[javascript] 如何正确排序整数数组



5 Answers

只要建立在所有上述答案上,它们也可以像这样在一行中完成:

var numArray = [140000, 104, 99];

// ES5
numArray = numArray.sort(function (a, b) {  return a - b;  });

// ES2015
numArray = numArray.sort((a, b) => a - b);

//outputs: 99, 104, 140000
Question

试图从我知道的只包含整数的数组中获取最高和最低值似乎比我想象的要困难。

var numArray = [140000, 104, 99];
numArray = numArray.sort();
alert(numArray[0] + ", " + numArray[numArray.length - 1]);

我希望这显示“99,140000”。 相反,它显示“104,99”。 所以它似乎是把这些值作为字符串来处理。

有没有办法让排序函数实际排序整数值?




这个问题已经回答了,最简单的方法是使用sort()方法。 但是,如果您正在寻找更多方法来分类您的数组,并且您也喜欢周期,请检查以下内容

插入排序

上升:

var numArray = [140000, 104, 99];
for (var i = 0; i < numArray.length; i++) {
    var target = numArray[i];
    for (var j = i - 1; j >= 0 && (numArray[j] > target); j--) {
        numArray[j+1] = numArray[j];
    }
    numArray[j+1] = target
}
console.log(numArray);

降:

var numArray = [140000, 104, 99];
for (var i = 0; i < numArray.length; i++) {
    var target = numArray[i];
    for (var j = i - 1; j >= 0 && (numArray[j] < target); j--) {
        numArray[j+1] = numArray[j];
    }
    numArray[j+1] = target
}
console.log(numArray);

选择排序:

上升:

var numArray = [140000, 104, 99];
for (var i = 0; i < numArray.length - 1; i++) {
    var min = i;
    for (var j = i + 1; j < numArray.length; j++) {
        if (numArray[j] < numArray[min]) {
            min = j;
        }
    }
    if (min != i) {
        var target = numArray[i];
        numArray[i] = numArray[min];
        numArray[min] = target;
    }
}
console.log(numArray);

降:

var numArray = [140000, 104, 99];
for (var i = 0; i < numArray.length - 1; i++) {
    var min = i;
    for (var j = i + 1; j < numArray.length; j++) {
        if (numArray[j] > numArray[min]) {
            min = j;
        }
    }
    if (min != i) {
        var target = numArray[i];
        numArray[i] = numArray[min];
        numArray[min] = target;
    }
}
console.log(numArray);

玩的开心




这个答案相当于一些现有的答案,但ECMAScript 6的箭头函数提供了更简洁的语法,它允许我们在不牺牲可读性的情况下定义内联排序函数:

numArray = numArray.sort((a, b) => a - b);

目前大多数浏览器都支持它。




更新! 滚动到smartSort prop添加剂答案的底部,可以带来更多乐趣!
排序任何东西的数组!

我个人最喜欢的这种功能允许升序或降序参数:

function intArraySort(c, a) {
    function d(a, b) { return b - a; }
    "string" == typeof a && a.toLowerCase();
    switch (a) {
        default: return c.sort(function(a, b) { return a - b; });
        case 1:
                case "d":
                case "dc":
                case "desc":
                return c.sort(d)
    }
};

用法简单如下:

var ara = function getArray() {
        var a = Math.floor(Math.random()*50)+1, b = [];
        for (i=0;i<=a;i++) b.push(Math.floor(Math.random()*50)+1);
        return b;
    }();

//    Ascending
intArraySort(ara);
console.log(ara);

//    Descending
intArraySort(ara, 1);
console.log(ara);

//    Ascending
intArraySort(ara, 'a');
console.log(ara);

//    Descending
intArraySort(ara, 'dc');
console.log(ara);

//    Ascending
intArraySort(ara, 'asc');
console.log(ara);

的jsfiddle

或代码片段示例在这里!

