[c++] 使用Boost Library程序选项的必需参数和可选参数



Answers

根据rcollyer和Tim,这是完整的程序,学分归于:

#include <boost/program_options.hpp>
#include <iostream>
#include <sstream>
namespace po = boost::program_options;

bool process_command_line(int argc, char** argv,
                          std::string& host,
                          std::string& port,
                          std::string& configDir)
{
    int iport;

    try
    {
        po::options_description desc("Program Usage", 1024, 512);
        desc.add_options()
          ("help",     "produce help message")
          ("host,h",   po::value<std::string>(&host)->required(),      "set the host server")
          ("port,p",   po::value<int>(&iport)->required(),             "set the server port")
          ("config,c", po::value<std::string>(&configDir)->required(), "set the config path")
        ;

        po::variables_map vm;
        po::store(po::parse_command_line(argc, argv, desc), vm);

        if (vm.count("help"))
        {
            std::cout << desc << "\n";
            return false;
        }

        // There must be an easy way to handle the relationship between the
        // option "help" and "host"-"port"-"config"
        // Yes, the magic is putting the po::notify after "help" option check
        po::notify(vm);
    }
    catch(std::exception& e)
    {
        std::cerr << "Error: " << e.what() << "\n";
        return false;
    }
    catch(...)
    {
        std::cerr << "Unknown error!" << "\n";
        return false;
    }

    std::stringstream ss;
    ss << iport;
    port = ss.str();

    return true;
}

int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
  std::string host;
  std::string port;
  std::string configDir;

  bool result = process_command_line(argc, argv, host, port, configDir);
  if (!result)
      return 1;

  // else
  std::cout << "host:\t"   << host      << "\n";
  std::cout << "port:\t"   << port      << "\n";
  std::cout << "config:\t" << configDir << "\n";

  // Do the main routine here
}

/* Sample output:

C:\Documents and Settings\plee\My Documents\Visual Studio 2010\Projects\VCLearning\Debug>boost.exe --help
Program Usage:
  --help                produce help message
  -h [ --host ] arg     set the host server
  -p [ --port ] arg     set the server port
  -c [ --config ] arg   set the config path


C:\Documents and Settings\plee\My Documents\Visual Studio 2010\Projects\VCLearning\Debug>boost.exe
Error: missing required option config

C:\Documents and Settings\plee\My Documents\Visual Studio 2010\Projects\VCLearning\Debug>boost.exe --host localhost
Error: missing required option config

C:\Documents and Settings\plee\My Documents\Visual Studio 2010\Projects\VCLearning\Debug>boost.exe --config .
Error: missing required option host

C:\Documents and Settings\plee\My Documents\Visual Studio 2010\Projects\VCLearning\Debug>boost.exe --config . --help
Program Usage:
  --help                produce help message
  -h [ --host ] arg     set the host server
  -p [ --port ] arg     set the server port
  -c [ --config ] arg   set the config path


C:\Documents and Settings\plee\My Documents\Visual Studio 2010\Projects\VCLearning\Debug>boost.exe --host 127.0.0.1 --port 31528 --config .
host:   127.0.0.1
port:   31528
config: .

C:\Documents and Settings\plee\My Documents\Visual Studio 2010\Projects\VCLearning\Debug>boost.exe -h 127.0.0.1 -p 31528 -c .
host:   127.0.0.1
port:   31528
config: .
*/
Question

我正在使用Boost程序选项库来解析命令行参数。

我有以下要求:

  1. 一旦提供“帮助”,所有其他选项都是可选的;
  2. 一旦没有提供“帮助”,所有其他选项都是必需的。

我怎么处理这个? 这是我的代码处理这个,我发现它非常多余,我认为必须有一个容易做的,对吧?

#include <boost/program_options.hpp>
#include <iostream>
#include <sstream>
namespace po = boost::program_options;

bool process_command_line(int argc, char** argv,
                          std::string& host,
                          std::string& port,
                          std::string& configDir)
{
    int iport;

    try
    {
        po::options_description desc("Program Usage", 1024, 512);
        desc.add_options()
          ("help",     "produce help message")
          ("host,h",   po::value<std::string>(&host),      "set the host server")
          ("port,p",   po::value<int>(&iport),             "set the server port")
          ("config,c", po::value<std::string>(&configDir), "set the config path")
        ;

        po::variables_map vm;
        po::store(po::parse_command_line(argc, argv, desc), vm);
        po::notify(vm);

        if (vm.count("help"))
        {
            std::cout << desc << "\n";
            return false;
        }

        // There must be an easy way to handle the relationship between the
        // option "help" and "host"-"port"-"config"
        if (vm.count("host"))
        {
            std::cout << "host:   " << vm["host"].as<std::string>() << "\n";
        }
        else
        {
            std::cout << "\"host\" is required!" << "\n";
            return false;
        }

        if (vm.count("port"))
        {
            std::cout << "port:   " << vm["port"].as<int>() << "\n";
        }
        else
        {
            std::cout << "\"port\" is required!" << "\n";
            return false;
        }

        if (vm.count("config"))
        {
            std::cout << "config: " << vm["config"].as<std::string>() << "\n";
        }
        else
        {
            std::cout << "\"config\" is required!" << "\n";
            return false;
        }
    }
    catch(std::exception& e)
    {
        std::cerr << "Error: " << e.what() << "\n";
        return false;
    }
    catch(...)
    {
        std::cerr << "Unknown error!" << "\n";
        return false;
    }

    std::stringstream ss;
    ss << iport;
    port = ss.str();

    return true;
}

int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
  std::string host;
  std::string port;
  std::string configDir;

  bool result = process_command_line(argc, argv, host, port, configDir);
  if (!result)
      return 1;

  // Do the main routine here
}



    std::string conn_mngr_id;
    std::string conn_mngr_channel;
    int32_t priority;
    int32_t timeout;

    boost::program_options::options_description p_opts_desc("Program options");
    boost::program_options::variables_map p_opts_vm;

    try {

        p_opts_desc.add_options()
            ("help,h", "produce help message")
            ("id,i", boost::program_options::value<std::string>(&conn_mngr_id)->required(), "Id used to connect to ConnectionManager")
            ("channel,c", boost::program_options::value<std::string>(&conn_mngr_channel)->required(), "Channel to attach with ConnectionManager")
            ("priority,p", boost::program_options::value<int>(&priority)->default_value(1), "Channel to attach with ConnectionManager")
            ("timeout,t", boost::program_options::value<int>(&timeout)->default_value(15000), "Channel to attach with ConnectionManager")
        ;

        boost::program_options::store(boost::program_options::parse_command_line(argc, argv, p_opts_desc), p_opts_vm);

        boost::program_options::notify(p_opts_vm);

        if (p_opts_vm.count("help")) {
            std::cout << p_opts_desc << std::endl;
            return 1;
        }

    } catch (const boost::program_options::required_option & e) {
        if (p_opts_vm.count("help")) {
            std::cout << p_opts_desc << std::endl;
            return 1;
        } else {
            throw e;
        }
    }



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