objective c - كيف يمكنني إنشاء UIButton أساسيًا برمجيًا؟




objective-c programmatically-created (20)

بالنسبة لـ Swift 3 (حتى الرمز القصير)

let button = UIButton(type: UIButtonType.custom)
button.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: 200.0, height: 40.0)
button.addTarget(nil, action: #selector(tapButton(_:)), for: UIControlEvents.touchUpInside)
button.tintColor = UIColor.white
button.backgroundColor = UIColor.red
button.setBackgroundImage(UIImage(named: "ImageName"), for: UIControlState.normal)
button.setTitle("MyTitle", for: UIControlState.normal)
button.isEnabled = true

func tapButton(sender: UIButton) {

}

كيف يمكنني إنشاء UIButton أساسيًا برمجيًا؟ على سبيل المثال في وحدة تحكم المشاهدة الخاصة بي ، عند تنفيذ طريقة viewDidLoad ، سيتم إنشاء ثلاثة UIButton بشكل حيوي ويتم تعيين تخطيط أو خصائصه.


بالنسبة لـ Swift 2.2 (مع الإعلان الجديد "selector").

let btn = UIButton(type: UIButtonType.System) as UIButton
btn.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, 100, 20) // set any frame you want
btn.setTitle("MyAction", forState: UIControlState.Normal)
btn.addTarget(self, action: #selector(MyClass.myAction(_:)), forControlEvents: UIControlEvents.TouchUpInside)
self.view.addSubview(btn)


func myAction(sender:UIButton!){
  // Some action 
}

تحقق من هذا الرمز:

CGRect frameimg = CGRectMake(15, 46, 55,70);
UIButton  *SelectionButton = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
SelectionButton.frame=frameimg;
SelectionButton.tag=i;
[SelectionButton setTitle:[SelectionArray objectAtIndex:0] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[SelectionButton addTarget:self action:@selector(BtnSelected:)
                  forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
[SelectionButton.titleLabel setFont:[UIFont boldSystemFontOfSize:12.0]];
SelectionButton.titleLabel.lineBreakMode = NSLineBreakByWordWrapping;
SelectionButton.titleLabel.numberOfLines = 2;
SelectionButton.titleLabel.textAlignment = NSTextAlignmentCenter;
[SelectionButton setTitleColor:[UIColor grayColor] forState:(UIControlStateNormal)];
[SelectionButton setTitleColor:[UIColor blueColor] forState:UIControlStateSelected];
[SelectionButton setShowsTouchWhenHighlighted:YES];
[self.view addSubview:SelectionButton];

أرجو أن تجد هذا الرمز مفيدًا.


تعال ، إنه عام 2014! لماذا لا يتم استخدام تخصيص تقييم كتلة التعليمات البرمجية حتى الآن ، نظرًا لأن المؤشرات توضح أنه المستقبل!

UIButton* button = ({
    //initialize button with frame
    UIButton* button = [[UIButton alloc] initWithFrame:({
        CGRect frame = CGRectMake(10.0, 10.0, 200.0, 75.0);
        frame;
    })];
    //set button background color
    [button setBackgroundColor:({
        UIColor* color = [UIColor colorWithRed:1.0 green:1.0 blue:0.0 alpha:1.0];
        color;
    })];
    //set button title for state
    [button setTitle:({
        NSString* string = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"title words"];
        string;
    }) forState:({
        UIControlState state = UIControlStateNormal;
        state;
    })];
    //set selector
    [button addTarget:self action:({
        SEL select = @selector(method:);
        select;
    }) forControlEvents:({
        UIControlEvents event = UIControlEventTouchUpInside;
        event;
    })];
    //return button
    button;
});
[self.view addSubview:button];

قف!

أو يمكن تحقيق النتائج الدقيقة على النحو التالي:

UIButton* button = [[UIButton alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(10.0, 10.0, 200.0, 75.0)];
[button setBackgroundColor:[UIColor colorWithRed:1.0 green:1.0 blue:0.0 alpha:1.0]];
[button setTitle:@"title words" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[button addTarget:self action:@selector(method:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
[self.view addSubview:button];

جرب هذا:

اكتب هذا أولاً في ملف .h الخاص بك من جهاز العرض

UIButton *btn;

الآن اكتب هذا في ملفك .m من viewcontrollers viewDidLoad.

btn=[[UIButton alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(50, 20, 30, 30)];
[btn setBackgroundColor:[UIColor orangeColor]];
[btn setTitle: @"My Button" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[btn setTitleColor: [UIColor blueVolor] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[btn.layer setBorderWidth:1.0f];
[btn.layer setBorderColor:[UIColor BlueVolor].CGColor];
//adding action programatically
[btn addTarget:self action:@selector(btnClicked:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
[self.view addSubview:btn];

اكتب هذا خارج طريقة viewDidLoad في ملف .m الخاص بوحدة تحكم العرض لديك

- (IBAction)btnClicked:(id)sender
{
  //Write a code you want to execute on buttons click event
}

جربها....

