c# viewmodel - Populating a razor dropdownlist from a List<object> in MVC





to how (7)


One way might be;

    <select name="listbox" id="listbox">
    @foreach (var item in Model)
           {

                   <option value="@item.UserRoleId">
                      @item.UserRole 
                   </option>                  
           }
    </select>

I have a model:

public class DbUserRole
    {
        public int UserRoleId { get; set; }
        public string UserRole { get; set; }
    }

public class DbUserRoles
    {
        public List<DbUserRole> GetRoles()
        {
            BugnetReports RoleDropDown = new BugnetReports();
            List<DbUserRole> Roles = new List<DbUserRole>();
            DataSet table = RoleDropDown.userRoleDropDown();
            foreach (DataRow item in table.Tables[0].Rows)
            {
                DbUserRole ur = new DbUserRole();
                ur.UserRole = Convert.ToString(item["UserRoleName"]);
                ur.UserRoleId = Convert.ToInt32(item["UserRoleID"]);
                Roles.Add(ur);
            }
            return Roles;
        }
    }

And here is the Controller that loads the view:

        //
        // GET: /Admin/AddNewUser

        public ActionResult AddNewUser()
        {
            DbUserRoles Roles = new DbUserRoles();
            return View(Roles.GetRoles());
        }

I can get the items in the list to display using a @foreach loop as shown below:

@foreach (var item in Model)
       {
           <tr>
               <td>
                   @item.UserRoleId
               </td>
               <td>
                   @item.UserRole
               </td>
           </tr>
       }

But how do I populate a dropdownlist with the model that is passed through, I have tried

@Html.DropDownListFor(x => x.UserRole)

but I'm having no luck.




Your call to DropDownListFor needs a few more parameters to flesh it out. You need a SelectList as in the following SO question:

MVC3 DropDownListFor - a simple example?

With what you have there, you've only told it where to store the data, not where to load the list from.




You can separate out your business logic into a viewmodel, so your view has cleaner separation.

First create a viewmodel to store the Id the user will select along with a list of items that will appear in the DropDown.

ViewModel:

public class UserRoleViewModel
{
    // Display Attribute will appear in the Html.LabelFor
    [Display(Name = "User Role")]
    public int SelectedUserRoleId { get; set; }
    public IEnumerable<SelectListItem> UserRoles { get; set; }
}

References:

Inside the controller create a method to get your UserRole list and transform it into the form that will be presented in the view.

Controller:

private IEnumerable<SelectListItem> GetRoles()
{
    var dbUserRoles = new DbUserRoles();
    var roles = dbUserRoles
                .GetRoles()
                .Select(x =>
                        new SelectListItem
                            {
                                Value = x.UserRoleId.ToString(),
                                Text = x.UserRole
                            });

    return new SelectList(roles, "Value", "Text");
}

public ActionResult AddNewUser()
{
    var model = new UserRoleViewModel
                    {
                        UserRoles = GetRoles()
                    };
    return View(model);
}

References:

Now that the viewmodel is created the presentation logic is simplified

View:

@model UserRoleViewModel

@Html.LabelFor(m => m.SelectedUserRoleId)
@Html.DropDownListFor(m => m.SelectedUserRoleId, Model.UserRoles)

References:

This will produce:

<label for="SelectedUserRoleId">User Role</label>
<select id="SelectedUserRoleId" name="SelectedUserRoleId">
    <option value="1">First Role</option>
    <option value="2">Second Role</option>
    <option value="3">Etc...</option>
</select>



   @{
        List<CategoryModel> CategoryList = CategoryModel.GetCategoryList(UserID);
        IEnumerable<SelectListItem> CategorySelectList = CategoryList.Select(x => new SelectListItem() { Text = x.CategoryName.Trim(), Value = x.CategoryID.Trim() });
    }
    <tr>
        <td>
            <B>Assigned Category:</B>
        </td>
        <td>
            @Html.DropDownList("CategoryList", CategorySelectList, "Select a Category (Optional)")
        </td>
    </tr>






Something close to:

@Html.DropDownListFor(m => m.UserRole, 
   new SelectList(Model.Roles, "UserRoleId", "UserRole", Model.Roles.First().UserRoleId), 
   new { /* any html  attributes here */ }) 

You need a SelectList to populate the DropDownListFor. For any HTML attributes you need, you can add:

new { @class = "DropDown", @id = "dropdownUserRole" }



As suggested, use TPL Dataflow.

A TransformBlock<TInput, TOutput> may be what you're looking for.

You define a MaxDegreeOfParallelism to limit how many strings can be transformed (i.e., how many urls can be downloaded) in parallel. You then post urls to the block, and when you're done you tell the block you're done adding items and you fetch the responses.

var downloader = new TransformBlock<string, HttpResponse>(
        url => Download(url),
        new ExecutionDataflowBlockOptions { MaxDegreeOfParallelism = 50 }
    );

var buffer = new BufferBlock<HttpResponse>();
downloader.LinkTo(buffer);

foreach(var url in urls)
    downloader.Post(url);
    //or await downloader.SendAsync(url);

downloader.Complete();
await downloader.Completion;

IList<HttpResponse> responses;
if (buffer.TryReceiveAll(out responses))
{
    //process responses
}

Note: The TransformBlock buffers both its input and output. Why, then, do we need to link it to a BufferBlock?

Because the TransformBlock won't complete until all items (HttpResponse) have been consumed, and await downloader.Completion would hang. Instead, we let the downloader forward all its output to a dedicated buffer block - then we wait for the downloader to complete, and inspect the buffer block.







c# asp.net-mvc-4 razor html.dropdownlistfor