# 獲取兩個列表之間的區別 [python]

• 比O（n * m）的性能更快。
• 保留輸入列表的順序。

``````s = set(temp2)
temp3 = [x for x in temp1 if x not in s]``````

``````import timeit
init = 'temp1 = list(range(100)); temp2 = [i * 2 for i in range(50)]'
print timeit.timeit('list(set(temp1) - set(temp2))', init, number = 100000)
print timeit.timeit('s = set(temp2);[x for x in temp1 if x not in s]', init, number = 100000)
print timeit.timeit('[item for item in temp1 if item not in temp2]', init, number = 100000)``````

``````4.34620224079 # ars' answer

``````init = '''
temp1 = [str(i) for i in range(100000)]
temp2 = [str(i * 2) for i in range(50)]
'''``````

``````11.3836875916 # ars' answer
3.63890368748 # this answer (3 times faster!)

### Question

``````temp1 = ['One', 'Two', 'Three', 'Four']
temp2 = ['One', 'Two']``````

``temp3 = ['Three', 'Four']``

## 安裝

``pip install deepdiff``

## 用法示例

``````>>> from deepdiff import DeepDiff
>>> from pprint import pprint
>>> from __future__ import print_function # In case running on Python 2``````

``````>>> t1 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3}
>>> t2 = t1
>>> print(DeepDiff(t1, t2))
{}``````

``````>>> t1 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3}
>>> t2 = {1:1, 2:"2", 3:3}
>>> pprint(DeepDiff(t1, t2), indent=2)
{ 'type_changes': { 'root[2]': { 'newtype': <class 'str'>,
'newvalue': '2',
'oldtype': <class 'int'>,
'oldvalue': 2}}}``````

``````>>> t1 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3}
>>> t2 = {1:1, 2:4, 3:3}
>>> pprint(DeepDiff(t1, t2), indent=2)
{'values_changed': {'root[2]': {'newvalue': 4, 'oldvalue': 2}}}``````

``````>>> t1 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:4}
>>> t2 = {1:1, 2:4, 3:3, 5:5, 6:6}
>>> ddiff = DeepDiff(t1, t2)
>>> pprint (ddiff)
'dic_item_removed': ['root[4]'],
'values_changed': {'root[2]': {'newvalue': 4, 'oldvalue': 2}}}``````

``````>>> t1 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":"world"}}
>>> t2 = {1:1, 2:4, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":"world!"}}
>>> ddiff = DeepDiff(t1, t2)
>>> pprint (ddiff, indent = 2)
{ 'values_changed': { 'root[2]': {'newvalue': 4, 'oldvalue': 2},
"root[4]['b']": { 'newvalue': 'world!',
'oldvalue': 'world'}}}``````

``````>>> t1 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":"world!\nGoodbye!\n1\n2\nEnd"}}
>>> t2 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":"world\n1\n2\nEnd"}}
>>> ddiff = DeepDiff(t1, t2)
>>> pprint (ddiff, indent = 2)
{ 'values_changed': { "root[4]['b']": { 'diff': '--- \n'
'+++ \n'
'@@ -1,5 +1,4 @@\n'
'-world!\n'
'-Goodbye!\n'
'+world\n'
' 1\n'
' 2\n'
' End',
'newvalue': 'world\n1\n2\nEnd',
'oldvalue': 'world!\n'
'Goodbye!\n'
'1\n'
'2\n'
'End'}}}

>>>
>>> print (ddiff['values_changed']["root[4]['b']"]["diff"])
---
+++
@@ -1,5 +1,4 @@
-world!
-Goodbye!
+world
1
2
End``````

``````>>> t1 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":[1, 2, 3]}}
>>> t2 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":"world\n\n\nEnd"}}
>>> ddiff = DeepDiff(t1, t2)
>>> pprint (ddiff, indent = 2)
{ 'type_changes': { "root[4]['b']": { 'newtype': <class 'str'>,
'newvalue': 'world\n\n\nEnd',
'oldtype': <class 'list'>,
'oldvalue': [1, 2, 3]}}}``````

``````>>> t1 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":[1, 2, 3, 4]}}
>>> t2 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":[1, 2]}}
>>> ddiff = DeepDiff(t1, t2)
>>> pprint (ddiff, indent = 2)
{'iterable_item_removed': {"root[4]['b'][2]": 3, "root[4]['b'][3]": 4}}``````

