[java] 使用Android下載文件,並在ProgressDialog中顯示進度


Answers

如果你要從互聯網上下載東西,不要忘記給清單文件添加權限!

<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.example.helloandroid"
    android:versionCode="1"
    android:versionName="1.0">

        <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="10" />

        <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"></uses-permission>
        <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"></uses-permission>
        <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE"></uses-permission>
        <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE"></uses-permission>

        <application 
            android:icon="@drawable/icon" 
            android:label="@string/app_name" 
            android:debuggable="true">

        </application>

</manifest>
Question

我正在嘗試編寫一個更新的簡單應用程序。 為此,我需要一個簡單的函數,可以下載一個文件並在ProgressDialog 顯示當前ProgressDialog 。 我知道如何做ProgressDialog ,但我不確定如何顯示當前進度以及如何首先下載文件。




我修改了AsyncTask類來處理相同上下文中的progressDialog創建。我認為下面的代碼將更加可重用。 (它可以從任何活動只是傳遞上下文,目標文件,對話框消息)

public static class DownloadTask extends AsyncTask<String, Integer, String> {
    private ProgressDialog mPDialog;
    private Context mContext;
    private PowerManager.WakeLock mWakeLock;
    private File mTargetFile;
    //Constructor parameters :
    // @context (current Activity)
    // @targetFile (File object to write,it will be overwritten if exist)
    // @dialogMessage (message of the ProgresDialog)
    public DownloadTask(Context context,File targetFile,String dialogMessage) {
        this.mContext = context;
        this.mTargetFile = targetFile;
        mPDialog = new ProgressDialog(context);

        mPDialog.setMessage(dialogMessage);
        mPDialog.setIndeterminate(true);
        mPDialog.setProgressStyle(ProgressDialog.STYLE_HORIZONTAL);
        mPDialog.setCancelable(true);
        // reference to instance to use inside listener
        final DownloadTask me = this;
        mPDialog.setOnCancelListener(new DialogInterface.OnCancelListener() {
            @Override
            public void onCancel(DialogInterface dialog) {
                me.cancel(true);
            }
        });
        Log.i("DownloadTask","Constructor done");
    }

    @Override
    protected String doInBackground(String... sUrl) {
        InputStream input = null;
        OutputStream output = null;
        HttpURLConnection connection = null;
        try {
            URL url = new URL(sUrl[0]);
            connection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            connection.connect();

            // expect HTTP 200 OK, so we don't mistakenly save error report
            // instead of the file
            if (connection.getResponseCode() != HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
                return "Server returned HTTP " + connection.getResponseCode()
                        + " " + connection.getResponseMessage();
            }
            Log.i("DownloadTask","Response " + connection.getResponseCode());

            // this will be useful to display download percentage
            // might be -1: server did not report the length
            int fileLength = connection.getContentLength();

            // download the file
            input = connection.getInputStream();
            output = new FileOutputStream(mTargetFile,false);

            byte data[] = new byte[4096];
            long total = 0;
            int count;
            while ((count = input.read(data)) != -1) {
                // allow canceling with back button
                if (isCancelled()) {
                    Log.i("DownloadTask","Cancelled");
                    input.close();
                    return null;
                }
                total += count;
                // publishing the progress....
                if (fileLength > 0) // only if total length is known
                    publishProgress((int) (total * 100 / fileLength));
                output.write(data, 0, count);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return e.toString();
        } finally {
            try {
                if (output != null)
                    output.close();
                if (input != null)
                    input.close();
            } catch (IOException ignored) {
            }

            if (connection != null)
                connection.disconnect();
        }
        return null;
    }
    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        super.onPreExecute();
        // take CPU lock to prevent CPU from going off if the user
        // presses the power button during download
        PowerManager pm = (PowerManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.POWER_SERVICE);
        mWakeLock = pm.newWakeLock(PowerManager.PARTIAL_WAKE_LOCK,
                getClass().getName());
        mWakeLock.acquire();

        mPDialog.show();

    }

    @Override
    protected void onProgressUpdate(Integer... progress) {
        super.onProgressUpdate(progress);
        // if we get here, length is known, now set indeterminate to false
        mPDialog.setIndeterminate(false);
        mPDialog.setMax(100);
        mPDialog.setProgress(progress[0]);

    }

    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(String result) {
        Log.i("DownloadTask", "Work Done! PostExecute");
        mWakeLock.release();
        mPDialog.dismiss();
        if (result != null)
            Toast.makeText(mContext,"Download error: "+result, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        else
            Toast.makeText(mContext,"File Downloaded", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }
}



我為現在使用的其他解決方案添加了另一個答案,因為Android查詢是如此之大,無法保持健康狀態。 所以我搬到這個https://github.com/amitshekhariitbhu/Fast-Android-Networking

    AndroidNetworking.download(url,dirPath,fileName).build()
      .setDownloadProgressListener(new DownloadProgressListener() {
        public void onProgress(long bytesDownloaded, long totalBytes) {
            bar.setMax((int) totalBytes);
            bar.setProgress((int) bytesDownloaded);
        }
    }).startDownload(new DownloadListener() {
        public void onDownloadComplete() {
            ...
        }

        public void onError(ANError error) {
            ...
        }
    });



不要忘記用新的File (“/ mnt / sdcard / ...”)替換“/ sdcard ...”,否則你會得到一個FileNotFoundException




使用Android查詢庫,確實非常酷。您可以將其更改為使用ProgressDialog就像您在其他示例中看到的那樣,該工具將顯示佈局的進度視圖並在完成後隱藏它。

File target = new File(new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), "ApplicationName"), "tmp.pdf");
new AQuery(this).progress(R.id.progress_view).download(_competition.qualificationScoreCardsPdf(), target, new AjaxCallback<File>() {
    public void callback(String url, File file, AjaxStatus status) {
        if (file != null) {
            // do something with file  
        } 
    }
});



在我開始學習android開發的時候,我已經了解到ProgressDialog是一條ProgressDialog的路。 ProgressDialogsetProgress方法可以在文件被下載時調用以更新進度級別。

我在許多應用程序中看到的最好的方法是,他們自定義此進度對話框的屬性,以提供比股票版本更好的進度對話框。 很好地保持用戶參與像青蛙,大像或可愛的貓/小狗一些動畫。 進度對話框中的任何動畫都會吸引用戶,並且他們不想等待很長時間。

我將在ProgressDialog上撰寫一篇博文,並儘快與大家分享。

編輯: 在Android下載文件時顯示進度條




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