UIButton *finalPriceBtn=[UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
finalPriceBtn.frame=CGRectMake(260, 25, 45, 15);
[finalPriceBtn addTarget:self action:@selector(goBtnClk:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
finalPriceBtn.titleLabel.font=[UIFont systemFontOfSize:12];
[finalPriceBtn setTitle:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"$%.2f",tempVal] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
finalPriceBtn.titleLabel.textColor = [UIColor colorWithRed: 2.0f/255.0f green: 155.0f/255.0f blue: 213.0f/255.0f  alpha:1];
finalPriceBtn.titleLabel.textAlignment=UITextAlignmentLeft;
[imageView addSubview:finalPriceBtn];

امل ساعدت.


لإضافة زر برمجي إلى طريقة عرض وحدة التحكم الخاصة بك ، استخدم ما يلي:

-(void)viewDidLoad
{
   UIButton * btn = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
   btn.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, 100, 50);
   [btn setTitle:@"Hello, world!" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
   [self.view addSubview:btn];
}

لإضافة ثلاثة من هذه ، شطف وتكرار.


لإنشاء UIButton برمجيا يمكننا إنشاء في كل من الهدف ج وسريع

سويفت 3

let buttonSwift   = UIButton(type: UIButtonType.system) as UIButton
                      //OR 
let buttonSwift   = UIButton(type: UIButtonType.Custom) as UIButton
//Set Frame for Button
buttonSwift.frame = CGRect(x: 100, y: 100, width: 200, height: 100)
//Set title for button
buttonSwift.setTitle("ClickMe", for: .normal)
//If you want to set color for button title
buttonSwift.setTitleColor(UIColor.white, for: .normal)
//If you want to set Background color for button
buttonSwift.backgroundColor = UIColor.black
//If you want to set tag for button
buttonSwift.tag = 0
//If you want to add or set image for button
let image = UIImage(named: "YourImageName") as UIImage?
buttonSwift.setImage(image, for: .normal)
//If you want to add or set Background image for button
buttonSwift.setBackgroundImage(image, for: .normal)
//Add action for button
buttonSwift.addTarget(self, action: #selector(actionPressMe), for:.touchUpInside)
//Add button as SubView to Super View
self.view.addSubview(buttonSwift)

طريقة عمل UIButton

func actionPressMe(sender: UIButton!) 
{
    NSLog("Clicked button tag is %@", sender.tag)
               OR
    print("Clicked button tag is \(sender.tag)")

    //Then do whatever you want to do here

    ........  
}

ج موضوعية

UIButton *buttonObjectiveC = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
           OR
UIButton *buttonObjectiveC = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeSystem];
buttonObjectiveC.frame = CGRectMake(200, 100, 200, 100);
//Set title for button
[buttonObjectiveC setTitle:@"ClickMe" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
//If you want to set color for button title
[buttonObjectiveC setTitleColor:[UIColor  whiteColor] forState: UIControlStateNormal];
//If you want to set Background color for button
[buttonObjectiveC setBackgroundColor:[UIColor blackColor]];
//If you want to set tag for button
buttonSwift.tag = 0;
//If you want to add or set image for button
UIImage *image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"YourImageName"];
[buttonObjectiveC setImage:image forState:UIControlStateNormal];
//If you want to add or set Background image for button
[buttonObjectiveC setBackgroundImage:image forState:UIControlStateNormal];
//Add action for button
[buttonObjectiveC addTarget:self action:@selector(actionPressMe:)forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
//Add button as SubView to Super View
[self.view addSubview:buttonObjectiveC];

طريقة عمل UIButton

- (void)actionPressMe:(UIButton *)sender 
{
    NSLog(@"Clicked button tag is %@",sender.tag);
    //Then do whatever you want to do here
    ..........
}

لقطة شاشة الإخراج


هنا واحد:

UIButton *button = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
[button addTarget:self 
           action:@selector(aMethod:)
 forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
[button setTitle:@"Show View" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
button.frame = CGRectMake(80.0, 210.0, 160.0, 40.0);
[view addSubview:button];

هنا يمكنك إنشاء UIButton بشكل ديناميكي:

//For button image
UIImage *closebtnimg = [UIImage imageNamed:@"close_btn.png"];
//Custom type button
btnclose = [[UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom]retain];
//Set frame of button means position
btnclose.frame = CGRectMake(103, 257, 94, 32);
//Button with 0 border so it's shape like image shape
[btnclose.layer setBorderWidth:0];
//Set title of button
[btnclose setTitle:@"CLOSE" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[btnclose addTarget:self action:@selector(methodname:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
//Font size of title
btnclose.titleLabel.font = [UIFont boldSystemFontOfSize:14];
//Set image of button
[btnclose setBackgroundImage:closebtnimg forState:UIControlStateNormal];

يمكنك إنشاء زر من خلال هذا الرمز.

