gradle landroid/support/design/widget/coordinatorlayout$behavior; - Multiple dex files define Landroid/support/v4/accessibilityservice/AccessibilityServiceInfoCompat




react buildconfig (21)

I had the same problem, and my solution is changing the support version '27.+'(27.1.0) to '27.0.1'

If I run gradle assembleDebug from the command line, I am suddenly getting this error:

UNEXPECTED TOP-LEVEL EXCEPTION:
com.android.dx.util.DexException: Multiple dex files define Landroid/support/v4/accessibilityservice/AccessibilityServiceInfoCompat$AccessibilityServiceInfoVersionImpl;
    at com.android.dx.merge.DexMerger.readSortableTypes(DexMerger.java:592)
    at com.android.dx.merge.DexMerger.getSortedTypes(DexMerger.java:550)
    at com.android.dx.merge.DexMerger.mergeClassDefs(DexMerger.java:531)
    at com.android.dx.merge.DexMerger.mergeDexBuffers(DexMerger.java:168)
    at com.android.dx.merge.DexMerger.merge(DexMerger.java:186)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.mergeLibraryDexBuffers(Main.java:300)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.run(Main.java:232)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.main(Main.java:174)
    at com.android.dx.command.Main.main(Main.java:91)

If I grep for v4 I see two files inside my build folder.

Binary file build/pre-dexed/debug/support-v4-19.0.0-2ba5fdd60a6c3836b3104a863fe42897da1fa9d1.jar matches
Binary file build/pre-dexed/debug/support-v4-r7-227d905d79b23b20866531d4f700446c040a2ccb.jar matches

My gradle file includes only this support library:

compile 'com.android.support:support-v13:19.0.0'

I am stumped as to how the r7 library is included somehow. I've run gradle clean and it always appears there when I rerun assembleDebug.

If I grep for r7 inside the build directory, I see it inside the file:

Binary file build/exploded-bundles/ComGoogleAndroidGmsPlayServices4030.aar/classes.jar matches

If I don't include v13, then other things don't compile.

But doesn't v13 include v4 support library?

Is this an incompatibility between play services AAR bundle and the v13 library?

I grabbed the gradle file from gradleplease.appspot.com.

Removing play services does not fix it; same error.

My dependencies inside build.gradle:

 dependencies {


 // Google Play Services
//compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:4.0.30'

// Support Libraries
//compile 'com.android.support:support-v4:19.0.0'
///compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:19.0.0'
//compile 'com.android.support:gridlayout-v7:19.0.0'
compile 'com.android.support:support-v13:19.0.0'
compile 'org.eclipse.mylyn.github:org.eclipse.egit.github.core:2.1.5'
compile 'commons-codec:commons-codec:1.9'
compile 'com.madgag:markdownj-core:0.4.1'
compile 'com.wu-man:android-oauth-client:0.0.2'
compile 'com.google.http-client:google-http-client-jackson2:1.17.0-rc'
compile 'org.apache.commons:commons-lang3:3.2'
compile 'com.google.code.gson:gson:2.2.4'
}

Got it working for a compile file('...') conflict by increasing minSdkVersion to 21 and enabling multidex. Not sure if that is the best solution but the only way I could get it working in my case.

Note: for compile file('...') it appears that you cannot put in an exclude clause so that option was not available.


This is an annoying problem, that can take some time to find out the root case. The way you should proceed is @CommonsWare answer.

I faced this problem recently and found it hard to resolve.

My problem was i was including a library by "+" version in build.gradle. Latest version of library contained one of older dex and bang.

I reverted to older version of library and solved it.

It is good to run your androidDependencies and see what is really happening. Its also good to search in your build folder.

Above all Android Studio 2.2 provide in build features to track this problem.

Happy Coding Guys


Run gradle -q dependencies (or gradle -q :projectName:dependencies) to generate a dependency report. You should see where r7 is coming from, such as:

compile - Classpath for compiling the main sources.
+--- com.commonsware.cwac:camera-v9:0.5.4
|    +--- com.actionbarsherlock:actionbarsherlock:4.4.0
|    |    \--- com.google.android:support-v4:r7
|    +--- com.commonsware.cwac:camera:0.5.4
|    \--- com.android.support:support-v4:18.0.+ -> 18.0.0
\--- com.android.support:support-v4:18.0.+ -> 18.0.0

Then, use the exclude directive to block that dependency. In my case, it is coming from my CWAC-Camera library, and so I use:

dependencies {
    compile('com.commonsware.cwac:camera-v9:0.5.4') {
      exclude module: 'support-v4'
    }

    compile 'com.android.support:support-v4:18.0.+'
}

(where the second compile statement indicates what version you actually want)

That should clear matters up, as you will see if you run the dependency report again:

compile - Classpath for compiling the main sources.
+--- com.commonsware.cwac:camera-v9:0.5.4
|    +--- com.actionbarsherlock:actionbarsherlock:4.4.0
|    \--- com.commonsware.cwac:camera:0.5.4
\--- com.android.support:support-v4:18.0.+ -> 18.0.0

I resolved all of my issues by adding this into project.properties

cordova.system.library.7=com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.1.0

Also to note you can see your android dependencies, by going to your Android Studio Gradle view, and selecting the target "androidDependencies".

One more tip: I was having this issue, until I removed the v4 support lib from the libs folder in both the project and my related module/library project(s).


I solved similar error by adding following piece of code to my build.gradle file inside the android block.

android {
    dexOptions {
        preDexLibraries = false
    }
}

exclude module: 'support-v4'

Would not work for me with a project dependency, the only way I could get it to work was via the following syntax:

configurations {
    dependencies {
        compile(project(':Android-SDK')) {
            compile.exclude module: 'support-v4'
        }
    }
}

Where :Android-SDK is your project name.


