        mTestPaint = new Paint();
        mTestPaint.set(this.getPaint());

        this.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new OnGlobalLayoutListener() {

            @Override
            public void onGlobalLayout() {
                // make an initial call to onSizeChanged to make sure that refitText is triggered
                onSizeChanged(AutoFitText.this.getWidth(), AutoFitText.this.getHeight(), 0, 0);
                // Remove the LayoutListener immediately so we don't run into an infinite loop
                //AutoFitText.this.getViewTreeObserver().removeOnGlobalLayoutListener(this);
                removeOnGlobalLayoutListener(AutoFitText.this, this);
            }
        });
    }

    public boolean setCustomFont(Context ctx, String asset) {
        Typeface tf = null;
        try {
        tf = Typeface.createFromAsset(ctx.getAssets(), asset);  
        } catch (Exception e) {
            LOG.e(TAG, "Could not get typeface: "+e.getMessage());
            return false;
        }

        setTypeface(tf);  
        return true;
    }

    @SuppressLint("NewApi")
    public static void removeOnGlobalLayoutListener(View v, ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener listener){
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 16) {
            v.getViewTreeObserver().removeGlobalOnLayoutListener(listener);
        } else {
            v.getViewTreeObserver().removeOnGlobalLayoutListener(listener);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Main method of this widget. Resizes the font so the specified text fits in the text box assuming the text box has the specified width. This is
     * done via a dummy text view that is refit until it matches the real target width and height up to a certain threshold factor
     * 
     * @param targetFieldWidth The width that the TextView currently has and wants filled
     * @param targetFieldHeight The width that the TextView currently has and wants filled
     */
    private void refitText(String text, int targetFieldWidth, int targetFieldHeight) {

        // Variables need to be visible outside the loops for later use. Remember size is in pixels
        float lowerTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;
        float upperTextSize = MAX_TEXT_SIZE;

        // Force the text to wrap. In principle this is not necessary since the dummy TextView
        // already does this for us but in rare cases adding this line can prevent flickering
        this.setMaxWidth(targetFieldWidth);

        // Padding should not be an issue since we never define it programmatically in this app
        // but just to to be sure we cut it off here
        targetFieldWidth = targetFieldWidth - this.getPaddingLeft() - this.getPaddingRight();
        targetFieldHeight = targetFieldHeight - this.getPaddingTop() - this.getPaddingBottom();

        // Initialize the dummy with some params (that are largely ignored anyway, but this is
        // mandatory to not get a NullPointerException)
        mTestView.setLayoutParams(new LayoutParams(targetFieldWidth, targetFieldHeight));

        // maxWidth is crucial! Otherwise the text would never line wrap but blow up the width
        mTestView.setMaxWidth(targetFieldWidth);

        if (mSingleLine) {
            // the user requested a single line. This is very easy to do since we primarily need to
            // respect the width, don't have to break, don't have to measure...

            /*************************** Converging algorithm 1 ***********************************/
            for (float testSize; (upperTextSize - lowerTextSize) > mThreshold;) {

                // Go to the mean value...
                testSize = (upperTextSize + lowerTextSize) / 2;

                mTestView.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_SP, testSize / mScaledDensityFactor);
                mTestView.setText(text);
                mTestView.measure(MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);

                if (mTestView.getMeasuredWidth() >= targetFieldWidth) {
                    upperTextSize = testSize; // Font is too big, decrease upperSize
                } else {
                    lowerTextSize = testSize; // Font is too small, increase lowerSize
                }
            }
            /**************************************************************************************/

            // In rare cases with very little letters and width > height we have vertical overlap!
            mTestView.measure(MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);

            if (mTestView.getMeasuredHeight() > targetFieldHeight) {
                upperTextSize = lowerTextSize;
                lowerTextSize = MIN_TEXT_SIZE;

                /*************************** Converging algorithm 1.5 *****************************/
                for (float testSize; (upperTextSize - lowerTextSize) > mThreshold;) {