function intArraySort(c, a) {
	function d(a, b) { return b - a }
	"string" == typeof a && a.toLowerCase();
	switch (a) {
		default: return c.sort(function(a, b) { return a - b });
		case 1:
		case "d":
		case "dc":
		case "desc":
		return c.sort(d)
	}
};

function tableExample() {
	var d = function() {
			var a = Math.floor(50 * Math.random()) + 1,
				b = [];
			for (i = 0; i <= a; i++) b.push(Math.floor(50 * Math.random()) + 1);
			return b
		},
		a = function(a) {
			var b = $("<tr/>"),
				c = $("<th/>").prependTo(b);
			$("<td/>", {
				text: intArraySort(d(), a).join(", ")
			}).appendTo(b);
			switch (a) {
				case 1:
				case "d":
				case "dc":
				case "desc":
					c.addClass("desc").text("Descending");
					break;
				default:
					c.addClass("asc").text("Ascending")
			}
			return b
		};
	return $("tbody").empty().append(a(), a(1), a(), a(1), a(), a(1), a(), a(1), a(), a(1), a(), a(1))
};

tableExample();
table { border-collapse: collapse; }
th, td { border: 1px solid; padding: .25em .5em; vertical-align: top; }
.asc { color: red; }
.desc { color: blue }
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<table><tbody></tbody></table>

.smartSort('asc'|'desc')

现在,使用排序方法更加有趣,该方法可对包含多个项目的数组进行排序! 目前不包括“关联”(又名,字符串键),但它确实涵盖了每种类型的值! 相应地,它不仅可以将多个值ascdesc排序,还可以保持值的“组”的不变“位置”。 换一种说法; 整数总是第一,然后是字符串,然后是数组(是的,我正在制作这个多维!),然后是对象(未过滤,元素,日期),并最终未定义和空值!

“为什么?” 你问。 为什么不!

现在有两种口味! 其中第一个需要较新的浏览器,因为它使用Object.defineProperty将该方法添加到Array.protoype对象。 这样可以轻松自然使用,例如: myArray.smartSort('a') 。 如果您需要为旧版浏览器实施,或者您不想修改本机对象,请向下滚动到“ 仅限方式”版本。

