Создание выпадающего списка часовых поясов с помощью PHP


Answers

Следуя приведенному выше примеру пользователя210179, я написал следующую функцию, чтобы сгенерировать мне список всех часовых поясов с их смещениями:

function generate_timezone_list()
{
    static $regions = array(
        DateTimeZone::AFRICA,
        DateTimeZone::AMERICA,
        DateTimeZone::ANTARCTICA,
        DateTimeZone::ASIA,
        DateTimeZone::ATLANTIC,
        DateTimeZone::AUSTRALIA,
        DateTimeZone::EUROPE,
        DateTimeZone::INDIAN,
        DateTimeZone::PACIFIC,
    );

    $timezones = array();
    foreach( $regions as $region )
    {
        $timezones = array_merge( $timezones, DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers( $region ) );
    }

    $timezone_offsets = array();
    foreach( $timezones as $timezone )
    {
        $tz = new DateTimeZone($timezone);
        $timezone_offsets[$timezone] = $tz->getOffset(new DateTime);
    }

    // sort timezone by offset
    asort($timezone_offsets);

    $timezone_list = array();
    foreach( $timezone_offsets as $timezone => $offset )
    {
        $offset_prefix = $offset < 0 ? '-' : '+';
        $offset_formatted = gmdate( 'H:i', abs($offset) );

        $pretty_offset = "UTC${offset_prefix}${offset_formatted}";

        $timezone_list[$timezone] = "(${pretty_offset}) $timezone";
    }

    return $timezone_list;
}

Это создаст массив, похожий на:

[Pacific/Midway] => (UTC-11:00) Pacific/Midway
[Pacific/Pago_Pago] => (UTC-11:00) Pacific/Pago_Pago
[Pacific/Niue] => (UTC-11:00) Pacific/Niue
[Pacific/Honolulu] => (UTC-10:00) Pacific/Honolulu
[Pacific/Fakaofo] => (UTC-10:00) Pacific/Fakaofo
…

В настоящее время он сортируется по смещениям, но вы можете легко отсортировать имя часового пояса, выполнив ksort() вместо asort() .

Question

Большинство сайтов должны каким-то образом показывать даты на сайте в предпочтительном часовом поясе пользователей. Ниже приведены два списка, которые я нашел, а затем один метод, используя встроенный PHP DateTime класс в PHP 5.

Мне нужна помощь, зная, какой из них лучше всего попытаться использовать при попытке получить смещение UTC от пользователя в регистре.

Один:

<option value="-12">[UTC - 12] Baker Island Time</option>
<option value="-11">[UTC - 11] Niue Time, Samoa Standard Time</option>
<option value="-10">[UTC - 10] Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time, Cook Island Time</option>
<option value="-9.5">[UTC - 9:30] Marquesas Islands Time</option>
<option value="-9">[UTC - 9] Alaska Standard Time, Gambier Island Time</option>
<option value="-8">[UTC - 8] Pacific Standard Time</option>
<option value="-7">[UTC - 7] Mountain Standard Time</option>
<option value="-6">[UTC - 6] Central Standard Time</option>
<option value="-5">[UTC - 5] Eastern Standard Time</option>
<option value="-4.5">[UTC - 4:30] Venezuelan Standard Time</option>
<option value="-4">[UTC - 4] Atlantic Standard Time</option>
<option value="-3.5">[UTC - 3:30] Newfoundland Standard Time</option>
<option value="-3">[UTC - 3] Amazon Standard Time, Central Greenland Time</option>
<option value="-2">[UTC - 2] Fernando de Noronha Time, South Georgia &amp; the South Sandwich Islands Time</option>
<option value="-1">[UTC - 1] Azores Standard Time, Cape Verde Time, Eastern Greenland Time</option>
<option value="0" selected="selected">[UTC] Western European Time, Greenwich Mean Time</option>
<option value="1">[UTC + 1] Central European Time, West African Time</option>
<option value="2">[UTC + 2] Eastern European Time, Central African Time</option>
<option value="3">[UTC + 3] Moscow Standard Time, Eastern African Time</option>
<option value="3.5">[UTC + 3:30] Iran Standard Time</option>
<option value="4">[UTC + 4] Gulf Standard Time, Samara Standard Time</option>
<option value="4.5">[UTC + 4:30] Afghanistan Time</option>
<option value="5">[UTC + 5] Pakistan Standard Time, Yekaterinburg Standard Time</option>
<option value="5.5">[UTC + 5:30] Indian Standard Time, Sri Lanka Time</option>
<option value="5.75">[UTC + 5:45] Nepal Time</option>
<option value="6">[UTC + 6] Bangladesh Time, Bhutan Time, Novosibirsk Standard Time</option>
<option value="6.5">[UTC + 6:30] Cocos Islands Time, Myanmar Time</option>
<option value="7">[UTC + 7] Indochina Time, Krasnoyarsk Standard Time</option>
<option value="8">[UTC + 8] Chinese Standard Time, Australian Western Standard Time, Irkutsk Standard Time</option>
<option value="8.75">[UTC + 8:45] Southeastern Western Australia Standard Time</option>
<option value="9">[UTC + 9] Japan Standard Time, Korea Standard Time, Chita Standard Time</option>
<option value="9.5">[UTC + 9:30] Australian Central Standard Time</option>
<option value="10">[UTC + 10] Australian Eastern Standard Time, Vladivostok Standard Time</option>
<option value="10.5">[UTC + 10:30] Lord Howe Standard Time</option>
<option value="11">[UTC + 11] Solomon Island Time, Magadan Standard Time</option>
<option value="11.5">[UTC + 11:30] Norfolk Island Time</option>
<option value="12">[UTC + 12] New Zealand Time, Fiji Time, Kamchatka Standard Time</option>
<option value="12.75">[UTC + 12:45] Chatham Islands Time</option>
<option value="13">[UTC + 13] Tonga Time, Phoenix Islands Time</option>
<option value="14">[UTC + 14] Line Island Time</option>

Или используя дружественные значения PHP:

<option value="Pacific/Midway">(GMT-11:00) Midway Island, Samoa</option>
<option value="America/Adak">(GMT-10:00) Hawaii-Aleutian</option>
<option value="Etc/GMT+10">(GMT-10:00) Hawaii</option>
<option value="Pacific/Marquesas">(GMT-09:30) Marquesas Islands</option>
<option value="Pacific/Gambier">(GMT-09:00) Gambier Islands</option>
<option value="America/Anchorage">(GMT-09:00) Alaska</option>
<option value="America/Ensenada">(GMT-08:00) Tijuana, Baja California</option>
<option value="Etc/GMT+8">(GMT-08:00) Pitcairn Islands</option>
<option value="America/Los_Angeles">(GMT-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada)</option>
<option value="America/Denver">(GMT-07:00) Mountain Time (US & Canada)</option>
<option value="America/Chihuahua">(GMT-07:00) Chihuahua, La Paz, Mazatlan</option>
<option value="America/Dawson_Creek">(GMT-07:00) Arizona</option>
<option value="America/Belize">(GMT-06:00) Saskatchewan, Central America</option>
<option value="America/Cancun">(GMT-06:00) Guadalajara, Mexico City, Monterrey</option>
<option value="Chile/EasterIsland">(GMT-06:00) Easter Island</option>
<option value="America/Chicago">(GMT-06:00) Central Time (US & Canada)</option>
<option value="America/New_York">(GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)</option>
<option value="America/Havana">(GMT-05:00) Cuba</option>
<option value="America/Bogota">(GMT-05:00) Bogota, Lima, Quito, Rio Branco</option>
<option value="America/Caracas">(GMT-04:30) Caracas</option>
<option value="America/Santiago">(GMT-04:00) Santiago</option>
<option value="America/La_Paz">(GMT-04:00) La Paz</option>
<option value="Atlantic/Stanley">(GMT-04:00) Faukland Islands</option>
<option value="America/Campo_Grande">(GMT-04:00) Brazil</option>
<option value="America/Goose_Bay">(GMT-04:00) Atlantic Time (Goose Bay)</option>
<option value="America/Glace_Bay">(GMT-04:00) Atlantic Time (Canada)</option>
<option value="America/St_Johns">(GMT-03:30) Newfoundland</option>
<option value="America/Araguaina">(GMT-03:00) UTC-3</option>
<option value="America/Montevideo">(GMT-03:00) Montevideo</option>
<option value="America/Miquelon">(GMT-03:00) Miquelon, St. Pierre</option>
<option value="America/Godthab">(GMT-03:00) Greenland</option>
<option value="America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires">(GMT-03:00) Buenos Aires</option>
<option value="America/Sao_Paulo">(GMT-03:00) Brasilia</option>
<option value="America/Noronha">(GMT-02:00) Mid-Atlantic</option>
<option value="Atlantic/Cape_Verde">(GMT-01:00) Cape Verde Is.</option>
<option value="Atlantic/Azores">(GMT-01:00) Azores</option>
<option value="Europe/Belfast">(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : Belfast</option>
<option value="Europe/Dublin">(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : Dublin</option>
<option value="Europe/Lisbon">(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : Lisbon</option>
<option value="Europe/London">(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : London</option>
<option value="Africa/Abidjan">(GMT) Monrovia, Reykjavik</option>
<option value="Europe/Amsterdam">(GMT+01:00) Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna</option>
<option value="Europe/Belgrade">(GMT+01:00) Belgrade, Bratislava, Budapest, Ljubljana, Prague</option>
<option value="Europe/Brussels">(GMT+01:00) Brussels, Copenhagen, Madrid, Paris</option>
<option value="Africa/Algiers">(GMT+01:00) West Central Africa</option>
<option value="Africa/Windhoek">(GMT+01:00) Windhoek</option>
<option value="Asia/Beirut">(GMT+02:00) Beirut</option>
<option value="Africa/Cairo">(GMT+02:00) Cairo</option>
<option value="Asia/Gaza">(GMT+02:00) Gaza</option>
<option value="Africa/Blantyre">(GMT+02:00) Harare, Pretoria</option>
<option value="Asia/Jerusalem">(GMT+02:00) Jerusalem</option>
<option value="Europe/Minsk">(GMT+02:00) Minsk</option>
<option value="Asia/Damascus">(GMT+02:00) Syria</option>
<option value="Europe/Moscow">(GMT+03:00) Moscow, St. Petersburg, Volgograd</option>
<option value="Africa/Addis_Ababa">(GMT+03:00) Nairobi</option>
<option value="Asia/Tehran">(GMT+03:30) Tehran</option>
<option value="Asia/Dubai">(GMT+04:00) Abu Dhabi, Muscat</option>
<option value="Asia/Yerevan">(GMT+04:00) Yerevan</option>
<option value="Asia/Kabul">(GMT+04:30) Kabul</option>
<option value="Asia/Yekaterinburg">(GMT+05:00) Ekaterinburg</option>
<option value="Asia/Tashkent">(GMT+05:00) Tashkent</option>
<option value="Asia/Kolkata">(GMT+05:30) Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi</option>
<option value="Asia/Katmandu">(GMT+05:45) Kathmandu</option>
<option value="Asia/Dhaka">(GMT+06:00) Astana, Dhaka</option>
<option value="Asia/Novosibirsk">(GMT+06:00) Novosibirsk</option>
<option value="Asia/Rangoon">(GMT+06:30) Yangon (Rangoon)</option>
<option value="Asia/Bangkok">(GMT+07:00) Bangkok, Hanoi, Jakarta</option>
<option value="Asia/Krasnoyarsk">(GMT+07:00) Krasnoyarsk</option>
<option value="Asia/Hong_Kong">(GMT+08:00) Beijing, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Urumqi</option>
<option value="Asia/Irkutsk">(GMT+08:00) Irkutsk, Ulaan Bataar</option>
<option value="Australia/Perth">(GMT+08:00) Perth</option>
<option value="Australia/Eucla">(GMT+08:45) Eucla</option>
<option value="Asia/Tokyo">(GMT+09:00) Osaka, Sapporo, Tokyo</option>
<option value="Asia/Seoul">(GMT+09:00) Seoul</option>
<option value="Asia/Yakutsk">(GMT+09:00) Yakutsk</option>
<option value="Australia/Adelaide">(GMT+09:30) Adelaide</option>
<option value="Australia/Darwin">(GMT+09:30) Darwin</option>
<option value="Australia/Brisbane">(GMT+10:00) Brisbane</option>
<option value="Australia/Hobart">(GMT+10:00) Hobart</option>
<option value="Asia/Vladivostok">(GMT+10:00) Vladivostok</option>
<option value="Australia/Lord_Howe">(GMT+10:30) Lord Howe Island</option>
<option value="Etc/GMT-11">(GMT+11:00) Solomon Is., New Caledonia</option>
<option value="Asia/Magadan">(GMT+11:00) Magadan</option>
<option value="Pacific/Norfolk">(GMT+11:30) Norfolk Island</option>
<option value="Asia/Anadyr">(GMT+12:00) Anadyr, Kamchatka</option>
<option value="Pacific/Auckland">(GMT+12:00) Auckland, Wellington</option>
<option value="Etc/GMT-12">(GMT+12:00) Fiji, Kamchatka, Marshall Is.</option>
<option value="Pacific/Chatham">(GMT+12:45) Chatham Islands</option>
<option value="Pacific/Tongatapu">(GMT+13:00) Nuku'alofa</option>
<option value="Pacific/Kiritimati">(GMT+14:00) Kiritimati</option>

Или просто используя PHP:

$timezones = DateTimeZone::listAbbreviations();

$cities = array();
foreach( $timezones as $key => $zones )
{
    foreach( $zones as $id => $zone )
    {
        /**
         * Only get timezones explicitely not part of "Others".
         * @see http://www.php.net/manual/en/timezones.others.php
         */
        if ( preg_match( '/^(America|Antartica|Arctic|Asia|Atlantic|Europe|Indian|Pacific)\//', $zone['timezone_id'] ) 
            && $zone['timezone_id']) {
            $cities[$zone['timezone_id']][] = $key;
        }
    }
}

// For each city, have a comma separated list of all possible timezones for that city.
foreach( $cities as $key => $value )
    $cities[$key] = join( ', ', $value);

// Only keep one city (the first and also most important) for each set of possibilities. 
$cities = array_unique( $cities );

// Sort by area/city name.
ksort( $cities );

Похоже, что последний был бы самым безопасным, поскольку он будет расти с использованием выпуска PHP. Вы также можете перевернуть этот массив, когда это необходимо, чтобы привязать часовые пояса к названиям городов.




In some projects it really doesn't make sense to have the detailed timezones of Africa, Europe or Pacific. So here is a short version

