[c#] Как превратить объект C # в строку JSON в .NET?



6 Answers

Поскольку мы все любим один лайнер

... это зависит от пакета Newtonsoft NuGet, который популярен и лучше, чем сериализатор по умолчанию.

Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.SerializeObject(new {foo = "bar"})

Документация: Сериализация и десериализация JSON

Question

У меня есть такие классы:

class MyDate
{
    int year, month, day;
}

class Lad
{
    string firstName;
    string lastName;
    MyDate dateOfBirth;
}

И я хотел бы превратить объект Lad в строку JSON следующим образом:

{
    "firstName":"Markoff",
    "lastName":"Chaney",
    "dateOfBirth":
    {
        "year":"1901",
        "month":"4",
        "day":"30"
    }
}

(без форматирования). Я нашел эту ссылку , но она использует пространство имен, которое отсутствует в .NET 4. Я также слышал о JSON.NET , но их сайт, похоже, сейчас не работает, и я не заинтересован в использовании внешних DLL-файлов. Существуют ли другие возможности, помимо ручного создания строковой записи JSON?




Используйте приведенный ниже код для преобразования XML в JSON.

var json = new JavaScriptSerializer().Serialize(obj);






Используйте библиотеку Json.Net , вы можете загрузить ее из Nuget Packet Manager.

Сериализация для Json String:

 var obj = new Lad
        {
            firstName = "Markoff",
            lastName = "Chaney",
            dateOfBirth = new MyDate
            {
                year = 1901,
                month = 4,
                day = 30
            }
        };

var jsonString = Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.SerializeObject(obj);

Дессериализация объекта:

var obj = Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<Lad>(jsonString );



Позаботьтесь о создании своего класса с соответствующим атрибутом:

Создайте этот класс с атрибутом <Serializable> в соответствии с примером C #, за которым следует vb.net exmpale

C #

using Microsoft.VisualBasic;
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Script.Serialization;
namespace Samples
{
[Serializable()]
public class Customer
{


    private int _idcustomer;
    public int IDCustomer {
        get { return _idcustomer; }
        set { _idcustomer = value; }
    }


    private System.DateTime _RegistrationDate;
    public System.DateTime RegistrationDate {
        get { return _RegistrationDate; }
        set { _RegistrationDate = value; }
    }


    private string _Name;
    public string Name {
        get { return _Name; }
        set { _Name = value; }
    }


    private string _Surname;
    public string Surname {
        get { return _Surname; }
        set { _Surname = value; }
    }
}


[Serializable()]
public class Product
{


    private int _ProductID;
    public int ProductID {
        get { return _ProductID; }
        set { _ProductID = value; }
    }


    private string _ProductName;
    public string ProductName {
        get { return _ProductName; }
        set { _ProductName = value; }
    }


    private int _Price;
    public int Price {
        get { return _Price; }
        set { _Price = value; }
    }


    private bool _inStock;
    public bool inStock {
        get { return _inStock; }
        set { _inStock = value; }
    }
}


[Serializable()]
public class Order
{


    private int _OrderId;
    public int OrderID {
        get { return _OrderId; }
        set { _OrderId = value; }
    }


    private int _customerID;
    public int CustomerID {
        get { return _customerID; }
        set { _customerID = value; }
    }


    private List<Product> _ProductsList;
    public List<Product> ProductsList {
        get { return _ProductsList; }
        set { _ProductsList = value; }
    }


    private System.DateTime _PurchaseDate;
    public System.DateTime PurchaseDate {
        get { return _PurchaseDate; }
        set { _PurchaseDate = value; }
    }


    private string _PaymentMethod;
    public string PaymentMethod {
        get { return _PaymentMethod; }
        set { _PaymentMethod = value; }
    }

    public string ToJson()
    {
        string json = string.Empty;
        JavaScriptSerializer js = new JavaScriptSerializer();
        json = js.Serialize(this);
        js = null;
        return json;
    }

}

}

Пример VBNET

Imports System
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.Script.Serialization
Namespace Samples
<Serializable()>
Public Class Customer

    Private _idcustomer As Integer

    Public Property IDCustomer() As Integer
        Get
            Return _idcustomer
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _idcustomer = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _RegistrationDate As Date

    Public Property RegistrationDate() As Date
        Get
            Return _RegistrationDate
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Date)
            _RegistrationDate = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Name As String

    Public Property Name() As String
        Get
            Return _Name
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            _Name = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Surname As String

    Public Property Surname() As String
        Get
            Return _Surname
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            _Surname = value
        End Set
    End Property
End Class


<Serializable()>
Public Class Product

    Private _ProductID As Integer

    Public Property ProductID() As Integer
        Get
            Return _ProductID
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _ProductID = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _ProductName As String