/* begin */
/* KEY NOTE! Requires EcmaScript 5.1 (not compatible with older browsers) */
;;(function(){if(Object.defineProperty&&!Array.prototype.smartSort){var h=function(a,b){if(null==a||void 0==a)return 1;if(null==b||void 0==b)return-1;var c=typeof a,e=c+typeof b;if(/^numbernumber$/ig.test(e))return a-b;if(/^stringstring$/ig.test(e))return a>b;if(/(string|number){2}/ig.test(e))return/string/i.test(c)?1:-1;if(/number/ig.test(e)&&/object/ig.test(e)||/string/ig.test(e)&&/object/ig.test(e))return/object/i.test(c)?1:-1;if(/^objectobject$/ig.test(e)){a instanceof Array&&a.smartSort("a");b instanceof Array&&b.smartSort("a");if(a instanceof Date&&b instanceof Date)return a-b;if(a instanceof Array&&b instanceof Array){var e=Object.keys(a),g=Object.keys(b),e=e.concat(g).smartSort("a"),d;for(d in e)if(c=e[d],a[c]!=b[c])return d=[a[c],b[c]].smartSort("a"),a[c]==d[0]?-1:1;var f=[a[Object.keys(a)[0]],b[Object.keys(b)[0]]].smartSort("a");return a[Object.keys(a)[0]]==f[0]?-1:1}if(a instanceof Element&&b instanceof Element){if(a.tagName==b.tagName)return e=[a.id,b.id].smartSort("a"),a.id==e[0]?1:-1;e=[a.tagName, b.tagName].smartSort("a");return a.tagName==e[0]?1:-1}if(a instanceof Date||b instanceof Date)return a instanceof Date?1:-1;if(a instanceof Array||b instanceof Array)return a instanceof Array?-1:1;e=Object.keys(a);g=Object.keys(b);e.concat(g).smartSort("a");for(c=0;20>c;c++){d=e[c];f=g[c];if(a.hasOwnProperty(d)&&b.hasOwnProperty(f)){if(a[d]instanceof Element&&b[f]instanceof Element){if(a[d].tagName==b[f].tagName)return c=[a[d].id,b[f].id].smartSort("a"),a[d].id==c[0]?-1:1;c=[a[d].tagName,b[f].tagName].smartSort("d"); return a[d].tagName==c[0]?1:-1}if(a[d]instanceof Element||b[f]instanceof Element)return a[d]instanceof Element?1:-1;if(a[d]!=b[f])return c=[a[d],b[f]].smartSort("a"),a[d]==c[0]?-1:1}if(a.hasOwnProperty(d)&&a[d]instanceof Element)return 1;if(b.hasOwnProperty(f)&&b[f]instanceof Element||!a.hasOwnProperty(d))return-1;if(!b.hasOwnProperty(d))return 1}c=[a[Object.keys(a)[0]],b[Object.keys(b)[0]]].smartSort("d");return a[Object.keys(a)[0]]==c[0]?-1:1}g=[a,b].sort();return g[0]>g[1]},k=function(a,b){if(null== a||void 0==a)return 1;if(null==b||void 0==b)return-1;var c=typeof a,e=c+typeof b;if(/^numbernumber$/ig.test(e))return b-a;if(/^stringstring$/ig.test(e))return b>a;if(/(string|number){2}/ig.test(e))return/string/i.test(c)?1:-1;if(/number/ig.test(e)&&/object/ig.test(e)||/string/ig.test(e)&&/object/ig.test(e))return/object/i.test(c)?1:-1;if(/^objectobject$/ig.test(e)){a instanceof Array&&a.smartSort("d");b instanceof Array&&b.smartSort("d");if(a instanceof Date&&b instanceof Date)return b-a;if(a instanceof Array&&b instanceof Array){var e=Object.keys(a),g=Object.keys(b),e=e.concat(g).smartSort("a"),d;for(d in e)if(c=e[d],a[c]!=b[c])return d=[a[c],b[c]].smartSort("d"),a[c]==d[0]?-1:1;var f=[a[Object.keys(a)[0]],b[Object.keys(b)[0]]].smartSort("d");return a[Object.keys(a)[0]]==f[0]?-1:1}if(a instanceof Element&&b instanceof Element){if(a.tagName==b.tagName)return e=[a.id,b.id].smartSort("d"),a.id==e[0]?-1:1;e=[a.tagName,b.tagName].smartSort("d");return a.tagName==e[0]?-1:1}if(a instanceof Date||b instanceof Date)return a instanceof Date?1:-1;if(a instanceof Array||b instanceof Array)return a instanceof Array?-1:1;e=Object.keys(a);g=Object.keys(b);e.concat(g).smartSort("a");for(c=0;20>c;c++){d=e[c];f=g[c];if(a.hasOwnProperty(d)&&b.hasOwnProperty(f)){if(a[d]instanceof Element&&b[f]instanceof Element){if(a[d].tagName==b[f].tagName)return c=[a[d].id,b[f].id].smartSort("d"),a[d].id==c[0]?-1:1;c=[a[d].tagName,b[f].tagName].smartSort("d");return a[d].tagName==c[0]?-1:1}if(a[d]instanceof Element||b[f]instanceof Element)return a[d]instanceof Element?1:-1;if(a[d]!=b[f])return c=[a[d],b[f]].smartSort("d"),a[d]==c[0]?-1:1}if(a.hasOwnProperty(d)&&a[d]instanceof Element)return 1;if(b.hasOwnProperty(f)&&b[f]instanceof Element)return-1;if(!a.hasOwnProperty(d))return 1;if(!b.hasOwnProperty(d))return-1}c=[a[Object.keys(a)[0]],b[Object.keys(b)[0]]].smartSort("d");return a[Object.keys(a)[0]]==c[0]?-1:1}g=[a,b].sort();return g[0]<g[1]};Object.defineProperty(Array.prototype,"smartSort",{value:function(){return arguments&& (!arguments.length||1==arguments.length&&/^a([sc]{2})?$|^d([esc]{3})?$/i.test(arguments[0]))?this.sort(!arguments.length||/^a([sc]{2})?$/i.test(arguments[0])?h:k):this.sort()}})}})();
/* end */

jsFiddle Array.prototype.smartSort('asc | desc')

使用很简单! 首先制作一些疯狂的数组,如:

window.z = [ 'one', undefined, $('<span />'), 'two', null, 2, $('<div />', { id: 'Thing' }), $('<div />'), 4, $('<header />') ];
z.push(new Date('1/01/2011'));
z.push('three');
z.push(undefined);
z.push([ 'one', 'three', 'four' ]);
z.push([ 'one', 'three', 'five' ]);
z.push({ a: 'a', b: 'b' });
z.push({ name: 'bob', value: 'bill' });
z.push(new Date());
z.push({ john: 'jill', jack: 'june' });
z.push([ 'abc', 'def', [ 'abc', 'def', 'cba' ], [ 'cba', 'def', 'bca' ], 'cba' ]);
z.push([ 'cba', 'def', 'bca' ]);
z.push({ a: 'a', b: 'b', c: 'c' });
z.push({ a: 'a', b: 'b', c: 'd' });

然后简单地排序它!

z.smartSort('asc'); // Ascending
z.smartSort('desc'); // Descending

仅限方法

和前面一样,只是一个简单的方法!