$timezoneTable = array(
    "-12" => "(GMT -12:00) Eniwetok, Kwajalein",
    "-11" => "(GMT -11:00) Midway Island, Samoa",
    "-10" => "(GMT -10:00) Hawaii",
    "-9" => "(GMT -9:00) Alaska",
    "-8" => "(GMT -8:00) Pacific Time (US &amp; Canada)",
    "-7" => "(GMT -7:00) Mountain Time (US &amp; Canada)",
    "-6" => "(GMT -6:00) Central Time (US &amp; Canada), Mexico City",
    "-5" => "(GMT -5:00) Eastern Time (US &amp; Canada), Bogota, Lima",
    "-4" => "(GMT -4:00) Atlantic Time (Canada), Caracas, La Paz",
    "-3.5" => "(GMT -3:30) Newfoundland",
    "-3" => "(GMT -3:00) Brazil, Buenos Aires, Georgetown",
    "-2" => "(GMT -2:00) Mid-Atlantic",
    "-1" => "(GMT -1:00) Azores, Cape Verde Islands",
    "0" => "(GMT) Western Europe Time, London, Lisbon, Casablanca",
    "1" => "(GMT +1:00) Brussels, Copenhagen, Madrid, Paris",
    "2" => "(GMT +2:00) Kaliningrad, South Africa",
    "3" => "(GMT +3:00) Baghdad, Riyadh, Moscow, St. Petersburg",
    "3.5" => "(GMT +3:30) Tehran",
    "4" => "(GMT +4:00) Abu Dhabi, Muscat, Baku, Tbilisi",
    "4.5" => "(GMT +4:30) Kabul",
    "5" => "(GMT +5:00) Ekaterinburg, Islamabad, Karachi, Tashkent",
    "5.5" => "(GMT +5:30) Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, New Delhi",
    "6" => "(GMT +6:00) Almaty, Dhaka, Colombo",
    "7" => "(GMT +7:00) Bangkok, Hanoi, Jakarta",
    "8" => "(GMT +8:00) Beijing, Perth, Singapore, Hong Kong",
    "9" => "(GMT +9:00) Tokyo, Seoul, Osaka, Sapporo, Yakutsk",
    "9.5" => "(GMT +9:30) Adelaide, Darwin",
    "10" => "(GMT +10:00) Eastern Australia, Guam, Vladivostok",
    "11" => "(GMT +11:00) Magadan, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia",
    "12" => "(GMT +12:00) Auckland, Wellington, Fiji, Kamchatka"
);

echo "<select>";
foreach ($timezoneTable as $k => $v){
    $sel = ($k==-5)?" selected":"";
    echo "<option value='".$k."'".$sel.">".$v."</option>";
}
echo "</select>" 

this will generate a select as below:




I created a PHP class for this with a corresponding jQuery plugin. I've open-sourced it at https://github.com/peterjtracey/timezoneWidget - the PHP code is inspired by another answer, but I think much more elegant. The jQuery plugin gives a great interface for selecting a timezone.




After trying all solutions presented here and not being satisfied, I have found a script which is matching my needs and it is more user friendly. For the record, I will save it as a possible solution. I love the copy/paste solutions :)

Script returns a select with whatever timezone you want preselected.

Source: https://e-tel.eu/2011/07/13/create-a-time-zone-drop-down-list-ddl-in-php/

<?php
/**
 * returns a HTML formated TimeZone select
 *
 * PHP 5 >= 5.2.0
 * 
 * @param $selectedTimeZone string The timezone marked as "selected"
 * @return string
 */
function displayTimeZoneSelect($selectedTimeZone = 'America/New_York'){
    $countryCodes = getCountryCodes();
    $return = null;
    foreach ($countryCodes as $country => $countryCode) {
        $timezone_identifiers = DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers(DateTimeZone::PER_COUNTRY,$countryCode);
        foreach( $timezone_identifiers as $value ){
            /* getTimeZoneOffset returns minutes and we need to display hours */
            $offset = getTimeZoneOffset($value)/60;
            /* for the GMT+1 GMT-1 display */
            $offset = ( substr($offset,0,1) == "-" ? " (GMT" : " (GMT+" ) . $offset . ")";
            /* America/New_York -> America/New York */
            $displayValue = (str_replace('_',' ',$value));
            /* Find the city */
            $ex = explode("/",$displayValue);
            $city = ( ($ex[2]) ? $ex[2] : $ex[1] );
            /* For the special names */
            $displayValue = htmlentities($country." - ".$city.$offset); 
            /* handle the $selectedTimeZone in the select form */
            $selected = ( ($value == $selectedTimeZone) ? ' selected="selected"' : null );
            $return .= '<option value="' . $value . '"' . $selected . '>'
                . $displayValue
                . '</option>' . PHP_EOL;
        }
    }

