c# 'system.net.http.formatting' - Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http 4.0.0 after update from 2012 to 2013




14 Answers

I fixed this by reinstalling the NuGet package, which corrects broken dependencies. From the package manager, run:

Update-Package Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi -reinstall
version=4.0.0.0 5.2

I did the upgrade according to. http://www.asp.net/mvc/tutorials/mvc-5/how-to-upgrade-an-aspnet-mvc-4-and-web-api-project-to-aspnet-mvc-5-and-web-api-2

I get the error. Does any one else got this error?

Server Error in '/' Application.

Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' or one of its dependencies. The located assembly's manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131040)
Description: An unhandled exception occurred during the execution of the current web request. Please review the stack trace for more information about the error and where it originated in the code.

Exception Details: System.IO.FileLoadException: Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' or one of its dependencies. The located assembly's manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131040)

Source Error:

Line 48: Line 49: Line 50: } Line 51: Line 52: protected void Application_BeginRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)

Source File: d:\SM\7.4Test\WebAPIServerV2\ThirdPartyWebAPI\Global.asax.cs Line: 50

Assembly Load Trace: The following information can be helpful to determine why the assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' could not be loaded.

=== Pre-bind state information === LOG: DisplayName = System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35 (Fully-specified) LOG: Appbase = file:///D:/SM/7.4Test/WebAPIServerV2/ThirdPartyWebAPI/ LOG: Initial PrivatePath = D:\SM\7.4Test\WebAPIServerV2\ThirdPartyWebAPI\bin Calling assembly : ThirdPartyWebAPI, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null. === LOG: This bind starts in default load context. LOG: Using application configuration file: D:\SM\7.4Test\WebAPIServerV2\ThirdPartyWebAPI\web.config LOG: Using host configuration file: C:\Users\michalc\Documents\IISExpress\config\aspnet.config LOG: Using machine configuration file from C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319\config\machine.config. LOG: Post-policy reference: System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35 LOG: Attempting download of new URL file:///C:/Windows/Microsoft.NET/Framework/v4.0.30319/Temporary ASP.NET Files/root/9184b2ea/c6d4b139/System.Web.Http.DLL. LOG: Attempting download of new URL file:///C:/Windows/Microsoft.NET/Framework/v4.0.30319/Temporary ASP.NET Files/root/9184b2ea/c6d4b139/System.Web.Http/System.Web.Http.DLL. LOG: Attempting download of new URL file:///D:/SM/7.4Test/WebAPIServerV2/ThirdPartyWebAPI/bin/System.Web.Http.DLL. WRN: Comparing the assembly name resulted in the mismatch: Major Version ERR: Failed to complete setup of assembly (hr = 0x80131040). Probing terminated.

Stack Trace:

[FileLoadException: Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' or one of its dependencies. The located assembly's manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131040)] ThirdPartyWebAPI.WebApiApplication.Application_Start() in d:\SM\7.4Test\WebAPIServerV2\ThirdPartyWebAPI\Global.asax.cs:50

[HttpException (0x80004005): Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' or one of its dependencies. The located assembly's manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131040)]
System.Web.HttpApplicationFactory.EnsureAppStartCalledForIntegratedMode(HttpContext context, HttpApplication app) +9935033
System.Web.HttpApplication.RegisterEventSubscriptionsWithIIS(IntPtr appContext, HttpContext context, MethodInfo[] handlers) +118
System.Web.HttpApplication.InitSpecial(HttpApplicationState state, MethodInfo[] handlers, IntPtr appContext, HttpContext context) +172
System.Web.HttpApplicationFactory.GetSpecialApplicationInstance(IntPtr appContext, HttpContext context) +336
System.Web.Hosting.PipelineRuntime.InitializeApplication(IntPtr appContext) +296

[HttpException (0x80004005): Could not load file or assembly 'System.Web.Http, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35' or one of its dependencies. The located assembly's manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131040)]
System.Web.HttpRuntime.FirstRequestInit(HttpContext context) +9913572 System.Web.HttpRuntime.EnsureFirstRequestInit(HttpContext context) +101 System.Web.HttpRuntime.ProcessRequestNotificationPrivate(IIS7WorkerRequest wr, HttpContext context) +254


Version Information: Microsoft .NET Framework Version:4.0.30319; ASP.NET Version:4.0.30319.18408




You need to add assembly redirects:

<configuration>

   ....

