[java] 使用Mockito嘲笑一些方法,但不是其他方法


1 Answers

部分嘲笑類也支持通過間諜在mockito

List list = new LinkedList();
List spy = spy(list);

//optionally, you can stub out some methods:
when(spy.size()).thenReturn(100);

//using the spy calls real methods
spy.add("one");
spy.add("two");

//size() method was stubbed - 100 is printed
System.out.println(spy.size());

詳細解釋請查看1.10.192.7.22文檔。

Question

有沒有什麼方法可以用Mockito來嘲笑課堂上的某些方法,而不是其他方法?

例如,在這個(可以承擔的)股票類中,我想模擬getPrice()和getQuantity()返回值(如下面的測試代碼片段所示),但是我想讓getValue()執行在Stock中編碼的乘法類

public class Stock {
  private final double price;
  private final int quantity;

  Stock(double price, int quantity) {
    this.price = price;
    this.quantity = quantity;
  }

  public double getPrice() {
    return price;
  }

  public int getQuantity() {
    return quantity;
  }
  public double getValue() {
    return getPrice() * getQuantity();
  }

  @Test
  public void getValueTest() {
    Stock stock = mock(Stock.class);
    when(stock.getPrice()).thenReturn(100.00);
    when(stock.getQuantity()).thenReturn(200);
    double value = stock.getValue();
    // Unfortunately the following assert fails, because the mock Stock getValue() method does not perform the Stock.getValue() calculation code.
    assertEquals("Stock value not correct", 100.00*200, value, .00001);
}



根據問題接受的答案是不正確的。

Stock stock = mock(Stock.class);的呼叫Stock stock = mock(Stock.class); 調用org.mockito.Mockito.mock(Class<T>) ,如下所示:

 public static <T> T mock(Class<T> classToMock) {
    return mock(classToMock, withSettings().defaultAnswer(RETURNS_DEFAULTS));
}

值為RETURNS_DEFAULTS的文檔告訴:

/**
 * The default <code>Answer</code> of every mock <b>if</b> the mock was not stubbed.
 * Typically it just returns some empty value. 
 * <p>
 * {@link Answer} can be used to define the return values of unstubbed invocations. 
 * <p>
 * This implementation first tries the global configuration. 
 * If there is no global configuration then it uses {@link ReturnsEmptyValues} (returns zeros, empty collections, nulls, etc.)
 */

根據文檔,你想要的是org.mockito.Mockito.CALLS_REAL_METHODS

/**
 * Optional <code>Answer</code> to be used with {@link Mockito#mock(Class, Answer)}
 * <p>
 * {@link Answer} can be used to define the return values of unstubbed invocations.
 * <p>
 * This implementation can be helpful when working with legacy code.
 * When this implementation is used, unstubbed methods will delegate to the real implementation.
 * This is a way to create a partial mock object that calls real methods by default.
 * <p>
 * As usual you are going to read <b>the partial mock warning</b>:
 * Object oriented programming is more less tackling complexity by dividing the complexity into separate, specific, SRPy objects.
 * How does partial mock fit into this paradigm? Well, it just doesn't... 
 * Partial mock usually means that the complexity has been moved to a different method on the same object.
 * In most cases, this is not the way you want to design your application.
 * <p>
 * However, there are rare cases when partial mocks come handy: 
 * dealing with code you cannot change easily (3rd party interfaces, interim refactoring of legacy code etc.)
 * However, I wouldn't use partial mocks for new, test-driven & well-designed code.
 * <p>
 * Example:
 * <pre class="code"><code class="java">
 * Foo mock = mock(Foo.class, CALLS_REAL_METHODS);
 *
 * // this calls the real implementation of Foo.getSomething()
 * value = mock.getSomething();
 *
 * when(mock.getSomething()).thenReturn(fakeValue);
 *
 * // now fakeValue is returned
 * value = mock.getSomething();
 * </code></pre>
 */

因此你的代碼應該如下所示:

import org.junit.Test;
import static org.mockito.Mockito.*;
import static org.junit.Assert.*;

public class StockTest {

    public class Stock {
        private final double price;
        private final int quantity;

        Stock(double price, int quantity) {
            this.price = price;
            this.quantity = quantity;
        }

        public double getPrice() {
            return price;
        }

        public int getQuantity() {
            return quantity;
        }

        public double getValue() {
            return getPrice() * getQuantity();
        }
    }

    @Test
    public void getValueTest() {
        Stock stock = mock(Stock.class, withSettings().defaultAnswer(CALLS_REAL_METHODS));
        when(stock.getPrice()).thenReturn(100.00);
        when(stock.getQuantity()).thenReturn(200);
        double value = stock.getValue();

        assertEquals("Stock value not correct", 100.00 * 200, value, .00001);
    }
}



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