python - PyInstaller تحذير: لم يتم العثور على ليب




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أعلم أن هذا النوع من الأسئلة قد تم طرحه هنا من قبل ، لكنني لم أجد حلاً فعالًا له. لدي ملف بيثون أريد تحويله إلى ملف exe على نظام Windows 10. قمت بتشغيل برنامج pyinstaller --onefile --noconsole myfile.py ، وقد أنتج الكثير من التحذيرات:

C:\Users\conne\Desktop\Python >pyinstaller --onefile --noconsole normal.py
277 INFO: PyInstaller: 3.3.1
277 INFO: Python: 3.6.2
278 INFO: Platform: Windows-10-10.0.15063-SP0
279 INFO: wrote C:\Users\conne\Desktop\Python\normal.spec
280 INFO: UPX is not available.
283 INFO: Extending PYTHONPATH with paths
['C:\\Users\\conne\\Desktop\\python',
 'C:\\Users\\conne\\Desktop\\python']
283 INFO: checking Analysis
284 INFO: Building Analysis because out00-Analysis.toc is non existent
284 INFO: Initializing module dependency graph...
286 INFO: Initializing module graph hooks...
289 INFO: Analyzing base_library.zip ...
5055 INFO: running Analysis out00-Analysis.toc
5058 INFO: Adding Microsoft.Windows.Common-Controls to dependent assemblies of final executable
  required by c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python.exe
5145 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python.exe
5225 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-math-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python.exe
5298 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-heap-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python.exe
5371 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-locale-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python.exe
5442 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-stdio-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python.exe
5526 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\VCRUNTIME140.dll
5598 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-string-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\VCRUNTIME140.dll
5669 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-heap-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\VCRUNTIME140.dll
5753 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-convert-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\VCRUNTIME140.dll
5840 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-stdio-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\VCRUNTIME140.dll
6061 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-time-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6134 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-string-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6208 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6282 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-conio-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6354 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-environment-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6430 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-math-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6503 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-heap-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6576 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-convert-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6651 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-locale-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6725 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-process-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6798 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-stdio-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6879 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-filesystem-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
6882 INFO: Caching module hooks...
6892 INFO: Analyzing C:\Users\conne\Desktop\python meterpreter\normal.py
6898 INFO: Loading module hooks...
6899 INFO: Loading module hook "hook-encodings.py"...
7055 INFO: Loading module hook "hook-pydoc.py"...
7057 INFO: Loading module hook "hook-xml.py"...
7351 INFO: Looking for ctypes DLLs
7351 INFO: Analyzing run-time hooks ...
7360 INFO: Looking for dynamic libraries
7439 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-time-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
7515 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
7589 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-string-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
7660 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-conio-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
7731 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-environment-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
7813 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-utility-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
7895 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-heap-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
7968 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-convert-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
8051 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-stdio-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
8133 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-filesystem-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
8213 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-string-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\unicodedata.pyd
8286 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\unicodedata.pyd
8361 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-stdio-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\unicodedata.pyd
8440 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\pyexpat.pyd
8512 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-environment-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\pyexpat.pyd
8585 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-heap-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\pyexpat.pyd
8658 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-stdio-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\pyexpat.pyd
8741 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-time-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd
8815 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-string-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd
8887 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd
8958 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-conio-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd
9032 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-environment-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd
9116 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-utility-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd
9194 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-stdio-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd
9271 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-heap-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd
9344 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-convert-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd
9428 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_bz2.pyd
9501 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-string-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_bz2.pyd
9580 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-math-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_bz2.pyd
9651 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-heap-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_bz2.pyd
9723 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-stdio-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_bz2.pyd
9801 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_lzma.pyd
9874 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-heap-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_lzma.pyd
9959 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_socket.pyd
10030 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-string-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\_socket.pyd
10115 WARNING: lib not found: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll dependency of c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\DLLs\select.pyd
10123 INFO: Looking for eggs
10123 INFO: Using Python library c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\python36.dll
10124 INFO: Found binding redirects:
[]
10128 INFO: Warnings written to C:\Users\conne\Desktop\python\build\normal\warnnormal.txt
10196 INFO: Graph cross-reference written to C:\Users\conne\Desktop\python\build\normal\xref-normal.html
10212 INFO: checking PYZ
10212 INFO: Building PYZ because out00-PYZ.toc is non existent
10213 INFO: Building PYZ (ZlibArchive) C:\Users\conne\Desktop\python\build\normal\out00-PYZ.pyz
10948 INFO: Building PYZ (ZlibArchive) C:\Users\conne\Desktop\python\build\normal\out00-PYZ.pyz completed successfully.
10958 INFO: checking PKG
10958 INFO: Building PKG because out00-PKG.toc is non existent
10959 INFO: Building PKG (CArchive) out00-PKG.pkg
12884 INFO: Building PKG (CArchive) out00-PKG.pkg completed successfully.
12887 INFO: Bootloader c:\users\conne\appdata\local\programs\python\python36\lib\site-packages\PyInstaller\bootloader\Windows-64bit\runw.exe
12887 INFO: checking EXE
12888 INFO: Building EXE because out00-EXE.toc is non existent
12888 INFO: Building EXE from out00-EXE.toc
12916 INFO: Appending archive to EXE C:\Users\conne\Desktop\python meterpreter\dist\normal.exe
13011 INFO: Building EXE from out00-EXE.toc completed successfully.

