[Android] 缩放图像以填充ImageView宽度并保持宽高比



Answers

我喜欢arnefm的答案,但他犯了一个小错误(请参阅评论),我将尝试纠正:

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.widget.ImageView;

/**
 * ImageView that keeps aspect ratio when scaled
 */
public class ScaleImageView extends ImageView {

  public ScaleImageView(Context context) {
    super(context);
  }

  public ScaleImageView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);
  }

  public ScaleImageView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
    super(context, attrs, defStyle);
  }

  @Override
  protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
    try {
      Drawable drawable = getDrawable();
      if (drawable == null) {
        setMeasuredDimension(0, 0);
      } else {
        int measuredWidth = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec);
        int measuredHeight = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec);
        if (measuredHeight == 0 && measuredWidth == 0) { //Height and width set to wrap_content
          setMeasuredDimension(measuredWidth, measuredHeight);
        } else if (measuredHeight == 0) { //Height set to wrap_content
          int width = measuredWidth;
          int height = width *  drawable.getIntrinsicHeight() / drawable.getIntrinsicWidth();
          setMeasuredDimension(width, height);
        } else if (measuredWidth == 0){ //Width set to wrap_content
          int height = measuredHeight;
          int width = height * drawable.getIntrinsicWidth() / drawable.getIntrinsicHeight();
          setMeasuredDimension(width, height);
        } else { //Width and height are explicitly set (either to match_parent or to exact value)
          setMeasuredDimension(measuredWidth, measuredHeight);
        }
      }
    } catch (Exception e) {
      super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
    }
  }

}

因此,如果(例如)放入ScrollView ImageView将正确缩放,并且不会有任何尺寸问题

Question

我有一个GridViewGridView的数据是来自服务器的请求。

这里是GridView的项目布局:

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="@drawable/analysis_micon_bg"
    android:gravity="center_horizontal"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/half_activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/half_activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/half_activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/half_activity_vertical_margin" >

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/ranking_prod_pic"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:adjustViewBounds="true"
        android:contentDescription="@string/app_name"
        android:scaleType="centerCrop" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/ranking_rank_num"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/ranking_prod_num"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/ranking_prod_name"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
</LinearLayout>

我向服务器请求数据,获取图像URL并将图像加载Bitmap

public static Bitmap loadBitmapFromInputStream(InputStream is) {
    return BitmapFactory.decodeStream(is);
}

public static Bitmap loadBitmapFromHttpUrl(String url) {
    try {
        return loadBitmapFromInputStream((InputStream) (new URL(url).getContent()));
    } catch (Exception e) {
        Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
        return null;
    }
}

并且在适配器中有getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent)方法的代码

Bitmap bitmap = BitmapUtil.loadBitmapFromHttpUrl(product.getHttpUrl());
prodImg.setImageBitmap(bitmap);

图像大小为210*210 。 我在我的Nexus 4上运行我的应用程序。该图像确实填充ImageView宽度,但ImageView高度不缩放。 ImageView不显示整个图像。

我该如何解决这个问题?




使用android:scaleType="centerCrop"




哟不需要任何Java代码。 你只需要:

<ImageView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:adjustViewBounds="true"
    android:scaleType="centerCrop" />

关键在于宽度和高度的匹配父项




如果您在ImageView中将图像设置为背景,需要将其设置为src(android:src),这将不适用。

谢谢。




使用易于使用的毕加索..

在你的适配器..

@Override
public void getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {

 ImageView view = (ImageView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.ranking_prod_pic);

 Picasso.with(context).load(url).into(view); //url is image url

 //you can resize image if you want

 /* Picasso.with(context) .load(url) .resize(50, 50) .centerCrop() .into(view) */

}

http://square.github.io/picasso/




你可以尝试通过手动加载图像来做你正在做的事情,但我会非常强烈地推荐看看通用图像加载器

我最近把它整合到了我的项目中,我不得不说它太棒了。 是否所有人都担心异步,调整大小,为你缓存图像。 集成和设置非常简单。 在5分钟内,你可能会得到它想要的。

示例代码:

//ImageLoader config
DisplayImageOptions displayimageOptions = new DisplayImageOptions.Builder().showStubImage(R.drawable.downloadplaceholder).cacheInMemory().cacheOnDisc().showImageOnFail(R.drawable.loading).build();

    ImageLoaderConfiguration config = new ImageLoaderConfiguration.Builder(getApplicationContext()).
            defaultDisplayImageOptions(displayimageOptions).memoryCache(new WeakMemoryCache()).discCache(new UnlimitedDiscCache(cacheDir)).build();

    if (ImageLoader.getInstance().isInited()) {
        ImageLoader.getInstance().destroy();
    }
    ImageLoader.getInstance().init(config);

    imageLoadingListener = new ImageLoadingListener() {
        @Override
        public void onLoadingStarted(String s, View view) {

        }

        @Override
        public void onLoadingFailed(String s, View view, FailReason failReason) {
            ImageView imageView = (ImageView) view;
            imageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.android);
            Log.i("Failed to Load " + s, failReason.toString());
        }

        @Override
        public void onLoadingComplete(String s, View view, Bitmap bitmap) {

        }

        @Override
        public void onLoadingCancelled(String s, View view) {

        }
    };

//Imageloader usage
ImageView imageView = new ImageView(getApplicationContext());
    if (orientation == 1) {
        imageView.setLayoutParams(new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(width / 6, width / 6));
    } else {
        imageView.setLayoutParams(new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(height / 6, height / 6));
    }
    imageView.setScaleType(ImageView.ScaleType.CENTER_CROP);
    imageLoader.displayImage(SERVER_HOSTNAME + "demos" + demo.getPathRoot() + demo.getRootName() + ".png", imageView, imageLoadingListener);

这可以延迟加载图像,使它们正确地适应显示加载时占位符图像的imageView的大小,并在加载失败并缓存资源时显示默认图标。

- 我还应该补充说,这个当前的配置保持图像宽高比,因此适用于您的原始问题




要创建宽度等于屏幕宽度的图像,并根据宽高比按比例设置高度,请执行以下操作。

Glide.with(context).load(url).asBitmap().into(new SimpleTarget<Bitmap>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onResourceReady(Bitmap resource, GlideAnimation<? super Bitmap> glideAnimation) {

                        // creating the image that maintain aspect ratio with width of image is set to screenwidth.
                        int width = imageView.getMeasuredWidth();
                        int diw = resource.getWidth();
                        if (diw > 0) {
                            int height = 0;
                            height = width * resource.getHeight() / diw;
                            resource = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(resource, width, height, false);
                        }
                                              imageView.setImageBitmap(resource);
                    }
                });

希望这可以帮助。






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