``````>>> t1 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":[1, 2, 3]}}
>>> t2 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":[1, 3, 2, 3]}}
>>> ddiff = DeepDiff(t1, t2)
>>> pprint (ddiff, indent = 2)
'values_changed': { "root[4]['b'][1]": {'newvalue': 3, 'oldvalue': 2},
"root[4]['b'][2]": {'newvalue': 2, 'oldvalue': 3}}}``````

``````>>> t1 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":[1, 2, 3]}}
>>> t2 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":[1, 3, 2, 3]}}
>>> ddiff = DeepDiff(t1, t2, ignore_order=True)
>>> print (ddiff)
{}``````

``````>>> t1 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":[1, 2, {1:1, 2:2}]}}
>>> t2 = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:{"a":"hello", "b":[1, 2, {1:3}]}}
>>> ddiff = DeepDiff(t1, t2)
>>> pprint (ddiff, indent = 2)
{ 'dic_item_removed': ["root[4]['b'][2][2]"],
'values_changed': {"root[4]['b'][2][1]": {'newvalue': 3, 'oldvalue': 1}}}``````

``````>>> t1 = {1, 2, 8}
>>> t2 = {1, 2, 3, 5}
>>> ddiff = DeepDiff(t1, t2)
>>> pprint (DeepDiff(t1, t2))

``````>>> from collections import namedtuple
>>> Point = namedtuple('Point', ['x', 'y'])
>>> t1 = Point(x=11, y=22)
>>> t2 = Point(x=11, y=23)
>>> pprint (DeepDiff(t1, t2))
{'values_changed': {'root.y': {'newvalue': 23, 'oldvalue': 22}}}``````

``````>>> class ClassA(object):
...     a = 1
...     def __init__(self, b):
...         self.b = b
...
>>> t1 = ClassA(1)
>>> t2 = ClassA(2)
>>>
>>> pprint(DeepDiff(t1, t2))
{'values_changed': {'root.b': {'newvalue': 2, 'oldvalue': 1}}}``````

``````>>> t2.c = "new attribute"
>>> pprint(DeepDiff(t1, t2))
'values_changed': {'root.b': {'newvalue': 2, 'oldvalue': 1}}}``````

``````def diff(list1, list2):
c = set(list1).union(set(list2))  # or c = set(list1) | set(list2)
d = set(list1).intersection(set(list2))  # or d = set(list1) & set(list2)
return list(c - d)``````

``````def diff(list1, list2):
return list(set(list1).symmetric_difference(set(list2)))  # or return list(set(list1) ^ set(list2))``````

• 這將刪除每個列表中的重複項
• 這將顯示temp1與temp1的temp1和temp2的差異。
``set(temp1) ^ set(temp2)``

``filterfalse(set(temp2).__contains__, temp1)``

``set(map(tuple, list_of_lists1)).symmetric_difference(set(map(tuple, list_of_lists2)))``

``````from collections import Counter

def diff(a, b):
""" more verbose than needs to be, for clarity """
ca, cb = Counter(a), Counter(b)
to_remove = ca - cb
changes.subtract(to_remove)
return changes

lista = ['one', 'three', 'four', 'four', 'one']
listb = ['one', 'two', 'three']

In [127]: diff(lista, listb)
Out[127]: Counter({'two': 1, 'one': -1, 'four': -2})
# in order to go from lista to list b, you need to add a "two", remove a "one", and remove two "four"s

In [128]: diff(listb, lista)
Out[128]: Counter({'four': 2, 'one': 1, 'two': -1})
# in order to go from listb to lista, you must add two "four"s, add a "one", and remove a "two"``````

``````def diff(a, b):
xa = [i for i in set(a) if i not in b]
xb = [i for i in set(b) if i not in a]
return xa + xb``````

``````temp1 = ['One', 'Two', 'Three', 'Four']
temp2 = ['One', 'Two', 'Five']

set(temp1+temp2)-(set(temp1)&set(temp2))

Out: set(['Four', 'Five', 'Three']) ``````

``(list(set(a)-set(b))+list(set(b)-set(a)))``