/* begin */
/* KEY NOTE! Method `smartSort` is appended to native `window` for global use. If you'd prefer a more local scope, simple change `window.smartSort` to `var smartSort` and place inside your class/method */
window.smartSort=function(){if(arguments){var a,b,c;for(c in arguments)arguments[c]instanceof Array&&(a=arguments[c],void 0==b&&(b="a")),"string"==typeof arguments[c]&&(b=/^a([sc]{2})?$/i.test(arguments[c])?"a":"d");if(a instanceof Array)return a.sort("a"==b?smartSort.asc:smartSort.desc)}return this.sort()};smartSort.asc=function(a,b){if(null==a||void 0==a)return 1;if(null==b||void 0==b)return-1;var c=typeof a,e=c+typeof b;if(/^numbernumber$/ig.test(e))return a-b;if(/^stringstring$/ig.test(e))return a> b;if(/(string|number){2}/ig.test(e))return/string/i.test(c)?1:-1;if(/number/ig.test(e)&&/object/ig.test(e)||/string/ig.test(e)&&/object/ig.test(e))return/object/i.test(c)?1:-1;if(/^objectobject$/ig.test(e)){a instanceof Array&&a.sort(smartSort.asc);b instanceof Array&&b.sort(smartSort.asc);if(a instanceof Date&&b instanceof Date)return a-b;if(a instanceof Array&&b instanceof Array){var e=Object.keys(a),g=Object.keys(b),e=smartSort(e.concat(g),"a"),d;for(d in e)if(c=e[d],a[c]!=b[c])return d=smartSort([a[c], b[c]],"a"),a[c]==d[0]?-1:1;var f=smartSort([a[Object.keys(a)[0]],b[Object.keys(b)[0]]],"a");return a[Object.keys(a)[0]]==f[0]?-1:1}if(a instanceof Element&&b instanceof Element){if(a.tagName==b.tagName)return e=smartSort([a.id,b.id],"a"),a.id==e[0]?1:-1;e=smartSort([a.tagName,b.tagName],"a");return a.tagName==e[0]?1:-1}if(a instanceof Date||b instanceof Date)return a instanceof Date?1:-1;if(a instanceof Array||b instanceof Array)return a instanceof Array?-1:1;e=Object.keys(a);g=Object.keys(b);smartSort(e.concat(g), "a");for(c=0;20>c;c++){d=e[c];f=g[c];if(a.hasOwnProperty(d)&&b.hasOwnProperty(f)){if(a[d]instanceof Element&&b[f]instanceof Element){if(a[d].tagName==b[f].tagName)return c=smartSort([a[d].id,b[f].id],"a"),a[d].id==c[0]?-1:1;c=smartSort([a[d].tagName,b[f].tagName],"a");return a[d].tagName==c[0]?-1:1}if(a[d]instanceof Element||b[f]instanceof Element)return a[d]instanceof Element?1:-1;if(a[d]!=b[f])return c=smartSort([a[d],b[f]],"a"),a[d]==c[0]?-1:1}if(a.hasOwnProperty(d)&&a[d]instanceof Element)return 1; if(b.hasOwnProperty(f)&&b[f]instanceof Element||!a.hasOwnProperty(d))return-1;if(!b.hasOwnProperty(d))return 1}c=smartSort([a[Object.keys(a)[0]],b[Object.keys(b)[0]]],"a");return a[Object.keys(a)[0]]==c[0]?1:-1}g=[a,b].sort();return g[0]>g[1]};smartSort.desc=function(a,b){if(null==a||void 0==a)return 1;if(null==b||void 0==b)return-1;var c=typeof a,e=c+typeof b;if(/^numbernumber$/ig.test(e))return b-a;if(/^stringstring$/ig.test(e))return b>a;if(/(string|number){2}/ig.test(e))return/string/i.test(c)? 1:-1;if(/number/ig.test(e)&&/object/ig.test(e)||/string/ig.test(e)&&/object/ig.test(e))return/object/i.test(c)?1:-1;if(/^objectobject$/ig.test(e)){a instanceof Array&&a.sort(smartSort.desc);b instanceof Array&&b.sort(smartSort.desc);if(a instanceof Date&&b instanceof Date)return b-a;if(a instanceof Array&&b instanceof Array){var e=Object.keys(a),g=Object.keys(b),e=smartSort(e.concat(g),"a"),d;for(d in e)if(c=e[d],a[c]!=b[c])return d=smartSort([a[c],b[c]],"d"),a[c]==d[0]?-1:1;var f=smartSort([a[Object.keys(a)[0]], b[Object.keys(b)[0]]],"d");return a[Object.keys(a)[0]]==f[0]?-1:1}if(a instanceof Element&&b instanceof Element){if(a.tagName==b.tagName)return e=smartSort([a.id,b.id],"d"),a.id==e[0]?-1:1;e=smartSort([a.tagName,b.tagName],"d");return a.tagName==e[0]?-1:1}if(a instanceof Date||b instanceof Date)return a instanceof Date?1:-1;if(a instanceof Array||b instanceof Array)return a instanceof Array?-1:1;e=Object.keys(a);g=Object.keys(b);smartSort(e.concat(g),"a");for(c=0;20>c;c++){d=e[c];f=g[c];if(a.hasOwnProperty(d)&& b.hasOwnProperty(f)){if(a[d]instanceof Element&&b[f]instanceof Element){if(a[d].tagName==b[f].tagName)return c=smartSort([a[d].id,b[f].id],"d"),a[d].id==c[0]?-1:1;c=smartSort([a[d].tagName,b[f].tagName],"d");return a[d].tagName==c[0]?-1:1}if(a[d]instanceof Element||b[f]instanceof Element)return a[d]instanceof Element?1:-1;if(a[d]!=b[f])return c=smartSort([a[d],b[f]],"d"),a[d]==c[0]?-1:1}if(a.hasOwnProperty(d)&&a[d]instanceof Element)return 1;if(b.hasOwnProperty(f)&&b[f]instanceof Element)return-1; if(!a.hasOwnProperty(d))return 1;if(!b.hasOwnProperty(d))return-1}c=smartSort([a[Object.keys(a)[0]],b[Object.keys(b)[0]]],"d");return a[Object.keys(a)[0]]==c[0]?-1:1}g=[a,b].sort();return g[0]<g[1]}
/* end */