I started getting this error when upgrading to ButterKnife 8.5.1. None of the other answers here worked for me.

I used gradle -q :app:dependencies to see the tree, and then looked through jar files until I found the conflict. The conflict was that butterknife's dependency on com.android.support:support-compat:25.1.0 contains a version of the accessibility class, and com.android.support:support-v4:23.1.1 also contains the class.

I solved it by changing my dependency from this:

compile 'com.jakewharton:butterknife:8.5.1'

to this:

compile('com.jakewharton:butterknife:8.5.1') {
    exclude module: 'support-compat'
}

It doesn't seem to affect ButterKnife's operation so far.

Edit: There is a better solution, which was to upgrade my android support libraries to match ButterKnife's:

compile('com.android.support:appcompat-v7:25.2.0')
compile('com.android.support:design:25.2.0')
compile 'com.jakewharton:butterknife:8.5.1'

A similar dex issue resolved method

gradle.build was containing:

compile files('libs/httpclient-4.2.1.jar')
compile 'org.apache.httpcomponents:httpclient:4.5'
compile group: 'org.apache.httpcomponents' , name: 'httpclient-android' , version: '4.3.5.1'

The issue was resolved when i removed

compile files('libs/httpclient-4.2.1.jar') 

My gradle now looks like:

apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

android {

compileSdkVersion 24
buildToolsVersion "24.0.3"

defaultConfig {
    applicationId "com.mmm.ll"
    minSdkVersion 16
    targetSdkVersion 24
    useLibrary  'org.apache.http.legacy'
}

buildTypes {
    release {
        minifyEnabled true
        proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.txt'
    }
}
}

dependencies {

compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:6.1.+'
compile files('libs/PayPalAndroidSDK.jar')
compile files('libs/ksoap2-android-assembly-3.0.0-RC.4-jar-with-dependencies.jar')
compile files('libs/picasso-2.1.1.jar')
compile files('libs/gcm.jar')
compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:24.2.1'
compile 'org.apache.httpcomponents:httpclient:4.5'
compile group: 'org.apache.httpcomponents' , name: 'httpclient-android' , version: '4.3.5.1'
}

There was a redundancy in the JAR file and the compiled gradle project

So keenly look for dependency and jar files having same classes.

And remove redundancy.
This worked for me.


I removed compile 'com.android.support:support-v4:18.0.+' in dependencies, and it works


In Android Studio, go to your build.gradle (check both project and modules build.gradle files) and search for duplicate dependencies.

Delete those your project does not need.


I had the same error on a legacy project. My fault was that the support-library was included twice: Once inside google-play-services lib, and another as standalone.

This is how I fixed it:

BAD build.gradle:

dependencies {
   compile files('libs/android-support-v4.jar') 
   compile files('libs/core-2.2.jar')
   compile files('libs/universal-image-loader-1.8.5-with-sources.jar')
   compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:3.2.65'
}

GOOD build.gradle:

dependencies {
   // compile files('libs/android-support-v4.jar')  // not needed 
   compile files('libs/core-2.2.jar')
   compile files('libs/universal-image-loader-1.8.5-with-sources.jar')
   compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:3.2.65'
}

Hope it helps someone :-)


I'm using com.google.android.gms:play-services-analytics:8.3.0 and android-support-v13.jar and could not get exclude module: 'support-v4' to work.

What worked for me was using the android-support-v13 artefact rather than the android-support-v13.jar file.

I.e. instead of

dependencies {
compile ('com.google.android.gms:play-services-analytics:8.3.0')
compile files('libs/android-support-v13.jar')

}

I used

dependencies {
compile ('com.google.android.gms:play-services-analytics:8.3.0')
compile ('com.google.android:android-support-v13')

}



Finally, I solved it modifiying these attributes on the module gradle file

  1. compileSdkVersion 25
  2. targetSdkVersion 25
  3. compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:+'
  4. compile 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:+'

In case anyone finds out that the answer from CommonsWare could not be applied to android library project, here is the snippet to fix

compile (project(':yourAndroidLibrary')){ exclude module: 'support-v13' }

You will find problems

Unsupported Gradle DSL method found: 'exclude()'

if you use compile project(':yourAndroidLibrary'){ exclude module: 'support-v13' }

The differences are the bracelet "(" and ")" before "project".


Received the following error

Execution failed for task ':app:transformDexArchiveWithDexMergerForDebug'.

com.android.build.api.transform.TransformException: com.android.dex.DexException: Multiple dex files define Landroid/support/constraint/ConstraintSet$1

Fix : go to Build -> Clean Project


In my case the problem was caused by version inconsistency:

Build tools 25
compileSdk 24
targetSdk 24
Support library 24

The solution was simple: Make everything version 25


I've had the same issue. In my project, I had the following dependencies :

  • appcompat-v7
  • android-support-v13

For legacy reasons, the appcompat was fetched from the Google Maven repo, whereas the android-support was a local .jar.

When I figured out this, and replaced this local reference with a maven reference, it just solved my build issue.

Here's the diff of my app/build.gradle :


While sourceSets allows you to include entire directory structures, there's no way to exclude parts of it in Android Studio (as of version 1.2), as described here: Android Studio Exclude Class from build?

Until Android Studio gets updated to support include/exclude directives for Android sources, Symlinks work quite well. If you're using Windows, native tools such as junction or mklink can accomplish the equivalent of Un*x symlinks. CygWin can also create these with a little coersion. See: Git Symlinks in Windows and How to make symbolic link with cygwin in Windows 7





android gradle android-support-library android-gradle