    return $return;
}

/**
 * ISO 3166 code list
 *
 * @return array The country codes in 'COUNTRY' => 'CODE' format
 * @link http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_3166_code_lists ISO Website
 */
function getCountryCodes(){
$return = array(
"AFGHANISTAN"=>"AF",
"ALAND ISLANDS"=>"AX",
"ALBANIA"=>"AL",
"ALGERIA"=>"DZ",
"AMERICAN SAMOA"=>"AS",
"ANDORRA"=>"AD",
"ANGOLA"=>"AO",
"ANGUILLA"=>"AI",
"ANTARCTICA"=>"AQ",
"ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA"=>"AG",
"ARGENTINA"=>"AR",
"ARMENIA"=>"AM",
"ARUBA"=>"AW",
"AUSTRALIA"=>"AU",
"AUSTRIA"=>"AT",
"AZERBAIJAN"=>"AZ",
"BAHAMAS"=>"BS",
"BAHRAIN"=>"BH",
"BANGLADESH"=>"BD",
"BARBADOS"=>"BB",
"BELARUS"=>"BY",
"BELGIUM"=>"BE",
"BELIZE"=>"BZ",
"BENIN"=>"BJ",
"BERMUDA"=>"BM",
"BHUTAN"=>"BT",
"BOLIVIA, PLURINATIONAL STATE OF"=>"BO",
"BONAIRE, SINT EUSTATIUS AND SABA"=>"BQ",
"BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA"=>"BA",
"BOTSWANA"=>"BW",
"BOUVET ISLAND"=>"BV",
"BRAZIL"=>"BR",
"BRITISH INDIAN OCEAN TERRITORY"=>"IO",
"BRUNEI DARUSSALAM"=>"BN",
"BULGARIA"=>"BG",
"BURKINA FASO"=>"BF",
"BURUNDI"=>"BI",
"CAMBODIA"=>"KH",
"CAMEROON"=>"CM",
"CANADA"=>"CA",
"CAPE VERDE"=>"CV",
"CAYMAN ISLANDS"=>"KY",
"CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC"=>"CF",
"CHAD"=>"TD",
"CHILE"=>"CL",
"CHINA"=>"CN",
"CHRISTMAS ISLAND"=>"CX",
"COCOS (KEELING) ISLANDS"=>"CC",
"COLOMBIA"=>"CO",
"COMOROS"=>"KM",
"CONGO"=>"CG",
"CONGO, THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE"=>"CD",
"COOK ISLANDS"=>"CK",
"COSTA RICA"=>"CR",
"CÔTE D'IVOIRE"=>"CI",
"CROATIA"=>"HR",
"CUBA"=>"CU",
"CURAÇAO"=>"CW",
"CYPRUS"=>"CY",
"CZECH REPUBLIC"=>"CZ",
"DENMARK"=>"DK",
"DJIBOUTI"=>"DJ",
"DOMINICA"=>"DM",
"DOMINICAN REPUBLIC"=>"DO",
"ECUADOR"=>"EC",
"EGYPT"=>"EG",
"EL SALVADOR"=>"SV",
"EQUATORIAL GUINEA"=>"GQ",
"ERITREA"=>"ER",
"ESTONIA"=>"EE",
"ETHIOPIA"=>"ET",
"FALKLAND ISLANDS (MALVINAS)"=>"FK",
"FAROE ISLANDS"=>"FO",
"FIJI"=>"FJ",
"FINLAND"=>"FI",
"FRANCE"=>"FR",
"FRENCH GUIANA"=>"GF",
"FRENCH POLYNESIA"=>"PF",
"FRENCH SOUTHERN TERRITORIES"=>"TF",
"GABON"=>"GA",
"GAMBIA"=>"GM",
"GEORGIA"=>"GE",
"GERMANY"=>"DE",
"GHANA"=>"GH",
"GIBRALTAR"=>"GI",
"GREECE"=>"GR",
"GREENLAND"=>"GL",
"GRENADA"=>"GD",
"GUADELOUPE"=>"GP",
"GUAM"=>"GU",
"GUATEMALA"=>"GT",
"GUERNSEY"=>"GG",
"GUINEA"=>"GN",
"GUINEA-BISSAU"=>"GW",
"GUYANA"=>"GY",
"HAITI"=>"HT",
"HEARD ISLAND AND MCDONALD ISLANDS"=>"HM",
"HOLY SEE (VATICAN CITY STATE)"=>"VA",
"HONDURAS"=>"HN",
"HONG KONG"=>"HK",
"HUNGARY"=>"HU",
"ICELAND"=>"IS",
"INDIA"=>"IN",
"INDONESIA"=>"ID",
"IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF"=>"IR",
"IRAQ"=>"IQ",
"IRELAND"=>"IE",
"ISLE OF MAN"=>"IM",
"ISRAEL"=>"IL",
"ITALY"=>"IT",
"JAMAICA"=>"JM",
"JAPAN"=>"JP",
"JERSEY"=>"JE",
"JORDAN"=>"JO",
"KAZAKHSTAN"=>"KZ",
"KENYA"=>"KE",
"KIRIBATI"=>"KI",
"KOREA, DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF"=>"KP",
"KOREA, REPUBLIC OF"=>"KR",
"KUWAIT"=>"KW",
"KYRGYZSTAN"=>"KG",
"LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC"=>"LA",
"LATVIA"=>"LV",
"LEBANON"=>"LB",
"LESOTHO"=>"LS",
"LIBERIA"=>"LR",
"LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA"=>"LY",
"LIECHTENSTEIN"=>"LI",
"LITHUANIA"=>"LT",
"LUXEMBOURG"=>"LU",
"MACAO"=>"MO",
"MACEDONIA, THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF"=>"MK",
"MADAGASCAR"=>"MG",
"MALAWI"=>"MW",
"MALAYSIA"=>"MY",
"MALDIVES"=>"MV",
"MALI"=>"ML",
"MALTA"=>"MT",
"MARSHALL ISLANDS"=>"MH",
"MARTINIQUE"=>"MQ",
"MAURITANIA"=>"MR",
"MAURITIUS"=>"MU",
"MAYOTTE"=>"YT",
"MEXICO"=>"MX",
"MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF"=>"FM",
"MOLDOVA, REPUBLIC OF"=>"MD",
"MONACO"=>"MC",
"MONGOLIA"=>"MN",
"MONTENEGRO"=>"ME",
"MONTSERRAT"=>"MS",
"MOROCCO"=>"MA",
"MOZAMBIQUE"=>"MZ",
"MYANMAR"=>"MM",
"NAMIBIA"=>"NA",
"NAURU"=>"NR",
"NEPAL"=>"NP",
"NETHERLANDS"=>"NL",
"NEW CALEDONIA"=>"NC",
"NEW ZEALAND"=>"NZ",
"NICARAGUA"=>"NI",
"NIGER"=>"NE",
"NIGERIA"=>"NG",
"NIUE"=>"NU",
"NORFOLK ISLAND"=>"NF",
"NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS"=>"MP",
"NORWAY"=>"NO",
"OMAN"=>"OM",
"PAKISTAN"=>"PK",
"PALAU"=>"PW",
"PALESTINIAN TERRITORY, OCCUPIED"=>"PS",
"PANAMA"=>"PA",
"PAPUA NEW GUINEA"=>"PG",
"PARAGUAY"=>"PY",
"PERU"=>"PE",
"PHILIPPINES"=>"PH",
"PITCAIRN"=>"PN",
"POLAND"=>"PL",
"PORTUGAL"=>"PT",
"PUERTO RICO"=>"PR",
"QATAR"=>"QA",
"RÉUNION"=>"RE",
"ROMANIA"=>"RO",
"RUSSIAN FEDERATION"=>"RU",
"RWANDA"=>"RW",
"SAINT BARTHÉLEMY"=>"BL",
"SAINT HELENA, ASCENSION AND TRISTAN DA CUNHA"=>"SH",
"SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS"=>"KN",
"SAINT LUCIA"=>"LC",
"SAINT MARTIN (FRENCH PART)"=>"MF",
"SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON"=>"PM",
"SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES"=>"VC",
"SAMOA"=>"WS",
"SAN MARINO"=>"SM",
"SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE"=>"ST",
"SAUDI ARABIA"=>"SA",
"SENEGAL"=>"SN",
"SERBIA"=>"RS",
"SEYCHELLES"=>"SC",
"SIERRA LEONE"=>"SL",
"SINGAPORE"=>"SG",
"SINT MAARTEN (DUTCH PART)"=>"SX",
"SLOVAKIA"=>"SK",
"SLOVENIA"=>"SI",
"SOLOMON ISLANDS"=>"SB",
"SOMALIA"=>"SO",
"SOUTH AFRICA"=>"ZA",
"SOUTH GEORGIA AND THE SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS"=>"GS",
"SPAIN"=>"ES",
"SRI LANKA"=>"LK",
"SUDAN"=>"SD",
"SURINAME"=>"SR",
"SVALBARD AND JAN MAYEN"=>"SJ",
"SWAZILAND"=>"SZ",
"SWEDEN"=>"SE",
"SWITZERLAND"=>"CH",
"SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC"=>"SY",
"TAIWAN, PROVINCE OF CHINA"=>"TW",
"TAJIKISTAN"=>"TJ",
"TANZANIA, UNITED REPUBLIC OF"=>"TZ",
"THAILAND"=>"TH",
"TIMOR-LESTE"=>"TL",
"TOGO"=>"TG",
"TOKELAU"=>"TK",
"TONGA"=>"TO",
"TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO"=>"TT",
"TUNISIA"=>"TN",
"TURKEY"=>"TR",
"TURKMENISTAN"=>"TM",
"TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS"=>"TC",
"TUVALU"=>"TV",
"UGANDA"=>"UG",
"UKRAINE"=>"UA",
"UNITED ARAB EMIRATES"=>"AE",
"UNITED KINGDOM"=>"GB",
"UNITED STATES"=>"US",
"UNITED STATES MINOR OUTLYING ISLANDS"=>"UM",
"URUGUAY"=>"UY",
"UZBEKISTAN"=>"UZ",
"VANUATU"=>"VU",
"VENEZUELA, BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF"=>"VE",
"VIET NAM"=>"VN",
"VIRGIN ISLANDS, BRITISH"=>"VG",
"VIRGIN ISLANDS, U.S."=>"VI",
"WALLIS AND FUTUNA"=>"WF",
"WESTERN SAHARA"=>"EH",
"YEMEN"=>"YE",
"ZAMBIA"=>"ZM",
"ZIMBABWE"=>"ZW");
return $return;
}

/**
 * Calculates the offset from UTC for a given timezone
 *
 * @return integer
 */
function getTimeZoneOffset($timeZone) {
    $dateTimeZoneUTC = new DateTimeZone("UTC");
    $dateTimeZoneCurrent = new DateTimeZone($timeZone);

    $dateTimeUTC = new DateTime("now",$dateTimeZoneUTC);
    $dateTimeCurrent = new DateTime("now",$dateTimeZoneCurrent);

    $offset = (($dateTimeZoneCurrent->getOffset($dateTimeUTC))/60);
    return $offset;
}
?>


    <label for="timeZone">Timezone<br />
        <select id="timeZone" name="timeZone">
            <?php echo displayTimeZoneSelect("America/Toronto");?>
        </select>
    </label>



None of them. Instead prepare an array in PHP with those timezones. подобно

$arr[0] = "(GMT+02:00) Harare, Pretoria";
$arr[1] = "(GMT+03:00) Jerusalem";

или

$arr[0] = array("America/Campo_Grande", "(GMT+02:00) Harare, Pretoria");
$arr[1] = array("America/Israel", "(GMT+03:00) Jerusalem");

и так далее. Then generate form based on this array:

foreach ($arr as $k => $v)
   $str .= "<option value=$k>$v[1]</option>";

And then you may easily switch with different formats with just code modification in above line. Also validation will be much easier and don't require regular expressions. Just compare value sent by POST or GET with an array. Now it's easy to set $arr[$value_sent_by_form][0] holds PHP compatible value while $arr[$value_sent_by_form][1] user friendly value.