                    // Go to the mean value...
                    testSize = (upperTextSize + lowerTextSize) / 2;

                    mTestView.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_SP, testSize / mScaledDensityFactor);
                    mTestView.setText(text);
                    mTestView.measure(MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);

                    if (mTestView.getMeasuredHeight() >= targetFieldHeight) {
                        upperTextSize = testSize; // Font is too big, decrease upperSize
                    } else {
                        lowerTextSize = testSize; // Font is too small, increase lowerSize
                    }
                }
                /**********************************************************************************/
            }
        } else {

            /*********************** Converging algorithm 2 ***************************************/
            // Upper and lower size converge over time. As soon as they're close enough the loop
            // stops
            // TODO probe the algorithm for cost (ATM possibly O(n^2)) and optimize if possible
            for (float testSize; (upperTextSize - lowerTextSize) > mThreshold;) {

                // Go to the mean value...
                testSize = (upperTextSize + lowerTextSize) / 2;

                // ... inflate the dummy TextView by setting a scaled textSize and the text...
                mTestView.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_SP, testSize / mScaledDensityFactor);
                mTestView.setText(text);

                // ... call measure to find the current values that the text WANTS to occupy
                mTestView.measure(MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
                int tempHeight = mTestView.getMeasuredHeight();
                // int tempWidth = mTestView.getMeasuredWidth();

                // LOG.debug("Measured: " + tempWidth + "x" + tempHeight);
                // LOG.debug("TextSize: " + testSize / mScaledDensityFactor);

                // ... decide whether those values are appropriate.
                if (tempHeight >= targetFieldHeight) {
                    upperTextSize = testSize; // Font is too big, decrease upperSize
                } else {
                    lowerTextSize = testSize; // Font is too small, increase lowerSize
                }
            }
            /**************************************************************************************/

            // It is possible that a single word is wider than the box. The Android system would
            // wrap this for us. But if you want to decide fo yourself where exactly to break or to
            // add a hyphen or something than you're going to want to implement something like this:
            mTestPaint.setTextSize(lowerTextSize);
            List<String> words = new ArrayList<String>();

            for (String s : text.split(" ")) {
                Log.i("tag", "Word: " + s);
                words.add(s);
            }
            for (String word : words) {
                if (mTestPaint.measureText(word) >= targetFieldWidth) {
                    List<String> pieces = new ArrayList<String>();
                    // pieces = breakWord(word, mTestPaint.measureText(word), targetFieldWidth);

                    // Add code to handle the pieces here...
                }
            }
        }

        /**
         * We are now at most the value of threshold away from the actual size. To rather undershoot than overshoot use the lower value. To match
         * different screens convert to SP first. See {@link http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/resources/more-resources.html#Dimension} for
         * more details
         */
        this.setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_SP, lowerTextSize / mScaledDensityFactor);
        return;
    }

    /**
     * This method receives a call upon a change in text content of the TextView. Unfortunately it is also called - among others - upon text size
     * change which means that we MUST NEVER CALL {@link #refitText(String)} from this method! Doing so would result in an endless loop that would
     * ultimately result in a  and termination of the application
     * 
     * So for the time being this method does absolutely nothing. If you want to notify the view of a changed text call {@link #setText(CharSequence)}
     */
    @Override
    protected void onTextChanged(CharSequence text, int start, int lengthBefore, int lengthAfter) {
        // Super implementation is also intentionally empty so for now we do absolutely nothing here
        super.onTextChanged(text, start, lengthBefore, lengthAfter);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onSizeChanged(int width, int height, int oldWidth, int oldHeight) {
        if (width != oldWidth && height != oldHeight) {
            refitText(this.getText().toString(), width, height);
        }
    }

    /**
     * This method is guaranteed to be called by {@link TextView#setText(CharSequence)} immediately. Therefore we can safely add our modifications
     * here and then have the parent class resume its work. So if text has changed you should always call {@link TextView#setText(CharSequence)} or
     * {@link TextView#setText(CharSequence, BufferType)} if you know whether the {@link BufferType} is normal, editable or spannable. Note: the
     * method will default to {@link BufferType#NORMAL} if you don't pass an argument.
     */
    @Override
    public void setText(CharSequence text, BufferType type) {

        int targetFieldWidth = this.getWidth();
        int targetFieldHeight = this.getHeight();

        if (targetFieldWidth <= 0 || targetFieldHeight <= 0 || text.equals("")) {
            // Log.v("tag", "Some values are empty, AutoFitText was not able to construct properly");
        } else {
            refitText(text.toString(), targetFieldWidth, targetFieldHeight);
        }
        super.setText(text, type);
    }

