cocoa reachability - How to check for an active Internet connection on iOS or macOS?




using app (25)

I would like to check to see if I have an Internet connection on iOS using the Cocoa Touch libraries or on macOS using the Cocoa libraries.

I came up with a way to do this using an NSURL. The way I did it seems a bit unreliable (because even Google could one day be down and relying on a third party seems bad), and while I could check to see for a response from some other websites if Google didn't respond, it does seem wasteful and an unnecessary overhead on my application.

- (BOOL) connectedToInternet
{
    NSString *URLString = [NSString stringWithContentsOfURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.google.com"]];
    return ( URLString != NULL ) ? YES : NO;
}

Is what I have done bad, (not to mention stringWithContentsOfURL is deprecated in iOS 3.0 and macOS 10.4) and if so, what is a better way to accomplish this?


Answers

Important: This check should always be performed asynchronously. The majority of answers below are synchronous so be careful otherwise you'll freeze up your app.


Swift

1) Install via CocoaPods or Carthage: https://github.com/ashleymills/Reachability.swift

2) Test reachability via closures

let reachability = Reachability()!

reachability.whenReachable = { reachability in
    if reachability.connection == .wifi {
        print("Reachable via WiFi")
    } else {
        print("Reachable via Cellular")
    }
}

reachability.whenUnreachable = { _ in
    print("Not reachable")
}

do {
    try reachability.startNotifier()
} catch {
    print("Unable to start notifier")
}

Objective-C

1) Add SystemConfiguration framework to the project but don't worry about including it anywhere

2) Add Tony Million's version of Reachability.h and Reachability.m to the project (found here: https://github.com/tonymillion/Reachability)

3) Update the interface section

#import "Reachability.h"

// Add this to the interface in the .m file of your view controller
@interface MyViewController ()
{
    Reachability *internetReachableFoo;
}
@end

4) Then implement this method in the .m file of your view controller which you can call

// Checks if we have an internet connection or not
- (void)testInternetConnection
{   
    internetReachableFoo = [Reachability reachabilityWithHostname:@"www.google.com"];

    // Internet is reachable
    internetReachableFoo.reachableBlock = ^(Reachability*reach)
    {
        // Update the UI on the main thread
        dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
            NSLog(@"Yayyy, we have the interwebs!");
        });
    };

    // Internet is not reachable
    internetReachableFoo.unreachableBlock = ^(Reachability*reach)
    {
        // Update the UI on the main thread
        dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
            NSLog(@"Someone broke the internet :(");
        });
    };

    [internetReachableFoo startNotifier];
}

Important Note: The Reachability class is one of the most used classes in projects so you might run into naming conflicts with other projects. If this happens, you'll have to rename one of the pairs of Reachability.h and Reachability.m files to something else to resolve the issue.

Note: The domain you use doesn't matter. It's just testing for a gateway to any domain.


The Reachability class is OK to find out if the Internet connection is available to a device or not...

But in case of accessing an intranet resource:

Pinging the intranet server with the reachability class always returns true.

So a quick solution in this scenario would be to create a web method called pingme along with other webmethods on the service. The pingme should return something.

So I wrote the following method on common functions

-(BOOL)PingServiceServer
{
    NSURL *url=[NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.serveraddress/service.asmx/Ping"];

    NSMutableURLRequest *urlReq=[NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:url];

    [urlReq setTimeoutInterval:10];

    NSURLResponse *response;

    NSError *error = nil;

    NSData *receivedData = [NSURLConnection sendSynchronousRequest:urlReq
                                                 returningResponse:&response
                                                             error:&error];
    NSLog(@"receivedData:%@",receivedData);

    if (receivedData !=nil)
    {
        return YES;
    }
    else
    {
        NSLog(@"Data is null");
        return NO;
    }
}

The above method was so useful for me, so whenever I try to send some data to the server I always check the reachability of my intranet resource using this low timeout URLRequest.


Apple supplies sample code to check for different types of network availability. Alternatively there is an example in the iPhone developers cookbook.

Note: Please see @KHG's comment on this answer regarding the use of Apple's reachability code.