I know this has an answer already but I saw an opportunity to improve upon one of the answers here. Toland H posted some very good code that does exactly what the question was asking for. Below is a shortened and expand version of Toland H's code:

  • The function places everything in option tags for you. Just echo out whats return between your select tags.
  • Major Improvement: The list is sorted first by continent and organized in option groups based on continents. Makes it very user friendly for visitors picking their timezone.
function generate_timezone_list() {
static $allRegions = array(
DateTimeZone::AFRICA,
DateTimeZone::AMERICA,
DateTimeZone::ANTARCTICA,
DateTimeZone::ASIA,
DateTimeZone::ATLANTIC,
DateTimeZone::AUSTRALIA,
DateTimeZone::EUROPE,
DateTimeZone::INDIAN,
DateTimeZone::PACIFIC
);
// Makes it easier to create option groups next
$list = array ('AFRICA','AMERICA','ANTARCTICA','ASIA','ATLANTIC','AUSTRALIA','EUROPE','INDIAN','PACIFIC');
// Make array holding the regions (continents), they are arrays w/ all their cities
$region = array();
foreach ($allRegions as $area){
array_push ($region,DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers( $area ));
}   
$count = count ($region); $i = 0; $holder = '';
// Go through each region one by one, sorting and formatting it's cities
while ($i < $count){
$chunck = $region[$i];
// Create the region (continents) option group
$holder .= '<optgroup label="---------- '.$list[$i].' ----------">';
$timezone_offsets = array();
foreach( $chunck as $timezone ){
$tz = new DateTimeZone($timezone);
$timezone_offsets[$timezone] = $tz->getOffset(new DateTime);
}
asort ($timezone_offsets);
$timezone_list = array();
foreach ($timezone_offsets as $timezone => $offset){
$offset_prefix = $offset < 0 ? '-' : '+';
$offset_formatted = gmdate( 'H:i', abs($offset) );
$pretty_offset = "UTC ${offset_prefix}${offset_formatted}";
$timezone_list[$timezone] = "(${pretty_offset}) $timezone";     
}
// All the formatting is done, finish and move on to next region
foreach ($timezone_list as $key => $val){
$holder .= '<option value="'.$key.'">'.$val.'</option>';
}
$holder .= '</optgroup>';
++$i;
}
return $holder;
}
echo "<select>".generate_timezone_list()."</select>";

Then all you need to do is echo out what is returned between your html select tags. You'll get a select list something like this:

----- AFRICA -----
(UTC +00:00) Africa/ city name
(UTC +01:00) Africa/ city name
(UTC +02:00) Africa/ city name
(UTC +02:00) Africa/ city name
----- AMERICA -----
(UTC -09:00) America/ city name
(UTC -07:00) America/ city name
(UTC +02:00) America/ city name
(UTC +05:00) America/ city name

И так далее...




I wanted to have something simpler for my users, the way Google does it..

