[c#] 擴展方法必須在非泛型靜態類中定義



Answers

將關鍵字static添加到類聲明中:

// this is a non-generic static class
public static class LinqHelper
{
}
Question

我收到錯誤消息:

擴展方法必須在非泛型靜態類中定義

在線上:

public class LinqHelper

這是基於Mark Gavells代碼的助手類。 我真的很困惑這個錯誤是什麼意思,因為我確信當我在星期五離開時它工作的很好!

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Linq.Expressions;
using System.Reflection;

/// <summary>
/// Helper methods for link
/// </summary>
public class LinqHelper
{
    public static IOrderedQueryable<T> OrderBy<T>(this IQueryable<T> source, string property)
    {
        return ApplyOrder<T>(source, property, "OrderBy");
    }
    public static IOrderedQueryable<T> OrderByDescending<T>(this IQueryable<T> source, string property)
    {
        return ApplyOrder<T>(source, property, "OrderByDescending");
    }
    public static IOrderedQueryable<T> ThenBy<T>(this IOrderedQueryable<T> source, string property)
    {
        return ApplyOrder<T>(source, property, "ThenBy");
    }
    public static IOrderedQueryable<T> ThenByDescending<T>(this IOrderedQueryable<T> source, string property)
    {
        return ApplyOrder<T>(source, property, "ThenByDescending");
    }
    static IOrderedQueryable<T> ApplyOrder<T>(IQueryable<T> source, string property, string methodName)
    {
        string[] props = property.Split('.');
        Type type = typeof(T);
        ParameterExpression arg = Expression.Parameter(type, "x");
        Expression expr = arg;
        foreach (string prop in props)
        {
            // use reflection (not ComponentModel) to mirror LINQ
            PropertyInfo pi = type.GetProperty(prop);
            expr = Expression.Property(expr, pi);
            type = pi.PropertyType;
        }
        Type delegateType = typeof(Func<,>).MakeGenericType(typeof(T), type);
        LambdaExpression lambda = Expression.Lambda(delegateType, expr, arg);

        object result = typeof(Queryable).GetMethods().Single(
                method => method.Name == methodName
                        && method.IsGenericMethodDefinition
                        && method.GetGenericArguments().Length == 2
                        && method.GetParameters().Length == 2)
                .MakeGenericMethod(typeof(T), type)
                .Invoke(null, new object[] { source, lambda });
        return (IOrderedQueryable<T>)result;
    }
}



擴展方法應該在靜態類中。 所以請將您的擴展方法添加到靜態類中。

所以例如它應該是這樣的

public static class myclass
    {
        public static Byte[] ToByteArray(this Stream stream)
        {
            Int32 length = stream.Length > Int32.MaxValue ? Int32.MaxValue : Convert.ToInt32(stream.Length);
            Byte[] buffer = new Byte[length];
            stream.Read(buffer, 0, length);
            return buffer;
        }

    }



嘗試改變

public class LinqHelper

 public static class LinqHelper





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