simple - php mail




Laravel Standard Mail funktioniert nicht (4)

Konfig / mail.php

<?php

return [

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Mail Driver
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Laravel supports both SMTP and PHP's "mail" function as drivers for the
| sending of e-mail. You may specify which one you're using throughout
| your application here. By default, Laravel is setup for SMTP mail.
|
| Supported: "smtp", "mail", "sendmail", "mailgun", "mandrill", "log"
|
*/

'driver' => 'sendmail',

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| SMTP Host Address
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here you may provide the host address of the SMTP server used by your
| applications. A default option is provided that is compatible with
| the Mailgun mail service which will provide reliable deliveries.
|
*/

'host' => 'smtp.gmail.com',

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| SMTP Host Port
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| This is the SMTP port used by your application to deliver e-mails to
| users of the application. Like the host we have set this value to
| stay compatible with the Mailgun e-mail application by default.
|
*/

'port' => 465,

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Global "From" Address
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| You may wish for all e-mails sent by your application to be sent from
| the same address. Here, you may specify a name and address that is
| used globally for all e-mails that are sent by your application.
|
*/

'from' => ['address' => 'your mail', 'name' => 'Project'],

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| E-Mail Encryption Protocol
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here you may specify the encryption protocol that should be used when
| the application send e-mail messages. A sensible default using the
| transport layer security protocol should provide great security.
|
*/

'encryption' => '',

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| SMTP Server Username
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| If your SMTP server requires a username for authentication, you should
| set it here. This will get used to authenticate with your server on
| connection. You may also set the "password" value below this one.
|
*/

'username' => 'your email (gmail)',

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| SMTP Server Password
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here you may set the password required by your SMTP server to send out
| messages from your application. This will be given to the server on
| connection so that the application will be able to send messages.
|
*/

'password' => 'password (email)',

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Sendmail System Path
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| When using the "sendmail" driver to send e-mails, we will need to know
| the path to where Sendmail lives on this server. A default path has
| been provided here, which will work well on most of your systems.
|
*/

'sendmail' => '/usr/sbin/sendmail -bs',

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Mail "Pretend"
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| When this option is enabled, e-mail will not actually be sent over the
| web and will instead be written to your application's logs files so
| you may inspect the message. This is great for local development.
|
*/

'pretend' => false,

];

Die Mail-Funktion

use Illuminate\Contracts\Mail\Mailer;

$message = [
            'title'     => 'Verification code',
            'intro'     => "Please verify your email address with ".$user->confirmation_code,
            'link'      => '',
            'confirmation_code' => '',
            'to_email'  => $user->email,
            'to_name'   => $user_details->first_name.' '.$user_details->last_name,
        ];

        \Mail::send('emails.auth.verify', $message, function($m) use($message) {
            $m->to($message['to_email'], $message['to_name'])
                    ->subject('Email verification');
        });

Ich versuche, eine Benutzeraktivierungs-E-Mail bei der Registrierung zu senden. Ich habe eine einfache Laravel-Site mit Registrierung und Authentifizierung. Bei der Registrierung gibt es keine Fehler, und die Daten werden korrekt gespeichert, jedoch wird die E-Mail nie wirklich gesendet. Ich habe ein paar verschiedene Beispiele versucht, aber ich habe das gleiche Problem.

Das ist meine mail.php Konfigurationsdatei -

<?php

return array(

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Mail Driver
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | Laravel supports both SMTP and PHP's "mail" function as drivers for the
    | sending of e-mail. You may specify which one you're using throughout
    | your application here. By default, Laravel is setup for SMTP mail.
    |
    | Supported: "smtp", "mail", "sendmail"
    |
    */

    'driver' => 'smtp',

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | SMTP Host Address
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | Here you may provide the host address of the SMTP server used by your
    | applications. A default option is provided that is compatible with
    | the Postmark mail service, which will provide reliable delivery.
    |
    */

    'host' => 'smtp.mailgun.org',

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | SMTP Host Port
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | This is the SMTP port used by your application to delivery e-mails to
    | users of your application. Like the host we have set this value to
    | stay compatible with the Postmark e-mail application by default.
    |
    */

    'port' => 587,

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Global "From" Address
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | You may wish for all e-mails sent by your application to be sent from
    | the same address. Here, you may specify a name and address that is
    | used globally for all e-mails that are sent by your application.
    |
    */

