uiview - Transitioning between transparent navigation bar to translucent





under ios (6)


Managing a transition from a normal NavigationBar to a transparent one

Have you looked into UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator?

Each UIViewController has a transitionCoordinator property you can access to perform tasks that are related to a transition.

From the viewWillAppear/viewWillDisappear methods of the UIViewController doing the transition call the animateAlongsideTransition method of the transitionCoordinator:

id <UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator> coordinator = [self transitionCoordinator];

[coordinator animateAlongsideTransition:^(id<UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinatorContext> context) {
    // animate the changes in the navigation bar here
} completion:nil];

In Apple's recently released Remote app I noticed the way in which the navigation bar behaves is unique and I haven't been able reproduce it. When popping the Now Playing view controller the navigation bar remains transparent for the Now Playing view controller and the navigation bar for the library view controller also stays translucent (Screenshot 1). I'm trying to figure out if they are using two navigation controllers or only one. Personally I feel they're using just one for two reasons (1) the interactive pop gesture is enabled; (2) when you press the 'Now Playing' button in the library view controller, just before the now playing screen has finished 'push view controller' animation the navigation bar becomes transparent (Screenshot 2). This is the behaviour I experience when pushing my view controller (which sets the navigation bar to transparent). So my question is: How does Apple present both navigation bars of the two view controllers as if they were individual (as with Screenshot 1), even the bar buttons, navigation title etc... are 100% in opacity when switching (usually when pushing/popping the buttons and titles of the previous view controller fade as the new controller is being pushed). I've tried playing around with the bar tint colour in viewDidAppear and viewWillAppear in both view controllers but cannot reproduce the same behaviour, and cannot prevent the bar buttons from fading.

Gosh I hope I've explained this well, I get confused just thinking about it!

Screenshot 1 (Popping):

Screenshot 2 (Pushing):




You don't have to calculate how far to shift everything down, there's a build in property for this. In Interface Builder, highlight your view controller, and then navigate to the attributes inspector. Here you'll see some check boxes next to the words "Extend Edges". As you can see, in the first screenshot, the default selection is for content to appear under top and bottom bars, but not under opaque bars, which is why setting the bar style to not translucent worked for you.

As you can somewhat see in the first screenshot, there are two UI elements hiding below the navigation bar. (I've enabled wireframes in IB to illustrate this) These elements, a UIButton and a UISegmentedControl both have their "y" origin set to zero, and the view controller is set to allow content below the top bar.

This second screenshot shows what happens when you deselect the "Under Top Bars" check box. As you can see, the view controllers view has been shifted down appropriately for its y origin to be right underneath the navigation bar.

This can also be accomplished programmatically through the usage of -[UIViewController edgesForExtendedLayout]. Here's a link to the class reference for edgeForExtendedLayout, and for UIRectEdge

[self setEdgesForExtendedLayout:UIRectEdgeNone];



I created my view programmatically and this ended up working for me:

- (void) viewDidLayoutSubviews {
    // only works for iOS 7+
    if ([[[UIDevice currentDevice] systemVersion] floatValue] >= 7.0) {
        CGRect viewBounds = self.view.bounds;
        CGFloat topBarOffset = self.topLayoutGuide.length;

        // snaps the view under the status bar (iOS 6 style)
        viewBounds.origin.y = topBarOffset * -1;

        // shrink the bounds of your view to compensate for the offset
        viewBounds.size.height = viewBounds.size.height + (topBarOffset * -1);
        self.view.bounds = viewBounds;
    }
}

Source (in topLayoutGuide section at bottom of pg.39).




I just downloaded the application to make sure. Two different navigation bars are used. You can see this by using the interactive pop gesture. Notice how the navigation bar on the bottom view controller slides in and out. During normal push and pop transitions, the navigation items just fade in and out on the existing bar, while the bar is stationary. This is what happens up until the point where the now playing view controller is pushed.

If you look quickly, during the now playing view controller animation, you can see the bottom navigation bar disappear.

From my experience with UIKit behavior and what I see in the app, here is what I think happens:

album_vc = the bottom, list view controller nowplaying_vc = the top view controller

  • On nowplaying_vc's viewWillAppear:

    • Set the navigation bar to hidden using [self.navigationController setNavigationBarHidden:YES animated:YES];. Since this is in animation block, this will make the navigation bar slide out during the push animation.
    • Set [UIApplication sharedApplication].statusBarStyle = UIStatusBarStyleLightContent; Pretty sure about this, because notice there is no animation in the transition of the status bar styles. It just becomes white.
  • On nowplaying_vc's viewWillDisappear:

    • Set the navigation bar to shown using [self.navigationController setNavigationBarHidden:NO animated:YES];. Since this is in animation block, this will make the navigation bar slide in during the pop animation.
    • Set [UIApplication sharedApplication].statusBarStyle = UIStatusBarStyleDefault; Again, notice how during interactive pop gesture, the status bar just changes with no animation.

To achieve the transparent look of the navigation bar of nowplaying_vc, you can use an empty image ([UIImage alloc]) with setBackgroundImage:forBarPosition:barMetrics:.

Since the application does not rotate, we can't be sure if the navigation bar on nowplaying_vc is part of another navigation controller or just a navigation bar on the top with a position of UIBarPositionTopAttached. For all we know, there isn't even a navigation bar there but just a back chevron image view (back bar button is comprised of an image view and a button).

I think the status bar style is changed in viewWillAppear: and viewWillDisappear: due to the unnatural feel there is during interactive pop gesture. I would recommend using an animated transition, or even better, use the new view controller-based status bar style, which the system animates transitions by itself.




Instead of hiding and showing the navigation bar, you can update the alpha for the navigation bar. It will animate smoothly during the transition. For the view controller with transparent nav bar, instead of modifying the nav bar, create a navbar (or just the back button and title etc.) manually in the second controller's view. We will then hide the navbar when transitioning from first view controller to the second one.

On your first controller's viewWillDisappear and on your second view controller's viewWillAppear:, set the navigation bar alpha to zero using self.navigationController.navigationBar.alpha = 0;. Since this is in animation block, this will make the navigation bar disappear during the push animation.

Set the alpha back to one in first controller's viewWillAppear and second controller viewWillDisappear.





On a related note, you can set your title text color (with shadow) easily via:

NSShadow *titleShadow = [[NSShadow alloc] init];
titleShadow.shadowOffset = CGSizeMake(0.0f, -1.0f);
titleShadow.shadowColor = [UIColor blackColor];
NSDictionary *navbarTitleTextAttributes = @{NSForegroundColorAttributeName: [UIColor whiteColor],
                                            NSShadowAttributeName: titleShadow};
[[UINavigationBar appearance] setTitleTextAttributes:navbarTitleTextAttributes];