This used to be the correct answer, but it is now outdated as you should subscribe to notifications for reachability instead. This method checks synchronously:


You can use Apple's Reachability class. It will also allow you to check if Wi-Fi is enabled:

Reachability* reachability = [Reachability sharedReachability];
[reachability setHostName:@"www.example.com"];    // Set your host name here
NetworkStatus remoteHostStatus = [reachability remoteHostStatus];

if (remoteHostStatus == NotReachable) { }
else if (remoteHostStatus == ReachableViaWiFiNetwork) { }
else if (remoteHostStatus == ReachableViaCarrierDataNetwork) { }

The Reachability class is not shipped with the SDK, but rather a part of this Apple sample application. Just download it, and copy Reachability.h/m to your project. Also, you have to add the SystemConfiguration framework to your project.


Import Reachable.h class in your ViewController, and use the following code to check connectivity:

     #define hasInternetConnection [[Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection] isReachable]
     if (hasInternetConnection){
           // To-do block
     }

  • Step 1: Add the Reachability class in your Project.
  • Step 2: Import the Reachability class
  • Step 3: Create the below function

    - (BOOL)checkNetConnection {
        self.internetReachability = [Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection];
        [self.internetReachability startNotifier];
        NetworkStatus netStatus = [self.internetReachability currentReachabilityStatus];
        switch (netStatus) {
            case NotReachable:
            {
                return NO;
            }
    
            case ReachableViaWWAN:
            {
                 return YES;
            }
    
            case ReachableViaWiFi:
            {
                 return YES;
            }
        }
    }
    
  • Step 4: Call the function as below:

    if (![self checkNetConnection]) {
        [GlobalFunctions showAlert:@""
                         message:@"Please connect to the Internet!"
                         canBtntitle:nil
                         otherBtnTitle:@"Ok"];
        return;
    }
    else
    {
        Log.v("internet is connected","ok");
    }
    

Apple provides a sample app which does exactly this:

Reachability



First download the reachability class and put reachability.h and reachabilty.m file in your Xcode.

The best way is to make a common Functions class (NSObject) so that you can use it any class. These are two methods for a network connection reachability check:

+(BOOL) reachabiltyCheck
{
    NSLog(@"reachabiltyCheck");
    BOOL status =YES;
    [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self
                                          selector:@selector(reachabilityChanged:)
                                          name:kReachabilityChangedNotification
                                          object:nil];
    Reachability * reach = [Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection];
    NSLog(@"status : %d",[reach currentReachabilityStatus]);
    if([reach currentReachabilityStatus]==0)
    {
        status = NO;
        NSLog(@"network not connected");
    }
    reach.reachableBlock = ^(Reachability * reachability)
    {
        dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        });
    };
    reach.unreachableBlock = ^(Reachability * reachability)
    {
        dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        });
    };
    [reach startNotifier];
    return status;
}

+(BOOL)reachabilityChanged:(NSNotification*)note
{
    BOOL status =YES;
    NSLog(@"reachabilityChanged");
    Reachability * reach = [note object];
    NetworkStatus netStatus = [reach currentReachabilityStatus];
    switch (netStatus)
    {
        case NotReachable:
            {
                status = NO;
                NSLog(@"Not Reachable");
            }
            break;

        default:
            {
                if (!isSyncingReportPulseFlag)
                {
                    status = YES;
                    isSyncingReportPulseFlag = TRUE;
                    [DatabaseHandler checkForFailedReportStatusAndReSync];
                }
            }
            break;
    }
    return status;
}

+ (BOOL) connectedToNetwork
{
    // Create zero addy
    struct sockaddr_in zeroAddress;
    bzero(&zeroAddress, sizeof(zeroAddress));
    zeroAddress.sin_len = sizeof(zeroAddress);
    zeroAddress.sin_family = AF_INET;

    // Recover reachability flags
    SCNetworkReachabilityRef defaultRouteReachability = SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(NULL, (struct sockaddr *)&zeroAddress);
    SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags;
    BOOL didRetrieveFlags = SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(defaultRouteReachability, &flags);
    CFRelease(defaultRouteReachability);
    if (!didRetrieveFlags)
    {
        NSLog(@"Error. Could not recover network reachability flags");
        return NO;
    }
    BOOL isReachable = flags & kSCNetworkFlagsReachable;
    BOOL needsConnection = flags & kSCNetworkFlagsConnectionRequired;
    BOOL nonWiFi = flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsTransientConnection;
    NSURL *testURL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.apple.com/"];
    NSURLRequest *testRequest = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:testURL  cachePolicy:NSURLRequestReloadIgnoringLocalCacheData timeoutInterval:20.0];
    NSURLConnection *testConnection = [[NSURLConnection alloc] initWithRequest:testRequest delegate:self];
    return ((isReachable && !needsConnection) || nonWiFi) ? (testConnection ? YES : NO) : NO;
}

Now you can check network connection in any class by calling this class method.


