[Java] 使用Google Analytics(分析)跟踪片段


Answers

Mochini的答案使用Google Analytics V2。 波纹你可以看到如何在V4和V3上做到这一点:

  • V4

应用:

public class YourApplication extends Application
{
    public synchronized Tracker getTracker() {

        try {
            final GoogleAnalytics googleAnalytics = GoogleAnalytics.getInstance(this);
            return googleAnalytics.newTracker(R.xml.analytics);

        }catch(final Exception e){
            Log.e(TAG, "Failed to initialize Google Analytics V4");
        }

        return null;
    }
}

res / xml / analytics.xml (你可以任意命名,不需要被称为“分析”)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<resources xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools" tools:ignore="TypographyDashes">

  <!--Replace placeholder ID with your tracking ID-->
  <string name="ga_trackingId">UA-XXXXXXXX-X</string>

  <!--Enable automatic activity tracking-->
  <bool name="ga_autoActivityTracking">true</bool>

  <!--Disable automatic exception tracking-->
  <bool name="ga_reportUncaughtExceptions">false</bool>

</resources>

的build.gradle:

compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:7.3.0'

片段超类:

public abstract class TrackedFragment extends Fragment{

    @Override
    public void onResume() {

        super.onResume();

        final Tracker tracker = yourApplicationInstance.getTracker();
        if(tracker != null){

            tracker.setScreenName(getClass().getSimpleName());
            tracker.send(new HitBuilders.ScreenViewBuilder().build());
        }
    }
}
  • V3

    import android.os.Bundle;
    import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
    
    import com.google.analytics.tracking.android.EasyTracker;
    import com.google.analytics.tracking.android.Fields;
    import com.google.analytics.tracking.android.MapBuilder;
    import com.google.analytics.tracking.android.Tracker;
    
    public abstract class TrackedFragment extends Fragment{
    
         private Tracker tracker;
    
         @Override
         public void onActivityCreated(final Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    
             super.onActivityCreated(savedInstanceState);
    
             this.tracker = EasyTracker.getInstance(getActivity());
         }
    
         @Override
         public void onResume() {
    
             super.onResume();
    
             this.tracker.set(Fields.SCREEN_NAME, getClass().getSimpleName());
             this.tracker.send( MapBuilder.createAppView().build() );
         }
    }

资料来源: https//developers.google.com/analytics/devguides/collection/android/v3/migration

Question

只需要知道实施Google分析的正确方法,以便实时跟踪用户何时处于碎片状态

@Override
public void onResume() {
    super.onResume();
    Tracker myTracker = parentActivity.getTracker();
    myTracker.setCustomMetric(1, (long) 1);               
    myTracker.sendView("Music View"); 
}

getTracker类在我的主要活动中,只是返回主活动中的跟踪器实例

任何帮助将非常感激!




V3的另一种方法(因为onResume()与Activity相关,而不是Fragment。当父/子关系众所周知时,这很有效。

父片段发送onStart()初始事件:

public class ParentFragment extends Fragment {
    private Tracker mTracker;

    @Override
    public void onActivityCreated(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onActivityCreated(savedInstanceState);

        mTracker = EasyTracker.getInstance(getActivity());
    }

    @Override
    public void onStart() {
        super.onStart();

        mTracker.set(Fields.SCREEN_NAME, "Parent Fragment");
        mTracker.send(MapBuilder.createAppView().build());
    }
}

子片段覆盖onStart()onStop()

public class ChildFragment extends Fragment {
    private Tracker mTracker;

    @Override
    public void onActivityCreated(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onActivityCreated(savedInstanceState);

        mTracker = EasyTracker.getInstance(getActivity());
    }

    @Override
    public void onStart() {
        super.onStart();

        mTracker.set(Fields.SCREEN_NAME, "Child Fragment");
        mTracker.send(MapBuilder.createAppView().build());
    }

    @Override
    public void onStop() {
        super.onStop();

        mTracker.set(Fields.SCREEN_NAME, "Parent Fragment");
        mTracker.send(MapBuilder.createAppView().build());
    }
}



蒂亚戈的版本不能用于新的谷歌分析v4。 而是使用Google文档中的这段代码

package com.google.android.apps.mobileplayground;

import com.google.android.apps.mobileplayground.AnalyticsSampleApp.TrackerName;
import com.google.android.gms.analytics.GoogleAnalytics;
import com.google.android.gms.analytics.HitBuilders;
import com.google.android.gms.analytics.Tracker;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.Button;

/**
 * Class to exercise Event hits.
 */
public class EventFragment extends Fragment {

  @Override
  public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
      Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.event, container, false);

    setupEvent(view, R.id.video1Play, R.string.videoCategory, R.string.videoPlay, R.string.video1);
    setupEvent(view, R.id.video1Pause, R.string.videoCategory, R.string.videoPause,
        R.string.video1);
    setupEvent(view, R.id.video2Play, R.string.videoCategory, R.string.videoPlay, R.string.video2);
    setupEvent(view, R.id.video2Pause, R.string.videoCategory, R.string.videoPause,
        R.string.video2);

    setupEvent(view, R.id.book1View, R.string.bookCategory, R.string.bookView, R.string.book1);
    setupEvent(view, R.id.book1Share, R.string.bookCategory, R.string.bookShare, R.string.book1);

    final Button dispatchButton = (Button) view.findViewById(R.id.eventDispatch);
    dispatchButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
      @Override
      public void onClick(View v) {
        // Manually start a dispatch (Unnecessary if the tracker has a dispatch interval)
        GoogleAnalytics.getInstance(getActivity().getApplicationContext()).dispatchLocalHits();
      }
    });
    return view;
  }

  private void setupEvent(View v, int buttonId, final int categoryId, final int actionId,
      final int labelId) {
    final Button pageviewButton = (Button) v.findViewById(buttonId);
    pageviewButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
      @Override
      public void onClick(View v) {
        // Get tracker.
        Tracker t = ((AnalyticsSampleApp) getActivity().getApplication()).getTracker(
            TrackerName.APP_TRACKER);
        // Build and send an Event.
        t.send(new HitBuilders.EventBuilder()
            .setCategory(getString(categoryId))
            .setAction(getString(actionId))
            .setLabel(getString(labelId))
            .build());
      }
    });
  }
}