كما ترى ، يتم إنشاء exe بنجاح ، لكنه لا يعمل كما ينبغي عند تشغيله.

تحرير: لقد قمت بتشغيله باستخدام تصحيح الأخطاء ويبدو أنه لا يمكن استيراد أنواع ctypes ، فإنه يلقي خطأ في الاسم. يعمل هذا فقط عند تشغيله مع برنامج pyinstaller ، وعند تشغيله كملف .py ، يعمل بشكل جيد.


26095 تحذير: lib غير موجود: api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll التبعية لـ c: \ المستخدمون \ المستخدم \ appdata \ المحلي \ البرامج \ الثعبان \ python36-32 \ DLLs \ select.pyd

البحث في C: محرك الأقراص لدلل وتعيين المسار في الأمر pyinstaller. الأمر أدناه إصلاح خطأ pyinstaller أعلاه في ويندوز 10:

pyinstaller --paths C:\Windows\WinSxS\x86_microsoft-windows-m..namespace-downlevel_31bf3856ad364e35_10.0.17134.1_none_50c6cb8431e7428f hello.py

اتبع الخطوات التالية لحل مشكلة "PyInstaller تحذير: lib غير موجود: api-ms-win-crt SOLUTION" :

  1. قم بتشغيل سطر الأوامر التالي في موجه الأوامر أو windows power-shell
  2. pyinstaller - windows - ممرات C: \ Windows \ System32 \ downlevel application_name.py

يمكن العثور على معلومات إضافية here على موقع MS.


عندما يكون هناك عدد كبير من التحذيرات التي تأتي من pyinstaller حول عدم القدرة على تحديد موقع Windows DLLs ، يمكنك التحقق لمعرفة ما إذا كانت موجودة في أحد الموقعين التاليين:

C:\Windows\System32\downlevel
C:\Windows\SysWOW64\downlevel

يمكنك إضافة واحد أو كليهما إلى متغير PATH ، مثل ذلك ويجب أن تختفي هذه التحذيرات:

set PATH=%PATH%;C:\Windows\System32\downlevel

أذكر هذا لأنه أسهل من العثور على ونسخ ملفات DLL إلى مجلد على المسار مثل Alex F المذكورة. لقد لاحظت أيضًا أن بعض ملفات DLL التي يتعذر عليك تحديد موقعها موجودة في المجلدات التي اتصلت بها أعلاه.


لاحظ أنه اعتبارًا من 4/3/2019 ، لا يُظهر إصدار dev الحالي لـ pyinstaller 3.5 هذه التحذيرات. (3.5.dev0 + g8c27d266)

pip install git+https://github.com/pyinstaller/pyinstaller.git

لقد أضفت فقط المسار في المتغير البيئي ، لقد كان الأمر بالنسبة لي.

C: \ ملفات البرنامج (x86) \ مجموعات Windows \ 10 \ Redist \ ucrt \ DLLs \ x64

(أو)

C: \ ملفات البرنامج (x86) \ مجموعات Windows \ 10 \ Redist \ ucrt \ DLLs \ x86


لقد واجهت هذه المشكلة ولم يعمل أي من إجراءات إصلاح pyinstaller الموثقة. تمكنت من حل هذا عن طريق تنزيل DLL (حصلت عليها من حزمة SDK) ونسخها في system32 و sysWOW64. جميع البرامج متوافقة الآن إلى الوراء!