    /**
     * TODO add sensibility for {@link #setMaxLines(int)} invocations
     */
    @Override
    public void setMaxLines(int maxLines) {
        // TODO Implement support for this. This could be relatively easy. The idea would probably
        // be to manipulate the targetHeight in the refitText-method and then have the algorithm do
        // its job business as usual. Nonetheless, remember the height will have to be lowered
        // dynamically as the font size shrinks so it won't be a walk in the park still
        if (maxLines == 1) {
            this.setSingleLine(true);
        } else {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException("MaxLines != 1 are not implemented in AutoFitText yet, use TextView instead");
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void setSingleLine(boolean singleLine) {
        // save the requested value in an instance variable to be able to decide later
        mSingleLine = singleLine;
        super.setSingleLine(singleLine);
    }
}

known bugs: Doesn't work with Android 4.03 - fonts are invisible or very small (original avalancha doesn't work too) below is workaround for that bug: https://.com/a/21851239/2075875




내 요구 사항은 다음과 같습니다.

  • ScalableTextView를 클릭하십시오.
  • listActivity를 열고 다양한 길이의 문자열 항목을 표시합니다.
  • 목록에서 텍스트를 선택하십시오.
  • 텍스트를 다시 다른 활동의 ScalableTextView로 설정합니다.

필자는 링크를 참조했습니다 : TextView Text를 Bound (주석 포함) 내에서 자동으로 조정 하고 DialogTitle.java

제공된 솔루션이 좋고 간단하지만 텍스트 상자의 크기를 동적으로 변경하지는 않습니다. 목록보기에서 선택한 텍스트 길이가 ScalableTextView 의 기존 텍스트 길이보다 큰 경우 효과적 입니다. ScalableTextView 의 기존 텍스트보다 길이가 짧은 텍스트를 선택하면 더 작은 크기의 텍스트를 표시하는 텍스트 크기가 증가하지 않습니다.

ScalableTextView.java를 수정하여 텍스트 길이를 기준으로 텍스트 크기를 재조정했습니다. 여기 내 ScalableTextView.java

public class ScalableTextView extends TextView
{
float defaultTextSize = 0.0f;

public ScalableTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle)
{
    super(context, attrs, defStyle);
    setSingleLine();
    setEllipsize(TruncateAt.END);
    defaultTextSize = getTextSize();
}

public ScalableTextView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs)
{
    super(context, attrs);
    setSingleLine();
    setEllipsize(TruncateAt.END);
    defaultTextSize = getTextSize();
}

public ScalableTextView(Context context)
{
    super(context);
    setSingleLine();
    setEllipsize(TruncateAt.END);
    defaultTextSize = getTextSize();
}

@Override
protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec)
{
    setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, defaultTextSize);
    super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);

    final Layout layout = getLayout();
    if (layout != null)
    {
        final int lineCount = layout.getLineCount();
        if (lineCount > 0)
        {
            int ellipsisCount = layout.getEllipsisCount(lineCount - 1);
            while (ellipsisCount > 0)
            {
                final float textSize = getTextSize();

                // textSize is already expressed in pixels
                setTextSize(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_PX, (textSize - 1));

                super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
                ellipsisCount = layout.getEllipsisCount(lineCount - 1);
            }
        }
    }
}
}

해피 코딩 ....







Try adding LayoutParams and MaxWidth and MaxHeight to the TextView . It will force the layout to respect the parent container and not overflow.

textview.setLayoutParams(new LayoutParams(LinearLayout.MATCH_PARENT,LinearLayout.WRAP_CONTENT));

int GeneralApproxWidthOfContainer = 400;
int GeneralApproxHeightOfContainer = 600;
textview.setMaxWidth(400);
textview.setMaxHeight(600);`