   <runtime>
      <assemblyBinding>
    <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Http" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" culture="neutral" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-4.5.0.0" newVersion="5.0.0.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      </assemblyBinding>
   </runtime>

   ...

</configuration>

Most likely you have to do this for a few more assemblies like webhosting, etc.




When I installed Web Api 2.2 help this error started. I added this to the web.config and it solved my problem.

  <dependentAssembly>
    <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Http" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" culture="neutral" />
    <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-5.2.2.0" newVersion="5.2.2.0" />
  </dependentAssembly>



The proper solution to resolve this issue is by following the steps

. Update Visual studio if you have older version to 15.5.4 (Optional)

  1. Remove all binding redirects from web.config

  2. Add this to the csproj file:

 <PropertyGroup>
  <AutoGenerateBindingRedirects>true</AutoGenerateBindingRedirects>
  <GenerateBindingRedirectsOutputType>true</GenerateBindingRedirectsOutputType>
</PropertyGroup>
  1. Build.

  2. In the bin folder, there should be a (WebAppName).dll.config file.

  3. It should have redirects in it. Copy these to the web.config

  4. Remove the above snipped from the csproj file again

  5. It should work

Detailed Blog




 Installing NuGet package ASP.NET.MVC solved the issue for me. 
 To install package.
 - Right click on project 
 - Select "Manage NuGet Packages"
 - Select Online->Nuget.org from left menu
 - select "Microsoft ASP.NET MVC"
 - Click Install

 If you have already installed package earlier, please update the package by selecting Updates from left menu and then selecting "Microsoft ASP.NET" and click Update.




This might help someone.

I decided to go with MVC4 app.

run project, worked

Then Installed few packages like,
Microsoft ASP.NET WEB API 2.2 (4 packages)
Microsoft ASP.NET WEB API 2.2 Help Page
Microsoft ASP.NET WEB API 2.2 OWIN

run project, same error as mentioned in question

Solution:

In web.config

 <dependentAssembly>
      <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Http" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" culture="neutral" />
      <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-5.0.0.0" newVersion="5.2.3.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Net.Http.Formatting" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" culture="neutral" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-5.0.0.0" newVersion="5.2.3.0" />
 </dependentAssembly>


Problem Solved


but then, some hotfix error found, To resolve it, go to VIEW folder of your MVC4 project, find second web.config file and changed version from 2.0.0.0 to 3.0.0.0 as shown below.


<configSections>
    <sectionGroup name="system.web.webPages.razor" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.RazorWebSectionGroup, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35">
      <section name="host" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.HostSection, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" requirePermission="false" />
      <section name="pages" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.RazorPagesSection, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" requirePermission="false" />
    </sectionGroup>
  </configSections>




<dependentAssembly>
    <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Http" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" culture="neutral" />
    <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-5.0.0.0" newVersion="5.0.0.0" />
</dependentAssembly>
<dependentAssembly>
    <assemblyIdentity name="System.Net.Http.Formatting" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" culture="neutral" />
    <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-5.0.0.0" newVersion="5.0.0.0" />
</dependentAssembly>



Me did not nothing, just copied development Bin folder DLLs to online deployed Bin folder and it worked fine for me.




As others have said just reinstall the MVC package to your web project using nuget, but be sure to add the MVC package to any projects depending on the web project, such as unit tests. If you build each included project individually, you will see witch ones require the update.




I solved this problem by reverting the changes that nuget had made to my web.config after running nuget. Revert the changes to a previous working version.

  <dependentAssembly>
    <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Mvc" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" culture="neutral" />
    <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-5.2.2.0" newVersion="5.2.2.0" />
  </dependentAssembly>



I had this from a WCF service. For me (as the issue was displaying in local dev), I simply had to delete the contents of the bin folder under the solution. The the rebuild work fine once again.




I could solve similar problem with System.Net.HTTP by adding assembly reference in app.config of main application.

  <runtime>
    <assemblyBinding xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v1">
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Net.Http" publicKeyToken="b03f5f7f11d50a3a" culture="neutral" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-4.1.1.1" newVersion="4.0.0.0" />
      </dependentAssembly></runtime>



I got this issue when deploying to Azure using the Publish feature. Remember to clear files at destination.

Publish Settings -> File Publish Options drop down -> Check Remove additional files at destination

This solved my issue, in case people have to hunt around for this like I did. Everything was the same version in my project/solution, just not at the destination I was deploying to.




Change the Specfic version flag from true to false for the dll in the reference




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