visual-studio you - Displaying the#include hierarchy for a C++file in Visual Studio
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Problem: I have a large Visual C++ project that I'm trying to migrate to Visual Studio 2010. It's a huge mix of stuff from various sources and of various ages. I'm getting problems because something is including both
Question: What tools and techniques are there for displaying the
#include hierarchy for a Visual Studio C++ source file?
I know about
cl /P for getting the preprocessor output, but that doesn't clearly show which file includes which other files (and in this case the
/P output is 376,932 lines long 8-)
In a perfect world I'd like a hierarchical display of which files include which other files, along with line numbers so I can jump into the sources:
source.cpp(1) windows.h(100) winsock.h some_other_thing.h(1234) winsock2.h
Not as good as gcc's hierarchical include feature, which shows the direct-line inclusion hierarchy in the case of an error. The "show includes" option in VS shows everything, which is overkill when debugging hierarchical include file problems.
There is now a plugin for Visual Studio called IncludeToolbox. It can list your dependent includes and do more things like a random remove and compile to see if that include was required.
The compiler also supports a /showIncludes switch -- it doesn't give you line numbers, but can give a pretty comprehensive view of which includes come from where.
It's under Project Settings -> Configuration Properties -> C/C++ -> Advanced -> Show Includes.
We have found IncludeManager to be a very powerful tool. It is not free (but not expensive) and it allowed us to get a grip of our Include issues and drop our compile time from 50 minutes to 8 minutes by pruning out large chunks of includes we weren't using.
cl /P should show you the line numbers, such that you can tell the context of where a header file is being included from.
If you grep out the lines with ...
grep "^#line" file.i
... then you should have a pretty clean indication of what files were encountered in order by the preprocessor.
If it's a one off incident this should be a pretty quick diagnostic.
There is a setting:
Project Settings -> Configuration Properties -> C/C++ -> Advanced -> Show Includes
that will generate the tree. It maps to the compiler switch /showIncludes
Without the need to edit any registry keys, the Productivity Power Tools extension (available for all versions of visual studio) provides guideline functionality.
Once installed just right click while in the editor window and choose the add guide line option. Note that the guideline will always be placed on the column where your editing cursor is currently at, regardless of where you right click in the editor window.
To turn off go to options and find
Productivity Power Tools and in that section turn off
Column Guides. A reboot will be necessary.