    'from' => array('address' => '[email protected]', 'name' => 'God'),

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | E-Mail Encryption Protocol
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | Here you may specify the encryption protocol that should be used when
    | the application send e-mail messages. A sensible default using the
    | transport layer security protocol should provide great security.
    |
    */

    'encryption' => 'tls',

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | SMTP Server Username
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | If your SMTP server requires a username for authentication, you should
    | set it here. This will get used to authenticate with your server on
    | connection. You may also set the "password" value below this one.
    |
    */

    'username' => null,

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | SMTP Server Password
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | Here you may set the password required by your SMTP server to send out
    | messages from your application. This will be given to the server on
    | connection so that the application will be able to send messages.
    |
    */

    'password' => null,

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Sendmail System Path
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | When using the "sendmail" driver to send e-mails, we will need to know
    | the path to where Sendmail lives on this server. A default path has
    | been provided here, which will work well on most of your systems.
    |
    */

    'sendmail' => '/usr/sbin/sendmail -bs',

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Mail "Pretend"
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | When this option is enabled, e-mail will not actually be sent over the
    | web and will instead be written to your application's logs files so
    | you may inspect the message. This is great for local development.
    |
    */

    'pretend' => false,

);

Und das ist die Logik für die Handhabung des Mailers - (Dies ist in UsersController)

public function postCreate()
    {
            $validator = Validator::make(Input::all(), User::$rules);

        if ($validator->passes()) 
        {
            $act_code = str_random(60);
            $user = new User;
            $user->user_username = Input::get('user_username');
            $user->user_email = Input::get('user_email');
            $user->user_password = Hash::make(Input::get('user_password'));
            $user->user_status = "N";
            $user->user_activation_key = $act_code;
            if($user->save())
            {

              $email_data = array(
             'recipient' => $user->user_email,
             'subject' => 'Activation Email'
              );
                $view_data = array(
                'actkey' => $act_code,
            );

              Mail::send('emails.welcome', $view_data, function($message) use ($email_data) {
                  $message->to( $email_data['recipient'] )
                          ->subject( $email_data['subject'] );
              });


            return Redirect::to('login')->with('message', 'Thanks for registering!');
            }
        } 
        else 
        {
            return Redirect::to('register')->with('message', 'The following errors occurred')->withErrors($validator)->withInput();
        }
    }

Die obigen Antworten erweitern, da sie nicht für mich arbeiten.

Der von Ihnen definierte Port muss dem richtigen Verschlüsselungstyp entsprechen. Wie sich herausstellt, sind ssl und tls nicht äquivalent und korrelieren mit verschiedenen Ports.
Die standardmäßige Verschlüsselungseinstellung in Laravel ist auf tls (Port 587) festgelegt, wenn Sie jedoch Port 465 verwenden, müssen Sie ihn in ssl ändern.

Googles Server smtp.gmail.com ist ein gutes Beispiel dafür:

'host' => 'smtp.gmail.com',
'port' => 465, 
'encryption' => 'ssl',

ODER

'host' => 'smtp.gmail.com',
'port' => 587, 
'encryption' => 'tls',

Port 587 verlangt zudem keine Verschlüsselung ( mehr dazu hier ). Wenn Sie feststellen, dass die Einstellung 'encryption' => '' für Sie funktioniert, sollte dies eine rote Markierung auslösen, da dies bedeuten kann, dass der von Ihnen verwendete SMTP-Server Ihre E-Mails nicht verschlüsselt.
In diesem Fall sollten Sie alternative Möglichkeiten zum Senden Ihrer E-Mails finden.


Versuchen Sie, die tls-Verschlüsselung zu entfernen, indem Sie sie auf einstellen

'encryption' => '',

Ich hatte ein ähnliches Problem, und das war es.


Wenn Sie dies auf dem lokalen Computer mit Xampp verwenden. Bitte deaktivieren Sie alle Verschlüsselungsanwendungen, die am Backend laufen. Ich hatte das gleiche Problem und es wurde gelöst, als ich die PGP-Verschlüsselungssoftware deaktivierte. Die Verschlüsselungssoftware erlaubt kein Token an die E-Mail zu senden.





smtp