You could use Reachability by  (available here).

#import "Reachability.h"

- (BOOL)networkConnection {
    return [[Reachability reachabilityWithHostName:@"www.google.com"] currentReachabilityStatus];
}

if ([self networkConnection] == NotReachable) { /* No Network */ } else { /* Network */ } //Use ReachableViaWiFi / ReachableViaWWAN to get the type of connection.

Only the Reachability class has been updated. You can now use:

Reachability* reachability = [Reachability reachabilityWithHostName:@"www.apple.com"];
NetworkStatus remoteHostStatus = [reachability currentReachabilityStatus];

if (remoteHostStatus == NotReachable) { NSLog(@"not reachable");}
else if (remoteHostStatus == ReachableViaWWAN) { NSLog(@"reachable via wwan");}
else if (remoteHostStatus == ReachableViaWiFi) { NSLog(@"reachable via wifi");}

First: Add CFNetwork.framework in framework

Code: ViewController.m

#import "Reachability.h"

- (void)viewWillAppear:(BOOL)animated
{
    Reachability *r = [Reachability reachabilityWithHostName:@"www.google.com"];
    NetworkStatus internetStatus = [r currentReachabilityStatus];

    if ((internetStatus != ReachableViaWiFi) && (internetStatus != ReachableViaWWAN))
    {
        /// Create an alert if connection doesn't work
        UIAlertView *myAlert = [[UIAlertView alloc]initWithTitle:@"No Internet Connection"   message:NSLocalizedString(@"InternetMessage", nil)delegate:nil cancelButtonTitle:@"Ok" otherButtonTitles:nil];
        [myAlert show];
        [myAlert release];
    }
    else
    {
         NSLog(@"INTERNET IS CONNECT");
    }
}

To do this yourself is extremely simple. The following method will work. Just be sure to not allow a hostname protocol such as HTTP, HTTPS, etc. to be passed in with the name.

-(BOOL)hasInternetConnection:(NSString*)urlAddress
{
    SCNetworkReachabilityRef ref = SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithName(kCFAllocatorDefault, [urlAddress UTF8String]);
    SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags;
    if (!SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(ref, &flags))
    {
        return NO;
    }
    return flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsReachable;
}

It is quick simple and painless.


If you're using AFNetworking you can use its own implementation for internet reachability status.

The best way to use AFNetworking is to subclass the AFHTTPClient class and use this class to do your network connections.

One of the advantages of using this approach is that you can use blocks to set the desired behavior when the reachability status changes. Supposing that I've created a singleton subclass of AFHTTPClient (as said on the "Subclassing notes" on AFNetworking docs) named BKHTTPClient, I'd do something like:

BKHTTPClient *httpClient = [BKHTTPClient sharedClient];
[httpClient setReachabilityStatusChangeBlock:^(AFNetworkReachabilityStatus status)
{
    if (status == AFNetworkReachabilityStatusNotReachable) 
    {
    // Not reachable
    }
    else
    {
        // Reachable
    }
}];

You could also check for Wi-Fi or WLAN connections specifically using the AFNetworkReachabilityStatusReachableViaWWAN and AFNetworkReachabilityStatusReachableViaWiFi enums (more here).


There is also another method to check Internet connection using the iPhone SDK.

Try to implement the following code for the network connection.

