javascript - two - wrap list items css




Wrapping lists into columns (9)

I'm using ColdFusion to populate a template that includes HTML unordered lists ( <ul> s).

Most of these aren't that long, but a few have ridiculously long lengths and could really stand to be in 2-3 columns.

Is there an HTML, ColdFusion or perhaps JavaScript (I'm accepting jQuery solutions) way to do this easily? It's not worth some over-complicated heavyweight solution to save some scrolling.


Flexbox can be used to wrap items in both row and column directions.

The main idea is to set the flex-direction on the container to either row or column .

NB: Nowadays browser support is pretty good.

FIDDLE

(Sample markup taken from this old 'list apart' article )

ol {
  display: flex;
  flex-flow: column wrap; /* flex-direction: column */
  height: 100px; /* need to specify height :-( */
}
ol ~ ol {
  flex-flow: row wrap; /* flex-direction: row */
  max-height: auto; /* override max-height of the column direction */
}
li {
  width: 150px;
}
a {
  display: inline-block;
  padding-right: 35px;
}
<p>items in column direction</p>
<ol>
  <li><a href="#">Aloe</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Bergamot</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Calendula</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Damiana</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Elderflower</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Feverfew</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Ginger</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Hops</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Iris</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Juniper</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Kava kava</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Lavender</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Marjoram</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Nutmeg</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Oregano</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Pennyroyal</a>
  </li>
</ol>
<hr/>
<p>items in row direction</p>
<ol>
  <li><a href="#">Aloe</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Bergamot</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Calendula</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Damiana</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Elderflower</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Feverfew</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Ginger</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Hops</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Iris</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Juniper</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Kava kava</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Lavender</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Marjoram</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Nutmeg</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Oregano</a>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Pennyroyal</a>
  </li>
</ol>


Here is a variation on Thumbkin's example (using Jquery):

var $cat_list = $('ul#catList'); // UL with all list items.
var $cat_flow = $('div#catFlow'); // Target div.
var $cat_list_clone = $cat_list.clone(); // Clone the list.
$('li:odd', $cat_list).remove(); // Remove odd list items.
$('li:even', $cat_list_clone).remove(); // Remove even list items.
$cat_flow.append($cat_list_clone); // Append the duplicate to the target div.

Thanks Thumbkin!


I've done this with jQuery - it's cross-platform and a minimum of code.

Select the UL, clone it, and insert it after the previous UL. Something like:

$("ul#listname").clone().attr("id","listname2").after()

This will insert a copy of your list after the previous one. If the original list is styled with a float:left, they should appear side by side.

Then you can delete the even items from the left-hand list and the odd items from the right hand list.

$("ul#listname li:even").remove();
$("ul#listname2 li:odd").remove();

Now you have a left to right two column list.

To do more columns you'll want to use .slice(begin,end) and/or the :nth-child selector. ie, for 21 LIs you could .slice(8,14) to create a new UL inserted after your original UL, then select the original UL and delete the li's selected with ul :gt(8) .

Try the Bibeault/Katz book on jQuery it's a great resource.


If Safari and Firefox support is good enough for you, there is a CSS solution:

ul {
  -webkit-column-count: 3;
     -moz-column-count: 3;
          column-count: 3;
  -webkit-column-gap: 2em;
     -moz-column-gap: 2em;
          column-gap: 2em;
}

I'm not sure about Opera.


So I dug up this article from A List Apart CSS Swag: Multi-Column Lists . I ended up using the first solution, it's not the best but the others require either using complex HTML that can't be generated dynamically, or creating a lot of custom classes, which could be done but would require loads of in-line styling and possibly a huge page.

Other solutions are still welcome though.


The following JavaScript code works only in Spidermonkey and Rhino, and it operates on E4X nodes--i.e., this is useful only for server-side JavaScript, but it might give someone a starting point for doing a jQuery version. (It's been very useful to me on the server side, but I haven't needed it on the client badly enough to actually build it.)

function columns(x,num) {
    num || (num = 2);
    x.normalize();

    var cols, i, j, col, used, left, len, islist;
    used = left = 0;
    cols = <div class={'columns cols'+num}></div>;

    if((left = x.length())==1)
        left = x.children().length();
    else
        islist = true;

    for(i=0; i<num; i++) {
        len = Math.ceil(left/(num-i));
        col = islist ? new XMLList
                     : <{x.name()}></{x.name()}>;

        if(!islist && x['@class'].toString())
            col['@class'] = x['@class'];

        for(j=used; j<len+used; j++)
            islist ? (col += x[j].copy()) 
                   : (col.appendChild(x.child(j).copy()));

        used += len;
        left -= len;
        cols.appendChild(<div class={'column'+(i==(num-1) ? 'collast' : '')}>{col}</div>);
    }
    return cols;
}

You call it like columns(listNode,2) for two columns, and it turns:

<ul class="foo">
  <li>a</li>
  <li>b</li>
  <li>c</li>
</ul>

into:

<div class="columns cols2">
  <div class="column">
    <ul class="foo">
      <li>a</li>
      <li>b</li>
    </ul>
  </div>
  <div class="column collast">
    <ul class="foo">
      <li>c</li>
    </ul>
  </div>
</div>

It's meant to be used with CSS like this:

div.columns {
    overflow: hidden;
    _zoom: 1;
}

div.columns div.column {
    float: left;
}

div.cols2 div.column {
    width: 47.2%;
    padding: 0 5% 0 0;
}

div.cols3 div.column {
    width: 29.8%;
    padding: 0 5% 0 0;
}

div.cols4 div.column {
    width: 21.1%;
    padding: 0 5% 0 0;
}

div.cols5 div.column {
    width: 15.9%;
    padding: 0 5% 0 0;
}

div.columns div.collast {
    padding: 0;
}

There is no pure CSS/HTML way to achieve this, as far as I know. Your best bet would be to do it in pre-processing ( if list length > 150, split into 3 columns, else if > 70, split into 2 columns, else 1 ).

The other option, using JavaScript (I'm not familiar with the jQuery library specifically) would be to iterate through lists, probably based on them being a certain class, count the number of children, and if it is a high enough number, dynamically create a new list after the first, transferring some number of list items to the new list. As far as implementing the columns, you could probably float them left, followed by an element that had the style clear: left or clear: both .

.column {
  float: left;
  width: 50%;
}
.clear {
  clear: both;
}
<ul class="column">
  <li>Item 1</li>
  <li>Item 2</li>
  <!-- ... -->
  <li>Item 49</li>
  <li>Item 50</li>
</ul>
<ul class="column">
  <li>Item 51</li>
  <li>Item 52</li>
  <!-- ... -->
  <li>Item 99</li>
  <li>Item 100</li>
</ul>
<div class="clear">


To output the list into multiple grouped tag you can loop in this fashion.

<cfset list="1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14">
<cfset numberOfColumns = "3">

<cfoutput>
<cfloop from="1" to="#numberOfColumns#" index="col">
  <ul>
  <cfloop from="#col#" to="#listLen(list)#" index="i" step="#numberOfColumns#">
    <li>#listGetAt(list,i)#</li>
  </cfloop>
  </ul>
</cfloop>
</cfoutput>

You can try this to convert in cols.

CSS:

ul.col {
    width:50%;
    float:left;
}

div.clr {
    clear:both;
}

Html Part :

<ul class="col">
    <li>Number 1</li>
    <li>Number 2</li>

    <li>Number 19</li>
    <li>Number 20</li>
</ul>
<ul class="col">
    <li>Number 21</li>
    <li>Number 22</li>

    <li>Number 39</li>
    <li>Number 40</li>
</ul>





cfml