item - cannot resolve symbol utility in android studio

Android Studio says “cannot resolve symbol” but project compiles (13)

I'm importing twitter4j in AndroidStudio, using the following in my build.gradle:

dependencies {
  compile ''
  compile files('libs/twitter4j-core-3.0.4.jar')

The project compiles fine, and I can create twitter objects without a problem. However, in Android studio, anything referencing that library shows "cannot resolve symbol" and displays in red. What do I need to do to get Android Studio to recognize the library?

I have already tried rebuilding the project, ./gradlew clean, and closing and re-opening my project.

Invalidate Caches / Restart didn't work for me this time.

Found a solution like this:

  1. Remove the compile *** or implementation *** line in build.gradle.

  2. Clean and rebuild. Errors should be raised here.

  3. Add the line in step 1 back to build.gradle.

  4. Clean and rebuild.


For mine was caused by the imported library project, type something in build.gradle and delete it again and press sync now, the error gone.

For those, who tried the accepted answer and have no success,

I tried also the accepted answer and did not work for me. After that, I updated my project with the repository and synchronized the project and the could not resolve warnings are gone.

I also had this issue with my Android app depending on some of my own Android libraries (using Android Studio 3.0 and 3.1.1).

Whenever I updated a lib and go back to the app, triggering a Gradle Sync, Android Studio was not able to detect the code changes I made to the lib. Compilation worked fine, but Android Studio showed red error lines on some code using the lib.

After investigating, I found that it's because gradle keeps pointing to an old compiled version of my libs. If you go to yourProject/.idea/libraries/ you'll see a list of xml files that contains the link to the compiled version of your libs. These files starts with Gradle__artifacts_*.xml (where * is the name of your libs).

So in order for Android Studio to take the latest version of your libs, you need to delete these Gradle__artifacts_*.xml files, and Android Studio will regenerate them, pointing to the latest compiled version of your libs.

If you don't want to do that manually every time you click on "Gradle sync" (who would want to do that...), you can add this small gradle task in the build.gradle file of your app.

task deleteArtifacts {
    doFirst {
        File librariesFolderPath = file(getProjectDir().absolutePath + "/../.idea/libraries/")
        File[] files = librariesFolderPath.listFiles({ File file ->"Gradle__artifacts_") } as FileFilter)

        for (int i = 0; i < files.length; i++) {

And in order for your app to always execute this task before doing a gradle sync, you just need to go to the Gradle window, then find the "deleteArtifacts" task under yourApp/Tasks/other/, right click on it and select "Execute Before Sync" (see below).

Now, every time you do a Gradle sync, Android Studio will be forced to use the latest version of your libs.

I had this problem for a couple of days now and finally figured it out! All other solutions didn't work for me btw.

Solution: I had special characters in my project path!

Just make sure to have none of those and you should be fine or at least one of the other solutions should work for you.

Hope this helps someone!

I tried Invalidate cache/restart or clean Project -> rebuild project. These didn't work for me.

The final solution was open Project window on the left side of IDE, under Project mode, delete .gradle and .idea folder, THEN you can invalidate caches and restart. This fixed it.

In my case the jar file did not have a META-INF/MANIFEST.MF file. After adding one, it worked!

In my case, I had created a new file using the GUI and defined an interface within the file. I kept getting this symbol error because the file was not a "java" file. It had no extension on it at all.

After modifying the file extension to ".java", the system correctly finds the symbols.

No idea if this will work or not but my only thought so far: right click the jar file in file tree within AS and select "Add as library..."

EDIT: You can do "File" -> "Invalidate Caches...", and select "Invalidate and Restart" option to fix this.

EDIT 2: This fix should work for all similar incidents and is not a twitter4j specific resolution.

This is what worked for me.

In the Project panel, right click on the project name, and select Open Module Settings from the popup menu.

then change the Compile SDK Version to the minimum version available (the minimum sdk version you set in the project). wait for android studio to load everything.

It will give you some errors, ignore those.

Now go to your java file and android studio will suggest you import


Import it, then go back to Open Module Settings and change the compile sdk version back to what it was before.

Wait for things to load and voila.

This worked for me-- (File -> Indicate Cashes) --> (Invalidate and Restart).

Try changing the order of dependencies in File > Project Structure > (select your project) > Dependencies.

Invalidate Caches didn't work for me, but moving my build from the bottom of the list to the top did.

You need to restart Android Studio.