使用:

z = smartSort(z, 'asc'); // Ascending
z = smartSort(z, 'desc'); // Descending

jsFiddle方法smartSort(Array,“asc | desc”)




对于一个正常的元素值数组:

function sortArrayOfElements(arrayToSort) {
    function compareElements(a, b) {
        if (a < b)
            return -1;
        if (a > b)
            return 1;
        return 0;
    }

    return arrayToSort.sort(compareElements);
}

e.g. 1:
var array1 = [1,2,545,676,64,2,24]
**output : [1, 2, 2, 24, 64, 545, 676]**

var array2 = ["v","a",545,676,64,2,"24"]
**output: ["a", "v", 2, "24", 64, 545, 676]**

对于一组对象:

function sortArrayOfObjects(arrayToSort, key) {
    function compareObjects(a, b) {
        if (a[key] < b[key])
            return -1;
        if (a[key] > b[key])
            return 1;
        return 0;
    }

    return arrayToSort.sort(compareObjects);
}

e.g. 1: var array1= [{"name": "User4", "value": 4},{"name": "User3", "value": 3},{"name": "User2", "value": 2}]

**output : [{"name": "User2", "value": 2},{"name": "User3", "value": 3},{"name": "User4", "value": 4}]**



在JavaScript中,sort()方法的默认行为是按字母顺序排列数组中的值。

要按数字排序,您必须定义一个数字排序函数(这非常简单):

...
function sortNumber(a, b)
{
  return a - b;
}

numArray = numArray.sort(sortNumber);



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