[C#] 檢查路徑是文件還是目錄的更好方法?


Answers

如何使用這些?

File.Exists();
Directory.Exists();
Question

我正在處理目錄和文件的TreeView 。 用戶可以選擇一個文件或一個目錄,然後用它做一些事情。 這要求我有一種方法可以根據用戶的選擇執行不同的操作。

目前我正在做這樣的事情來確定路徑是文件還是目錄:

bool bIsFile = false;
bool bIsDirectory = false;

try
{
    string[] subfolders = Directory.GetDirectories(strFilePath);

    bIsDirectory = true;
    bIsFile = false;
}
catch(System.IO.IOException)
{
    bIsFolder = false;
    bIsFile = true;
}

我不禁感到有更好的方式來做到這一點! 我希望找到一個標準的.NET方法來處理這個問題,但是我一直無法做到。 這種方法是否存在,如果不存在,確定路徑是文件還是目錄的最直接方法是什麼?




這是我的:

    bool IsPathDirectory(string path)
    {
        if (path == null) throw new ArgumentNullException("path");
        path = path.Trim();

        if (Directory.Exists(path)) 
            return true;

        if (File.Exists(path)) 
            return false;

        // neither file nor directory exists. guess intention

        // if has trailing slash then it's a directory
        if (new[] {"\\", "/"}.Any(x => path.EndsWith(x)))
            return true; // ends with slash

        // if has extension then its a file; directory otherwise
        return string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(Path.GetExtension(path));
    }

這與其他人的答案類似,但不完全相同。




最準確的方法是使用shlwapi.dll中的一些interop代碼

[DllImport(SHLWAPI, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
[return: MarshalAsAttribute(UnmanagedType.Bool)]
[ResourceExposure(ResourceScope.None)]
internal static extern bool PathIsDirectory([MarshalAsAttribute(UnmanagedType.LPWStr), In] string pszPath);

你會這樣稱呼它:

#region IsDirectory
/// <summary>
/// Verifies that a path is a valid directory.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="path">The path to verify.</param>
/// <returns><see langword="true"/> if the path is a valid directory; 
/// otherwise, <see langword="false"/>.</returns>
/// <exception cref="T:System.ArgumentNullException">
/// <para><paramref name="path"/> is <see langword="null"/>.</para>
/// </exception>
/// <exception cref="T:System.ArgumentException">
/// <para><paramref name="path"/> is <see cref="F:System.String.Empty">String.Empty</see>.</para>
/// </exception>
public static bool IsDirectory(string path)
{
    return PathIsDirectory(path);
}



如果您想查找包括標記為“隱藏”和“系統”的目錄,請嘗試以下操作(需要.NET V4):

FileAttributes fa = File.GetAttributes(path);
if(fa.HasFlag(FileAttributes.Directory)) 



在這篇文章中使用了選定的答案,我查看了評論並給出了@ŞafakGür,@Anthony和@Quinn Wilson的信任,這些信息使我得到了我編寫和測試的改進答案:

    /// <summary>
    /// Returns true if the path is a dir, false if it's a file and null if it's neither or doesn't exist.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="path"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static bool? IsDirFile(this string path)
    {
        bool? result = null;

        if(Directory.Exists(path) || File.Exists(path))
        {
            // get the file attributes for file or directory
            var fileAttr = File.GetAttributes(path);

            if (fileAttr.HasFlag(FileAttributes.Directory))
                result = true;
            else
                result = false;
        }

        return result;
    }



這是使用DirectoryInfo來獲取屬性

Dim newnode As TreeNode
Dim dirs As New DirectoryInfo(node.FullPath)
For Each dir As DirectoryInfo In dirs.GetDirectories()
    If dir.Attributes = FileAttributes.Directory Then

    Else

    End If
Next

如果你試圖通過DirectoryInfo嘗試創建一個TreeView或讀取一個TreeView,這將工作




在我知道的比賽后期,我覺得我會分享這個。 如果你只是將路徑當作字符串來工作,搞清楚這一點很容易:

private bool IsFolder(string ThePath)
{
    string BS = Path.DirectorySeparatorChar.ToString();
    return Path.GetDirectoryName(ThePath) == ThePath.TrimEnd(BS.ToCharArray());
}