$timezones = [
    "AF" => [
        "name" => "Afghanistan" 
    ],
    "AL" => [
        "name" => "Albania" 
    ],
    "DZ" => [
        "name" => "Algeria" 
    ],
    "AS" => [
        "name" => "American Samoa" 
    ],
    "AD" => [
        "name" => "Andorra" 
    ],
    "AQ" => [
        "name" => "Antarctica" 
    ],
    "AG" => [
        "name" => "Antigua & Barbuda" 
    ],
    "AR" => [
        "name" => "Argentina" 
    ],
    "AM" => [
        "name" => "Armenia" 
    ],
    "AU" => [
        "name" => "Australia" 
    ],
    "AT" => [
        "name" => "Austria" 
    ],
    "AZ" => [
        "name" => "Azerbaijan" 
    ],
    "BS" => [
        "name" => "Bahamas" 
    ],
    "BD" => [
        "name" => "Bangladesh" 
    ],
    "BB" => [
        "name" => "Barbados" 
    ],
    "BY" => [
        "name" => "Belarus" 
    ],
    "BE" => [
        "name" => "Belgium" 
    ],
    "BZ" => [
        "name" => "Belize" 
    ],
    "BM" => [
        "name" => "Bermuda" 
    ],
    "BT" => [
        "name" => "Bhutan" 
    ],
    "BO" => [
        "name" => "Bolivia" 
    ],
    "BA" => [
        "name" => "Bosnia & Herzegovina" 
    ],
    "BR" => [
        "name" => "Brazil" 
    ],
    "IO" => [
        "name" => "British Indian Ocean Territory" 
    ],
    "BN" => [
        "name" => "Brunei" 
    ],
    "BG" => [
        "name" => "Bulgaria" 
    ],
    "CA" => [
        "name" => "Canada" 
    ],
    "CV" => [
        "name" => "Cape Verde" 
    ],
    "KY" => [
        "name" => "Cayman Islands" 
    ],
    "TD" => [
        "name" => "Chad" 
    ],
    "CL" => [
        "name" => "Chile" 
    ],
    "CN" => [
        "name" => "China" 
    ],
    "CX" => [
        "name" => "Christmas Island" 
    ],
    "CC" => [
        "name" => "Cocos (Keeling) Islands" 
    ],
    "CO" => [
        "name" => "Colombia" 
    ],
    "CK" => [
        "name" => "Cook Islands" 
    ],
    "CR" => [
        "name" => "Costa Rica" 
    ],
    "CI" => [
        "name" => "Côte d’Ivoire" 
    ],
    "HR" => [
        "name" => "Croatia" 
    ],
    "CU" => [
        "name" => "Cuba" 
    ],
    "CW" => [
        "name" => "Curaçao" 
    ],
    "CY" => [
        "name" => "Cyprus" 
    ],
    "CZ" => [
        "name" => "Czech Republic" 
    ],
    "DK" => [
        "name" => "Denmark" 
    ],
    "DO" => [
        "name" => "Dominican Republic" 
    ],
    "EC" => [
        "name" => "Ecuador" 
    ],
    "EG" => [
        "name" => "Egypt" 
    ],
    "SV" => [
        "name" => "El Salvador" 
    ],
    "EE" => [
        "name" => "Estonia" 
    ],
    "FK" => [
        "name" => "Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)" 
    ],
    "FO" => [
        "name" => "Faroe Islands" 
    ],
    "FJ" => [
        "name" => "Fiji" 
    ],
    "FI" => [
        "name" => "Finland" 
    ],
    "FR" => [
        "name" => "France" 
    ],
    "GF" => [
        "name" => "French Guiana" 
    ],
    "PF" => [
        "name" => "French Polynesia" 
    ],
    "TF" => [
        "name" => "French Southern Territories" 
    ],
    "GE" => [
        "name" => "Georgia" 
    ],
    "DE" => [
        "name" => "Germany" 
    ],
    "GH" => [
        "name" => "Ghana" 
    ],
    "GI" => [
        "name" => "Gibraltar" 
    ],
    "GR" => [
        "name" => "Greece" 
    ],
    "GL" => [
        "name" => "Greenland" 
    ],
    "GU" => [
        "name" => "Guam" 
    ],
    "GT" => [
        "name" => "Guatemala" 
    ],
    "GW" => [
        "name" => "Guinea-Bissau" 
    ],
    "GY" => [
        "name" => "Guyana" 
    ],
    "HT" => [
        "name" => "Haiti" 
    ],
    "HN" => [
        "name" => "Honduras" 
    ],
    "HK" => [
        "name" => "Hong Kong" 
    ],
    "HU" => [
        "name" => "Hungary" 
    ],
    "IS" => [
        "name" => "Iceland" 
    ],
    "IN" => [
        "name" => "India" 
    ],
    "ID" => [
        "name" => "Indonesia" 
    ],
    "IR" => [
        "name" => "Iran" 
    ],
    "IQ" => [
        "name" => "Iraq" 
    ],
    "IE" => [
        "name" => "Ireland" 
    ],
    "IL" => [
        "name" => "Israel" 
    ],
    "IT" => [
        "name" => "Italy" 
    ],
    "JM" => [
        "name" => "Jamaica" 
    ],
    "JP" => [
        "name" => "Japan" 
    ],
    "JO" => [
        "name" => "Jordan" 
    ],
    "KZ" => [
        "name" => "Kazakhstan" 
    ],
    "KE" => [
        "name" => "Kenya" 
    ],
    "KI" => [
        "name" => "Kiribati" 
    ],
    "KG" => [
        "name" => "Kyrgyzstan" 
    ],
    "LV" => [
        "name" => "Latvia" 
    ],
    "LB" => [
        "name" => "Lebanon" 
    ],
    "LR" => [
        "name" => "Liberia" 
    ],
    "LY" => [
        "name" => "Libya" 
    ],
    "LT" => [
        "name" => "Lithuania" 
    ],
    "LU" => [
        "name" => "Luxembourg" 
    ],
    "MO" => [
        "name" => "Macau" 
    ],
    "MK" => [
        "name" => "Macedonia (FYROM)" 
    ],
    "MY" => [
        "name" => "Malaysia" 
    ],
    "MV" => [
        "name" => "Maldives" 
    ],
    "MT" => [
        "name" => "Malta" 
    ],
    "MH" => [
        "name" => "Marshall Islands" 
    ],
    "MQ" => [
        "name" => "Martinique" 
    ],
    "MU" => [
        "name" => "Mauritius" 
    ],
    "MX" => [
        "name" => "Mexico" 
    ],
    "FM" => [
        "name" => "Micronesia" 
    ],
    "MD" => [
        "name" => "Moldova" 
    ],
    "MC" => [
        "name" => "Monaco" 
    ],
    "MN" => [
        "name" => "Mongolia" 
    ],
    "MA" => [
        "name" => "Morocco" 
    ],
    "MZ" => [
        "name" => "Mozambique" 
    ],
    "MM" => [
        "name" => "Myanmar (Burma)" 
    ],
    "NA" => [
        "name" => "Namibia" 
    ],
    "NR" => [
        "name" => "Nauru" 
    ],
    "NP" => [
        "name" => "Nepal" 
    ],
    "NL" => [
        "name" => "Netherlands" 
    ],
    "NC" => [
        "name" => "New Caledonia" 
    ],
    "NZ" => [
        "name" => "New Zealand" 
    ],
    "NI" => [
        "name" => "Nicaragua" 
    ],
    "NG" => [
        "name" => "Nigeria" 
    ],
    "NU" => [
        "name" => "Niue" 
    ],
    "NF" => [
        "name" => "Norfolk Island" 
    ],
    "KP" => [
        "name" => "North Korea" 
    ],
    "MP" => [
        "name" => "Northern Mariana Islands" 
    ],
    "NO" => [
        "name" => "Norway" 
    ],
    "PK" => [
        "name" => "Pakistan" 
    ],
    "PW" => [
        "name" => "Palau" 
    ],
    "PS" => [
        "name" => "Palestine" 
    ],
    "PA" => [
        "name" => "Panama" 
    ],
    "PG" => [
        "name" => "Papua New Guinea" 
    ],
    "PY" => [
        "name" => "Paraguay" 
    ],
    "PE" => [
        "name" => "Peru" 
    ],
    "PH" => [
        "name" => "Philippines" 
    ],
    "PN" => [
        "name" => "Pitcairn Islands" 
    ],
    "PL" => [
        "name" => "Poland" 
    ],
    "PT" => [
        "name" => "Portugal" 
    ],
    "PR" => [
        "name" => "Puerto Rico" 
    ],
    "QA" => [
        "name" => "Qatar" 
    ],
    "RE" => [
        "name" => "Réunion" 
    ],
    "RO" => [
        "name" => "Romania" 
    ],
    "RU" => [
        "name" => "Russia" 
    ],
    "WS" => [
        "name" => "Samoa" 
    ],
    "SM" => [
        "name" => "San Marino" 
    ],
    "SA" => [
        "name" => "Saudi Arabia" 
    ],
    "RS" => [
        "name" => "Serbia" 
    ],
    "SC" => [
        "name" => "Seychelles" 
    ],
    "SG" => [
        "name" => "Singapore" 
    ],
    "SK" => [
        "name" => "Slovakia" 
    ],
    "SI" => [
        "name" => "Slovenia" 
    ],
    "SB" => [
        "name" => "Solomon Islands" 
    ],
    "ZA" => [
        "name" => "South Africa" 
    ],
    "GS" => [
        "name" => "South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands" 
    ],
    "KR" => [
        "name" => "South Korea" 
    ],
    "ES" => [
        "name" => "Spain" 
    ],
    "LK" => [
        "name" => "Sri Lanka" 
    ],
    "PM" => [
        "name" => "St. Pierre & Miquelon" 
    ],
    "SD" => [
        "name" => "Sudan" 
    ],
    "SR" => [
        "name" => "Suriname" 
    ],
    "SJ" => [
        "name" => "Svalbard & Jan Mayen" 
    ],
    "SE" => [
        "name" => "Sweden" 
    ],
    "CH" => [
        "name" => "Switzerland" 
    ],
    "SY" => [
        "name" => "Syria" 
    ],
    "TW" => [
        "name" => "Taiwan" 
    ],
    "TJ" => [
        "name" => "Tajikistan" 
    ],
    "TH" => [
        "name" => "Thailand" 
    ],
    "TL" => [
        "name" => "Timor-Leste" 
    ],
    "TK" => [
        "name" => "Tokelau" 
    ],
    "TO" => [
        "name" => "Tonga" 
    ],
    "TT" => [
        "name" => "Trinidad & Tobago" 
    ],
    "TN" => [
        "name" => "Tunisia" 
    ],
    "TR" => [
        "name" => "Turkey" 
    ],
    "TM" => [
        "name" => "Turkmenistan" 
    ],
    "TC" => [
        "name" => "Turks & Caicos Islands" 
    ],
    "TV" => [
        "name" => "Tuvalu" 
    ],
    "UM" => [
        "name" => "U.S. Outlying Islands" 
    ],
    "UA" => [
        "name" => "Ukraine" 
    ],
    "AE" => [
        "name" => "United Arab Emirates" 
    ],
    "GB" => [
        "name" => "United Kingdom" 
    ],
    "US" => [
        "name" => "United States" 
    ],
    "UY" => [
        "name" => "Uruguay" 
    ],
    "UZ" => [
        "name" => "Uzbekistan" 
    ],
    "VU" => [
        "name" => "Vanuatu" 
    ],
    "VA" => [
        "name" => "Vatican City" 
    ],
    "VE" => [
        "name" => "Venezuela" 
    ],
    "VN" => [
        "name" => "Vietnam" 
    ],
    "WF" => [
        "name" => "Wallis & Futuna" 
    ],
    "EH" => [
        "name" => "Western Sahara" 
    ],
];

// taken from Toland Hon's Answer
function prettyOffset($offset) {
    $offset_prefix = $offset < 0 ? '-' : '+';
    $offset_formatted = gmdate( 'H:i', abs($offset) );

    $pretty_offset = "UTC${offset_prefix}${offset_formatted}";

    return $pretty_offset;
}

foreach ($timezones as $k => $v) {
    $tz = DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers(DateTimeZone::PER_COUNTRY, $k);

    foreach ($tz as $value) {
        $t = new DateTimeZone($value);
        $offset = (new DateTime("now", $t))->getOffset();
        $timezones[$k]['timezones'][$value] = prettyOffset($offset);
    }   
}

This gives me an array grouped by countries:

["US"]=>
  array(2) {
    ["name"]=>
    string(13) "United States"
    ["timezones"]=>
    array(29) {
      ["America/Adak"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-10:00"
      ["America/Anchorage"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-09:00"
      ["America/Boise"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-07:00"
      ["America/Chicago"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-06:00"
      ["America/Denver"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-07:00"
      ["America/Detroit"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-05:00"
      ["America/Indiana/Indianapolis"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-05:00"
      ["America/Indiana/Knox"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-06:00"
      ["America/Indiana/Marengo"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-05:00"
      ["America/Indiana/Petersburg"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-05:00"
      ["America/Indiana/Tell_City"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-06:00"
      ["America/Indiana/Vevay"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-05:00"
      ["America/Indiana/Vincennes"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-05:00"
      ["America/Indiana/Winamac"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-05:00"
      ["America/Juneau"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-09:00"
      ["America/Kentucky/Louisville"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-05:00"
      ["America/Kentucky/Monticello"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-05:00"
      ["America/Los_Angeles"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-08:00"
      ["America/Menominee"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-06:00"
      ["America/Metlakatla"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-08:00"
      ["America/New_York"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-05:00"
      ["America/Nome"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-09:00"
      ["America/North_Dakota/Beulah"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-06:00"
      ["America/North_Dakota/Center"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-06:00"
      ["America/North_Dakota/New_Salem"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-06:00"
      ["America/Phoenix"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-07:00"
      ["America/Sitka"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-09:00"
      ["America/Yakutat"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-09:00"
      ["Pacific/Honolulu"]=>
      string(9) "UTC-10:00"
    }
  }

Which means now I can do something like below (of course with some javaScript trickery):




Я бы сделал это со следующим кодом, который похож на принятый ответ (я знаю, что код может быть реорганизован :)):

    $list = DateTimeZone::listAbbreviations();
    $idents = DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers();

    $data = $offset = $added = array();
    foreach ($list as $abbr => $info) {
        foreach ($info as $zone) {
            if ( ! empty($zone['timezone_id'])
                AND
                ! in_array($zone['timezone_id'], $added)
                AND 
                  in_array($zone['timezone_id'], $idents)) {
                $z = new DateTimeZone($zone['timezone_id']);
                $c = new DateTime(null, $z);
                $zone['time'] = $c->format('H:i a');
                $data[] = $zone;
                $offset[] = $z->getOffset($c);
                $added[] = $zone['timezone_id'];
            }
        }
    }

    array_multisort($offset, SORT_ASC, $data);
    $options = array();
    foreach ($data as $key => $row) {
        $options[$row['timezone_id']] = $row['time'] . ' - '
                                        . formatOffset($row['offset']) 
                                        . ' ' . $row['timezone_id'];
    }

    // now you can use $options;

function formatOffset($offset) {
        $hours = $offset / 3600;
        $remainder = $offset % 3600;
        $sign = $hours > 0 ? '+' : '-';
        $hour = (int) abs($hours);
        $minutes = (int) abs($remainder / 60);

        if ($hour == 0 AND $minutes == 0) {
            $sign = ' ';
        }
        return 'GMT' . $sign . str_pad($hour, 2, '0', STR_PAD_LEFT) 
                .':'. str_pad($minutes,2, '0');

}

Он производит что-то вроде:

<option value="America/Boise" label="02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Boise">02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Boise</option>

<option value="America/Denver" label="02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Denver">02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Denver</option>
<option value="America/Edmonton" label="02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Edmonton">02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Edmonton</option>
<option value="America/Inuvik" label="02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Inuvik">02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Inuvik</option>
<option value="America/Shiprock" label="02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Shiprock">02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Shiprock</option>

<option value="America/Belize" label="02:10 am - GMT-05:00 America/Belize">02:10 am - GMT-05:00 America/Belize</option>

Надеюсь, что это поможет немного и / или вдохновит вас прийти с чем-то лучшим.




Редактирование ответа Тамаса на удаление всех «других» записей, которые, по словам сайта php.net, больше не должны использоваться.

Может быть, это не имеет значения, но только после лучших практик. См. Уведомление внизу: http://fr2.php.net/manual/en/timezones.others.php

Кроме того, хотя этот список имеет Azores как GMT-1, на самом деле я думаю, что это то же (по крайней мере иногда), что и GMT, но не уверен.

Редактирование, чтобы предложить это в sql, чтобы вы могли создать раскрывающийся список в форме, и вместо этого ответ пользователя будет привязан к индексу.

Редактирование снова для удаления ведущего пространства

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `timezones` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(44) DEFAULT NULL,
  `timezone` varchar(30) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM  DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 AUTO_INCREMENT=141 ;