 UIButton *btn = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
 [btn addTarget:self action:@selector(btnAction) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchDragInside];
 [btn setTitle:@"click button" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
  btn.frame = CGRectMake(50, 100, 80, 40);
  [self.view addSubview:btn];

هنا طريقة زر العمل

 -(void)btnAction
 {
   NSLog(@"button clicked");
 }

يمكنك تنفيذه في طريقة ViewDidLoad الخاصة بك:

continuebtn = [[UIButton alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(10, 100, view1.frame.size.width-20, 40)];
    [continuebtn setBackgroundColor:[UIColor grayColor]];
    [continuebtn setTitle:@"Continue" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    continuebtn.layer.cornerRadius = 10;
    continuebtn.layer.borderWidth =1.0;
    continuebtn.layer.borderColor = [UIColor blackColor].CGColor;
    [continuebtn setTitleColor:[UIColor blackColor] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    [continuebtn addTarget:self action:@selector(continuetonext) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
    [view1 addSubview:continuebtn];

حيث يكون continuetonext هو:

-(void)continuetonext
{
    GeneratePasswordVC *u = [[GeneratePasswordVC alloc]init];
    [self.navigationController pushViewController:u animated:YES];
}

'action:@selector(aMethod:)' أسلوب الكتابة 'action:@selector(aMethod:)' مثل هذا:

- (void)aMethod:(UIButton*)button
   {
         NSLog(@"Button  clicked.");
  }

وهو يعمل بالنسبة لي. شكر. KS.


ج موضوعية

// Create the Button with RoundedRect type
UIButton *mybutton = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
// instend of "Click Me" you can write your own message/Label
[mybutton setTitle:@"Click Me" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
// create the Rectangle Frame with specified size
mybutton.frame = CGRectMake(10, 10, 300, 140); // x,y,width,height    [self.view addSubview:mybutton];// add button to your view.

سريع

let button   = UIButton(type: UIButtonType.System) as UIButton
button.frame = CGRectMake(100, 100, 100, 50)
button.backgroundColor = UIColor.greenColor()
button.setTitle("Test Button", forState: UIControlState.Normal)
self.view.addSubview(button)

- (void)viewDidLoad {
    [super viewDidLoad];
    [self addMyButton];   // Call add button method on view load
}

- (void)addMyButton{    // Method for creating button, with background image and other properties

    UIButton *playButton = [[UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect] retain];
    playButton.frame = CGRectMake(110.0, 360.0, 100.0, 30.0);
    [playButton setTitle:@"Play" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    playButton.backgroundColor = [UIColor clearColor];
    [playButton setTitleColor:[UIColor whiteColor] forState:UIControlStateNormal ];
    UIImage *buttonImageNormal = [UIImage imageNamed:@"blueButton.png"];
    UIImage *strechableButtonImageNormal = [buttonImageNormal stretchableImageWithLeftCapWidth:12 topCapHeight:0];
    [playButton setBackgroundImage:strechableButtonImageNormal forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    UIImage *buttonImagePressed = [UIImage imageNamed:@"whiteButton.png"];
    UIImage *strechableButtonImagePressed = [buttonImagePressed stretchableImageWithLeftCapWidth:12 topCapHeight:0];
    [playButton setBackgroundImage:strechableButtonImagePressed forState:UIControlStateHighlighted];
    [playButton addTarget:self action:@selector(playAction:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
    [self.view addSubview:playButton];  
}

-(UIButton *)addButton:(NSString *)title :(CGRect)frame : (SEL)selector :(UIImage *)image :(int)tag{

UIButton *btn = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
btn.frame = frame;
[btn addTarget:self action:selector forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
[btn setTitle:title forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[btn setImage:image forState:UIControlStateNormal];
btn.backgroundColor = [UIColor clearColor];
btn.tag = tag;

return btn;

}

ويمكنك إضافته إلى العرض:

[self.view addSubview:[self addButton:nil :self.view.frame :@selector(btnAction:) :[UIImage imageNamed:@"img.png"] :1]];

UIButton * tmpBtn = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
[tmpBtn addTarget:self action:@selector(clearCart:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
tmpBtn.tag = k;
tmpBtn.frame = CGRectMake(45, 0, 15, 15);
[tmpBtn setBackgroundImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"CloseButton.png"] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[self.view addSubview:tmpBtn];

UIButton *btnname = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];

[btnname setTitle:@"Click Me" forState:UIControlStateNormal];

btnname.frame = CGRectMake(10, 10, 100, 140);

[self.view addSubview:btnname];

UIButton *button = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
[button addTarget:self 
       action:@selector(aMethod:)
 forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchDown];
[button setTitle:@"Show View" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
button.frame = CGRectMake(80.0, 210.0, 160.0, 40.0);
[view addSubview:button];

UIButton *buttonName = [UIButton
buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
[buttonName addTarget:self 
    action:@selector(aMethod:)forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchDown];
[buttonName setTitle:@"Show View" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
.frame = CGRectMake(80.0, 210.0, 160.0, 40.0); [view
addSubview:buttonName];




programmatically-created