[c#] 你如何使用linq擴展方法執行左外連接



2 Answers

由於這似乎是使用方法(擴展)語法的左外連接的實際問題,所以我認為我會為當前選定的答案添加一個替代方案(至少在我的經驗中)更常見的是我後

// Option 1: Expecting either 0 or 1 matches from the "Right"
// table (Bars in this case):
var qry = Foos.GroupJoin(
          Bars,
          foo => foo.Foo_Id,
          bar => bar.Foo_Id,
          (f,bs) => new { Foo = f, Bar = bs.SingleOrDefault() });

// Option 2: Expecting either 0 or more matches from the "Right" table
// (courtesy of currently selected answer):
var qry = Foos.GroupJoin(
                  Bars, 
                  foo => foo.Foo_Id,
                  bar => bar.Foo_Id,
                  (f,bs) => new { Foo = f, Bars = bs })
              .SelectMany(
                  fooBars => fooBars.Bars.DefaultIfEmpty(),
                  (x,y) => new { Foo = x.Foo, Bar = y });

使用簡單的數據集顯示差異(假設我們正在加入這些值本身):

List<int> tableA = new List<int> { 1, 2, 3 };
List<int?> tableB = new List<int?> { 3, 4, 5 };

// Result using both Option 1 and 2. Option 1 would be a better choice
// if we didn't expect multiple matches in tableB.
{ A = 1, B = null }
{ A = 2, B = null }
{ A = 3, B = 3    }

List<int> tableA = new List<int> { 1, 2, 3 };
List<int?> tableB = new List<int?> { 3, 3, 4 };

// Result using Option 1 would be that an exception gets thrown on
// SingleOrDefault(), but if we use FirstOrDefault() instead to illustrate:
{ A = 1, B = null }
{ A = 2, B = null }
{ A = 3, B = 3    } // Misleading, we had multiple matches.
                    // Which 3 should get selected (not arbitrarily the first)?.

// Result using Option 2:
{ A = 1, B = null }
{ A = 2, B = null }
{ A = 3, B = 3    }
{ A = 3, B = 3    }    

選項2適用於典型的左外部聯接定義,但正如我前面提到的,根據數據集的不同,這通常是非常複雜的。

Question

假設我有一個左外連接,如下所示:

from f in Foo
join b in Bar on f.Foo_Id equals b.Foo_Id into g
from result in g.DefaultIfEmpty()
select new { Foo = f, Bar = result }

我將如何使用擴展方法表達相同的任務? 例如

Foo.GroupJoin(Bar, f => f.Foo_Id, b => b.Foo_Id, (f,b) => ???)
    .Select(???)



把Marc Gravell的答案轉化為擴展方法,我做了以下幾點。

internal static IEnumerable<Tuple<TLeft, TRight>> LeftJoin<TLeft, TRight, TKey>(
    this IEnumerable<TLeft> left,
    IEnumerable<TRight> right,
    Func<TLeft, TKey> selectKeyLeft,
    Func<TRight, TKey> selectKeyRight,
    TRight defaultRight = default(TRight),
    IEqualityComparer<TKey> cmp = null)
{
    return left.GroupJoin(
            right,
            selectKeyLeft,
            selectKeyRight,
            (x, y) => new Tuple<TLeft, IEnumerable<TRight>>(x, y),
            cmp ?? EqualityComparer<TKey>.Default)
        .SelectMany(
            x => x.Item2.DefaultIfEmpty(defaultRight),
            (x, y) => new Tuple<TLeft, TRight>(x.Item1, y));
}



您可以創建擴展方法,如:

public static IEnumerable<TResult> LeftOuterJoin<TSource, TInner, TKey, TResult>(this IEnumerable<TSource> source, IEnumerable<TInner> other, Func<TSource, TKey> func, Func<TInner, TKey> innerkey, Func<TSource, TInner, TResult> res)
    {
        return from f in source
               join b in other on func.Invoke(f) equals innerkey.Invoke(b) into g
               from result in g.DefaultIfEmpty()
               select res.Invoke(f, result);
    }



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