与Android谷歌分析V4

我试过这个,它的工作

引用此https://developers.google.com/analytics/devguides/collection/android/v4/events

import java.net.URLEncoder;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.util.Xml.Encoding;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.webkit.WebView;
import android.widget.ScrollView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import com.Blog.gkgyan.AnalyticsSampleApp.TrackerName;
import com.Blog.gkgyan.parser.RSSFeed;
import com.google.android.gms.ads.AdRequest;
import com.google.android.gms.ads.AdView;
import com.google.android.gms.analytics.GoogleAnalytics;
import com.google.android.gms.analytics.HitBuilders;
import com.google.android.gms.analytics.Tracker;
public class DetailFragment extends Fragment {
    private int fPos;
    RSSFeed fFeed;
    String country;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        fFeed = (RSSFeed)getArguments().getSerializable("feed");
        fPos = getArguments().getInt("pos");
        Tracker t = ((AnalyticsSampleApp) getActivity().getApplication()).getTracker(
                TrackerName.APP_TRACKER);
            // Build and send an Event.
            t.send(new HitBuilders.EventBuilder()
                .setCategory(fFeed.getItem(fPos).getTitle())
                .setAction("viewpager click")
                .setLabel("viewpager label")
                .build());
    }

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.detail_fragment, container, false);
      // Initializr views
        TextView title = (TextView)view.findViewById(R.id.title);
        WebView desc = (WebView)view.findViewById(R.id.desc);
        // Enable the vertical fading edge (by default it is disabled)
        ScrollView sv = (ScrollView)view.findViewById(R.id.sv);
        sv.setVerticalFadingEdgeEnabled(true);

        // Set the views
        desc.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
        title.setText(fFeed.getItem(fPos).getTitle());

        country = "<html xmlns=\"http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml\"><head><meta http-equiv=\"Content-Type\" content=\"text/html; charset=iso-8859-1\"><style type=\"text/css\">p{text-align:justify;font-size:125%;}</style></head><body>" + "<p>" + fFeed.getItem(fPos).getDescription()+"</p>"+"</body></html>";
        //desc.loadData( country, "text/html", "UTF-8");
        //desc.loadData( country,  "text/html; charset=utf-8", "utf-8");
        desc.loadData( URLEncoder.encode(country).replaceAll("\\+", " "), "text/html", Encoding.UTF_8.toString());
        return view;
      }
}



跟踪方法部分建议您只需调用EasyTracker.getInstance().setContext(getActivity()); 首先,你可以在“其他类”中使用跟踪器。

手动屏幕跟踪部分建议您可以使用myTracker.sendView("Home Screen");跟踪Fragment视图myTracker.sendView("Home Screen");




这是一个使用FragmentActivity和fragment的例子:

  1. 在值文件夹中创建XML文件( values/analytics.xml ):

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <resources>
    
        <!-- Replace placeholder ID with your tracking ID -->
        <string name="ga_trackingId">XX-xxxxxxxx-x</string>
    
        <!-- Enable Activity tracking -->
        <bool name="ga_autoActivityTracking">true</bool>
    
        <!-- Enable debug -->
        <bool name="ga_debug">true</bool>
    
        <!-- The screen names that will appear in your reporting -->
        <string name="com.example.myapp.FragmentActivity">Fragment activity</string>
    
        <!--
            The inverval of time after all the collected data
            should be sent to the server, in seconds.
        -->
        <integer name="ga_dispatchPeriod">20</integer>
    
    </resources>
  2. 在你的FragmentActivity类中,添加这个:

    @Override
    protected void onStart() {
        super.onStart();
        EasyTracker.getInstance().setContext(this.getBaseContext());
        EasyTracker.getInstance().activityStart(this); // Add this method
    }
    
    @Override
    protected void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        EasyTracker.getInstance().activityStop(this); // Add this method
    }
  3. 在包中创建新的类: TrackedFragment.java

    public class TrackedFragment extends Fragment {
        private Tracker tracker;
        private String activityId;
        private String fragmentId;
    
        @Override
        public void onCreate(final Bundle savedInstanceState) {
            super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
            EasyTracker.getInstance().setContext(getActivity().getApplicationContext());
            this.tracker = EasyTracker.getTracker();
            this.fragmentId = getClass().getSimpleName();
            this.activityId = getActivity().getClass().getSimpleName();
        }
    
        @Override
        public void onResume() {
            super.onResume();
            this.tracker.sendView("/" + this.activityId + "/" + this.fragmentId);
        }
    }
  4. 最后,你的片段应该从TrackedFragment扩展如下:

    public class NewFragment extends TrackedFragment {
    
        public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
            return inflater.inflate(R.layout.newfragment, null);
        }
    
    }