例如: ThePath == "C:\SomeFolder\File1.txt"最終會是這樣的:

return "C:\SomeFolder" == "C:\SomeFolder\File1.txt" (FALSE)

另一個例子: ThePath == "C:\SomeFolder\"最終會變成這樣:

return "C:\SomeFolder" == "C:\SomeFolder" (TRUE)

這也可以在沒有尾部反斜杠的情況下工作: ThePath == "C:\SomeFolder"最終會成為:

return "C:\SomeFolder" == "C:\SomeFolder" (TRUE)

請記住,這只適用於路徑本身,而不是路徑和“物理磁盤”之間的關係......所以它不能告訴你路徑/文件是否存在或類似的東西,但它確定可以告訴你路徑是文件夾還是文件...




using System;
using System.IO;
namespace FileOrDirectory
{
     class Program
     {
          public static string FileOrDirectory(string path)
          {
               if (File.Exists(path))
                    return "File";
               if (Directory.Exists(path))
                    return "Directory";
               return "Path Not Exists";
          }
          static void Main()
          {
               Console.WriteLine("Enter The Path:");
               string path = Console.ReadLine();
               Console.WriteLine(FileOrDirectory(path));
          }
     }
}



以下是我們使用的內容:

using System;

using System.IO;

namespace crmachine.CommonClasses
{

  public static class CRMPath
  {

    public static bool IsDirectory(string path)
    {
      if (path == null)
      {
        throw new ArgumentNullException("path");
      }

      string reason;
      if (!IsValidPathString(path, out reason))
      {
        throw new ArgumentException(reason);
      }

      if (!(Directory.Exists(path) || File.Exists(path)))
      {
        throw new InvalidOperationException(string.Format("Could not find a part of the path '{0}'",path));
      }

      return (new System.IO.FileInfo(path).Attributes & FileAttributes.Directory) == FileAttributes.Directory;
    } 

    public static bool IsValidPathString(string pathStringToTest, out string reasonForError)
    {
      reasonForError = "";
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(pathStringToTest))
      {
        reasonForError = "Path is Null or Whitespace.";
        return false;
      }
      if (pathStringToTest.Length > CRMConst.MAXPATH) // MAXPATH == 260
      {
        reasonForError = "Length of path exceeds MAXPATH.";
        return false;
      }
      if (PathContainsInvalidCharacters(pathStringToTest))
      {
        reasonForError = "Path contains invalid path characters.";
        return false;
      }
      if (pathStringToTest == ":")
      {
        reasonForError = "Path consists of only a volume designator.";
        return false;
      }
      if (pathStringToTest[0] == ':')
      {
        reasonForError = "Path begins with a volume designator.";
        return false;
      }

      if (pathStringToTest.Contains(":") && pathStringToTest.IndexOf(':') != 1)
      {
        reasonForError = "Path contains a volume designator that is not part of a drive label.";
        return false;
      }
      return true;
    }

    public static bool PathContainsInvalidCharacters(string path)
    {
      if (path == null)
      {
        throw new ArgumentNullException("path");
      }

      bool containedInvalidCharacters = false;

      for (int i = 0; i < path.Length; i++)
      {
        int n = path[i];
        if (
            (n == 0x22) || // "
            (n == 0x3c) || // <
            (n == 0x3e) || // >
            (n == 0x7c) || // |
            (n  < 0x20)    // the control characters
          )
        {
          containedInvalidCharacters = true;
        }
      }

      return containedInvalidCharacters;
    }


    public static bool FilenameContainsInvalidCharacters(string filename)
    {
      if (filename == null)
      {
        throw new ArgumentNullException("filename");
      }

      bool containedInvalidCharacters = false;

      for (int i = 0; i < filename.Length; i++)
      {
        int n = filename[i];
        if (
            (n == 0x22) || // "
            (n == 0x3c) || // <
            (n == 0x3e) || // >
            (n == 0x7c) || // |
            (n == 0x3a) || // : 
            (n == 0x2a) || // * 
            (n == 0x3f) || // ? 
            (n == 0x5c) || // \ 
            (n == 0x2f) || // /
            (n  < 0x20)    // the control characters
          )
        {
          containedInvalidCharacters = true;
        }
      }

      return containedInvalidCharacters;
    }

  }

}