--
-- Dumping data for table `timezones`
--

INSERT INTO `timezones` (`id`, `name`, `timezone`) VALUES
(1, '(GMT-11:00) Midway Island ', 'Pacific/Midway'),
(2, '(GMT-11:00) Samoa ', 'Pacific/Samoa'),
(3, '(GMT-10:00) Hawaii ', 'Pacific/Honolulu'),
(4, '(GMT-09:00) Alaska ', 'America/Anchorage'),
(5, '(GMT-08:00) Pacific Time (US &amp; Canada) ', 'America/Los_Angeles'),
(6, '(GMT-08:00) Tijuana ', 'America/Tijuana'),
(7, '(GMT-07:00) Chihuahua ', 'America/Chihuahua'),
(8, '(GMT-07:00) La Paz ', 'America/Chihuahua'),
(9, '(GMT-07:00) Mazatlan ', 'America/Mazatlan'),
(10, '(GMT-07:00) Mountain Time (US &amp; Canada) ', 'America/Denver'),
(11, '(GMT-06:00) Central America ', 'America/Managua'),
(12, '(GMT-06:00) Central Time (US &amp; Canada) ', 'America/Chicago'),
(13, '(GMT-06:00) Guadalajara ', 'America/Mexico_City'),
(14, '(GMT-06:00) Mexico City ', 'America/Mexico_City'),
(15, '(GMT-06:00) Monterrey ', 'America/Monterrey'),
(16, '(GMT-05:00) Bogota ', 'America/Bogota'),
(17, '(GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US &amp; Canada) ', 'America/New_York'),
(18, '(GMT-05:00) Lima ', 'America/Lima'),
(19, '(GMT-05:00) Quito ', 'America/Bogota'),
(20, '(GMT-04:00) Atlantic Time (Canada) ', 'Canada/Atlantic'),
(21, '(GMT-04:30) Caracas ', 'America/Caracas'),
(22, '(GMT-04:00) La Paz ', 'America/La_Paz'),
(23, '(GMT-04:00) Santiago ', 'America/Santiago'),
(24, '(GMT-03:30) Newfoundland ', 'America/St_Johns'),
(25, '(GMT-03:00) Brasilia ', 'America/Sao_Paulo'),
(26, '(GMT-03:00) Buenos Aires ', 'America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires'),
(27, '(GMT-03:00) Georgetown ', 'America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires'),
(28, '(GMT-03:00) Greenland ', 'America/Godthab'),
(29, '(GMT-02:00) Mid-Atlantic ', 'America/Noronha'),
(30, '(GMT-01:00) Azores ', 'Atlantic/Azores'),
(31, '(GMT-01:00) Cape Verde Is. ', 'Atlantic/Cape_Verde'),
(32, '(GMT+00:00) Casablanca ', 'Africa/Casablanca'),
(33, '(GMT+00:00) Edinburgh ', 'Europe/London'),
(34, '(GMT+00:00) Dublin ', 'Europe/Dublin'),
(35, '(GMT+00:00) Lisbon ', 'Europe/Lisbon'),
(36, '(GMT+00:00) London ', 'Europe/London'),
(37, '(GMT+00:00) Monrovia ', 'Africa/Monrovia'),
(38, '(GMT+00:00) UTC ', 'UTC'),
(39, '(GMT+01:00) Amsterdam ', 'Europe/Amsterdam'),
(40, '(GMT+01:00) Belgrade ', 'Europe/Belgrade'),
(41, '(GMT+01:00) Berlin ', 'Europe/Berlin'),
(42, '(GMT+01:00) Bern ', 'Europe/Berlin'),
(43, '(GMT+01:00) Bratislava ', 'Europe/Bratislava'),
(44, '(GMT+01:00) Brussels ', 'Europe/Brussels'),
(45, '(GMT+01:00) Budapest ', 'Europe/Budapest'),
(46, '(GMT+01:00) Copenhagen ', 'Europe/Copenhagen'),
(47, '(GMT+01:00) Ljubljana ', 'Europe/Ljubljana'),
(48, '(GMT+01:00) Madrid ', 'Europe/Madrid'),
(49, '(GMT+01:00) Paris ', 'Europe/Paris'),
(50, '(GMT+01:00) Prague ', 'Europe/Prague'),
(51, '(GMT+01:00) Rome ', 'Europe/Rome'),
(52, '(GMT+01:00) Sarajevo ', 'Europe/Sarajevo'),
(53, '(GMT+01:00) Skopje ', 'Europe/Skopje'),
(54, '(GMT+01:00) Stockholm ', 'Europe/Stockholm'),
(55, '(GMT+01:00) Vienna ', 'Europe/Vienna'),
(56, '(GMT+01:00) Warsaw ', 'Europe/Warsaw'),
(57, '(GMT+01:00) West Central Africa ', 'Africa/Lagos'),
(58, '(GMT+01:00) Zagreb ', 'Europe/Zagreb'),
(59, '(GMT+02:00) Athens ', 'Europe/Athens'),
(60, '(GMT+02:00) Bucharest ', 'Europe/Bucharest'),
(61, '(GMT+02:00) Cairo ', 'Africa/Cairo'),
(62, '(GMT+02:00) Harare ', 'Africa/Harare'),
(63, '(GMT+02:00) Helsinki ', 'Europe/Helsinki'),
(64, '(GMT+02:00) Istanbul ', 'Europe/Istanbul'),
(65, '(GMT+02:00) Jerusalem ', 'Asia/Jerusalem'),
(66, '(GMT+02:00) Kyiv ', 'Europe/Helsinki'),
(67, '(GMT+02:00) Pretoria ', 'Africa/Johannesburg'),
(68, '(GMT+02:00) Riga ', 'Europe/Riga'),
(69, '(GMT+02:00) Sofia ', 'Europe/Sofia'),
(70, '(GMT+02:00) Tallinn ', 'Europe/Tallinn'),
(71, '(GMT+02:00) Vilnius ', 'Europe/Vilnius'),
(72, '(GMT+03:00) Baghdad ', 'Asia/Baghdad'),
(73, '(GMT+03:00) Kuwait ', 'Asia/Kuwait'),
(74, '(GMT+03:00) Minsk ', 'Europe/Minsk'),
(75, '(GMT+03:00) Nairobi ', 'Africa/Nairobi'),
(76, '(GMT+03:00) Riyadh ', 'Asia/Riyadh'),
(77, '(GMT+03:00) Volgograd ', 'Europe/Volgograd'),
(78, '(GMT+03:30) Tehran ', 'Asia/Tehran'),
(79, '(GMT+04:00) Abu Dhabi ', 'Asia/Muscat'),
(80, '(GMT+04:00) Baku ', 'Asia/Baku'),
(81, '(GMT+04:00) Moscow ', 'Europe/Moscow'),
(82, '(GMT+04:00) Muscat ', 'Asia/Muscat'),
(83, '(GMT+04:00) St. Petersburg ', 'Europe/Moscow'),
(84, '(GMT+04:00) Tbilisi ', 'Asia/Tbilisi'),
(85, '(GMT+04:00) Yerevan ', 'Asia/Yerevan'),
(86, '(GMT+04:30) Kabul ', 'Asia/Kabul'),
(87, '(GMT+05:00) Islamabad ', 'Asia/Karachi'),
(88, '(GMT+05:00) Karachi ', 'Asia/Karachi'),
(89, '(GMT+05:00) Tashkent ', 'Asia/Tashkent'),
(90, '(GMT+05:30) Chennai ', 'Asia/Calcutta'),
(91, '(GMT+05:30) Kolkata ', 'Asia/Kolkata'),
(92, '(GMT+05:30) Mumbai ', 'Asia/Calcutta'),
(93, '(GMT+05:30) New Delhi ', 'Asia/Calcutta'),
(94, '(GMT+05:30) Sri Jayawardenepura ', 'Asia/Calcutta'),
(95, '(GMT+05:45) Kathmandu ', 'Asia/Katmandu'),
(96, '(GMT+06:00) Almaty ', 'Asia/Almaty'),
(97, '(GMT+06:00) Astana ', 'Asia/Dhaka'),
(98, '(GMT+06:00) Dhaka ', 'Asia/Dhaka'),
(99, '(GMT+06:00) Ekaterinburg ', 'Asia/Yekaterinburg'),
(100, '(GMT+06:30) Rangoon ', 'Asia/Rangoon'),
(101, '(GMT+07:00) Bangkok ', 'Asia/Bangkok'),
(102, '(GMT+07:00) Hanoi ', 'Asia/Bangkok'),
(103, '(GMT+07:00) Jakarta ', 'Asia/Jakarta'),
(104, '(GMT+07:00) Novosibirsk ', 'Asia/Novosibirsk'),
(105, '(GMT+08:00) Beijing ', 'Asia/Hong_Kong'),
(106, '(GMT+08:00) Chongqing ', 'Asia/Chongqing'),
(107, '(GMT+08:00) Hong Kong ', 'Asia/Hong_Kong'),
(108, '(GMT+08:00) Krasnoyarsk ', 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk'),
(109, '(GMT+08:00) Kuala Lumpur ', 'Asia/Kuala_Lumpur'),
(110, '(GMT+08:00) Perth ', 'Australia/Perth'),
(111, '(GMT+08:00) Singapore ', 'Asia/Singapore'),
(112, '(GMT+08:00) Taipei ', 'Asia/Taipei'),
(113, '(GMT+08:00) Ulaan Bataar ', 'Asia/Ulan_Bator'),
(114, '(GMT+08:00) Urumqi ', 'Asia/Urumqi'),
(115, '(GMT+09:00) Irkutsk ', 'Asia/Irkutsk'),
(116, '(GMT+09:00) Osaka ', 'Asia/Tokyo'),
(117, '(GMT+09:00) Sapporo ', 'Asia/Tokyo'),
(118, '(GMT+09:00) Seoul ', 'Asia/Seoul'),
(119, '(GMT+09:00) Tokyo ', 'Asia/Tokyo'),
(120, '(GMT+09:30) Adelaide ', 'Australia/Adelaide'),
(121, '(GMT+09:30) Darwin ', 'Australia/Darwin'),
(122, '(GMT+10:00) Brisbane ', 'Australia/Brisbane'),
(123, '(GMT+10:00) Canberra ', 'Australia/Canberra'),
(124, '(GMT+10:00) Guam ', 'Pacific/Guam'),
(125, '(GMT+10:00) Hobart ', 'Australia/Hobart'),
(126, '(GMT+10:00) Melbourne ', 'Australia/Melbourne'),
(127, '(GMT+10:00) Port Moresby ', 'Pacific/Port_Moresby'),
(128, '(GMT+10:00) Sydney ', 'Australia/Sydney'),
(129, '(GMT+10:00) Yakutsk ', 'Asia/Yakutsk'),
(130, '(GMT+11:00) Vladivostok ', 'Asia/Vladivostok'),
(131, '(GMT+12:00) Auckland ', 'Pacific/Auckland'),
(132, '(GMT+12:00) Fiji ', 'Pacific/Fiji'),
(133, '(GMT+12:00) International Date Line West ', 'Pacific/Kwajalein'),
(134, '(GMT+12:00) Kamchatka ', 'Asia/Kamchatka'),
(135, '(GMT+12:00) Magadan ', 'Asia/Magadan'),
(136, '(GMT+12:00) Marshall Is. ', 'Pacific/Fiji'),
(137, '(GMT+12:00) New Caledonia ', 'Asia/Magadan'),
(138, '(GMT+12:00) Solomon Is. ', 'Asia/Magadan'),
(139, '(GMT+12:00) Wellington ', 'Pacific/Auckland'),
(140, '(GMT+13:00) Nuku\\alofa ', 'Pacific/Tongatapu');

/*!40101 SET CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT=@OLD_CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT */;
/*!40101 SET CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS=@OLD_CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS */;
/*!40101 SET COLLATION_CONNECTION=@OLD_COLLATION_CONNECTION */;