python - try - parsererror: error tokenizing data. c error: buffer overflow caught-possible malformed input file.




Python Pandas Error tokenizing data (15)

Although not the case for this question, this error may also appear with compressed data. Explicitly setting the value for kwarg compression resolved my problem.

result = pandas.read_csv(data_source, compression='gzip')

I'm trying to use pandas to manipulate a .csv file but I get this error:

pandas.parser.CParserError: Error tokenizing data. C error: Expected 2 fields in line 3, saw 12

I have tried to read the pandas docs, but found nothing.

My code is simple:

path = 'GOOG Key Ratios.csv'
#print(open(path).read())
data = pd.read_csv(path)

How can I resolve this? Should I use the csv module or another language ?

File is from Morningstar


An alternative that I have found to be useful in dealing with similar parsing errors uses the CSV module to re-route data into a pandas df. For example:

import csv
import pandas as pd
path = 'C:/FileLocation/'
file = 'filename.csv'
f = open(path+file,'rt')
reader = csv.reader(f)

#once contents are available, I then put them in a list
csv_list = []
for l in reader:
    csv_list.append(l)
f.close()
#now pandas has no problem getting into a df
df = pd.DataFrame(csv_list)

I find the CSV module to be a bit more robust to poorly formatted comma separated files and so have had success with this route to address issues like these.


I had a dataset with prexisting row numbers, I used index_col:

pd.read_csv('train.csv', index_col=0)

I had a similar case as this and setting

train = pd.read_csv('input.csv' , encoding='latin1',engine='python') 

worked


I had received a .csv from a coworker and when I tried to read the csv using pd.read_csv(), I received a similar error. It was apparently attempting to use the first row to generate the columns for the dataframe, but there were many rows which contained more columns than the first row would imply. I ended up fixing this problem by simply opening and re-saving the file as .csv and using pd.read_csv() again.


I had this problem as well but perhaps for a different reason. I had some trailing commas in my CSV that were adding an additional column that pandas was attempting to read. Using the following works but it simply ignores the bad lines:

data = pd.read_csv('file1.csv', error_bad_lines=False)

If you want to keep the lines an ugly kind of hack for handling the errors is to do something like the following:

line     = []
expected = []
saw      = []     
cont     = True 

while cont == True:     
    try:
        data = pd.read_csv('file1.csv',skiprows=line)
        cont = False
    except Exception as e:    
        errortype = e.message.split('.')[0].strip()                                
        if errortype == 'Error tokenizing data':                        
           cerror      = e.message.split(':')[1].strip().replace(',','')
           nums        = [n for n in cerror.split(' ') if str.isdigit(n)]
           expected.append(int(nums[0]))
           saw.append(int(nums[2]))
           line.append(int(nums[1])-1)
         else:
           cerror      = 'Unknown'
           print 'Unknown Error - 222'

if line != []:
    # Handle the errors however you want

I proceeded to write a script to reinsert the lines into the DataFrame since the bad lines will be given by the variable 'line' in the above code. This can all be avoided by simply using the csv reader. Hopefully the pandas developers can make it easier to deal with this situation in the future.


I've had this problem a few times myself. Almost every time, the reason is that the file I was attempting to open was not a properly saved CSV to begin with. And by "properly", I mean each row had the same number of separators or columns.

Typically it happened because I had opened the CSV in Excel then improperly saved it. Even though the file extension was still .csv, the pure CSV format had been altered.

Any file saved with pandas to_csv will be properly formatted and shouldn't have that issue. But if you open it with another program, it may change the structure.

Hope that helps.


Issue could be with file Issues, In my case, Issue was solved after renaming the file. yet to figure out the reason..


Sometimes the problem is not how to use python, but with the raw data.
I got this error message

Error tokenizing data. C error: Expected 18 fields in line 72, saw 19.

It turned out that in the column description there were sometimes commas. This means that the CSV file needs to be cleaned up or another separator used.


The parser is getting confused by the header of the file. It reads the first row and infers the number of columns from that row. But the first two rows aren't representative of the actual data in the file.

Try it with data = pd.read_csv(path, skiprows=2)


This is what I did.

sep='::' solved my issue:

data=pd.read_csv('C:\\Users\\HP\\Downloads\\NPL ASSINGMENT 2 imdb_labelled\\imdb_labelled.txt',engine='python',header=None,sep='::')

You can do this step to avoid the problem -

train = pd.read_csv('/home/Project/output.csv' , header=None)

just add - header=None

Hope this helps!!


following sequence of commands works (I lose the first line of the data -no header=None present-, but at least it loads):

df = pd.read_csv(filename, usecols=range(0, 42)) df.columns = ['YR', 'MO', 'DAY', 'HR', 'MIN', 'SEC', 'HUND', 'ERROR', 'RECTYPE', 'LANE', 'SPEED', 'CLASS', 'LENGTH', 'GVW', 'ESAL', 'W1', 'S1', 'W2', 'S2', 'W3', 'S3', 'W4', 'S4', 'W5', 'S5', 'W6', 'S6', 'W7', 'S7', 'W8', 'S8', 'W9', 'S9', 'W10', 'S10', 'W11', 'S11', 'W12', 'S12', 'W13', 'S13', 'W14']

Following does NOT work:

df = pd.read_csv(filename, names=['YR', 'MO', 'DAY', 'HR', 'MIN', 'SEC', 'HUND', 'ERROR', 'RECTYPE', 'LANE', 'SPEED', 'CLASS', 'LENGTH', 'GVW', 'ESAL', 'W1', 'S1', 'W2', 'S2', 'W3', 'S3', 'W4', 'S4', 'W5', 'S5', 'W6', 'S6', 'W7', 'S7', 'W8', 'S8', 'W9', 'S9', 'W10', 'S10', 'W11', 'S11', 'W12', 'S12', 'W13', 'S13', 'W14'], usecols=range(0, 42))

CParserError: Error tokenizing data. C error: Expected 53 fields in line 1605634, saw 54 Following does NOT work:

df = pd.read_csv(filename, header=None)

CParserError: Error tokenizing data. C error: Expected 53 fields in line 1605634, saw 54

Hence, in your problem you have to pass usecols=range(0, 2)


try: pandas.read_csv(path, sep = ',' ,header=None)


you could also try;

data = pd.read_csv('file1.csv', error_bad_lines=False)




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