#import <SystemConfiguration/SystemConfiguration.h>
#include <netdb.h>

/**
     Checking for network availability. It returns
     YES if the network is available.
*/
+ (BOOL) connectedToNetwork
{

    // Create zero addy
    struct sockaddr_in zeroAddress;
    bzero(&zeroAddress, sizeof(zeroAddress));
    zeroAddress.sin_len = sizeof(zeroAddress);
    zeroAddress.sin_family = AF_INET;

    // Recover reachability flags
    SCNetworkReachabilityRef defaultRouteReachability =
        SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(NULL, (struct sockaddr *)&zeroAddress);
    SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags;

    BOOL didRetrieveFlags = SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(defaultRouteReachability, &flags);
    CFRelease(defaultRouteReachability);

    if (!didRetrieveFlags)
    {
        printf("Error. Could not recover network reachability flags\n");
        return NO;
    }

    BOOL isReachable = ((flags & kSCNetworkFlagsReachable) != 0);
    BOOL needsConnection = ((flags & kSCNetworkFlagsConnectionRequired) != 0);

    return (isReachable && !needsConnection) ? YES : NO;
}

  1. Download the Reachability file, https://gist.github.com/darkseed/1182373

  2. And add CFNetwork.framework and 'SystemConfiguration.framework' in framework

  3. Do #import "Reachability.h"


First: Add CFNetwork.framework in framework

Code: ViewController.m

- (void)viewWillAppear:(BOOL)animated
{
    Reachability *r = [Reachability reachabilityWithHostName:@"www.google.com"];
    NetworkStatus internetStatus = [r currentReachabilityStatus];

    if ((internetStatus != ReachableViaWiFi) && (internetStatus != ReachableViaWWAN))
    {
        /// Create an alert if connection doesn't work
        UIAlertView *myAlert = [[UIAlertView alloc]initWithTitle:@"No Internet Connection"   message:NSLocalizedString(@"InternetMessage", nil)delegate:nil cancelButtonTitle:@"Ok" otherButtonTitles:nil];
        [myAlert show];
        [myAlert release];
    }
    else
    {
         NSLog(@"INTERNET IS CONNECT");
    }
}

Checking the Internet connection availability in (iOS) Xcode 8 , Swift 3.0

This is simple method for checking the network availability like our device is connected to any network or not. I have managed to translate it to Swift 3.0 and here the final code. The existing Apple Reachability class and other third party libraries seemed to be too complicated to translate to Swift.

This works for both 3G,4G and WiFi connections.

Don’t forget to add “SystemConfiguration.framework” to your project builder.

//Create new swift class file Reachability in your project.
import SystemConfiguration
public class InternetReachability {

class func isConnectedToNetwork() -> Bool {
   var zeroAddress = sockaddr_in(sin_len: 0, sin_family: 0, sin_port: 0, sin_addr: in_addr(s_addr: 0), sin_zero: (0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0))
   zeroAddress.sin_len = UInt8(sizeofValue(zeroAddress))
   zeroAddress.sin_family = sa_family_t(AF_INET)
   let defaultRouteReachability = withUnsafePointer(&zeroAddress) {
          SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(nil, UnsafePointer($0)).takeRetainedValue()
   }
   var flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags = 0
   if SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(defaultRouteReachability, &flags) == 0 {
          return false
   }
   let isReachable = (flags & UInt32(kSCNetworkFlagsReachable)) != 0
   let needsConnection = (flags & UInt32(kSCNetworkFlagsConnectionRequired)) != 0

   return isReachable && !needsConnection
  }
}

// Check network connectivity from anywhere in project by using this code.
 if InternetReachability.isConnectedToNetwork() == true {
         print("Internet connection OK")
  } else {
         print("Internet connection FAILED")
  }


-(void)newtworkType {

 NSArray *subviews = [[[[UIApplication sharedApplication] valueForKey:@"statusBar"] valueForKey:@"foregroundView"]subviews];
NSNumber *dataNetworkItemView = nil;

for (id subview in subviews) {
    if([subview isKindOfClass:[NSClassFromString(@"UIStatusBarDataNetworkItemView") class]]) {
        dataNetworkItemView = subview;
        break;
    }
}


switch ([[dataNetworkItemView valueForKey:@"dataNetworkType"]integerValue]) {
    case 0:
        NSLog(@"No wifi or cellular");
        break;

    case 1:
        NSLog(@"2G");
        break;

    case 2:
        NSLog(@"3G");
        break;

    case 3:
        NSLog(@"4G");
        break;

    case 4:
        NSLog(@"LTE");
        break;

    case 5:
        NSLog(@"Wifi");
        break;


    default:
        break;
}
}


I like to keep things simple. The way I do this is:

//Class.h
#import "Reachability.h"
#import <SystemConfiguration/SystemConfiguration.h>

- (BOOL)connected;

//Class.m
- (BOOL)connected
{
    Reachability *reachability = [Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection];
    NetworkStatus networkStatus = [reachability currentReachabilityStatus];
    return networkStatus != NotReachable;
}

Then, I use this whenever I want to see if I have a connection:

if (![self connected]) {
    // Not connected
} else {
    // Connected. Do some Internet stuff
}

This method doesn't wait for changed network statuses in order to do stuff. It just tests the status when you ask it to.


Here is how I do it in my apps: While a 200 status response code doesn't guarantee anything, it is stable enough for me. This doesn't require as much loading as the NSData answers posted here, as mine just checks the HEAD response.

Swift Code

func checkInternet(flag:Bool, completionHandler:(internet:Bool) -> Void)
{
    UIApplication.sharedApplication().networkActivityIndicatorVisible = true

    let url = NSURL(string: "http://www.appleiphonecell.com/")
    let request = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url!)

    request.HTTPMethod = "HEAD"
    request.cachePolicy = NSURLRequestCachePolicy.ReloadIgnoringLocalAndRemoteCacheData
    request.timeoutInterval = 10.0

    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request, queue:NSOperationQueue.mainQueue(), completionHandler:
    {(response: NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in

        UIApplication.sharedApplication().networkActivityIndicatorVisible = false

        let rsp = response as! NSHTTPURLResponse?

        completionHandler(internet:rsp?.statusCode == 200)
    })
}

func yourMethod()
{
    self.checkInternet(false, completionHandler:
    {(internet:Bool) -> Void in

        if (internet)
        {
            // "Internet" aka Apple's region universal URL reachable
        }
        else
        {
            // No "Internet" aka Apple's region universal URL un-reachable
        }
    })
}

Objective-C Code

typedef void(^connection)(BOOL);

- (void)checkInternet:(connection)block
{
    NSURL *url = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.appleiphonecell.com/"];
    NSMutableURLRequest *headRequest = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:url];
    headRequest.HTTPMethod = @"HEAD";

    NSURLSessionConfiguration *defaultConfigObject = [NSURLSessionConfiguration ephemeralSessionConfiguration];
    defaultConfigObject.timeoutIntervalForResource = 10.0;
    defaultConfigObject.requestCachePolicy = NSURLRequestReloadIgnoringLocalAndRemoteCacheData;

    NSURLSession *defaultSession = [NSURLSession sessionWithConfiguration:defaultConfigObject delegate:self delegateQueue: [NSOperationQueue mainQueue]];

    NSURLSessionDataTask *dataTask = [defaultSession dataTaskWithRequest:headRequest
        completionHandler:^(NSData *data, NSURLResponse *response, NSError *error)
    {
        if (!error && response)
        {
            block([(NSHTTPURLResponse *)response statusCode] == 200);
        }
    }];
    [dataTask resume];
}

- (void)yourMethod
{
    [self checkInternet:^(BOOL internet)
    {
         if (internet)
         {
             // "Internet" aka Apple's region universal URL reachable
         }
         else
         {
             // No "Internet" aka Apple's region universal URL un-reachable
         }
    }];
}

There's a nice-looking, ARC- and GCD-using modernization of Reachability here:

Reachability


I think this one is the best answer.

"Yes" means connected. "No" means disconnected.

#import "Reachability.h"

 - (BOOL)canAccessInternet
{
    Reachability *IsReachable = [Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection];
    NetworkStatus internetStats = [IsReachable currentReachabilityStatus];

    if (internetStats == NotReachable)
    {
        return NO;
    }
    else
    {
        return YES;
    }
}

You use NSSortDescriptor to sort an NSMutableArray with custom objects

 NSSortDescriptor *sortingDescriptor;
 sortingDescriptor = [[NSSortDescriptor alloc] initWithKey:@"birthDate"
                                       ascending:YES];
 NSArray *sortArray = [drinkDetails sortedArrayUsingDescriptors:@[sortDescriptor]];




ios macos cocoa cocoa-touch reachability