    Public Property ProductName() As String
        Get
            Return _ProductName
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            _ProductName = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Price As Integer

    Public Property Price() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Price
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Price = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _inStock As Boolean

    Public Property inStock() As Boolean
        Get
            Return _inStock
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Boolean)
            _inStock = value
        End Set
    End Property
End Class


<Serializable>
Public Class Order

    Private _OrderId As Integer

    Public Property OrderID() As Integer
        Get
            Return _OrderId
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _OrderId = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _customerID As Integer

    Public Property CustomerID() As Integer
        Get
            Return _customerID
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _customerID = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _ProductsList As List(Of Product)

    Public Property ProductsList() As List(Of Product)
        Get
            Return _ProductsList
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As List(Of Product))
            _ProductsList = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _PurchaseDate As Date

    Public Property PurchaseDate() As Date
        Get
            Return _PurchaseDate
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Date)
            _PurchaseDate = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _PaymentMethod As String

    Public Property PaymentMethod() As String
        Get
            Return _PaymentMethod
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            _PaymentMethod = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Function ToJson() As String
        Dim json As String = String.Empty
        Dim js As New JavaScriptSerializer
        json = js.Serialize(Me)
        js = Nothing
        Return json
    End Function

End Class

Конец пространства имен

Второй шаг - создать простые тестовые данные, например:

C #

  void Main() {
    List<Samples.Product> ListProducts = new List<Samples.Product>();
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,.Price=10, .ProductID=1,.ProductName=BookOne);
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,. Price=10, .ProductID=2, .ProductName=Hotels California);
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,.Price=10,.ProductID=3,.ProductName=Cbr);
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,.Price=10,.ProductID=4,.ProductName=Mustang);
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,.Price=10, .ProductID=15,.ProductName=Anything);
    ListProducts.Add(new Samples.Product(), With, {.inStock=False,.Price=10,.ProductID=38,.ProductName=Monster Truck);
    Samples.Customer Customer = new Samples.Customer();
    // With...
    Customer.IDCustomer = 1;
    Customer.Name = "Customer1";
    Customer.RegistrationDate = Now;
    Customer.Surname = "SurnameCustomer";
    Samples.Order Order = new Samples.Order();
    // With...
    Order.CustomerID = Customer.IDCustomer;
    Order.OrderID = 1;
    Order.PaymentMethod = "PayPal";
    Order.ProductsList = ListProducts;
    Order.PurchaseDate = Now;
    Console.WriteLine(Order.ToJson);
    Console.ReadLine();
}

VB.NET

Sub Main()
    Dim ListProducts As New List(Of Samples.Product)

    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 1, .ProductName = "BookOne"})
    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 2, .ProductName = "Hotels California"})
    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 3, .ProductName = "Cbr"})
    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 4, .ProductName = "Mustang"})
    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 15, .ProductName = "Anything"})
    ListProducts.Add(New Samples.Product With {.inStock = False, .Price = 10,
                     .ProductID = 38, .ProductName = "Monster Truck"})

    Dim Customer As New Samples.Customer
    With {.IDCustomer = 1, .Name = "Customer1",.RegistrationDate = Now, .Surname  ="SurnameCustomer"}

    Dim Order As New Samples.Order With {
        .CustomerID = Customer.IDCustomer,
        .OrderID =       1,
        .PaymentMethod = "PayPal",
        .ProductsList = ListProducts,
        .PurchaseDate = Now
    }
    Console.WriteLine(Order.ToJson)
    Console.ReadLine()
End Sub

И это конечный результат:

{"OrderID":1,"CustomerID":1,"ProductsList":[{"ProductID":1,"ProductName":"BookOn
 e","Price":10,"inStock":false},{"ProductID":2,"ProductName":"Hotels California",
 "Price":10,"inStock":false},{"ProductID":3,"ProductName":"Cbr","Price":10,"inSto
 ck":false},{"ProductID":4,"ProductName":"Mustang","Price":10,"inStock":false},{"
 ProductID":15,"ProductName":"Anything","Price":10,"inStock":false},{"ProductID":
 38,"ProductName":"Monster Truck","Price":10,"inStock":false}],"PurchaseDate":"\/
 Date(1396642206155)\/","PaymentMethod":"PayPal"}

Не забудьте добавить ссылку на system.web.extension.dll, чтобы достичь своей цели.




Если вы находитесь в веб-контроллере ASP.NET MVC, это просто:

string ladAsJson = Json(Lad);

Не могу поверить, что никто не упомянул об этом.




Так же просто, как и для динамических объектов (тип объекта):

string json = new
System.Web.Script.Serialization.JavaScriptSerializer().Serialize(MYOBJECT);





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